Aromatic medicinal plants are primarily cultivated for the edible leaves, stems, barks, flowers or fruit components and they are essential flavoring and/or ayurvedic agents mainly used in South Asian countries.Tulsi and basil also belong to the aromatic medicinal group, and they share a similar taste profiles as well as features.As a result, tulsi is often referred to as basil or vice versa by the most of the consumers in the world.Tulsi is an aromatic herbal plant, and its leaves are highly scented.Hindu people believe that it as an imaginable appearance of the goddess Tulsi, a wife of the god Vishnu.Therefore, Hindu people have tulsi plants growing in the center of the central courtyard.This plant is mainly cultivated for religious and Ayurvedic medicinal purposes, and for its essential oil extraction.It is believed strongly that tulsi has health beneficial effects against headaches, inflammation, common colds, malaria and heart disease.Basil is a culinary herb mainly used as a flavoring agent in various types of dishes in the world.People in Taiwan, Vietnam, Thailand and Cambodia also incorporate basil into their cooking.The legend stories describe tulsi as a manifestation of Sita because it is as a symbol of chastity and purity.Tulsi is helpful for adapting to stress and supposed to promote long life.It also has a potential for use in treating cancer, platelet aggregation, stress, asthma and diabetes mellitus.Basil has a number of different chemical constituents such as eugenol, methyl chavicol, camphene, licorice, citronellol, etc.It is also used in the preparation of herbal tea, dried powder, fresh leaf or sometimes mixed with ghee.It is added in the dishes only at the last minute because its flavor compounds are volatile and highly heat sensitive.It is the key ingredients in the preparation of ‘pesto’ a tasty Italian sauce.In conclusion, basil is an essential culinary ingredient whereas tulsi is a medicinal holy herb.But they are derived from two different plant species and the tulsi and basil are used for human consumption.“Ocimum tenuiflorum2” by en:User:GourangaUK – (Public Domain) via Wikimedia Commons. .

Holy Basil: Benefits for Your Brain and Your Body

This green leafy plant, also known as Ocimum sanctum L. and tulsi, is native to Southeast Asia.From the leaves to the seed, holy basil is considered a tonic for the body, mind, and spirit.Reduce stress and anxiety All parts of the holy basil plant act as an adaptogen.An adaptogen is a natural substance that helps your body adapt to stress and promotes mental balance.But scientific research shows that holy basil has pharmacological properties to help your mind cope with many types of stress.emotional In the case of physical stress, holy basil is known to increase endurance in animals.Animals who had holy basil leaf extracts and went through environment-induced stress scenarios showed : enhanced metabolism.One study found that people who took 500 milligrams (mg) of holy basil extract each day felt less anxious, stressed, and depressed.But if the basil’s bitter and spicy flavor isn’t your cup of tea, a supplement in pill form or as an alcohol extract is available.Holy basil increases your wound’s breaking strength, healing time, and contraction.Research shows that holy basil may work against infections and wounds, such as: mouth ulcers.Animal and human studies have shown that holy basil can help prevent symptoms of diabetes such as: weight gain.hypertension In the early animal study cited, rats that received holy basil extract saw a 26.4 percent decrease in blood sugar after 30 days.Blood sugar in rats that were fed holy basil leaf powder also decreased after a month.Animal studies saw significant changes in rabbits’ fat molecules when they ate fresh holy basil leaves.One animal study found that the oil in holy basil (eugenol) lowers stress-induced cholesterol levels.There was a reduction of total cholesterol in the kidney, liver, or heart in rats with and without diabetes after they ate holy basil leaf powder.extending life of mucus cells Many drugs for peptic ulcers have side effects and can cause discomfort in some people.You can also make holy basil tea using the leaves, flowers, or dried leaf powder.The herb can also be used to make freshly brewed tea by placing 2–3 teaspoons of holy basil in a cup of boiling water and letting it steep for 5–6 minutes. .

Difference Between Tulsi and Basil

Tulsi on the other hand, is used by the Ayrvedic practitioners since it exhibits its healing properties.In fact this plant was mentioned in the Charaka Samhita a renowned text on Ayurveda.It is believed strongly that tulsi consumption can help relieve problems arising out of headaches, inflammation, common colds, malaria and heart disease.It is consumed as herbal tea, dried powder, fresh leaf or sometimes mixed with ghee.Rama tulsi appear very large in size and they look green in color.On the other hand Shyama tulsi appear dark green in color and it is highly venerated as liked by Hanuman.In fact it is one of the main ingredients in the preparation of ‘pesto’ a tasty Italian sauce.It is interesting to note that basil is added in the food only in the last minute since its flavor gets totally lost if it is allowed to get cooked for a long time. .

Is Holy Basil Tea Good for You? Pros and Cons, Nutrition

Today it grows in Australia, the Middle East, and West Africa, with interest gaining in the United States and elsewhere.Manganese Holy basil is rich in vitamin K, a fat-soluble micronutrient that helps support heart health and bone mineralization.In fact, one-half cup of fresh leaves contains almost your full daily recommended intake of vitamin K. The nutrient is also beneficial for digestive support and brain function.It is a common herb in Chinese and Ayurvedic medicine, known to help skin, respiratory, gastrointestinal, and joint conditions.These compounds may also have antimicrobial and antiviral activities that help reduce the duration of common cold and flu symptoms. .

Holy Basil: Health Benefits, Side Effects, Uses, Dose & Precautions

Agarwal, P. and Nagesh, L.

Comparative evaluation of efficacy of 0.2% Chlorhexidine, Listerine and Tulsi extract mouth rinses on salivary Streptococcus mutans count of high school children--RCT.Ahmed, M., Ahamed, R. N., Aladakatti, R.

H., and Ghosesawar, M. G. Reversible anti-fertility effect of benzene extract of Ocimum sanctum leaves on sperm parameters and fructose content in rats.Banerjee, S., Prashar, R., Kumar, A., and Rao, A. R.

Modulatory influence of alcoholic extract of Ocimum leaves on carcinogen-metabolizing enzyme activities and reduced glutathione levels in mouse.Bhat, J., Damle, A., Vaishnav, P. P., Albers, R., Joshi, M., and Banerjee, G. In vivo enhancement of natural killer cell activity through tea fortified with Ayurvedic herbs.Chattopadhyay, R.

R. A comparative evaluation of some blood sugar lowering agents of plant origin.Chattopadhyay, R.

R. Hypoglycemic effect of Ocimum sanctum leaf extract in normal and streptozotocin diabetic rats.Devi, P.

U. and Ganasoundari, A.

Modulation of glutathione and antioxidant enzymes by Ocimum sanctum and its role in protection against radiation injury.Devi, P. U. and Ganasoundari, A.

Radioprotective effect of leaf extract of Indian medicinal plant Ocimum sanctum.Devi, P. U., Bisht, K. S., and Vinitha, M.

A comparative study of radioprotection by Ocimum flavonoids and synthetic aminothiol protectors in the mouse.Dharmani, P., Kuchibhotla, V. K., Maurya, R., Srivastava, S., Sharma, S., and Palit, G.

Evaluation of anti-ulcerogenic and ulcer-healing properties of Ocimum sanctum Linn.Ganasoundari, A., Devi, P. U., and Rao, B. S. Enhancement of bone marrow radioprotection and reduction of WR-2721 toxicity by Ocimum sanctum.Ganasoundari, A., Devi, P.

U., and Rao, M. N. Protection against radiation-induced chromosome damage in mouse bone marrow by Ocimum sanctum.Geeta, Vasudevan, D.

M., Kedlaya, R., Deepa, S., and Ballal, M. Activity of Ocimum sanctum (the traditional Indian medicinal plant) against the enteric pathogens.Geetha, R.

K. and Vasudevan, D.

M. Inhibition of lipid peroxidation by botanical extracts of Ocimum sanctum: in vivo and in vitro studies.Gholap, S.

and Kar, A. Hypoglycaemic effects of some plant extracts are possibly mediated through inhibition in corticosteroid concentration.Grover, J. K., Vats, V., and Yadav, S. S.

Pterocarpus marsupium extract (Vijayasar) prevented the alteration in metabolic patterns induced in the normal rat by feeding an adequate diet containing fructose as sole carbohydrate.Jagetia, G. C. and Baliga, M.

S. The evaluation of nitric oxide scavenging activity of certain Indian medicinal plants in vitro: a preliminary study.Kantak, N. M.

and Gogate, M. G. Effect of short term administration of Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum Linn.).Karthikeyan, K., Ravichandran, P., and Govindasamy, S. Chemopreventive effect of Ocimum sanctum on DMBA-induced hamster buccal pouch carcinogenesis.Kasinathan, S., Ramakrishnan, S., and Basu, S. L. Antifertility effect of Ocimum sanctum L.

Indian J Exp.Biol.Kothari, S. K., Bhattacharya, A. K., and Ramesh, S. Essential oil yield and quality of methyl eugenol rich Ocimum tenuiflorum L.f. (syn.Mondal, S., Mirdha, B. R., and Mahapatra, S.

C. The science behind sacredness of Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum Linn.).Mondal, S., Varma, S., Bamola, V. D., Naik, S.

N., Mirdha, B. R., Padhi, M.

M., Mehta, N., and Mahapatra, S. C. Double-blinded randomized controlled trial for immunomodulatory effects of Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum Linn.).Mukherjee, R., Dash, P.

K., and Ram, G. C. Immunotherapeutic potential of Ocimum sanctum (L) in bovine subclinical mastitis.Narendhirakannan, R.

T., Subramanian, S., and Kandaswamy, M. Mineral content of some medicinal plants used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus.Panda, S. and Kar, A. Ocimum sanctum leaf extract in the regulation of thyroid function in the male mouse.Prashar, R., Kumar, A., Banerjee, S., and Rao, A.

R. Chemopreventive action by an extract from Ocimum sanctum on mouse skin papillomagenesis and its enhancement of skin glutathione S-transferase activity and acid soluble sulfydryl level.Prashar, R., Kumar, A., Hewer, A., Cole, K.

J., Davis, W., and Phillips, D. H. Inhibition by an extract of Ocimum sanctum of DNA-binding activity of 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene in rat hepatocytes in vitro.Rani, P.

and Khullar, N. Antimicrobial evaluation of some medicinal plants for their anti-enteric potential against multi-drug resistant Salmonella typhi.Ravindran, R., Rathinasamy, S. D., Samson, J., and Senthilvelan, M. Noise-stress-induced brain neurotransmitter changes and the effect of Ocimum sanctum (Linn) treatment in albino rats.Samson, J., Sheela, Devi R., Ravindran, R., and Senthilvelan, M.

Biogenic amine changes in brain regions and attenuating action of Ocimum sanctumin noise exposure.Samudralwar, D. L. and Garg, A. N.

Minor and trace elemental determination in the Indian herbal and other medicinal preparations.Sarkar, A., Lavania, S. C., Pandey, D.

N., and Pant, M. C. Changes in the blood lipid profile after administration of Ocimum sanctum (Tulsi) leaves in the normal albino rabbits.Effect of Ocimum sanctum Linn on noise induced changes in plasma corticosterone level.Effect of Ocimum sanctum Linn on the changes in central cholinergic system induced by acute noise stress.Sen, P., Maiti, P. C., Puri, S., Ray, A., Audulov, N.

A., and Valdman, A. V.

Mechanism of anti-stress activity of Ocimum sanctum Linn, eugenol and Tinospora malabarica in experimental animals.Sharma, M., Kishore, K., Gupta, S. K., Joshi, S., and Arya, D. S.

Cardioprotective potential of ocimum sanctum in isoproterenol induced myocardial infarction in rats.Shokeen, P., Ray, K., Bala, M., and Tandon, V. Preliminary studies on activity of Ocimum sanctum, Drynaria quercifolia, and Annona squamosa against Neisseria gonorrhoeae.Singh, S., Majumdar, D.

K., and Rehan, H. M. Evaluation of anti-inflammatory potential of fixed oil of Ocimum sanctum (Holybasil) and its possible mechanism of action.Singh, S., Majumdar, D.

K., and Yadav, M. R.

Chemical and pharmacological studies on fixed oil of Ocimum sanctum.Singh, S., Taneja, M., and Majumdar, D. K. Biological activities of Ocimum sanctum L.

fixed oil--an overview.Subramanian, M., Chintalwar, G. J., and Chattopadhyay, S.

Antioxidant and radioprotective properties of an Ocimum sanctum polysaccharide.Uma, Devi P., Ganasoundari, A., Rao, B. S., and Srinivasan, K.

K. In vivo radioprotection by ocimum flavonoids: survival of mice.Uma, Devi P., Ganasoundari, A., Vrinda, B., Srinivasan, K. K., and Unnikrishnan, M. K. Radiation protection by the ocimum flavonoids orientin and vicenin: mechanisms of action.Vats, V., Yadav, S. P., and Grover, J.

K. Ethanolic extract of Ocimum sanctum leaves partially attenuates streptozotocin-induced alterations in glycogen content and carbohydrate metabolism in rats.Vrinda, B. and Uma, Devi P. Radiation protection of human lymphocyte chromosomes in vitro by orientin and vicenin.Randomized placebo-controlled, single blind trial of holy basil leaves in patients with noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.Asha MK, Prashanth D, Murali B, et al. Anthelmintic activity of essential oil of Ocimum sanctum and eugenol.Controlled programmed trial of Ocimum sanctum leaf on generalized anxiety disorders.Ocimum sanctum: an experimental study evaluating its anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antipyretic activity in animals.Jaggi RK, Madaan R, Singh B. Anticonvulsant potential of holy basil, Ocimum sanctum Linn.Comparative evaluation of hypoglycaemic activity of some Indian medicinal plants in alloxan diabetic rats.Khanna N, Bhatia J.

Antinociceptive action of Ocimum sanctum (Tulsi) in mice: possible mechanisms involved.Mediratta PK, Sharma KK, Singh S. Evaluation of immunomodulatory potential of Ocimum sanctum seed oil and its possible mechanism of action.Effect of poly herbal formulation, EuMil, on chronic stress-induced homeostatic perturbations in rats.Saxena RC, Singh R, Kumar P, et al.

Efficacy of an extract of Ocimum tenuiflorum (OciBest) in the management of general stress: a double-blind, placebo-controlled study.Effect of Ocimum sanctum fixed oil on vascular permeability and leucocytes migration.Evaluation of antiinflammatory activity of fatty acids of Ocimum sanctum fixed oil.Evaluation of the gastric antiulcer activity of fixed oil of Ocimum sanctum (Holy Basil).Singh S. Comparative evaluation of antiinflammatory potential of fixed oil of different species of Ocimum and its possible mechanism of action.Singh, S., Malhotra, M., and Majumdar, D. K. Antibacterial activity of Ocimum sanctum L. fixed oil. .

holy basil

holy basil , (Ocimum tenuiflorum), also called tulsi or tulasi , flowering plant of the mint family ( Lamiaceae ) grown for its aromatic leaves.Devotees commonly worship in the morning and evening with mantras and offerings of flowers, incense, or water from the Ganges, and Tuesdays and Fridays are considered especially sacred.Holy basil is cultivated at many temples, and the woody stems of plants that have died are used to make beads for sacred japa mala (rosaries).Water infused with the leaves is often given to the dying to help elevate their souls, and funeral pyres are commonly fitted with holy basil twigs with the hopes that the deceased may obtain moksha and be liberated from the cycle of rebirth. .

Thai basil

Thai basil (Thai: โหระพา, RTGS: horapha, ISO: hōraphā, pronounced [hǒː.rá(ʔ).pʰāː]; Khmer: ជីរនាងវង, chi neang vorng; Vietnamese: húng quế) called káu-chàn-thah (九層塔) in Taiwan, is a type of basil native to Southeast Asia that has been cultivated to provide distinctive traits.Widely used throughout Southeast Asia, its flavor, described as anise- and licorice-like and slightly spicy, is more stable under high or extended cooking temperatures than that of sweet basil.(Thai: ), is widely used throughout Southeast Asia and plays a prominent role in Vietnamese cuisine.[5] It is also known as Thai holy basil or by its Indian name, tulasi or tulsi ; it is widely used in India for culinary, medicinal, and religious purposes.× citriodorum), or maenglak (Thai: แมงลัก ), as its name implies, has undertones of lemon in scent and taste.In Taiwan the Thai basil is called káu-chàn-thah (Chinese: 九層塔; pinyin: jiǔcéngtǎ; Wade–Giles: chiu ts'eng t'a; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: káu-chàn-thahh),[6][7] which literally means "nine-storey pagoda".Thai basil is sturdy and compact,[8] growing up to 45 cm (1 ft 6 in),[9] and has shiny green, slightly serrated, narrow leaves with a sweet, anise-like scent and hints of licorice, along with a slight spiciness lacking in sweet basil.As a tropical plant, Thai basil is hardy only in very warm climates where there is no chance of frost.Thai basil, which can be grown from seed or cuttings, requires fertile, well-draining soil with a pH ranging from 6.5 to 7.5 and 6 to 8 hours of full sunlight per day.Thai basil is also an important ingredient in the very popular Taiwanese dish sanbeiji (three-cup chicken).Used as a condiment, a plate of raw Thai basil leaves is often served as an accompaniment to many Vietnamese dishes, such as phở (Southern style) , bún bò Huế, or bánh xèo, so that each person can season to taste with the anise-flavored leaves. .

All about Tulsi and Basil growing and Drying at home|घर की बगिया

In my Kitchen Garden this year 3 different kinds of Basil are growing.All the varieties of Basils are a fragrant herbs and they belong to the same family Lamiaceae, like mint.The Indian Tulsi, holy basil is considered as thousands of year old herb.Indian Basil has small leaves and it is pungent in taste.Basil seeds as well as plants can be easily found in most of the nurseries in spring season.Basil is a summer plant and it cannot tolerate even a light frost.We have plucked the basil leaves many times in this season from top and it kept growing.It grew so fast that I have already frozen two small bags of italian basil.When extra water is drained spread the leaves on a clean towel.On a clean cloth or paper spread the leaves to remove any water drops it may have.Wipe the basil leaves again with a clean cloth and spread it on the kitchen towel.Store dried basil leaves in the airtight container.On a clean cloth or paper spread the leaves to remove any water drops it may have.In order to dry basil in the microwave make sure that there in no moister on top of leaves.Cover basil leaves with kitchen oaper and put it back for 30 seconds. .

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