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A., Wanderley, M. J., Silva, J. C., and Michaluk, L. M.

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Potential of spice-derived phytochemicals for cancer prevention.Alexandrovich, I., Rakovitskaya, O., Kolmo, E., Sidorova, T., and Shushunov, S. The effect of fennel (Foeniculum Vulgare) seed oil emulsion in infantile colic: a randomized, placebo-controlled study.Bub, S., Brinckmann, J., Cicconetti, G., and Valentine, B.

Efficacy of an herbal dietary supplement (Smooth Move) in the management of constipation in nursing home residents: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study.Activity against drug resistant-tuberculosis strains of plants used in Mexican traditional medicine to treat tuberculosis and other respiratory diseases.Choi, E. M. and Hwang, J.

K. Antiinflammatory, analgesic and antioxidant activities of the fruit of Foeniculum vulgare.dulce (sweet fennel), Anthemis nobilis (Roman chamomile) and Mentha x piperita (peppermint).Gutierrez, J., Rodriguez, G., Barry-Ryan, C., and Bourke, P.

Efficacy of plant essential oils against foodborne pathogens and spoilage bacteria associated with ready-to-eat vegetables: antimicrobial and sensory screening.Hotta, M., Nakata, R., Katsukawa, M., Hori, K., Takahashi, S., and Inoue, H. Carvacrol, a component of thyme oil, activates PPARalpha and gamma and suppresses COX-2 expression.Javidnia, K., Dastgheib, L., Mohammadi, Samani S., and Nasiri, A.

Antihirsutism activity of Fennel (fruits of Foeniculum vulgare) extract.Joshi, H. and Parle, M. Cholinergic basis of memory-strengthening effect of Foeniculum vulgare Linn.Lee, H.

S. Acaricidal activity of constituents identified in Foeniculum vulgare fruit oil against Dermatophagoides spp.Modaress, Nejad, V and Asadipour, M.

Comparison of the effectiveness of fennel and mefenamic acid on pain intensity in dysmenorrhoea.Murone, A. J., Stucki, P., Roback, M. G., and Gehri, M. Severe methemoglobinemia due to food intoxication in infants.Namavar, Jahromi B., Tartifizadeh, A., and Khabnadideh, S.

Comparison of fennel and mefenamic acid for the treatment of primary dysmenorrhea.Comparative essential oil composition and antifungal effect of bitter fennel (Foeniculum vulgare ssp.Picon, P. D., Picon, R.

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Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) and fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) tea drinking suppresses subjective short-term appetite in overweight women.Burkhard PR, Burkhardt K, Haenggeli CA, Landis T. Plant-induced seizures: reappearance of an old problem.Chakurski I, Matev M, Koichev A, et al.

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Effect of the mixed herbal medicines extract (fennel, chamomile, and saffron) on menopause syndrome: a randomized controlled clinical trial.Nadjarzadeh A, Ghadiri-Anari A, Ramezani-Jolfaie N, et al. Effect of hypocaloric high-protein, low-carbohydrate diet supplemented with fennel on androgenic and anthropometric indices in overweight and obese women with polycystic ovary syndrome: A randomized placebo-controlled trial.The effect of fennel essential oil on uterine contraction as a model for dysmenorrhea, pharmacology and toxicology study.Pitasawat B, Champakaew D, Choochote W, et al.

Aromatic plant-derived essential oil: an alternative larvicide for mosquito control.Portincasa P, Bonfrate L, Scribano ML, et al. Curcumin and fennel essential oil improve symptoms and quality of life in patients with irritable bowel syndrome.(fennel) on menopausal symptoms in postmenopausal women: a randomized, triple-blind, placebo-controlled trial.Savino F, Cresi F, Castagno E, et al.

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10 Science-Based Benefits of Fennel and Fennel Seeds

Aside from its many culinary uses, fennel and its seeds offer a wide array of health benefits and may provide antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antibacterial effects.Vitamin C also acts as a potent antioxidant in your body, protecting against cellular damage caused by unstable molecules called free radicals ( 3 ).Both the bulb and seeds contain the mineral manganese, which is important for enzyme activation, metabolism, cellular protection, bone development, blood sugar regulation, and wound healing ( 4 ).Finally, the plant compound limonene helps combat free radicals and has been shown to protect rat cells from damage caused by certain chronic diseases ( 9 , 10 ).Summary All parts of the fennel plant are rich in powerful antioxidants like chlorogenic acid, limonene, and quercetin — all of which may benefit health.That said, another study in 47 women found that those who supplemented with 300 mg of fennel extract daily for 12 weeks gained a small amount of weight, compared to a placebo group.For example, including rich sources of potassium in your diet may help reduce high blood pressure, a risk factor for heart disease ( 15 ).May have cancer-fighting properties The wide array of powerful plant compounds in fennel may help protect against chronic diseases, including certain cancers.Negative side effects, such as poor weight gain and difficulty feeding, have also been reported in infants whose mothers drank lactation teas containing fennel ( 21 , 22 , 23 ).Studies show that fennel extract inhibits the growth of potentially harmful bacteria and yeasts, such as Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and Candida albicans ( 24 ).A review of 10 studies noted that fennel may improve sexual function and satisfaction in menopausal women, as well as relieve hot flashes, vaginal itching, dryness, pain during sex, and sleep disturbances ( 27 ).It’s important to note that many of these studies used concentrated doses of the plant, and it’s unlikely that eating small amounts of fennel or its seeds would offer the same benefits.A study that evaluated the teratogenicity of fennel essential oil showed that high doses may have toxic effects on fetal cells ( 28 ).Although eating fennel and its seeds is likely safe, pregnant women should avoid taking supplements or ingesting the essential oil of this plant.Summary Although eating fennel and its seeds is likely safe, consuming higher doses in supplement form may react with certain medications and is unsafe for pregnant women. .

Fennel: Supplement, Uses, Side Effects, Dosages, Interactions

Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicine before checking with your doctor, health care provider, or pharmacist first.Mild Interactions of Fennel include: anamu ciprofloxacin danshen devil's claw. .

Fennel Seed - 100 Vegan Capsules - Nature's Way

Potassium and manganese in Fennel Seed 480 mg - 100 Capsules from Nature’s Way® may control the heart rate and act as a co-factor for an antioxidant respectively.Please consult your doctor before starting any exercise or nutritional supplement program or before using these or any product during pregnancy or if you have a serious medical condition. .

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