Plants grow best when they have plenty of moisture and can mature in cool weather.If temperatures turn too hot, arugula can bolt or go to seed prematurely. .
How to Grow Arugula
Common Name Arugula, rocket, garden rocket Botanical Name Eruca versicaria Family Brassicaceae Plant Type Annual, vegetable Size 2–3 ft. tall, 1–1.5 ft. wide Sun Exposure Full sun Soil Type Loamy, moist, well-drained Soil pH Acidic, neutral (6 to 7) Bloom Time Seasonal Hardiness Zones 2–11 (USDA) Native Area Mediterranean.For a continual harvest, sow more seeds every two to three weeks until the weather heats up in the summer or frost hits in the fall.Arugula grows best in full sun, meaning at least six hours of direct sunlight on most days.This will help to prevent the plants from wilting and bolting (flowering and going to seed), extending your harvest for as long as possible.Like many vegetables, arugula needs regular watering for healthy growth and optimal flavor.If you fail to water regularly, you'll likely cause the plants to bolt and ruin the flavor of the leaves.You can extend arugula's growing season somewhat by protecting it from cold with row covers and from heat with shading.This wild variety has flat, narrow leaves with spicy yet not overpowering flavor.This wild variety has flat, narrow leaves with spicy yet not overpowering flavor.Arugula and spinach are commonly combined in salads, and interestingly they’re often substituted for one another in recipes even though they have quite different flavors and textures.Your arugula should be fully grown and ready to harvest in about four to seven weeks, depending on the variety.Alternatively, you can cut off all the leaves just above the soil; the plant might regrow if the weather is still mild.If you wait too long to harvest and the plant bolts, eat the flowers but not the leaves.The blooms appear after the leaves have grown to full size and are too bitter to eat.Also, as the weather warms, containers make it easy to move the plants out of direct sun in the heat of the day, thereby extending the growing season.Unglazed clay is a good material to allow excess soil moisture to evaporate through its walls.But if you notice any broken or diseased leaves, remove them as soon as possible to help prevent problems from spreading.Allow your arugula plants to flower, and wait for the seed heads to turn brown and become brittle.The seeds can germinate even when the soil temperature is as low as 40 degrees Fahrenheit.Moreover, the short, early growing season of arugula means you'll miss most pest infestations in the spring but perhaps not if you plant again in late summer.Arugula plants are favored by slugs as well as cabbage loopers, flea beetles, aphids, and diamondback moths.Stop slugs from reaching the tender leaves with beer traps, diatomaceous earth, or another traditional method.Arugula is an easy plant to grow and care for, as long as it receives mild temperatures, sufficient sunlight, and consistent moisture.It takes between four and seven weeks on average for arugula seeds to grow and be ready to harvest.Arugula is an annual plant, meaning it completes its life cycle in one season. .
Growing Arugula: Planting, Growing, and Harvesting Arugula
The seeds will germinate quickly in cool soil and seedlings are capable of tolerating a light frost, but consider protecting plants with cloches or row covers nonetheless! .
How to Plant and Grow Arugula: Add "Rocket" Greens to Your Garden
Referred to by many names including rocket, rucola, roquette, rucoli, and rugula, arugula is an incredibly fast-growing cool season crop that adds a fresh spicy kick to salads and sandwiches.Though fluctuating in popularity over the centuries, arugula has been a part of the human diet for a very long time.The plant is native to the Mediterranean and has long been enjoyed around the region in Italy, Morocco, Turkey, and Portugal.In ancient times its leaves and seed oil were considered an aphrodisiac by the Egyptians and Romans, and is still used medicinally in India, Pakistan, and West Asia.Though originally brought to North America by British colonists, it really wasn’t until the last 20 years or so that it has gone from a relatively rare ingredient to modern culinary sensation.Arugula prefers nutrient rich soil but is tolerant of a wide variety of growing conditions.Don’t forget to thin plants as they are growing to avoid overcrowding and reduce risk of disease.Because it has shallow roots and doesn’t take up much space, it can be seeded around many slower growing crops to fill in the gaps.This can also be handy in the heat of summer, because larger crops will provide some shady relief to this cool weather lover.Wild arugula, a close relative of the cultivated variety, is less bitter and more heat tolerant.It does grow a bit slower, maturing in about 5 weeks, so keep that in mind if timing seedings for a continual harvest.These common garden pests can overwinter in soil and emerge to chew holes in young leaves, sometimes causing total destruction of plants.There are a few ways to control flea beetle populations, such as using floating row covers, companion planting with marigolds, or by sprinkling naturally occurring diatomaceous earth.These little green caterpillars chew their way through leaves, growing larger and more damaging the longer they feed.Fungi and bacterium love veggies and these two arre fairly prevalent in attacking leafy greens:.Yellowing leaves or small wet brown spots on foliage can be a sign of this bacterial infection.Store leaves wrapped in cloth or paper towel in a perforated plastic bag, and place in the crisper drawer.Plant Type: Self seeding annual Tolerance: Various soil types Native to: Mediterranean, naturalized worldwide Growth Rate: Fastest in cool weather Hardiness (USDA Zone): 3-11 Maintenance: Low Season: Spring and fall Soil Type: All Exposure: Full sun to part shade Soil pH: 6.0-7.0 Time to Maturity: 40 days Soil Drainage: Well-draining Spacing: 3-4 inches Companion Planting: Bush beans, carrots, onions, potatoes, spinach, other salad greens Planting Depth: 1/4 inch Avoid Planting With: Other plants in the Brassicaceae family to avoid sharing pests and diseases Height: 6-12 inches Family: Brassicaceae Spread: 12-18 inches Genus: Eruca Water Needs: Keep soil consistently moist Species: vesicaria Common Pests: Flea beetles, cabbage loopers, root nematodes, slugs, birds Common Disease: Downy mildew, leaf blight.Arugula is a perfect addition to any dish that could benefit from added freshness and a hint of spiciness.Wonderful in salads and sandwiches, these flavorful greens are also amazing in stir fries, soups, and egg dishes such as quiche.The chocolate balsamic dressing finishes it off creating a light salad that is the perfect combo of fruity, sweet, and savory flavors.Chanterelle mushrooms and potatoes provide some heft and the arugula pesto added on top brings in a spicy, fresh flavoring.Vegans and carnivores will both love this tasty dish during the cooler months of fall and early spring.If you are anything like me, just scrolling down this page will make your mouth water for a big zesty bowl of fresh rocket. .
Free Food: How to Regrow Plants from Your Kitchen Scraps
A favorite quote of mine, and one that I often return to when I find myself in need of guidance, is an ancient proverb that my grandmother taught me:.She used that phrase as a catchall explanation for any kind of behavior, positive or negative, that she saw in her grandchildren — in the garden, and beyond.Every gardener knows that the quality of your seeds and seedlings is important and can make or break your eventual crop.After a whirlwind of cooking, I found myself with meals prepped, dishes assembled, and a pile of scraps on my cutting board, destined for the trash.I was reminded of my grandmother and how she used to save and replant the seeds from her tomato crop to grow the next year’s harvest.If you’re like me and don’t mind using your kitchen as a chemistry lab, you can regrow vegetables from the scraps of your harvest or latest grocery store run.Not only will it save you money and prevent food waste, but also there’s something truly rewarding about upcycling what was once deemed a useless scrap into something edible.Sprout new greens using this method, which works well for all varieties of lettuce (including romaine, arugula, and kale), Bok choy, and cabbage.Good news: Though no one likes to eat the base of a celery stalk, you can use it to regrow the plant.Cut off the white portion of the celery stalk and sit it upright in a dish of water.Replenish the water every day for about a week, and soon you should see a new, green stalk emerge from the center of the base.Once they are completely dried, you can then save them in an envelope until you’re ready to plant, or transfer them to rockwool to begin sprouting. .
Growing Arugula in Your Vegetable Garden
When chopped and turned into the soil or heaped upon the compost pile in either season, arugula leaves become a natural biofumigant, suppressing diseases with their mustard oil glucosinolates.My love affair with arugula got off to a rocky start, because with my first crop I waited until the leaves grew large to pick them.As soon as I have thinned seedlings to 4 inches (10 cm) apart, I place a row cover tunnel over arugula plantings I plan to use as salad greens.Row cover is the only way to prevent flea beetles from finding the plants and peppering them with holes, and I like my salad arugula to be picture perfect.When the seedpods turn tan and start popping open in August, I gather and store some seeds for replanting the next spring, and then crunch the seed-bearing branches over places where I want to grow arugula for autumn harvest.My arugula salad blueprint includes a soft cheese or olives for saltiness, some fruit for sweetness, and toasted nuts for crunch.But adding chopped fresh garlic or other ingredients to thawed arugula pesto gives you the makings for many masterful meals. .
Tips for Growing Arugula in Your Garden
Make sure your soil is rich, well drained, and you have chosen an area that gets at least 6 hours of sun per day.Arugula can also be planted in containers, perfect for those with a small yard and limited space.Arugula is a tasty treat to rodents and rabbits, so place a light netting over the plants or a fence around the area.As long as you are vigilant about water, rich soil, and pests, your arugula will do the rest of the work!Do not wait until a stalk grows up the center or flowering occurs, because at this point the flavor may be too strong.Arugula adds instant flavor to your salads and is the perfect springtime treat.Give these tips for growing arugula in your garden a try and see just how fast that plant can start producing for you. .