As a member of the notoriously fast-spreading mint (Lamiaceae) family, bee balm (Monarda spp.).With its gorgeous long-blooming, unique display of flowers that are reminiscent of fireworks, it’s natural to want to spread bee balm around.The main benefit of choosing to propagate via cuttings or divisions versus seeds is that you’ll know exactly what type of plant you’re going to get.Pieces taken from a parent plant grow into clones with an identical genetic makeup and associated characteristics.And dividing perennials also gives them a little extra room to spread, improving overall plant health.Bee balm spreads rapidly on its own through specialized underground stems known as rhizomes, so you’ll have ample opportunity to make divisions of new growth.As I mentioned above, after about two to three years, you may find that the center part of clumps of bee balm has declined, with sections that are growing poorly.The best time to take divisions is in early spring, just as the new shoots start sprouting out of the soil.Leave two to three shoots per divided clump with an intact root system that’s at least six inches in diameter.You want to get rid of that part of the root system by cutting away and disposing of any diseased portions, and consider amending the soil in the planting area to improve drainage.You’ll want to replant your new divisions immediately, as bee balm doesn’t like dry roots either.I also recommend applying a layer of mulch the new plantings to help them maintain moisture and prevent weed growth while they’re becoming established.Remember, if your plant is a hybrid – a cross of two or more different species or cultivars – its offspring grown from seed won’t necessarily share a resemblance, especially if pollen from nearby varieties have entered the mix.Allow them to sit and dry for about a week before placing them in a sealed bag or airtight container in the fridge.When plants have two sets of true leaves, carefully pick out the seedlings and put them in individual four-inch pots or in their permanent position.However, I find they transplant more readily if I wait until they’ve had a bit of time to grow strong roots and a wet season is about to begin.Once seedlings have grown at least two sets of true leaves, thin them to 18-24 inches apart, or transplant them as desired to their permanent location.Transplant to four-inch pots when the seedlings have two sets of true leaves, or into their permanent location as described in the cold frame directions above. .
How to Propagate Bee Balm
Insert the stem into the center of the container, pushing it 1 to 2 inches beneath the soil.Insert the stem into the center of the container, pushing it 1 to 2 inches beneath the soil.If you see new leaf growth at the top of the cutting, this means that roots are forming beneath the soil.Pull the plastic bag away from one side of the container to allow some fresh air into the cutting after you see new leaf growth.Continue to water the new bee balm plant to keep the soil evenly moist. .
How To Propagate Bee Balm. 3 Best Ways
You can also consider starting bee balm in the greenhouse to guarantee that they will root and grow vigorous enough for transplanting.Take comfort in knowing that bee balms are relatively easy to grow, which is also applicable in propagating them.Overall, bee balms make an excellent consideration for any garden, and learning how to start them will be advantageous for later productivity.Harvesting bee balm seeds is possible two weeks after their flowers have finished blooming and have dried off.However, remember that propagating bee balm from seeds would not give you the parent plant’s specific characteristic compared to using cuttings and division.If this isn’t an issue, dry the seeds in a sealed container for a week and sow them either indoors or outdoors.The advantage of starting bee balm seeds in the greenhouse is that you won’t get delayed in the season.Rooting bee balm cuttings in the greenhouse is also advantageous because you can control the temperature much easily indoors.The final method of propagating bee balm is by division, and this also works as a maintenance practice.According to Iowa State University, it’s better to divide bee balms every two years in early spring.Knowing how to propagate bee balm is straightforward, giving you three options: seeds, cuttings, and division.In general, you want to maintain moisture and place bee balm somewhere bright and out of direct sunlight until they have established themselves. .
What You Need to Know About the Bee Balm Plant
Bee balm flowers are so captivating that they add color and beauty to any garden.Native to the eastern portion of North America, these flowers bloom in mid to late summer.To decide which ones you want to plant, learn the characteristics of the most common bee balm varieties.These flowers bloom before any other bee balm plant varieties and grow up to 14 inches high.Leading lady plums courtesy of ‘Pollinator Garden Tour’ on YouTube.These beautiful plants, with pink flowers, work well to attract butterflies, bees and hummingbirds.The Bee balm flower – also referred to as monarda – is relatively easy to grow from seeds, cuttings, and root divisions.Although the plants prefer full sun, the bee balm flower will tolerate partial shade in hot climates.Bee balm flowers also need soil with a pH level of 6 to 7 and very rich in nutrients.If you are especially taken by a bee balm plant’s particular color, you will have to divide the existing flower in order to propagate it.Although you can start new plants from seeds that you harvest yourself, the color of the flower blooms can change because bee balm has a tendency to revert back to its wild form.It’s best to avoid high-traffic areas used by people and pets because of the fact that bees love the plants.Bee balm will succumb to root rot in cold, wet soil during the winter months.It’s a good idea to add a couple of inches of mulch to the bed during the fall months.In humid conditions, bee balm plants can suffer from powdery mildew.Provide good air circulation and water the plants at ground level whenever possible.Honey bees take a significant role in the pollination of plant species all around the world.Your gardening can be improved if you select bee balm for inclusion in your local landscape.Spider mites: They suck out a garden bee balm’s fluids through its foliage.You’ll know they’ve infested your flowers if you observe tiny cracks and yellow fragments.Weeding on a regular basis minimizes the chances of a stalk borer invasion.Also, once the entire stem has completed flowering you ought to cut it right back to the ground with small, sharp secateurs.Bee balm plants thrive in sunny areas with moist soil, rich in nutrients.You should plant it in a secure area that needs brightening up with the wonderful colors of the bee balm.The bee balm flower is shaped like a daisy with tube-like petals in bright colors such as:.You can plant bee balm in spring or fall if your region benefits from Mediterranean temperatures.To deadhead your plant, cut back its blooming stems up to ¼ inch of the foliage at the top of the stalk.It’s best to cut back your bee balm if you notice mildew forming on its foliage after flowering. .
The plants are less than 2 years old so I dont want to have to disturb the root system. .
Bee Balm: Care & Growing Guide
Common Name Bee Balm, Wild Bergamot Botanical Name Monarda Family Lamiaceae Plant Type Perennial, Herb Mature Size 10-15 in.wide (dwarf), 3-4 ft. wide (standard) Sun Exposure Full, Partial Soil Type Loamy, Moist but well-drained Soil pH Acidic, Neutral Bloom Time Summer, Fall Flower Color Red, Pink, Purple, White Hardiness Zones 3-9, USA Native Area North America.Bee balm is very easy to care for when provided with ideal growing conditions.Good airflow is important to avoid problems with powdery mildew, a common disease known to affect bee balm.However, plants grown in partial shade may develop a leggy, stretched look and will not flower as vigorously.Bee balms thrive in moist, well-draining, fertile soil and benefit from rich, organic matter, such as compost.If your garden conditions tend to be dry, try adding a layer of mulch to help retain the proper amount of moisture in the soil.To prevent problems with powdery mildew, water at ground level and avoid getting the foliage wet.Bee balms are very hardy, handling very cold and very hot temperatures in USDA growing zones 3 to 9.However, these plants do not fare well in high humidity conditions, as this can increase the incidence of powdery mildew.Amend the soil yearly with compost or other organic materials to give this plant the nutrients it needs.Monarda didyma : This variety of bee balm grows up to 3 or 4 feet tall and produces bright red blooms.: This variety of bee balm grows up to 3 or 4 feet tall and produces bright red blooms.Monarda pringlei : A smaller variety, these plants only reach a height of about 18 inches tall.It produces beautiful pink, white, or purple blooms similar to the Monarda didyma variety.Using the shovel, dig up the entire root system and gently lift the plant from the ground.To propagate through cuttings, you will need a pair of snips, rich soil, a small pot, rooting hormone, a plastic bag, and a rubber band.Dip the cut end into rooting hormone and gently plant it into rich soil.Starting bee balm from seed requires some patience, but the rewards are well worth the effort.Since bee balm is such a fast grower, these plants will need to be repotted or divided often, possibly every year.Bee balm is a very hardy perennial and requires no extra attention to keep it alive even through a cold winter.However, some plants are plagued by powdery mildew or fail to produce a showy display of blooms.This fungal disease is common among bee balms and can cause brown, wilted foliage that is covered in a gray powder.
How to propagate bee balm
Harvest the entire clump of roots and remove all of the soil by shaking or rinsing in a bucket of water.Plant it in a pot or directly into your garden using rich soil that drains well and place in full sun or partial shade.Once the seeds are collected, store them in a cool, dry place until it is time to plant outside for next year's garden or flower bed.Secure the moss with gardening wire and coat the entire branch in rooting hormone powder.The easiest propagation method is to root bee balm cuttings in water during the wintertime, then transplant them outside when nighttime temperatures remain above 55°F (13°C).You can collect seeds from bee balm in the fall or early winter by drying out some flowers.Cut off each stem about one inch from the base of the plant—you can transplant just this piece, and it will grow into another bee balm plant.In the fall, you can cut all of the stems down to just a few inches above ground level and mulch heavily around them for winter protection.It's easy to get more of this pretty plant by taking stem cuttings in summer and growing bee balm from seed.Bee balm does spread by underground stems or rhizomes that grow into thick mats in ideal conditions.It does well as an annual bedding plant, too—plant bee balm in full sun or light shade and moist, well-drained soil.Propagating bee balm from seed can be tedious and difficult; however, if you have the right tools and follow these steps carefully, you should be able to create new plants with ease. .