In this article, learn more about the health benefits and nutritional contents of basil, and find some tips on how to include it in the diet.This plant plays a therapeutic role in Tamil and Ayurvedic medicines, which are predominantly practiced in Southeast Asia.Sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum) plays a role in many Mediterranean, and particularly Italian, cuisines.It forms the basis of pesto and adds a distinctive flavor to salads, pasta, pizza, and other dishes.Basil may provide health benefits in the diet, as herbal medicine, and as an essential oil.Lime and lemon basils have high concentrations of limonene, which give them a citrusy scent.Scientists have linked cancer, heart disease, rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, and other health issues to oxidative stress.A 2015 study in rats concluded that antioxidants in a powdered preparation that included tulsi, or holy basil, had a positive impact on liver health.Tulsi — a plant that is very different from the basil in the average Western supermarket — plays a role in Indian traditional medicine.The authors concluded that the phytochemicals in holy basil may help prevent certain types of skin, liver, oral, and lung cancers.According to research published in 2011, sweet basil has properties that might help protect the skin from some effects of aging.However, the antioxidants in basil and other plant-based foods may have a protective effect if a person consumes them as part of a varied diet.Some practitioners of traditional medicine commonly recommend basil to help manage blood sugar levels.A 2019 study in rats found that an extract of sweet basil leaves helped reduce high blood sugar levels.The results also suggested that basil leaves may help treat long-term effects of high blood sugar.In another study, 24 healthy volunteers took either a placebo or a capsule containing 300 milligrams (mg) of a dried tulsi leaf extract once a day.Oxidative stress can lead to inflammation, a factor in various diseases, including cancer, type 2 diabetes, and rheumatoid arthritis.The researchers concluded that certain preparations of basil oil could help treat or prevent some types of infection. .

9 Incredible Benefits Of Basil Leaves You May Not Have Known

One of the oldest herbs known to the mankind, basil's healing and healthful properties have been the most treasured knowledge across the world.Closer home, Holy basil is revered for its strong medicinal and healing properties.The smell and flavour of basil vary upon the concentration of essential volatile oils present in the herb.Cinnamate, citronellol, geraniol, linalool, pinene and terpineol are some of the oils that one can find across all species of basil.And it is the presence of these oils that chiefly affect the medicinal benefits of basil leaves.From healthy gut to stronger immunity, benefits of basil leaves are quite a lot."Basil fortifies the digestive and nervous system and can be a good remedy for headaches and insomnia," notes the book.(Also Read: 5 Reasons Why You Should Sip On Tulsi Tea (Holy Basil) Everyday.The powerful essential oils, including eugenol, citronellol and linalool, help lower inflammation through their enzyme inhibiting properties.The anti-inflammatory properties of basil may help lower risk of heart disease, rheumatoid arthritis and inflammatory bowel conditions.Consumption of basil could also soothe fever, headache, sore throat, cold, cough, flu.According to the book 'Healing Foods', the culinary herb contains a range of natural antioxidants, which can help protect body tissues against free radical damage.These potent antioxidants strengthen immune system, protect cellular structure, DNA and delay effects of skin ageing.The herb is believed to stimulate neurotransmitters that regulate the hormones responsible for inducing happiness and energy.Consumption of basil could result in slow release of sugar in the blood, which is very essential for diabetics.The essential oil present in basil also helps cut down triglyceride and cholesterol levels, which is a persistent risk factor amongst diabetics.Basil also helps restore the body's natural pH levels and feeds healthy bacteria within the gut microflora.The essential volatile oil of basil has been seen as a traditional remedy to treat a variety of tummy problems in addition to indigestion.Here's a refreshing and healthy twist to your favourite dip with a bunch of freshly plucked basil leaves.Fresh and fragrant basil leaves are the star of many Thai preparations, and this is one of our all-time favourites.The summer cooler is a great way to detox and since it has no added sugar, you may not have to worry about your calorie load either. .

Holy Basil: Benefits, Side Effects, Dosage, and Interactions

Holy basil (Ocimum tenuiflorum), known in Hindi as tulsi, might be the most revered medicinal herb on the planet.Medicinal preparations are made from holy basil's leaves, stems, and seeds of the plant.This article will look at how it's used, what research shows, the possible side effects, what to look for when buying, and how to prepare and store holy basil.It’s been revered since ancient times as an herb that can promote a healthy body, mind, and spirit.Studies show holy basil has a wide range of health-promoting properties.A 2017 review of research suggests holy basil may help "address the psychological, physiological, immunological, and metabolic stresses of modern living.".Adaptogens are plant substances that help your body deal with stress.Holy basil is used for its many health benefits and is popular in Indian Ayurvedic medicine.Modern science has gathered evidence supporting some of holy basil's traditional uses.More research needs to confirm the findings before anyone can say for certain that holy basil is safe and effective for any particular condition.Holy basil has a complex makeup of phytochemicals (plant substances).Researchers have found its leaves contain several bioactive (medicinal) compounds, including:.Eugenol (clove oil) : May lower blood glucose levels, treat digestive and respiratory problems.: May lower blood glucose levels, treat digestive and respiratory problems Ursolic acid : Antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, anticancer, antifungal properties.: Antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, anticancer, antifungal properties ß-caryophyllene : Anti-inflammatory, analgesic (painkiller), antipyretic.: Insecticide (kills insects) 1,8- Cineole (eucalyptol): Cough, allergies, and asthma relief, immune support, anti-inflammatory, anti-leukemia cells.Recap Holy basil is a highly valued medicinal herb.Research shows that it's an adaptogen, which means it helps your body deal with stress.The plant has a complex makeup including several chemicals believed to be medicinal.In the 2017 review, the only specific side effect reported was mild nausea that went away with continued use.Preliminary animal studies show it may cause uterine contractions and impair fertility.Preliminary animal studies show it may cause uterine contractions and impair fertility.Holy basil isn't recommended if you're taking anticoagulants (blood thinners) such as:.Talk to your healthcare provider or pharmacist before taking holy basil with prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicine, or supplements.Longer-term studies are needed to fill out holy basil's safety profile.Make tea by brewing 2 to 3 teaspoons of dried holy basil in boiling water.To make an essential oil, distill the plant's leaves and flowers.500 milligrams (mg) of left extract twice a day reduced anxiety and depression.If you grow your own holy basil, you can harvest the stems and leaves before the flower appears.Keep the jar in a cool, dark place and use the holy basil within one year.Purchased tinctures, dried herbs, and supplement pills should be stored according to the manufacturer's instructions.Choose holy basil products that are organic and certified by a third-party lab.If you want to try it, talk to your healthcare provider, buy from a reputable source, and take it as directed. .

BASIL: Overview, Uses, Side Effects, Precautions, Interactions

Akhtar, M. S.

and Munir, M. Evaluation of the gastric antiulcerogenic effects of Solanum nigrum, Brassica oleracea and Ocimum basilicum in rats.Alhusainy, W., Paini, A., Punt, A., Louisse, J., Spenkelink, A., Vervoort, J., Delatour, T., Scholz, G., Schilter, B., Adams, T., van Bladeren, P.

J., and Rietjens, I. M. Identification of nevadensin as an important herb-based constituent inhibiting estragole bioactivation and physiology-based biokinetic modeling of its possible in vivo effect.Amrani, S., Harnafi, H., Gadi, D., Mekhfi, H., Legssyer, A., Aziz, M., Martin-Nizard, F., and Bosca, L. Vasorelaxant and anti-platelet aggregation effects of aqueous Ocimum basilicum extract.Balambal, R., Thiruvengadam, K.

V., Kameswarant, L., Janaki, V. R., and Thambiah, A.

S. Ocimum basilicum in acne vulgaris--a controlled comparison with a standard regime.Daly, T., Jiwan, M.

A., O'Brien, N. M., and Aherne, S.

A. Carotenoid content of commonly consumed herbs and assessment of their bioaccessibility using an in vitro digestion model.Effect of cultivar on the protection of cardiomyocytes from oxidative stress by essential oils and aqueous extracts of basil (Ocimum basilicum L.).Dasgupta, T., Rao, A. R., and Yadava, P. K.

Chemomodulatory efficacy of basil leaf (Ocimum basilicum) on drug metabolizing and antioxidant enzymes, and on carcinogen-induced skin and forestomach papillomagenesis.Del Fabbro, S. and Nazzi, F.

Repellent effect of sweet basil compounds on Ixodes ricinus ticks.Erler, F., Ulug, I., and Yalcinkaya, B. Repellent activity of five essential oils against Culex pipiens.Determination of antioxidant and radical scavenging activity of Basil (Ocimum basilicum L. Family Lamiaceae) assayed by different methodologies.Ioannidis, D., Bonner, L., and Johnson, C.

B. UV-B is required for normal development of oil glands in Ocimum basilicum L. (sweet basil).Iten, F.

and Saller, R. [Fennel tea: risk assessment of the phytogenic monosubstance estragole in comparison to the natural multicomponent mixture].Iyer, L. V., Ho, M.

N., Shinn, W. M., Bradford, W. W., Tanga, M. J., Nath, S.

S., and Green, C. E. Glucuronidation of 1'-hydroxyestragole (1'-HE) by human UDP-glucuronosyltransferases UGT2B7 and UGT1A9.Jayasinghe, C., Gotoh, N., Aoki, T., and Wada, S.

Phenolics composition and antioxidant activity of sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.).Kostic, M., Popovic, Z., Brkic, D., Milanovic, S., Sivcev, I., and Stankovic, S. Larvicidal and antifeedant activity of some plant-derived compounds to Lymantria dispar L. (Lepidoptera: Limantriidae).Lalko, J. and Api, A. M. Investigation of the dermal sensitization potential of various essential oils in the local lymph node assay.Lee, K.

G. and Shibamoto, T. Determination of antioxidant potential of volatile extracts isolated from various herbs and spices.Lev, E.

Drugs held and sold by pharmacists of the Jewish community of medieval (11-14th centuries) Cairo according to lists of materia medica found at the Taylor-Schechter Genizah collection, Cambridge.Chemical changes and overexpressed genes in sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) upon methyl jasmonate treatment.Light reflected from colored mulches affects aroma and phenol content of sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) leaves.[Effectiveness of antimicrobial formulations for acne based on orange (Citrus sinensis) and sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L) essential oils].Miele, M., Ledda, B., Falugi, C., and Mazzei, M. Methyleugenol and eugenol variation in Ocimum basilicum cv.Niture, S. K., Rao, U. S., and Srivenugopal, K. S. Chemopreventative strategies targeting the MGMT repair protein: augmented expression in human lymphocytes and tumor cells by ethanolic and aqueous extracts of several Indian medicinal plants.Opalchenova, G.

and Obreshkova, D. Comparative studies on the activity of basil--an essential oil from Ocimum basilicum L.--against multidrug resistant clinical isolates of the genera Staphylococcus, Enterococcus and Pseudomonas by using different test methods.Pathak, A. K., Bhutani, M., Nair, A.

S., Ahn, K. S., Chakraborty, A., Kadara, H., Guha, S., Sethi, G., and Aggarwal, B.B.

Ursolic acid inhibits STAT3 activation pathway leading to suppression of proliferation and chemosensitization of human multiple myeloma cells.Pavela, R. Larvicidal effects of various Euro-Asiatic plants against Culex quinquefasciatus Say larvae (Diptera: Culicidae).Phasomkusolsil, S. and Soonwera, M. Insect repellent activity of medicinal plant oils against Aedes aegypti (Linn.), Anopheles minimus (Theobald) and Culex quinquefasciatus Say based on protection time and biting rate.Qiao, S., Li, W., Tsubouchi, R., Haneda, M., Murakami, K., Takeuchi, F., Nisimoto, Y., and Yoshino, M.

Rosmarinic acid inhibits the formation of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species in RAW264.7 macrophages.Rady, M. R.

and Nazif, N. M.

Rosmarinic acid content and RAPD analysis of in vitro regenerated basil (Ocimum americanum) plants.Sacchetti, G., Medici, A., Maietti, S., Radice, M., Muzzoli, M., Manfredini, S., Braccioli, E., and Bruni, R. Composition and functional properties of the essential oil of amazonian basil, Ocimum micranthum Willd., Labiatae in comparison with commercial essential oils.Santoro, G.

F., Cardoso, M. G., Guimaraes, L.

G., Mendonca, L. Z., and Soares, M. J. Trypanosoma cruzi: activity of essential oils from Achillea millefolium L., Syzygium aromaticum L.

and Ocimum basilicum L. on epimastigotes and trypomastigotes.Singh, S.

Evaluation of gastric anti-ulcer activity of fixed oil of Ocimum basilicum Linn.Skrovankova, S., Misurcova, L., and Machu, L. Antioxidant activity and protecting health effects of common medicinal plants.Tognolini, M., Barocelli, E., Ballabeni, V., Bruni, R., Bianchi, A., Chiavarini, M., and Impicciatore, M.

Comparative screening of plant essential oils: phenylpropanoid moiety as basic core for antiplatelet activity.Tohti, I., Tursun, M., Umar, A., Turdi, S., Imin, H., and Moore, N. Aqueous extracts of Ocimum basilicum L. (sweet basil) decrease platelet aggregation induced by ADP and thrombin in vitro and rats arterio--venous shunt thrombosis in vivo.Tuntipopipat, S., Muangnoi, C., and Failla, M. L.

Anti-inflammatory activities of extracts of Thai spices and herbs with lipopolysaccharide-activated RAW 264.7 murine macrophages.Umar, A., Imam, G., Yimin, W., Kerim, P., Tohti, I., Berke, B., and Moore, N. Antihypertensive effects of Ocimum basilicum L. (OBL) on blood pressure in renovascular hypertensive rats.Effect of inhaled essential oils on mental exhaustion and moderate burnout: a small pilot study.Yadav, S., Mittal, P. K., Saxena, P. N., and Singh, R. K.

Effect of synergist piperonyl butoxide (PBO) on the toxicity of some essential oils against mosquito larvae.Yamasaki, K., Nakano, M., Kawahata, T., Mori, H., Otake, T., Ueba, N., Oishi, I., Inami, R., Yamane, M., Nakamura, M., Murata, H., and Nakanishi, T. Anti-HIV-1 activity of herbs in Labiatae.Flavor volatiles and physical properties of vacuum-microwave- and air-dried sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.).Zheljazkov, V.

D., Callahan, A., and Cantrell, C. L. Yield and oil composition of 38 basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) accessions grown in Mississippi.Abd El-Ghffar EA, Al-Sayed E, Shehata SM, Eldahshan OA, Efferth T.

The protective role of Ocimum basilicum L. (Basil) against aspirin-induced gastric ulcer in mice: Impact on oxidative stress, inflammation, motor deficits and anxiety-like behavior.Ahmadifard M, Yarahmadi S, Ardalan A, Ebrahimzadeh F, Bahrami P, Sheikhi E. The Efficacy of Topical Basil Essential Oil on Relieving Migraine Headaches: A Randomized Triple-Blind Study.Selected terpenes from leaves of Ocimum basilicum L.

induce hemoglobin accumulation in human K562 cells.Fetrow CW, Avila JR. Professional's Handbook of Complementary & Alternative Medicines.Kiec-Swierczynska M, Krecisz B, Chomiczewska D, et al.

Occupational allergic contact dermatitis caused by basil (Ocimum basilicum).Sakkas H, Papadopoulou C. Antimicrobial activity of basil, oregano, and thyme essential oils. .

5 Benefits of Basil for Skin Care

From the plant's leaves and flowers to its essence as an oil, it may offer a variety of benefits to help protect, clear, and clean your skin, so you can show off that glam glow!Another study, cited in the Nutrition Today article, tested the juice from crushed fresh basil leaves as an acne treatment.In this study, the juice was equally as effective at treating acne as standard accepted options, such as oral tetracycline and facial sulfur lotion.Research published in the International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences found that basil essential oil may provide some protection as a potentially viable sunscreen active ingredient.It also cited the potential for wrinkle reduction when the concentrated extract of the leaves and flowers was infused into a facial skin cream.Though a simple slough with a basil leaf won't quench parched skin or reduce wrinkles, science shows that the essential oil and some lotions made with the plant may have beneficial properties worth exploring. .

Holy Basil: Benefits for Your Brain and Your Body

This green leafy plant, also known as Ocimum sanctum L. and tulsi, is native to Southeast Asia.From the leaves to the seed, holy basil is considered a tonic for the body, mind, and spirit.Reduce stress and anxiety All parts of the holy basil plant act as an adaptogen.An adaptogen is a natural substance that helps your body adapt to stress and promotes mental balance.But scientific research shows that holy basil has pharmacological properties to help your mind cope with many types of stress.emotional In the case of physical stress, holy basil is known to increase endurance in animals.Animals who had holy basil leaf extracts and went through environment-induced stress scenarios showed : enhanced metabolism.One study found that people who took 500 milligrams (mg) of holy basil extract each day felt less anxious, stressed, and depressed.But if the basil’s bitter and spicy flavor isn’t your cup of tea, a supplement in pill form or as an alcohol extract is available.analgesic (a painkiller) Some people even use holy basil after surgery to heal and protect their wounds.Animal and human studies have shown that holy basil can help prevent symptoms of diabetes such as: weight gain.hypertension In the early animal study cited, rats that received holy basil extract saw a 26.4 percent decrease in blood sugar after 30 days.Blood sugar in rats that were fed holy basil leaf powder also decreased after a month.Animal studies saw significant changes in rabbits’ fat molecules when they ate fresh holy basil leaves.One animal study found that the oil in holy basil (eugenol) lowers stress-induced cholesterol levels.There was a reduction of total cholesterol in the kidney, liver, or heart in rats with and without diabetes after they ate holy basil leaf powder.extending life of mucus cells Many drugs for peptic ulcers have side effects and can cause discomfort in some people.Summary Holy basil has been shown to boost your body’s health in a variety of ways.You can also make holy basil tea using the leaves, flowers, or dried leaf powder.The herb can also be used to make freshly brewed tea by placing 2–3 teaspoons of holy basil in a cup of boiling water and letting it steep for 5–6 minutes.

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Beauty benefits of tulsi: 5 ways using holy basil will give you healthy

Tulsi works like magic on your body, whether eaten raw or applied topically on skin.We share with you some of the beauty benefits of tulsi and different ways to use them in your routine to make your skin and hair better.These natural DIY homemade remedies can be effectively used to get rid of common skin woes.To make a brightening face mask, mix equal amount of grounded tulsi leaves with milk.(ALSO READ Yeh Hai Mohabbatein actress Divyanka Tripathi shares home remedies that make her skin flawless!Add few drops of freshly squeezed lemon juice and apply this on the acne.(ALSO READ Use DIY anti-ageing rosewater face pack to make your skin firm and youthful).If you have itchy scalp, you can use an anti-bacterial tulsi hair mask made at home to help you with this problem.The seeds will immediately start popping, remove the concoction from the flame and let it cool. .

Basil: Health Benefits, Side Effects, Uses, Dose & Precautions

Afifi, A. F.

and Dowidar, A. E. Effect of volatile substances from Origanum majorana and Ocimum basilicum on spore respiration and germination of some soil fungi.Akhtar, M.

S. and Munir, M. Evaluation of the gastric antiulcerogenic effects of Solanum nigrum, Brassica oleracea and Ocimum basilicum in rats.Alhusainy, W., Paini, A., Punt, A., Louisse, J., Spenkelink, A., Vervoort, J., Delatour, T., Scholz, G., Schilter, B., Adams, T., van Bladeren, P.

J., and Rietjens, I. M.

Identification of nevadensin as an important herb-based constituent inhibiting estragole bioactivation and physiology-based biokinetic modeling of its possible in vivo effect.Amrani, S., Harnafi, H., Bouanani, Nel H., Aziz, M., Caid, H. S., Manfredini, S., Besco, E., Napolitano, M., and Bravo, E.

Hypolipidaemic activity of aqueous Ocimum basilicum extract in acute hyperlipidaemia induced by triton WR-1339 in rats and its antioxidant property.Amrani, S., Harnafi, H., Gadi, D., Mekhfi, H., Legssyer, A., Aziz, M., Martin-Nizard, F., and Bosca, L. Vasorelaxant and anti-platelet aggregation effects of aqueous Ocimum basilicum extract.Anthony, S., Abeywickrama, K., Dayananda, R., Wijeratnam, S.

W., and Arambewela, L. Fungal pathogens associated with banana fruit in Sri Lanka, and their treatment with essential oils.Bagamboula, C. F., Uyttendaele, M., and Debevere, J. Inhibitory effects of spices and herbs towards Shigella sonnei and S.

flexneri.Balambal, R., Thiruvengadam, K. V., Kameswarant, L., Janaki, V.

R., and Thambiah, A. S.

Ocimum basilicum in acne vulgaris--a controlled comparison with a standard regime.Berger, C. N., Shaw, R.

K., Brown, D. J., Mather, H., Clare, S., Dougan, G., Pallen, M.

J., and Frankel, G. Interaction of Salmonella enterica with basil and other salad leaves.Protective effect of basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) against oxidative DNA damage and mutagenesis.Bolognesi, C., Perrone, E., and Landini, E. Micronucleus monitoring of a floriculturist population from western Liguria, Italy.Bravo, E., Amrani, S., Aziz, M., Harnafi, H., and Napolitano, M. Ocimum basilicum ethanolic extract decreases cholesterol synthesis and lipid accumulation in human macrophages.Buch, J. G., Dikshit, R. K., and Mansuri, S.

M. Effect of certain volatile oils on ejaculated human spermatozoa.Calucci, L., Pinzino, C., Zandomeneghi, M., Capocchi, A., Ghiringhelli, S., Saviozzi, F., Tozzi, S., and Galleschi, L.

Effects of gamma-irradiation on the free radical and antioxidant contents in nine aromatic herbs and spices.Capota, C. D., Deventer, B., and Zimmermann, R. D.

The effect of 4-nonylphenol on the pigmentation of Ocimum basilicum (Basil).Chakraborty, D., Maji, S., Bandyopadhyay, A., and Basu, S. Biosorption of cesium-137 and strontium-90 by mucilaginous seeds of Ocimum basilicum.Chalmers, R.

M., Nichols, G., and Rooney, R. Foodborne outbreaks of cyclosporiasis have arisen in North America.Chanotiya, C. S. and Yadav, A.

Enantiomeric composition of (3R)-(-)- and (3S)-(+)-linalool in various essential oils of Indian origin by enantioselective capillary gas chromatography-flame ionization and mass spectrometry detection methods.Copetta, A., Lingua, G., and Berta, G. Effects of three AM fungi on growth, distribution of glandular hairs, and essential oil production in Ocimum basilicum L. var.Courreges, M. C. and Benencia, F. In vitro antiphagocytic effect of basil oil on mouse macrophages.Daly, T., Jiwan, M.

A., O'Brien, N. M., and Aherne, S.

A. Carotenoid content of commonly consumed herbs and assessment of their bioaccessibility using an in vitro digestion model.Effect of cultivar on the protection of cardiomyocytes from oxidative stress by essential oils and aqueous extracts of basil (Ocimum basilicum L.).Dasgupta, T., Rao, A.

R., and Yadava, P. K.

Chemomodulatory efficacy of basil leaf (Ocimum basilicum) on drug metabolizing and antioxidant enzymes, and on carcinogen-induced skin and forestomach papillomagenesis.Davidovich-Rikanati, R., Lewinsohn, E., Bar, E., Iijima, Y., Pichersky, E., and Sitrit, Y. Overexpression of the lemon basil alpha-zingiberene synthase gene increases both mono- and sesquiterpene contents in tomato fruit.Davidovich-Rikanati, R., Sitrit, Y., Tadmor, Y., Iijima, Y., Bilenko, N., Bar, E., Carmona, B., Fallik, E., Dudai, N., Simon, J. E., Pichersky, E., and Lewinsohn, E.

Enrichment of tomato flavor by diversion of the early plastidial terpenoid pathway.Del Fabbro, S. and Nazzi, F.

Repellent effect of sweet basil compounds on Ixodes ricinus ticks.Destaillats, F., Arul, J., Simon, J. E., Wolff, R. L., and Angers, P.

Dibutyrate derivatization of monoacylglycerols for the resolution of regioisomers of oleic, petroselinic, and cis-vaccenic acids.Duan, J. and Zhao, Y.

Antimicrobial efficiency of essential oil and freeze-thaw treatments against Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella enterica Ser.Dugassa, S., Medhin, G., Balkew, M., Seyoum, A., and Gebre-Michael, T. Field investigation on the repellent activity of some aromatic plants by traditional means against Anopheles arabiensis and An.Duran, M. J., Sabatier, F., Pieroni, G., Gerber, G., Sampol, J., and Maixent, J.

M. Omegacoeur, a Mediterranean nutritional complement, stimulates Na,K-ATPase activity in human endothelial cells.Elgayyar, M., Draughon, F. A., Golden, D.

A., and Mount, J. R. Antimicrobial activity of essential oils from plants against selected pathogenic and saprophytic microorganisms.Elviss, N. C., Little, C. L., Hucklesby, L., Sagoo, S., Surman-Lee, S., de Pinna, E., and Threlfall, E. J.

Microbiological study of fresh herbs from retail premises uncovers an international outbreak of salmonellosis.Erler, F., Ulug, I., and Yalcinkaya, B. Repellent activity of five essential oils against Culex pipiens.Inactivation of the complement cascade in vitro by vegetal spices (Ocimum basilicum, Artemisia dracunculus and Thymus vulgaris).Gang, D.

R., Beuerle, T., Ullmann, P., Werck-Reichhart, D., and Pichersky, E. Differential production of meta hydroxylated phenylpropanoids in sweet basil peltate glandular trichomes and leaves is controlled by the activities of specific acyltransferases and hydroxylases.Gang, D.

R., Lavid, N., Zubieta, C., Chen, F., Beuerle, T., Lewinsohn, E., Noel, J. P., and Pichersky, E. Characterization of phenylpropene O-methyltransferases from sweet basil: facile change of substrate specificity and convergent evolution within a plant O-methyltransferase family.Gang, D. R., Wang, J., Dudareva, N., Nam, K. H., Simon, J. E., Lewinsohn, E., and Pichersky, E.

An investigation of the storage and biosynthesis of phenylpropenes in sweet basil.Grayer, R. J., Kite, G.

C., Goldstone, F. J., Bryan, S.

E., Paton, A., and Putievsky, E. Infraspecific taxonomy and essential oil chemotypes in sweet basil, Ocimum basilicum.Determination of antioxidant and radical scavenging activity of Basil (Ocimum basilicum L. Family Lamiaceae) assayed by different methodologies.Gutierrez, J., Rodriguez, G., Barry-Ryan, C., and Bourke, P.

Efficacy of plant essential oils against foodborne pathogens and spoilage bacteria associated with ready-to-eat vegetables: antimicrobial and sensory screening.Hoang, L. M., Fyfe, M., Ong, C., Harb, J., Champagne, S., Dixon, B., and Isaac-Renton, J. Outbreak of cyclosporiasis in British Columbia associated with imported Thai basil.Hoefler, C.

D., Chen, A., and Jakob, E. M.

The potential of a jumping spider, Phidippus clarus, as a biocontrol agent.Hoffman, M., Jia, Z., Pena, M. J., Cash, M., Harper, A., Blackburn, A. R., Darvill, A., and York, W.

S. Structural analysis of xyloglucans in the primary cell walls of plants in the subclass Asteridae.Hsu, W. Y., Simonne, A., and Jitareerat, P. Fates of seeded Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella on selected fresh culinary herbs during refrigerated storage.Iijima, Y., Davidovich-Rikanati, R., Fridman, E., Gang, D. R., Bar, E., Lewinsohn, E., and Pichersky, E. The biochemical and molecular basis for the divergent patterns in the biosynthesis of terpenes and phenylpropenes in the peltate glands of three cultivars of basil.Iijima, Y., Gang, D.

R., Fridman, E., Lewinsohn, E., and Pichersky, E. Characterization of geraniol synthase from the peltate glands of sweet basil.Iijima, Y., Wang, G., Fridman, E., and Pichersky, E.

Analysis of the enzymatic formation of citral in the glands of sweet basil.Ioannidis, D., Bonner, L., and Johnson, C. B.

UV-B is required for normal development of oil glands in Ocimum basilicum L. (sweet basil).Detection of arsenic in water, herbal and soil samples by neutron activation analysis technique.Ismail, S. A., Dea, T., Abd El-Rahman, H., Yassien, M.

A., and Beuchat, L. R. Effectiveness of immersion treatments with acids, trisodium phosphate, and herb decoctions in reducing populations of Yarrowia lipolytica and naturally occurring aerobic microorganisms on raw chicken.Iten, F. and Saller, R. [Fennel tea: risk assessment of the phytogenic monosubstance estragole in comparison to the natural multicomponent mixture].Itoh, K., Nakamura, K., Utsukihara, T., Sakamaki, H., and Horiuchi, C. A.

Stereoselective oxidation of racemic 1-arylethanols by basil cultured cells of Ocimum basilicum cv.Iyer, L. V., Ho, M.

N., Shinn, W. M., Bradford, W. W., Tanga, M. J., Nath, S.

S., and Green, C. E.

Glucuronidation of 1'-hydroxyestragole (1'-HE) by human UDP-glucuronosyltransferases UGT2B7 and UGT1A9.Javanmardi, J., Khalighi, A., Kashi, A., Bais, H. P., and Vivanco, J.

M. Chemical characterization of basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) found in local accessions and used in traditional medicines in Iran.Jayasinghe, C., Gotoh, N., Aoki, T., and Wada, S. Phenolics composition and antioxidant activity of sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.).Jeurissen, S. M., Claassen, F. W., Havlik, J., Bouwmans, E. E., Cnubben, N.

H., Sudholter, E. J., Rietjens, I.

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Basil extract inhibits the sulfotransferase mediated formation of DNA adducts of the procarcinogen 1'-hydroxyestragole by rat and human liver S9 homogenates and in HepG2 human hepatoma cells.Kapteyn, J., Qualley, A. V., Xie, Z., Fridman, E., Dudareva, N., and Gang, D.

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and observation of the inhibition effect on bacterial cells by use of scanning electron microscopy.Keita, S. M., Vincent, C., Schmit, J., Arnason, J.

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Solid- and vapor-phase antimicrobial activities of six essential oils: susceptibility of selected foodborne bacterial and fungal strains.Light reflected from colored mulches affects aroma and phenol content of sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) leaves.Louie, G. V., Baiga, T. J., Bowman, M.

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Suppressive effects of rosmarinic acid on mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis in rats.Makino, T., Ono, T., Muso, E., Yoshida, H., Honda, G., and Sasayama, S. Inhibitory effects of rosmarinic acid on the proliferation of cultured murine mesangial cells.Heavy metals in selected edible vegetables and estimation of their daily intake in Sanandaj, Iran.Maralhas, A., Monteiro, A., Martins, C., Kranendonk, M., Laires, A., Rueff, J., and Rodrigues, A.

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Effects of nitrogen fertilization on the phenolic composition and antioxidant properties of basil (Ocimum basilicum L.).Determination of sterol and triterpene content of Ocimum basilicum and Salvia officinalis at various stages of growth.Nikolaevskii, V. V., Kononova, N. S., Pertsovskii, A. I., and Shinkarchuk, I.

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Comparative studies on the activity of basil--an essential oil from Ocimum basilicum L.--against multidrug resistant clinical isolates of the genera Staphylococcus, Enterococcus and Pseudomonas by using different test methods.Oxenham, S. K., Svoboda, K.

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Cow's urine concoction: its chemical composition, pharmacological actions and mode of lethality.Ozcan, M. Effect of spice hydrosols on the growth of Aspergillus parasiticus NRRL 2999 strain.Pakalniskiene, J., Falkenhorst, G., Lisby, M., Madsen, S. B., Olsen, K. E., Nielsen, E. M., Mygh, A., Boel, J., and Molbak, K. A foodborne outbreak of enterotoxigenic E.

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Health risk assessment of villagers who live near a lead mining area: a case study of Klity village, Kanchanaburi Province, Thailand.Qiao, S., Li, W., Tsubouchi, R., Haneda, M., Murakami, K., Takeuchi, F., Nisimoto, Y., and Yoshino, M. Rosmarinic acid inhibits the formation of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species in RAW264.7 macrophages.Rady, M.

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Rosmarinic acid content and RAPD analysis of in vitro regenerated basil (Ocimum americanum) plants.Rai, M. K., Qureshi, S., and Pandey, A.

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Composition and functional properties of the essential oil of amazonian basil, Ocimum micranthum Willd., Labiatae in comparison with commercial essential oils.Santoro, G. F., Cardoso, M. G., Guimaraes, L.

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Aromatic plant production on metal contaminated soils. .

10 Health Benefits of Basil Leaves

Summary: Right from a happy tummy to clear skin, basil leaves work wonders for our mind and body.Basil (Ocimum basilicum) is a sacred and remarkable herb loaded with numerous health benefits.The term ‘basil’ comes from basilikhon, an ancient Greek word that means royal.And most Indian households worship basil (Tulsi) and have a space dedicated for it near the entrance of their homes.Free radicals are notorious atoms that cause significant damage to the cells and put you at an increased risk of many health complications, such as heart disease, cancer, diabetes, and arthritis.Also, basil has got flavonoids, which boost your immune system, slow down the effects of aging, and protect your cellular structure from damage.Basil contains powerful and healing essential oils that cleanse your skin from deep inside.Besides cleansing, basil also removes impurities, dirt, and grease that happen to clog your pores.All you need to do is make a thick paste with a handful of basil leaves, sandalwood powder, and rose water.Apply this pack on your face and neck, wait for 15 to 20 minutes, and wash it with cold water.According to many studies on animals and humans, holy basil can also help counter the other health complications associated with diabetes, including hyperinsulinemia (high amount of insulin in the blood), excessive body weight, etc.As basil has got potent anti-inflammatory properties and essential oils, such as citronellol, linalool, and eugenol, it helps cure a range of health conditions, including inflammatory bowel conditions, heart ailments, and rheumatoid arthritis.Moreover, consuming basil can also help treat headaches, fever, cold and cough, flu, and sore throat.It helps deal with anxiety and depression while stimulating neurotransmitters that control energy and happiness-inducing hormones.So, sip a hot cup of tea with holy basil and sage brewed to perfection and see the difference.This chemical compound aids in blocking the calcium channels, thus lowering your blood pressure.Also, the essential oils in basil reduce the level of triglycerides and cholesterol in your body.Now that you know about the benefits of basil leaves, why not peep into how you can churn out some delicious Indian recipes with this herb?Drain water and pressure cook with freshwater, turmeric powder, and a pinch of salt for 3-4 whistles.Next, add turmeric powder, salt, roughly chopped basil leaves, cooked dal, and mix well.Add warm water if required to adjust consistency and bring it to a boil.Once hot, add green chili, garlic ginger paste and fry for a minute.Add cooked rice, black pepper powder, salt and mix well.A healthy and refreshing tea that will uplift your mood with added health benefits.Whether you have gut issues or skin, whether you want to get rid of cold and cough or flu, basil leaves always come in handy. .

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