[Effects of aroma hand massage on pain, state anxiety and depression in hospice patients with terminal cancer].Girard, J., Unkovic, J., Delahayes, J., and Lafille, C. [Phototoxicity of Bergamot oil.The effect of pleasant ambient odour on human visual vigilance.Hongratanaworakit, T.

Aroma-therapeutic effects of massage blended essential oils on humans.Kaddu, S., Kerl, H., and Wolf, P. Accidental bullous phototoxic reactions to bergamot aromatherapy oil.Kimura, M., Mori, T., Suzuki, H., Endo, S., and Kawano, K.

EEG Changes in Odor Effects after the Stress of Long Monotonous Work.Mandalari, G., Bennett, R. N., Bisignano, G., Saija, A., Dugo, G., Lo Curto, R. B., Faulds, C.

B., and Waldron, K. W.

Characterization of flavonoids and pectins from bergamot (Citrus bergamia Risso) peel, a major byproduct of essential oil extraction.Mollace, V., Sacco, I., Janda, E., Malara, C., Ventrice, D., Colica, C., Visalli, V., Muscoli, S., Ragusa, S., Muscoli, C., Rotiroti, D., and Romeo, F. Hypolipemic and hypoglycaemic activity of bergamot polyphenols: from animal models to human studies.Morliere, P., Huppe, G., Averbeck, D., Young, A.

R., Santus, R., and Dubertret, L. In vitro photostability and photosensitizing properties of bergamot oil.Statti, G.

A., Conforti, F., Sacchetti, G., Muzzoli, M., Agrimonti, C., and Menichini, F. Chemical and biological diversity of Bergamot (Citrus bergamia) in relation to environmental factors.Yasui, Y.

and Hirone, T. Action spectrum for bergamot-oil phototoxicity measured by sunburn cell counting.Young, A.

R., Walker, S. L., Kinley, J. S., Plastow, S.

R., Averbeck, D., Morliere, P., and Dubertret, L. Phototumorigenesis studies of 5-methoxypsoralen in bergamot oil: evaluation and modification of risk of human use in an albino mouse skin model.Zaynoun, S. T., Johnson, B. E., and Frain-Bell, W.

A study of oil of bergamot and its importance as a phototoxic agent.Zaynoun, S. T., Johnson, B.

E., and Frain-Bell, W. A study of oil of bergamot and its importance as a phototoxic agent.Factors which affect the phototoxic reaction induced by bergamot oil and psoralen derivatives.Bruno A, Pandolfo G, Crucitti M, Cedro C, Zoccali RA, Muscatello MRA.Bergamot Polyphenolic Fraction Supplementation Improves Cognitive Functioning in Schizophrenia: Data From an 8-Week, Open-Label Pilot Study.Bruno A, Pandolfo G, Crucitti M, et al.

Low-Dose of Bergamot-Derived Polyphenolic Fraction (BPF) Did Not Improve Metabolic Parameters in Second Generation Antipsychotics-Treated Patients: Results from a 60-days Open-Label Study.Cai Y, Xing G, Shen T, Zhang S, Rao J, Shi R. Effects of 12-week supplementation of Citrus bergamia extracts-based formulation CitriCholess on cholesterol and body weight in older adults with dyslipidemia: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.Cicero AFG, Fogacci F, Bove M, Giovannini M, Borghi C. Three-arm, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial evaluating the metabolic effect of a combined nutraceutical containing a bergamot standardized flavonoid extract in dyslipidemic overweight subjects.Da Pozzo E, De Leo M, Faraone I, et al. Antioxidant and antisenescence effects of bergamot juice.Protective effects of bergamot (Citrus bergamia Risso & Poiteau) juice in rats fed with high-fat diet.Ferlazzo N, Cirmi S, Calapai G, Ventura-Spagnolo E, Gangemi S, Navarra M. Anti-Inflammatory Activity of Citrus bergamia Derivatives: Where Do We Stand?Ferro Y, Montalcini T, Mazza E, et al. Randomized clinical trial: Bergamot citrus and wild cardoon reduce liver steatosis and body weight in non-diabetic individuals aged over 50 years.Florentin M, Liberopoulos E, Elisaf MS, Tsimihodimos V.

No effect of fenugreek, bergamot and olive leaf extract on glucose homeostasis in patients with prediabetes: a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled study.The effect of bergamot-derived polyphenolic fraction on LDL small dense particles and non alcoholic fatty liver disease in patients with metabolic syndrome.Gliozzi M, Walker R, Muscoli S, et al. Bergamot polyphenolic fraction enhances rosuvastatin-induced effect on LDL-cholesterol, LOX-1 expression and protein kinase B phosphorylation in patients with hyperlipidemia.Bergamot aromatherapy for medical office-induced anxiety among children with an autism spectrum disorder: A randomized, controlled, blinded clinical trial.Izzo A, D'Arienzo M, Sergiacomi P, Marrese C, Bonucci M, Riccioni C. Prospective Observational Study: The Role of a Bergamot Based Nutraceutical in Dyslipidaemia and Arthralgia for Subjects Undergoing Aromatase Inhibitors Based Therapy.McDonnell B, Newcomb P. Trial of essential oils to improve sleep for patients in cardiac rehabilitation.The synergistic effect of Citrus bergamia and Cynara cardunculus extracts on vascular inflammation and oxidative stress in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.Navarra M, Mannucci C, Delbò M, Calapai G. Citrus bergamia essential oil: from basic research to clinical application.Navarro-Triviño FJ, Jadczak P, Ruiz-Villaverde R. Allergic contact dermatitis caused by Lavandula angustifolia and cross-reaction with Citrus bergamia essential oils in an aromatherapist.Ndao DH, Ladas EJ, Cheng B, Sands SA, Snyder KT, Garvin JH Jr, Kelly KM.Inhalation aromatherapy in children and adolescents undergoing stem cell infusion: results of a placebo-controlled double-blind trial.Pasyar N, Rambod M, Araghi F.

The effect of bergamot orange essence on anxiety, salivary cortisol, and alpha amylase in patients prior to laparoscopic cholecystectomy: A controlled trial study.Rombolà L, Scuteri D, Adornetto A, et al. Anxiolytic-like effects of bergamot essential oil are insensitive to flumazenil in rats.Rondanelli M, Peroni G, Riva A, et al. Bergamot phytosome improved visceral fat and plasma lipid profiles in overweight and obese class I subject with mild hypercholesterolemia: A randomized placebo controlled trial.Toth PP, Patti AM, Nikolic D, et al.

Bergamot reduces plasma lipids, atherogenic small dense LDL, and subclinical atherosclerosis in subjects with moderate hypercholesterolemia: A 6 months prospective study.Xiong M, Li Y, Tang P, Zhang Y, Cao M, Ni J, Xing M. Effectiveness of aromatherapy massage and inhalation on symptoms of depression in Chinese community-dwelling older adults. .

Drinking lots of Earl Grey tea linked to muscle pain – Chicago Tribune

I would never have imagined that Earl Grey tea would cause cramps in my feet so bad that I would have to get up at night to try to walk them off.She complained about muscle pains and cramping, and she discovered by accident that Earl Grey tea was responsible.The scientist who reported this case pointed out that the flavoring in Earl Grey tea is bergamot oil, which can block the movement of potassium in muscles.Q: I am healthy and in very good physical condition, but for a few years now I wake up early in the morning with leg pain.These cramps ease up, and eventually the pain goes away, but it can take a couple of hours to disappear completely.Serious complications can include thoughts of suicide, an increased risk of bone fractures and interactions that could result in bleeding or agitation.Another problem is that discontinuing paroxetine abruptly can result in nightmares, muscle cramps, anxiety, headache, insomnia, nerve tingling, shakiness, visual disturbances, dizziness and sensations like an electric shock (referred to as "brain zaps").You will find more details at peoplespharmacy.com about other nonhormonal options for controlling hot flashes, including Estrovera (rhapontic rhubarb) and Pycnogenol (maritime French pine bark). .

Bergamot: Health Benefits, Health Risks, Uses, and More

It comes from the Citrus bergamia plant, a fruit tree believed to be native to the Mediterranean region.People use extracts from bergamot’s sour juice and oil from its peel for a variety of things including: Scents for personal care products.There hasn’t been enough research yet to confirm the results, and there’s no conclusive evidence that it can help with depression in other populations. .

Bergamot Tea (Earl Grey): Benefits, Side Effects, and Uses

This article tells you everything you need to know about bergamot tea, including its potential benefits and side effects, as well as how to make it.Since it received its nickname from the British prime minister Earl Grey, bergamot tea is often considered English.Possible health benefits Bergamot is rich in beneficial plant compounds known as polyphenols, including the flavonoids neoeriocitrin, neohesperidin, and naringin ( 1 , 2 ).These polyphenols act as antioxidants, which fight reactive molecules called free radicals that can cause cell damage and disease ( 3 ).Bergamot products have been shown to lower cholesterol levels, while black tea has been linked to decreased blood pressure ( 5 , 6 ).Other studies have observed similar results, with some research suggesting that bergamot may enhance the effects of traditional cholesterol-lowering medications ( 9 ).What’s more, other test-tube and animal studies suggest that bergamot juice may reduce intestinal inflammation and fight H. pylori bacteria, which are associated with stomach ulcers and pain ( 11 , 12 ).Finally, animal studies on the effects of black tea show that compounds called theaflavins can help treat and prevent stomach ulcers and other digestive issues ( 13 , 14 ).Lastly, since most bergamot teas contain caffeine, be careful about your intake if you experience jitters, anxiety, or other adverse effects.To enjoy it, simply steep a bergamot tea bag in boiled water for 3–5 minutes, or longer for a stronger flavor, before drinking.


Does Bergamot Lower Cholesterol?

Four recent human studies have suggested that thanks to the flavonoids (plant-based antioxidants) it contains, bergamot extract can help reduce high cholesterol.One study published in 2013 showed that cholesterol dropped significantly among 77 patients who took 1,000 mg of bergamot extract daily for one month, enabling them to cut their statin dose in half.Other less serious side effects that tend to disappear over time include upset stomach, gas, constipation, and abdominal pain or cramps.For moderately elevated cholesterol, I recommend non-prescription red rice yeast, a natural source of statins with fewer side effects.Toth et al, “Bergamot Reduces Plasma Lipids, Atherogenic Small Dense LDL, and Subclinical Atherosclerosis in Subjects with Moderate Hypercholesterolemia: A 6 Months Prospective Study.” Frontiers in Pharmacology, January 6, 2016, doi: 10.3389/fphar.2015.00299. .

Essential Oils for Pain Relief: Does It Work?

When diluted lavender essential oil was applied topically during one test, it provided pain relief comparable to that of the prescription medication tramadol.Results showed that inhaling the scent of lavender was effective in lessening the severity of migraine headache symptoms.Research from 2013 suggests that rose oil aromatherapy may also be effective in alleviating pain caused by kidney stones when coupled with conventional therapy.The results of a 2015 study found bergamot essential oil to be successful in reducing neuropathic pain, usually caused by chronic nerve disease.For instance, a 2019 study found that peppermint oil tablets improved symptoms including difficulty swallowing and non-cardiac chest pain.A 2015 study found that applying a gel with menthol for migraine relief resulted in a significant improvement by at least one severity level two hours after application.A 2015 study in mice concluded that rosemary had therapeutic potential for pain management in combination with analgesic drugs.A 2021 study on animals found that eucalyptus can be an effective pain reliever and anti-inflammatory at doses of 100, 200, and 400 milligrams per kilogram of body weight.In a 2015 study , researchers that chamomile essential oil significantly reduced the need for pain relief medication in individuals with osteoarthritis compared to a control group.According to a 2011 study, native Australian lemongrass may relieve pain caused by headaches and migraine due to a compound called eugenol that may be similar to aspirin.A 2012 study on mice found that lemongrass essential oil helped prevent gastric ulcers, a common cause of stomach pain.Researchers in a 2012 study found a blend of essential oils to be effective in decreasing menstrual pain in terms of severity and duration.Another study showed the potential of an essential oil blend to lessen pain and reduce depression in people with terminal cancer. .


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