[Effects of aroma hand massage on pain, state anxiety and depression in hospice patients with terminal cancer].Girard, J., Unkovic, J., Delahayes, J., and Lafille, C. [Phototoxicity of Bergamot oil.Gruson, L. M. and Chang, M. W. Berloque dermatitis mimicking child abuse.Hongratanaworakit, T.

Aroma-therapeutic effects of massage blended essential oils on humans.Kaddu, S., Kerl, H., and Wolf, P. Accidental bullous phototoxic reactions to bergamot aromatherapy oil.Kimura, M., Mori, T., Suzuki, H., Endo, S., and Kawano, K.

EEG Changes in Odor Effects after the Stress of Long Monotonous Work.Mandalari, G., Bennett, R. N., Bisignano, G., Saija, A., Dugo, G., Lo Curto, R. B., Faulds, C.

B., and Waldron, K. W.

Characterization of flavonoids and pectins from bergamot (Citrus bergamia Risso) peel, a major byproduct of essential oil extraction.Mollace, V., Sacco, I., Janda, E., Malara, C., Ventrice, D., Colica, C., Visalli, V., Muscoli, S., Ragusa, S., Muscoli, C., Rotiroti, D., and Romeo, F. Hypolipemic and hypoglycaemic activity of bergamot polyphenols: from animal models to human studies.Morliere, P., Huppe, G., Averbeck, D., Young, A. R., Santus, R., and Dubertret, L. In vitro photostability and photosensitizing properties of bergamot oil.Statti, G. A., Conforti, F., Sacchetti, G., Muzzoli, M., Agrimonti, C., and Menichini, F. Chemical and biological diversity of Bergamot (Citrus bergamia) in relation to environmental factors.Yasui, Y.

and Hirone, T. Action spectrum for bergamot-oil phototoxicity measured by sunburn cell counting.Young, A. R., Walker, S. L., Kinley, J. S., Plastow, S. R., Averbeck, D., Morliere, P., and Dubertret, L.

Phototumorigenesis studies of 5-methoxypsoralen in bergamot oil: evaluation and modification of risk of human use in an albino mouse skin model.Zaynoun, S. T., Johnson, B.

E., and Frain-Bell, W. A study of oil of bergamot and its importance as a phototoxic agent.Zaynoun, S. T., Johnson, B.

E., and Frain-Bell, W. A study of oil of bergamot and its importance as a phototoxic agent.Factors which affect the phototoxic reaction induced by bergamot oil and psoralen derivatives.Bruno A, Pandolfo G, Crucitti M, Cedro C, Zoccali RA, Muscatello MRA.Bergamot Polyphenolic Fraction Supplementation Improves Cognitive Functioning in Schizophrenia: Data From an 8-Week, Open-Label Pilot Study.Bruno A, Pandolfo G, Crucitti M, et al.

Low-Dose of Bergamot-Derived Polyphenolic Fraction (BPF) Did Not Improve Metabolic Parameters in Second Generation Antipsychotics-Treated Patients: Results from a 60-days Open-Label Study.Cai Y, Xing G, Shen T, Zhang S, Rao J, Shi R. Effects of 12-week supplementation of Citrus bergamia extracts-based formulation CitriCholess on cholesterol and body weight in older adults with dyslipidemia: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.Cicero AFG, Fogacci F, Bove M, Giovannini M, Borghi C. Three-arm, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial evaluating the metabolic effect of a combined nutraceutical containing a bergamot standardized flavonoid extract in dyslipidemic overweight subjects.Da Pozzo E, De Leo M, Faraone I, et al. Antioxidant and antisenescence effects of bergamot juice.Protective effects of bergamot (Citrus bergamia Risso & Poiteau) juice in rats fed with high-fat diet.Ferlazzo N, Cirmi S, Calapai G, Ventura-Spagnolo E, Gangemi S, Navarra M. Anti-Inflammatory Activity of Citrus bergamia Derivatives: Where Do We Stand?Ferro Y, Montalcini T, Mazza E, et al. Randomized clinical trial: Bergamot citrus and wild cardoon reduce liver steatosis and body weight in non-diabetic individuals aged over 50 years.Florentin M, Liberopoulos E, Elisaf MS, Tsimihodimos V.

No effect of fenugreek, bergamot and olive leaf extract on glucose homeostasis in patients with prediabetes: a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled study.The effect of bergamot-derived polyphenolic fraction on LDL small dense particles and non alcoholic fatty liver disease in patients with metabolic syndrome.Gliozzi M, Walker R, Muscoli S, et al. Bergamot polyphenolic fraction enhances rosuvastatin-induced effect on LDL-cholesterol, LOX-1 expression and protein kinase B phosphorylation in patients with hyperlipidemia.Bergamot aromatherapy for medical office-induced anxiety among children with an autism spectrum disorder: A randomized, controlled, blinded clinical trial.Izzo A, D'Arienzo M, Sergiacomi P, Marrese C, Bonucci M, Riccioni C.

Prospective Observational Study: The Role of a Bergamot Based Nutraceutical in Dyslipidaemia and Arthralgia for Subjects Undergoing Aromatase Inhibitors Based Therapy.McDonnell B, Newcomb P. Trial of essential oils to improve sleep for patients in cardiac rehabilitation.The synergistic effect of Citrus bergamia and Cynara cardunculus extracts on vascular inflammation and oxidative stress in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.Navarra M, Mannucci C, Delbò M, Calapai G. Citrus bergamia essential oil: from basic research to clinical application.Navarro-Triviño FJ, Jadczak P, Ruiz-Villaverde R. Allergic contact dermatitis caused by Lavandula angustifolia and cross-reaction with Citrus bergamia essential oils in an aromatherapist.Ndao DH, Ladas EJ, Cheng B, Sands SA, Snyder KT, Garvin JH Jr, Kelly KM.Inhalation aromatherapy in children and adolescents undergoing stem cell infusion: results of a placebo-controlled double-blind trial.Pasyar N, Rambod M, Araghi F. The effect of bergamot orange essence on anxiety, salivary cortisol, and alpha amylase in patients prior to laparoscopic cholecystectomy: A controlled trial study.Rombolà L, Scuteri D, Adornetto A, et al. Anxiolytic-like effects of bergamot essential oil are insensitive to flumazenil in rats.Rondanelli M, Peroni G, Riva A, et al.

Bergamot phytosome improved visceral fat and plasma lipid profiles in overweight and obese class I subject with mild hypercholesterolemia: A randomized placebo controlled trial.Toth PP, Patti AM, Nikolic D, et al. Bergamot reduces plasma lipids, atherogenic small dense LDL, and subclinical atherosclerosis in subjects with moderate hypercholesterolemia: A 6 months prospective study.Xiong M, Li Y, Tang P, Zhang Y, Cao M, Ni J, Xing M. Effectiveness of aromatherapy massage and inhalation on symptoms of depression in Chinese community-dwelling older adults. .

What The Heck Is Bergamot, The Flavor Behind Earl Grey Tea?

Anyone who is familiar with Earl Grey tea knows the fragrant, citrusy scent and distinct flavor of bergamot.Common throughout the Mediterranean, the fruit is the size of an orange, yet similar in color to a lime, or even yellowish, depending on the ripeness.The fragrant oil is used to make perfumes, colognes, scented soaps, and of course, it gives Earl Grey tea its signature flavor and aroma.One story suggests it was created by accident when a container of tea and bergamot oranges were shipped together from Chinese diplomats to Earl Grey.Another account suggests that a Chinese mandarin acquaintance created the tea blend to improve the unpleasant mineral taste of the water at the Grey estate.In fact, when Twining’s changed its Earl Grey formula back in 2011, British citizens revolted.Even though the Bergamot orange itself is not eaten, its essential oil and Earl Grey tea have many proven health benefits:.The UK Telegraph, Health News reported findings that drinking Earl Grey tea could help protect against heart disease, due to its bergamot content.A study by the University of Catanzaro in Italy found that bergamot could help you lose weight, and prevent diabetes by reducing blood sugar.Add two or three drops of Bergamot essential oil and gently rub directly on achy, sore muscles, or wherever a tension headache is felt.Essential oils in the citrus family—lemon, orange, lemon verbena, lime, and bergamot—can cause your skin to become sensitive to ultraviolet rays of direct sunlight, sunlamps, and tanning beds.Never apply bergamot or the other noted oils to the skin prior to exposure to the sun or these light sources. .

Bergamot Sour Oranges - 5 Pounds

**Also please note...occasionally extreme weather conditions (cold or hot), holidays and/or weekends, require us to determine the best possible day to ship your fresh fruit order. .

Bergamot Tea (Earl Grey): Benefits, Side Effects, and Uses

This article tells you everything you need to know about bergamot tea, including its potential benefits and side effects, as well as how to make it.Since it received its nickname from the British prime minister Earl Grey, bergamot tea is often considered English.Possible health benefits Bergamot is rich in beneficial plant compounds known as polyphenols, including the flavonoids neoeriocitrin, neohesperidin, and naringin ( 1 , 2 ).These polyphenols act as antioxidants, which fight reactive molecules called free radicals that can cause cell damage and disease ( 3 ).Bergamot products have been shown to lower cholesterol levels, while black tea has been linked to decreased blood pressure ( 5 , 6 ).Other studies have observed similar results, with some research suggesting that bergamot may enhance the effects of traditional cholesterol-lowering medications ( 9 ).What’s more, other test-tube and animal studies suggest that bergamot juice may reduce intestinal inflammation and fight H. pylori bacteria, which are associated with stomach ulcers and pain ( 11 , 12 ).Finally, animal studies on the effects of black tea show that compounds called theaflavins can help treat and prevent stomach ulcers and other digestive issues ( 13 , 14 ).Lastly, since most bergamot teas contain caffeine, be careful about your intake if you experience jitters, anxiety, or other adverse effects.To enjoy it, simply steep a bergamot tea bag in boiled water for 3–5 minutes, or longer for a stronger flavor, before drinking.

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Bergamot: Health Benefits, Health Risks, Uses, and More

It comes from the Citrus bergamia plant, a fruit tree believed to be native to the Mediterranean region.People use extracts from bergamot’s sour juice and oil from its peel for a variety of things including: Scents for personal care products.There hasn’t been enough research yet to confirm the results, and there’s no conclusive evidence that it can help with depression in other populations. .

If You Find Fresh Bergamot, Don't Go Home Without It

One evening, he brewed us a pot of Earl Grey tea and explained that it owed its distinct flavor to bergamot, thereby introducing me to the joys of the fruit’s heady aroma.So when I spotted a basketful of green fruit with sunny patches and smooth skin, for the first time last November at Eataly in Toronto, I couldn’t go home without buying some.While the plant originated in Southeast Asia, most of the world’s supply—a whopping 80%—comes from Calabria, the southern region that is Italy’s “shoe,” but it’s also grown in the Ivory Coast, the south of Turkey, Brazil, and China.Because of its super high acidity and bitterness, bergamot lends itself to multiple uses in the kitchen and makes for a good substitute for a variety of citrus, from oranges to lemons and limes.It’s a fantastic substitute for grapefruit, lemons, and limes in cocktails and a nice addition to citrus cures and curds.The fine people at Foodpairing—a platform that explores the science behind flavor pairings—connect bergamot with warm spices like nutmeg, cardamom, cinnamon, and ginger; hardy herbs like rosemary and soft ones like basil; and with a range of citrusy ingredients like lemon, yuzu, and lemongrass. .

Bergamot Oil Uses and Benefits

If you’re a fan of Earl Grey tea, you’re already enjoying the distinctive taste of bergamot, which is used to flavor it.It’s currently grown in many parts of the world, but achieved its prominence and name in the town of Bergamo in southern Italy.Add two to five drops of Bergamot essential oil to products such as body wash, shampoo, and facial scrubs.This may make bergamot oil an effective spot treatment for acne in people who do not have sensitive skin.Touted for its antibacterial properties, tea tree oil may fight acne and soothe skin inflammation.Touted for its antibacterial properties, tea tree oil may fight acne and soothe skin inflammation.These include: Stress reduction A small 2015 study done on women in Japan found that inhaled bergamot oil mixed with water vapor reduced feelings of anxiety and fatigue.Similarly, a 2013 article published in the journal Current Drug Targets reported that aromatherapy with bergamot (among other essential oils) can relieve depression, anxiety, and other mood disorders by signaling the brain to release dopamine and serotonin.Fights food poisoning Linalool, a compound found in bergamot, may sometimes be effective at destroying types of bacteria responsible for food-borne illnesses.A 2006 study examined bergamot’s effectiveness at destroying several strains of bacterium on chicken skin and cabbage leaves.A 2016 study tested the effect of different types of bergamot essential oil against strains of Listeria monocytogenes, the bacteria that causes listeriosis infection.Given the variability, researchers concluded that bergamot essential oil’s effectiveness against bacteria in foods should be estimated.Lowers cholesterol A 2016 review of human and animal studies indicated that flavonoids found in bergamot can help reduce lipid levels, although it indicated that the exact mechanism driving this result is unclear.A 2017 review of studies analyzed the effects of multiple essential oil compounds on the pain response and other conditions in humans and animals.It found that both linalool and carvacrol had analgesic, anticonvulsant, and anti-inflammatory capabilities when used in a variety of methods that included applying it on the skin.Be aware that using essential oils in a diffuser can have a negative effect on children, pets, or pregnant women.Bergapten, a compound found in bergamot oil, was shown to be phototoxic in a small 2001 study. .

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