Basil: Improves the flavor of arugula growing nearby while also repelling mosquitoes.Borage: Repels tomato hornworms and cabbage worms; attracts pollinators such as bees and tiny wasps.If the slugs are munching on the calendula, they aren’t eating your arugula.Arugula planted between rows of carrots helps to choke out weeds.Chervil: Boosts arugula’s growth and flavor while repelling aphids and slugs.Chives: Repel aphids and Japanese beetles from arugula.Dill: Attracts beneficial insects that prey on garden pests.They’re especially effective at fighting off aphids and greenflies, and the thiophenes marigolds produce work to keep nematodes out of your garden soil.Marigolds also attract hoverflies, a beneficial predatory insect that eats aphids. .
Plants grow best when they have plenty of moisture and can mature in cool weather.If temperatures turn too hot, arugula can bolt or go to seed prematurely. .
Best Arugula Companion Plants
Also, growing plants together intelligently saves space and helps to achieve optimum growth, health, and viability.The strong pungent smell of both plants helps in keeping cabbage whites away from laying eggs on arugula.As alliums release a compound that kills the bacteria which legumes like bean require to settle nitrogen.The leaves spread of cucumber also offers shade in hot spells and prevents arugula from bolting.Beetroot, leaf beet, lettuce, and spinach do well growing with arugula, as they provide lots of shade to the plant.The arugula plant performs well in cool conditions and growing it in under natural shade will help in hot spells and keep it more productive.Thyme, rosemary, mint, chives, dill, and chamomile are great companion herbs for arugula plants. .
Growing Arugula: Planting, Growing, and Harvesting Arugula
The seeds will germinate quickly in cool soil and seedlings are capable of tolerating a light frost, but consider protecting plants with cloches or row covers nonetheless! .
Arugula Companion Plants: Good Growing Buddies
Arugula, also referred to as rocket or roquette, is a savory salad green that is packed full of flavor and nutrients.Its peppery leaves infuse a spicy zing to salad mixes, sandwiches, pesto, pizza, and sauteed dishes.There are many familiar brassica vegetables such as kale, broccoli, cabbage, and collard greens that are related to arugula.All of these fibrous vegetables hold nutritional properties, and planting arugula is collecting interest for gardeners for its natural health benefits but also for its ability to grow quickly.You can play with the vertical layers of your garden to maximize space by guiding the beans on a trellis or grow companion root vegetables.Taller plants can act as a nurse for seedlings, and provide shelter from the sun and wind.For example, fast-growing plants such as radish or spinach can be used as living markers in the garden so that you don’t accidentally double-plant over a slower-growing variety like corn, cabbage, or cauliflower.These root crop companions can maximize your garden space since they primarily occupy growing zones below ground.Additionally, the pungent aromas of alliums such as onions and garlic deter garden pests and are common companion plants for arugula and brassicas.This will provide a dense crop of salad greens, which you can thin to enjoy the young baby leaves.You can sow arugula with other herbs such as dill, thyme, mint, chives, parsley, coriander, sage, basil, oregano, and borage.Additionally, dill is another great companion plant for brassicas and is frequently used for pest management.If you would like a pop of color in your garden, consider growing arugula with flowers such as chamomile, nasturtium, and petunias.Chamomile will attract pollinating insects and its strong fragrant smell can conceal arugula from garden pests.Borage attracts pollinators, deters curious wildlife like deer, and repels cabbage moth caterpillars.Or you can be adventurous and experiment with multiple companion varieties like beans, arugula, spinach, onions, and rosemary.Although strawberries are a fun ground cover, they are not good companion plants for arugula and will impede growth.Keep in mind that if you grow brassicas together, it may attract their common pests and insects, and make them more susceptible to infestation.A: Arugula is a cool-season annual that is perfect when you are eager to grow before your last frost date in early spring.Arugula can tolerate light frosts with its optimum growing conditions ranging from 45-65 degrees Fahrenheit. .
How to Plant and Grow Arugula: Add "Rocket" Greens to Your Garden
Referred to by many names including rocket, rucola, roquette, rucoli, and rugula, arugula is an incredibly fast-growing cool season crop that adds a fresh spicy kick to salads and sandwiches.Though fluctuating in popularity over the centuries, arugula has been a part of the human diet for a very long time.The plant is native to the Mediterranean and has long been enjoyed around the region in Italy, Morocco, Turkey, and Portugal.In ancient times its leaves and seed oil were considered an aphrodisiac by the Egyptians and Romans, and is still used medicinally in India, Pakistan, and West Asia.Though originally brought to North America by British colonists, it really wasn’t until the last 20 years or so that it has gone from a relatively rare ingredient to modern culinary sensation.Arugula prefers nutrient rich soil but is tolerant of a wide variety of growing conditions.Don’t forget to thin plants as they are growing to avoid overcrowding and reduce risk of disease.Because it has shallow roots and doesn’t take up much space, it can be seeded around many slower growing crops to fill in the gaps.This can also be handy in the heat of summer, because larger crops will provide some shady relief to this cool weather lover.Wild arugula, a close relative of the cultivated variety, is less bitter and more heat tolerant.It does grow a bit slower, maturing in about 5 weeks, so keep that in mind if timing seedings for a continual harvest.These common garden pests can overwinter in soil and emerge to chew holes in young leaves, sometimes causing total destruction of plants.There are a few ways to control flea beetle populations, such as using floating row covers, companion planting with marigolds, or by sprinkling naturally occurring diatomaceous earth.These little green caterpillars chew their way through leaves, growing larger and more damaging the longer they feed.Fungi and bacterium love veggies and these two arre fairly prevalent in attacking leafy greens:.Yellowing leaves or small wet brown spots on foliage can be a sign of this bacterial infection.Store leaves wrapped in cloth or paper towel in a perforated plastic bag, and place in the crisper drawer.Plant Type: Self seeding annual Tolerance: Various soil types Native to: Mediterranean, naturalized worldwide Growth Rate: Fastest in cool weather Hardiness (USDA Zone): 3-11 Maintenance: Low Season: Spring and fall Soil Type: All Exposure: Full sun to part shade Soil pH: 6.0-7.0 Time to Maturity: 40 days Soil Drainage: Well-draining Spacing: 3-4 inches Companion Planting: Bush beans, carrots, onions, potatoes, spinach, other salad greens Planting Depth: 1/4 inch Avoid Planting With: Other plants in the Brassicaceae family to avoid sharing pests and diseases Height: 6-12 inches Family: Brassicaceae Spread: 12-18 inches Genus: Eruca Water Needs: Keep soil consistently moist Species: vesicaria Common Pests: Flea beetles, cabbage loopers, root nematodes, slugs, birds Common Disease: Downy mildew, leaf blight.Arugula is a perfect addition to any dish that could benefit from added freshness and a hint of spiciness.Wonderful in salads and sandwiches, these flavorful greens are also amazing in stir fries, soups, and egg dishes such as quiche.The chocolate balsamic dressing finishes it off creating a light salad that is the perfect combo of fruity, sweet, and savory flavors.Chanterelle mushrooms and potatoes provide some heft and the arugula pesto added on top brings in a spicy, fresh flavoring.Vegans and carnivores will both love this tasty dish during the cooler months of fall and early spring.If you are anything like me, just scrolling down this page will make your mouth water for a big zesty bowl of fresh rocket. .
Arugula is a low-growing member of the Brassica family that forms rosettes that resemble a cross between lettuce and dandelions.Plants are best harvested when young, though, as they will develop a pungent, mustard-like taste when mature, and the leaves become hairy and tough.A simple cloche cover over the row, or over a raised bed, will provide all the heat these plants need.The leaves are best when picked young, tender, and mild, and work well raw in salads and sandwiches, but can also be steamed like spinach.In Italy, it is a common topping on pizzas, added just at the end of cooking to prevent the leaves from wilting.Arugula is the sole flavouring, with fava beans, for a popular breakfast meal in Egypt.Plants grown for late fall and winter harvests have a much subtler flavour, but they retain their nutrients.It is a prime candidate for winter gardens, as the seeds do not require a lot of heat to germinate.Harvest: Young leaves have the best flavour and texture, and will be ready to cut in 40 days from sowing, once they are around 5cm (2”) tall.You may have success planting arugula between rows of companion vegetables such as bush beans, beets, carrots, celery, cucumber, lettuce, onion, potato, and spinach. .
How to Grow Arugula: 5 Tips for Growing Arugula
Succession plant arugula every 2-3 weeks during the growing season for a continual harvest of the leaves. .
How to Grow Arugula
Common Name Arugula, rocket, garden rocket Botanical Name Eruca versicaria Family Brassicaceae Plant Type Annual, vegetable Size 2–3 ft. tall, 1–1.5 ft.
wide Sun Exposure Full sun Soil Type Loamy, moist, well-drained Soil pH Acidic, neutral (6 to 7) Bloom Time Seasonal Hardiness Zones 2–11 (USDA) Native Area Mediterranean.For a continual harvest, sow more seeds every two to three weeks until the weather heats up in the summer or frost hits in the fall.Arugula grows best in full sun, meaning at least six hours of direct sunlight on most days.This will help to prevent the plants from wilting and bolting (flowering and going to seed), extending your harvest for as long as possible.Like many vegetables, arugula needs regular watering for healthy growth and optimal flavor.If you fail to water regularly, you'll likely cause the plants to bolt and ruin the flavor of the leaves.You can extend arugula's growing season somewhat by protecting it from cold with row covers and from heat with shading.This wild variety has flat, narrow leaves with spicy yet not overpowering flavor.This wild variety has flat, narrow leaves with spicy yet not overpowering flavor.Arugula and spinach are commonly combined in salads, and interestingly they’re often substituted for one another in recipes even though they have quite different flavors and textures.Your arugula should be fully grown and ready to harvest in about four to seven weeks, depending on the variety.Alternatively, you can cut off all the leaves just above the soil; the plant might regrow if the weather is still mild.If you wait too long to harvest and the plant bolts, eat the flowers but not the leaves.The blooms appear after the leaves have grown to full size and are too bitter to eat.Also, as the weather warms, containers make it easy to move the plants out of direct sun in the heat of the day, thereby extending the growing season.Unglazed clay is a good material to allow excess soil moisture to evaporate through its walls.But if you notice any broken or diseased leaves, remove them as soon as possible to help prevent problems from spreading.Allow your arugula plants to flower, and wait for the seed heads to turn brown and become brittle.The seeds can germinate even when the soil temperature is as low as 40 degrees Fahrenheit.Moreover, the short, early growing season of arugula means you'll miss most pest infestations in the spring but perhaps not if you plant again in late summer.Arugula plants are favored by slugs as well as cabbage loopers, flea beetles, aphids, and diamondback moths.Stop slugs from reaching the tender leaves with beer traps, diatomaceous earth, or another traditional method.Arugula is an easy plant to grow and care for, as long as it receives mild temperatures, sufficient sunlight, and consistent moisture.It takes between four and seven weeks on average for arugula seeds to grow and be ready to harvest.Arugula is an annual plant, meaning it completes its life cycle in one season. .