Here are the best Types of Basil that you can grow and enjoy fresh for their appearance, aroma, culinary and medicinal uses!Ranging from green to purple, the herb can attain a height of 12-18 inches.The characteristic feature of Genovese basil is the flatter and pointier leaves.Also, the more aromatic and spicy flavor makes it a great ingredient in several Italian dishes and pesto recipes.This variety is a bit cold tolerant and loves 6-8 hours of direct sun.Popular in the cuisines of Southeast Asia — Thai basil has a touch of licorice with a strong flavor.Originating from Naples (Itay), its extraordinarily large leaves are used for wrapping poultry, fish, and cheese.Add it to soups, sauces, fish, and meat dishes, as it’s a bit spicier than a few other sweet basil varieties.This exotic dark purple foliage basil can enhance the beauty of your landscape.Apart from regular culinary uses, you can steep it in vinegar or oil to add color and aroma to the dishes.Place the pot nearby a sunny windowsill so that it can enjoy in the direct sun.Keep the soil evenly moist in the initial stage when the plant is establishing.The fruity aromatic flavor of this basil is somewhat like wine with a tinge of pine.Work it into pesto, sauces, salads, herbal dishes, as well as in drinks and teas.It’s not as ornamental as other basil varieties but forms beautiful white spikes that are tall and appealing.The large wrinkled leaves of this basil resemble lettuce and are used broadly in salads and fresh dishes due to the mild and less aromatic flavor.Ideal for a lettuce wrap because the leaves are large, around 3-5 inches in size.You can grow a combination of both lemon and lime basils as they make a great pair.Growing 18-24 inches tall, shiny leaves and small pinkish-lavender and mauve color flowers make it an excellent choice for floral arrangements.Also, its spicy flavor and fragrant aroma go well in fruit salads and garnishes.Rich, moist, and slightly acidic soil is optimum for planting.Also known as Tulsi, it is revered in the Hindu religion for its medicinal and spiritual characteristics.The leaves splashed with purple and green give this plant an appealing look.It’s one of the most potent herbs, according to Ayurveda, many scientific studies validate this claim.The noticeable feature of cardinal basil is its striking red flowers and spicy scent.It bears spikes of large purple flowers, which make it well suited as the border plant.Growing only up to 8-10 inches, it’s a small bushy variety of basil that is native to Southeast Asia.Although small, its evenly shaped leaves are still packed with flavor and are perfect for garnishing.As the name suggests, this basil is bestowed with serrated leaves which are saber-like and ornamental.Just a couple of leaves are enough to add a spicy note to many Asian gourmets.Remove dead stems and foliage and debris after the growing season.This is a compact variety of basil that grows in a bushy form as the name suggests.If you like a hint of sweetness in your recipes that use basil as an ingredient, then this makes for a perfect pick!Not to be confused with the dark opal basil, they both look somewhat similar but are different when it comes to leaves as this one has ruffled foliage.In the growing season apply a balanced liquid fertilizer once a month.It tastes mild and is a great addition to soups, salads, and pasta.Rich, moist, and slightly acidic soil is optimum for planting. .
13 of the Best Basil Varieties
This member of the mint, or Lamiaceae family is an annual herb grown for its flavorful leaves.Full of flavor and wonderfully aromatic, basil, Ocimum basilicum, is one of the easiest herbs to grow.Its pungent, peppery taste with a hint of licorice makes it popular in a variety of cuisines.This herb is easy to grow and you can propagate basil from seed, by cuttings, or purchase nursery starts.Also known as Mexican spice basil, this cultivar has narrow leaves, dark colored stems, and pretty purple flowers that add great visual appeal.Growing to a mature height of 12-18 inches with a similar spread, ‘Cinnamon’ makes a lovely addition to your container garden or flower beds.‘Dark Opal’ has wonderful deep purple leaves and pinky-lilac flowers that give it great ornamental value.Brought to market by Ferry-Morse in the 1950s, ‘Dark Opal’ was a winner of the All-America Selections Award in the flower category in 1962.Delightful in containers, mixed beds, or anywhere you want to attract pollinators, this variety grows to a mature height of 14 inches in a compact, bushy form.‘Emerald Towers’ is a tall, multi-branched Genovese type with a tidy columnar habit that produces an outstanding harvest.‘Genovese’ is the traditional heirloom Italian type with a pronounced anise flavor, sweet clove fragrance, and large, lustrous leaves.minimum is a compact variety with small leaves, tiny white flowers, and a neat, globular growth habit that makes it attractive in containers, edging, or rockeries.It has a deeply spicy fragrance and strong flavor that’s best used in salad dressings, sauces, soups, and stews.Perfect for container gardens, this dwarf variety grows to a mature height of just eight inches, with a similar spread.With a sweet and mild flavor, this variety is versatile in the kitchen and makes a delicious pesto.‘Lime’ plants have a light, floral-citrusy flavor and fragrance – ideal for adding a touch of zest to beverages, salad dressings, sauces, and desserts.A lovely container plant wherever the tangy fragrance can be enjoyed, this cultivar grows to a mature height of 16-24 inches, with a 12-inch spread.O. basilicum crispum ‘Monstruoso,’ aka ‘Mammoth,’ is a lettuce leaf cultivar that features huge savoyed leaves with ruffled edges and uniform growth.Perfect for use in Italian recipes or for pesto, ‘Mammoth’ grows to a mature height of 16 inches, with a 12- to 16-inch spread.‘Minette’ is a compact, small-leaved Greek cultivar, O.
basilicum var minimum, with a mounding habit that’s adorable as an edging plant, in containers, or in knot gardens.With a sweet anise flavor and scent of cloves, this variety grows to a mature height of just 10 inches with a comparable spread, and it forms a beautiful spherical shape.thyrsiflora, ‘Siam Queen’ is a Thai variety with a sweet licorice flavor that’s rewarding in the kitchen and as an ornamental.This heirloom type has lush green leaves and purple stems, and it grows to a mature height of 10-24 inches, with a similar spread.One of the most popular varieties, ‘Sweet’ basil has a full licorice flavor and spicy clove fragrance that’s just as nice when used fresh in salads, sandwiches, and wraps or added to pesto, sauces, and savory dishes.Delicious, fragrant, and delightfully easy to grow, basil lends its unmistakable flavor to pesto and much more! .
Types of Basil to Grow in Your Garden and Containers
Sweet basil has that classic spicy clove flavor that is essential to so many dishes, including pesto.But I don’t grow basil just because it tastes good and has aromatic scents, I also enjoy the variety of forms and foliage colors.Aristotle is a cultivar of Greek basil and forms tight one-foot tall balls of tiny, flavorful leaves.While basil is one of the most popular culinary herbs planted in gardens and containers, it can be a bit tricky to grow.This type includes common and Genovese basils and is the one to grow if you want plenty of leaves for pesto.This is a type of sweet basil with large leaves that grow up to four-inches long and have ruffly edges.This heat-loving basil grows great in containers as well as gardens and offers an intense citrus aroma and flavor.Burns’ Lemon’ is a standard variety with the plants reaching about 18-inches in height with leaves that are larger than most citrus-type basils.Use lemon or lime basil in drinks like teas, lemonade, cocktails, or even to jazz up a glass of water.The leaves are smaller than sweet basil and the bright purple stems and flowers make it a standout in the garden or bouquets.Thai Basil is an essential ingredient when we make pho, a Vietnamese soup with broth, noodles, meat, and vegetables.‘Siam Queen’ is an All-America Selections Winner with improved characteristics like compact growth, slow flowering, and excellent flavor.Downy mildew is a recent, destructive basil disease that is quickly spreading across North America.It’s identified by yellowing on the upper leaf surface followed by a black ‘fuzz’ that develops on the bottom of the foliage.If this is becoming an annual issue in your garden, opt to grow downy mildew-resistant varieties like Amazel, Prospera, Eleonora, and Everleaf. .
Spice Up Your Cooking With These 6 Different Types of Basil
Being among the most popular of herbs, basil is used in Italian foods, salad dressings, and drinks, as well as medicines such as cough syrups and other natural elixirs.Basil has over 160 different cultivars or types, with flavors ranging from bold and spicy to mild and sweet, each with the ability to grant a given dish its own distinctive signature.Pesto, with origins dating back to the Romans, has become a household favorite, and one of the most common dishes prepared with basil as a main ingredient today.You can use Foodal’s basic pesto recipe as a basis to develop your own original flavor profile.When using fresh basil to prepare pesto, crush the leaves first to release the flavor, then add them to the olive oil.When you are ready to prepare the sauce, use the basil-flavored olive oil to mix in your garlic, grated cheese, and toasted pine nuts.In the case of using dried basil leaves, soak them in water or olive oil over night to revive them.This Thai variety is actually a cultivar of Sweet Basil that has been selected for a slightly spicy anise or licorice taste.The very bright flavor is great for those who seek to liven up their pesto and make it dance on the palate.First-time users sometimes overflavor their pesto with the Thai variety, leaving only the taste of the basil with its strong anise kick.This variety gives a little bit of a lift to traditional pesto, and a light zing to the taste buds.This type compliments other basils beautifully, so mix it with Italian large leaf or Red Rubin, for a signature taste that’s uniquely your own. .
A Market Guide to Basil Types with Cooking Tips
Whether you're growing it in your backyard or picking up a few bunches at your farmers' market, there is nothing like sweet basil in the summer.that are used in other cuisines around the world, ranging in flavor from sweet to spicy to slightly bitter.Holy Basil: This furry-stemmed plant with strongly scented green or purple leaves is grown for religious and medicinal purposes.The two plants' flavors are similar though, with the fino verde having a bit more spice with ginger undertones.Unlike other basil varieties, the entire fino verde plant can be used in cooking, twigs and all.The taste is similar to that of sweet basil, which makes it ideal for a colorful pesto. .
Your Guide to All the Different Types of Basil
We don’t recommend cooking it, as it turns an unappealing black color when heated, but it’s perfect for use in salads, pesto or any of your other favorite ways to use fresh basil. .
The Best Types of Basil to Grow in an Herb Garden • Gardenary
There are about a million different basil varieties, but these are some of my favorites based on the flavor they add to food, their beauty in the garden, and their ease of care.Thai basil produces long stalks of the most beautiful purple flowers and boasts a licorice-like aroma. .
15 Types Of Basil To Add A Little Variety In Your Herb Garden
Basil is most often grown as an annual preferring the warmer temperatures of summer, doing well at 70 degrees or higher.While sweet and Genovese are probably the most common varieties of basil, they are many other wonderful variations to choose from.With sizes ranging from 8 inches to 4 feet tall, there are plenty of choices when it comes to growing basil in the garden.Thai basil has smaller dark pointed leaves and boasts a spicy, licorice flavor.The dark purple flower heads and stems of Thai basil contrast beautifully with the deep green leaves making it a real stunner in the herb garden.Siam Queen, shown above is pretty in the garden with its dark purple flowers blooming at the end of the season.Purple basil has a striking dark burgundy color that provides excellent contrast in the herb garden.Highly aromatic, purple basil can be steeped in vinegar or oil to add beautiful color to your dishes.Crush a leaf between your fingertips and inhale the wonderful lemony scent of this variety.Use lemon basil in fish or poultry marinades, grilled vegetables, desserts, and teas.The two make an excellent pair when cooking, bringing out the lemon & lime flavors for a tantalizing combination.It is also slow to flower, so lasts a bit longer in the heat of the summer before going to seed.Holy Basil is used to treat stomach ailments, the kidneys and promote blood circulation.Use it in Asian marinades, fried rice, noodle salads, or tossed with grilled vegetables.African Blue Basil has a strong scent of peppers, cloves, mint, and camphor.Unlike most basil varieties, African Blue is a perennial as long as it doesn’t freeze.A few sellers on Etsy ship African Blue Basil cuttings and plants in the spring.It is easily identified by its mass of tightly clustered cardinal red blooms.Growing two and a half feet tall on sturdy stems, they are a good choice for the back of the herb garden.The Cardinal Basil has a strong spicy scent which makes it a good choice in flavoring vinegar and oils.To create a mass planting, start with a packet of seeds in the spring after all danger of frost has passed.True to its name it has a strong, spicy flavor with smaller leaves that are excellent served whole in soups salads, and pasta.It is also called Spicy Bush or Boxwood Basil and forms a tight clump when growing.It grows in tight, compact bushes making it an ideal basil for the container herb garden.Summerlong is slow to bolt which means it will last longer in the summer garden before going to seed.If you are shopping for one of the more common cultivators, such as Sweet or Genovese, you can find basil seeds in most garden centers in the spring.We’ve also tried to link to a seed vendor within our list to make it easier for you to find the perfect basil variety.They carry 9 different varieties including a Basil Blend of Microgreens Seeds that are great in salads.They offer many of the more exotic types such as Purple, Thai, Cinnamon, Lemon, and Lime Basil.ZellaJakeFarm and Gardens carries eight types of basil including Spicy Globe which is the petite container variety that grows just 6-12 inches high.Burpee – A well-known brand in the garden market offers both seeds and plants, including their exclusive Summerlong basil. .