[Effects of aroma hand massage on pain, state anxiety and depression in hospice patients with terminal cancer].Girard, J., Unkovic, J., Delahayes, J., and Lafille, C. [Phototoxicity of Bergamot oil.The effect of pleasant ambient odour on human visual vigilance.Hongratanaworakit, T.

Aroma-therapeutic effects of massage blended essential oils on humans.Kaddu, S., Kerl, H., and Wolf, P. Accidental bullous phototoxic reactions to bergamot aromatherapy oil.Kimura, M., Mori, T., Suzuki, H., Endo, S., and Kawano, K. EEG Changes in Odor Effects after the Stress of Long Monotonous Work.Mandalari, G., Bennett, R.

N., Bisignano, G., Saija, A., Dugo, G., Lo Curto, R. B., Faulds, C.

B., and Waldron, K. W.

Characterization of flavonoids and pectins from bergamot (Citrus bergamia Risso) peel, a major byproduct of essential oil extraction.Mollace, V., Sacco, I., Janda, E., Malara, C., Ventrice, D., Colica, C., Visalli, V., Muscoli, S., Ragusa, S., Muscoli, C., Rotiroti, D., and Romeo, F. Hypolipemic and hypoglycaemic activity of bergamot polyphenols: from animal models to human studies.Morliere, P., Huppe, G., Averbeck, D., Young, A. R., Santus, R., and Dubertret, L. In vitro photostability and photosensitizing properties of bergamot oil.Statti, G.

A., Conforti, F., Sacchetti, G., Muzzoli, M., Agrimonti, C., and Menichini, F. Chemical and biological diversity of Bergamot (Citrus bergamia) in relation to environmental factors.Yasui, Y. and Hirone, T. Action spectrum for bergamot-oil phototoxicity measured by sunburn cell counting.Young, A.

R., Walker, S. L., Kinley, J. S., Plastow, S. R., Averbeck, D., Morliere, P., and Dubertret, L.

Phototumorigenesis studies of 5-methoxypsoralen in bergamot oil: evaluation and modification of risk of human use in an albino mouse skin model.Zaynoun, S. T., Johnson, B.

E., and Frain-Bell, W. A study of oil of bergamot and its importance as a phototoxic agent.Zaynoun, S.

T., Johnson, B. E., and Frain-Bell, W.

A study of oil of bergamot and its importance as a phototoxic agent.Factors which affect the phototoxic reaction induced by bergamot oil and psoralen derivatives.Bruno A, Pandolfo G, Crucitti M, Cedro C, Zoccali RA, Muscatello MRA.Bergamot Polyphenolic Fraction Supplementation Improves Cognitive Functioning in Schizophrenia: Data From an 8-Week, Open-Label Pilot Study.Bruno A, Pandolfo G, Crucitti M, et al. Low-Dose of Bergamot-Derived Polyphenolic Fraction (BPF) Did Not Improve Metabolic Parameters in Second Generation Antipsychotics-Treated Patients: Results from a 60-days Open-Label Study.Cai Y, Xing G, Shen T, Zhang S, Rao J, Shi R. Effects of 12-week supplementation of Citrus bergamia extracts-based formulation CitriCholess on cholesterol and body weight in older adults with dyslipidemia: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.Cicero AFG, Fogacci F, Bove M, Giovannini M, Borghi C.

Three-arm, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial evaluating the metabolic effect of a combined nutraceutical containing a bergamot standardized flavonoid extract in dyslipidemic overweight subjects.Da Pozzo E, De Leo M, Faraone I, et al. Antioxidant and antisenescence effects of bergamot juice.Protective effects of bergamot (Citrus bergamia Risso & Poiteau) juice in rats fed with high-fat diet.Ferlazzo N, Cirmi S, Calapai G, Ventura-Spagnolo E, Gangemi S, Navarra M.

Anti-Inflammatory Activity of Citrus bergamia Derivatives: Where Do We Stand?Ferro Y, Montalcini T, Mazza E, et al. Randomized clinical trial: Bergamot citrus and wild cardoon reduce liver steatosis and body weight in non-diabetic individuals aged over 50 years.Florentin M, Liberopoulos E, Elisaf MS, Tsimihodimos V. No effect of fenugreek, bergamot and olive leaf extract on glucose homeostasis in patients with prediabetes: a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled study.The effect of bergamot-derived polyphenolic fraction on LDL small dense particles and non alcoholic fatty liver disease in patients with metabolic syndrome.Gliozzi M, Walker R, Muscoli S, et al.

Bergamot polyphenolic fraction enhances rosuvastatin-induced effect on LDL-cholesterol, LOX-1 expression and protein kinase B phosphorylation in patients with hyperlipidemia.Bergamot aromatherapy for medical office-induced anxiety among children with an autism spectrum disorder: A randomized, controlled, blinded clinical trial.Izzo A, D'Arienzo M, Sergiacomi P, Marrese C, Bonucci M, Riccioni C. Prospective Observational Study: The Role of a Bergamot Based Nutraceutical in Dyslipidaemia and Arthralgia for Subjects Undergoing Aromatase Inhibitors Based Therapy.McDonnell B, Newcomb P.

Trial of essential oils to improve sleep for patients in cardiac rehabilitation.The synergistic effect of Citrus bergamia and Cynara cardunculus extracts on vascular inflammation and oxidative stress in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.Navarra M, Mannucci C, Delbò M, Calapai G. Citrus bergamia essential oil: from basic research to clinical application.Navarro-Triviño FJ, Jadczak P, Ruiz-Villaverde R.

Allergic contact dermatitis caused by Lavandula angustifolia and cross-reaction with Citrus bergamia essential oils in an aromatherapist.Ndao DH, Ladas EJ, Cheng B, Sands SA, Snyder KT, Garvin JH Jr, Kelly KM.Inhalation aromatherapy in children and adolescents undergoing stem cell infusion: results of a placebo-controlled double-blind trial.Pasyar N, Rambod M, Araghi F. The effect of bergamot orange essence on anxiety, salivary cortisol, and alpha amylase in patients prior to laparoscopic cholecystectomy: A controlled trial study.Rombolà L, Scuteri D, Adornetto A, et al. Anxiolytic-like effects of bergamot essential oil are insensitive to flumazenil in rats.Rondanelli M, Peroni G, Riva A, et al. Bergamot phytosome improved visceral fat and plasma lipid profiles in overweight and obese class I subject with mild hypercholesterolemia: A randomized placebo controlled trial.Toth PP, Patti AM, Nikolic D, et al. Bergamot reduces plasma lipids, atherogenic small dense LDL, and subclinical atherosclerosis in subjects with moderate hypercholesterolemia: A 6 months prospective study.Xiong M, Li Y, Tang P, Zhang Y, Cao M, Ni J, Xing M. Effectiveness of aromatherapy massage and inhalation on symptoms of depression in Chinese community-dwelling older adults.


Bergamot: Health Benefits, Health Risks, Uses, and More

It comes from the Citrus bergamia plant, a fruit tree believed to be native to the Mediterranean region.People use extracts from bergamot’s sour juice and oil from its peel for a variety of things including: Scents for personal care products.There hasn’t been enough research yet to confirm the results, and there’s no conclusive evidence that it can help with depression in other populations. .

What Is Citrus Bergamot? Bergamot Supplement Benefits – Naomi

You may recognize the name because bergamot oil, which is extracted from the fruit’s peels, is used to flavor earl grey tea.Bergamot oil—because the fruit is so aromatic—is used in perfumes, creams, lotions, and soaps, as well as a citrus flavoring agent, especially in gelatins and puddings.Some time ago, while I did know a bit about its history of use as a medicinal agent, I started a quest to learn more about it.I met with a team of scientists to teach me the key to this age-defying drink at the birthplace of bergamot, on the sun-drenched slopes of the Aspromonte mountain.[*] Numerous studies published have supported that—and shown to help balance blood sugar levels.), bergamot is used in traditional Chinese medicine to improve vital energy—mainly to help the digestive system work well.In Ayurvedic medicine, the oil was used to reduce acne, skin rashes, sore throats, bladder problems, digestive issues —and even compulsive behaviors.While it certainly seems that historic cultures used bergamot to treat just about everything, science has shown that there’s some truth to the medicinal power that it holds.Polyphenols, especially flavonoids like the ones found in bergamot, are thought to help reduce cholesterol levels.[*][*] More research showed that it had an effect on lowering inflammation in the gut in animals suffering from bowel problems.[*] One way it’s believed to work is because bergamot contains molecules that inhibit proteins that can have pro-inflammatory effects on the body.[*] The antioxidants in bergamot (technically, citrus bergamia) have an effect on scavenging the free radicals caused by oxidative stress.[*] One of the ways it does so: Through a process in which a protein is signaled to start autophagy—sort of like a cellular traffic light that gives your body the go ahead to proceed.[*][*] Studies have shown that bergamot can help activate autophagy in various parts of the body, including the skin and liver.There are many varieties of earl grey tea, some that even contain dried orange peel or rose petals to add a lovely floral and enhanced citrus aroma. .

Bergamot Tea (Earl Grey): Benefits, Side Effects, and Uses

This article tells you everything you need to know about bergamot tea, including its potential benefits and side effects, as well as how to make it.Since it received its nickname from the British prime minister Earl Grey, bergamot tea is often considered English.Possible health benefits Bergamot is rich in beneficial plant compounds known as polyphenols, including the flavonoids neoeriocitrin, neohesperidin, and naringin ( 1 , 2 ).These polyphenols act as antioxidants, which fight reactive molecules called free radicals that can cause cell damage and disease ( 3 ).Bergamot products have been shown to lower cholesterol levels, while black tea has been linked to decreased blood pressure ( 5 , 6 ).Other studies have observed similar results, with some research suggesting that bergamot may enhance the effects of traditional cholesterol-lowering medications ( 9 ).What’s more, other test-tube and animal studies suggest that bergamot juice may reduce intestinal inflammation and fight H. pylori bacteria, which are associated with stomach ulcers and pain ( 11 , 12 ).Finally, animal studies on the effects of black tea show that compounds called theaflavins can help treat and prevent stomach ulcers and other digestive issues ( 13 , 14 ).Lastly, since most bergamot teas contain caffeine, be careful about your intake if you experience jitters, anxiety, or other adverse effects.To enjoy it, simply steep a bergamot tea bag in boiled water for 3–5 minutes, or longer for a stronger flavor, before drinking. .

Bergamot supplements: Benefits, side effects, and dosage

In a 2015 case study, a man experienced a range of symptoms after drinking up to 4 liters of Earl Grey tea every day for 5 weeks.Earl Grey tea contains bergamot extract oil, which in large quantities was acting as a potassium channel blocker.A 2021 report notes that there is no research into the effects of bergamot supplements on children, older adults, or pregnant or lactating people.How to take bergamot Bergamot-derived products are available in many forms, including: liquid extract, which people can add to tea or use as a cooking ingredient.juice, which people can dilute with water or drink as is A person should read product labels carefully to ensure they do not exceed the recommended dose. .

Bergamot Oil Uses and Benefits

If you’re a fan of Earl Grey tea, you’re already enjoying the distinctive taste of bergamot, which is used to flavor it.It’s currently grown in many parts of the world, but achieved its prominence and name in the town of Bergamo in southern Italy.Add two to five drops of Bergamot essential oil to products such as body wash, shampoo, and facial scrubs.This may make bergamot oil an effective spot treatment for acne in people who do not have sensitive skin.Touted for its antibacterial properties, tea tree oil may fight acne and soothe skin inflammation.Touted for its antibacterial properties, tea tree oil may fight acne and soothe skin inflammation.These include: Stress reduction A small 2015 study done on women in Japan found that inhaled bergamot oil mixed with water vapor reduced feelings of anxiety and fatigue.Similarly, a 2013 article published in the journal Current Drug Targets reported that aromatherapy with bergamot (among other essential oils) can relieve depression, anxiety, and other mood disorders by signaling the brain to release dopamine and serotonin.Fights food poisoning Linalool, a compound found in bergamot, may sometimes be effective at destroying types of bacteria responsible for food-borne illnesses.A 2006 study examined bergamot’s effectiveness at destroying several strains of bacterium on chicken skin and cabbage leaves.A 2016 study tested the effect of different types of bergamot essential oil against strains of Listeria monocytogenes, the bacteria that causes listeriosis infection.The different formulations of bergamot had weak to strong effects at stopping the growth of the different bacteria samples.Given the variability, researchers concluded that bergamot essential oil’s effectiveness against bacteria in foods should be estimated.Lowers cholesterol A 2016 review of human and animal studies indicated that flavonoids found in bergamot can help reduce lipid levels, although it indicated that the exact mechanism driving this result is unclear.A 2017 review of studies analyzed the effects of multiple essential oil compounds on the pain response and other conditions in humans and animals.It found that both linalool and carvacrol had analgesic, anticonvulsant, and anti-inflammatory capabilities when used in a variety of methods that included applying it on the skin.Be aware that using essential oils in a diffuser can have a negative effect on children, pets, or pregnant women. .

The Benefits and Side Effects of Drinking Bergamot Tea

Wild bergamot tea was reportedly used by Native Americans to treat cold symptoms and for other medicinal uses.Bergamot tea bags can be purchased online and in many health food stores or markets.If you are interested in making wild bergamot tea, you may have a hard time finding the ingredients.Bergamot ( Citrus bergamia) is often consumed for its health benefits. Some people drink tea to boost mental alertness or prevent certain types of cancer.Bergamot oil may also be used topically (on the skin) to protect the body against lice, relieve psoriasis, and manage the appearance of vitiligo.One study published by Phytotherapy Research was conducted by several employees of a company that makes the essential oil. They found that inhaling the aromatic oil may help reduce anxiety before radiation treatments.Bergamot oil is likely safe for most people when consumed in the small amounts typically found in food.. .

Cardioprotective Benefits of Bergamot

Bergamot is a green citrus fruit resembling a wrinkly lime, which is indigenous to Southern Italy, which is also where most of the essential oil is produced.These are potent antioxidants which protect the tissues and blood vessels throughout the body by blocking free radical damage and inhibiting the formation of arterial plaque.The essential oil also has anti-fungal properties which can help fight against skin infections caused by candida.In some people, bergamot has been known to cause adverse reactions such as blurred vision, twitching and muscle cramps.This is due to the fact that one of the oil’s components, known as bergapten, alters potassium channel currents. .

Does Bergamot Lower Cholesterol?

Four recent human studies have suggested that thanks to the flavonoids (plant-based antioxidants) it contains, bergamot extract can help reduce high cholesterol.One study published in 2013 showed that cholesterol dropped significantly among 77 patients who took 1,000 mg of bergamot extract daily for one month, enabling them to cut their statin dose in half.Other less serious side effects that tend to disappear over time include upset stomach, gas, constipation, and abdominal pain or cramps.For moderately elevated cholesterol, I recommend non-prescription red rice yeast, a natural source of statins with fewer side effects.Toth et al, “Bergamot Reduces Plasma Lipids, Atherogenic Small Dense LDL, and Subclinical Atherosclerosis in Subjects with Moderate Hypercholesterolemia: A 6 Months Prospective Study.” Frontiers in Pharmacology, January 6, 2016, doi: 10.3389/fphar.2015.00299. .


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