It is indigenous to the shores of the Mediterranean but has become widely naturalized in many parts of the world, especially on dry soils near the sea-coast and on riverbanks.Florence fennel or finocchio ( , , Italian: [fiˈnɔkkjo]) is a selection with a swollen, bulb-like stem base that is used as a vegetable.Fennel came into Old English from Old French fenoil which in turn came from Latin faeniculum, a diminutive of faenum, meaning "hay". In Hesiod's Theogony, Prometheus steals the ember of fire from the gods in a hollow fennel stalk.As Old English finule, fennel is one of the nine plants invoked in the pagan Anglo-Saxon Nine Herbs Charm, recorded in the 10th century.Longfellow's 1842 poem "The Goblet of Life" repeatedly refers to the plant and mentions its purported ability to strengthen eyesight:.Above the lower plants it towers, The Fennel with its yellow flowers; And in an earlier age than ours Was gifted with the wondrous powers Lost vision to restore.It is erect, glaucous green, and grows to heights of up to 2.5 metres (8 ft), with hollow stems.The leaves grow up to 40 centimetres (16 in) long; they are finely dissected, with the ultimate segments filiform (threadlike), about 0.5 millimetres (1⁄50 in) wide.Fennel is widely cultivated, both in its native range and elsewhere, for its edible, strongly flavored leaves and fruits.Fennel has become naturalized along roadsides, in pastures, and in other open sites in many regions, including northern Europe, the United States, southern Canada, and much of Asia and Australia.It propagates well by both, root crown and seed, and is considered an invasive species and a weed in Australia and the United States.It appears to do this by outcompeting native species for light, nutrients, and water and perhaps by exuding allelopathic substances that inhibit growth of other plants. In western North America, fennel can be found from the coastal and inland wildland-urban interface east into hill and mountain areas, excluding desert habitats. On Santa Cruz Island, California for example, fennel has achieved 50 to 90 percent absolute cover.A raw fennel bulb (235 g) consists of 212 g of water, 2.91 g of protein, 0.47 g of fat, and 17.2 g of carbohydrate (including 7.28 g of dietary fiber and 9.24 g of sugars), providing a total of 72.8 Calories (kcal) of energy.A 100-gram reference amount of fennel fruits provides 1,440 kilojoules (345 kilocalories) of food energy, and is a rich source (20% or more of the Daily Value, DV) of protein, dietary fiber, B vitamins and several dietary minerals, especially calcium, iron, magnesium and manganese, all of which exceed 100% DV (table).Fennel fruits are 52% carbohydrates (including 40% dietary fiber), 15% fat, 16% protein and 9% water (table).Fennel was prized by the ancient Greeks and Romans who used it as medicine, food, and insect repellent.According to Greek mythology, Prometheus used a giant stalk of fennel to carry fire from Mount Olympus to Earth.The bulb is a crisp vegetable that can be sautéed, stewed, braised, grilled, or eaten raw.In many parts of India, roasted fennel fruits are consumed as mukhwas, an after-meal digestive and breath freshener (saunf), or candied as comfit.In Syria and Lebanon, the young leaves are used to make a special kind of egg omelette (along with onions and flour) called ijjeh.Florence fennel is a key ingredient in some Italian salads, often tossed with chicory and avocado, or it can be braised and served as a warm side dish.In Spain, the stems of the fennel plant are used in the preparation of pickled eggplants, berenjenas de Almagro.On account of its aromatic properties, fennel fruit forms one of the ingredients of the well-known compound liquorice powder.Many species in the family Apiaceae or Umbelliferae are superficially similar to fennel, and some, such as poison hemlock, are toxic, so it is unwise, and potentially extremely dangerous, to use any part of any of these plants as a herb or vegetable unless it can be positively identified as being edible.The superficial similarity in appearance between these seeds may have led to a sharing of names and etymology, as in the case of meridian fennel, a term for caraway.Giant fennel (Ferula communis) is a large, coarse plant, with a pungent aroma, which grows wild in the Mediterranean region and is only occasionally grown in gardens elsewhere.In North America, fennel may be found growing in the same habitat and alongside natives osha (Ligusticum porteri) and Lomatium species, useful medicinal relatives in the parsley family.Lomatium species tend to prefer dry rocky soils devoid of organic material.The aromatic character of fennel fruits derives from volatile oils imparting mixed aromas, including trans-anethole and estragole (resembling liquorice), fenchone (mint and camphor), limonene, 1-octen-3-ol (mushroom). Other phytochemicals found in fennel fruits include polyphenols, such as rosmarinic acid and luteolin, among others in minor content. .
10 Science-Based Benefits of Fennel and Fennel Seeds
Aside from its many culinary uses, fennel and its seeds offer a wide array of health benefits and may provide antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antibacterial effects.Vitamin C also acts as a potent antioxidant in your body, protecting against cellular damage caused by unstable molecules called free radicals ( 3 ).Both the bulb and seeds contain the mineral manganese, which is important for enzyme activation, metabolism, cellular protection, bone development, blood sugar regulation, and wound healing ( 4 ).Finally, the plant compound limonene helps combat free radicals and has been shown to protect rat cells from damage caused by certain chronic diseases ( 9 , 10 ).Summary All parts of the fennel plant are rich in powerful antioxidants like chlorogenic acid, limonene, and quercetin — all of which may benefit health.That said, another study in 47 women found that those who supplemented with 300 mg of fennel extract daily for 12 weeks gained a small amount of weight, compared to a placebo group.For example, including rich sources of potassium in your diet may help reduce high blood pressure, a risk factor for heart disease ( 15 ).May have cancer-fighting properties The wide array of powerful plant compounds in fennel may help protect against chronic diseases, including certain cancers.Negative side effects, such as poor weight gain and difficulty feeding, have also been reported in infants whose mothers drank lactation teas containing fennel ( 21 , 22 , 23 ).Studies show that fennel extract inhibits the growth of potentially harmful bacteria and yeasts, such as Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and Candida albicans ( 24 ).A review of 10 studies noted that fennel may improve sexual function and satisfaction in menopausal women, as well as relieve hot flashes, vaginal itching, dryness, pain during sex, and sleep disturbances ( 27 ).It’s important to note that many of these studies used concentrated doses of the plant, and it’s unlikely that eating small amounts of fennel or its seeds would offer the same benefits.A study that evaluated the teratogenicity of fennel essential oil showed that high doses may have toxic effects on fetal cells ( 28 ).Although eating fennel and its seeds is likely safe, pregnant women should avoid taking supplements or ingesting the essential oil of this plant.Summary Although eating fennel and its seeds is likely safe, consuming higher doses in supplement form may react with certain medications and is unsafe for pregnant women. .
How to Make Fennel Tea
The seeds will release a greater quantity of the volatile oils if crushed slightly by a large spoon or the flat edge of a chef's knife.Note that due to the tougher texture of the root, it may need to be brewed slightly longer than other forms of fennel or additional ingredients.Very hot temperatures can destroy the volatile components of fennel, so the tea should not be brewed for longer than two or three minutes.Do not use fennel tea as a complement or substitute for medical treatment without the express consent of your health-care provider. .
Fennel tea: 5 health benefits and risks
In the Middle Ages, on Midsummer’s night, people hung fennel over doorways to protect the household from evil spirits.Although it is no longer used as a protective decoration, fennel is still one of the more widely used medicinal plants, being suggested for everything from colic to conjunctivitis.Fennel is used in many different cuisines, from Indian to Italian, to contemporary fusion, and all parts of the plant are used, including the leaves, seeds, and bulb.The ancient Greeks and Romans thought fennel could bring strength and fortitude and lead to longer life.detoxify the body Share on Pinterest Fennel tea may aid healthy digestion, and treat bloating, gas, or cramps, and may also act as a diuretic.It can help the smooth muscles of the gastrointestinal system relax and reduce gas, bloating, and stomach cramps.In fact, tinctures or teas made from fennel seeds can be used to treat stomach muscle spasms caused by irritable bowel syndrome, ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease, and other conditions affecting the gastrointestinal system.However, roughly 10-20 percent of women who suffer from severe cramping and discomfort during their period do not find relief through this approach.Researchers speculate that fennel helps keep the uterus from contracting, which is what prompts the pain reported by women with dysmenorrhea.The same study from Bangladesh found that fennel extract reduced indications of pain at a level close to that provided by aspirin.Research Share on Pinterest The essential oils derived from fennel seeds have a range of potential beneficial properties.controlling dust mites Researchers found that ground fennel seeds in solution were effective against bacteria that cause indigestion, diarrhea, and dysentery, as well as some hospital-acquired infections.This suggested fennel extracts could be used to help individuals ward off the effects of many chronic diseases and dangerous health conditions, including cancer, hardening of the arteries or atherosclerosis, and inflammation. .
3 Ways to Make Fennel Tea
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Fennel Tea: Benefits, Side Effects, How to Make It
Fennel is a beloved veggie that’s a bit like a cross between celery and licorice (there’s a reason it’s an ingredient in absinthe!).Fennel tea is a favorite after-dinner drink because it can help promote healthy digestion and keep things moving.It contains a phytoestrogen called anethole, which could help boost breast milk production and result in increased weight gain for infants.The exact cause of colic isn’t known, but it may be due to tiny tummy troubles, which the active compounds in fennel could help remedy.Babies have notoriously sensitive stomachs that — in the early months, at least — are really only equipped to handle breast milk or formula.A squeeze of lemon or some grated ginger may also help improve the taste while providing some extra health benefits.Know before you brew: Side effects and risks Fennel is generally recognized as safe by the FDA and has been found to be well-tolerated in adults.But some research suggests that because fennel contains phytoestrogens, it may affect hormone levels (especially in kids) when used frequently or in high doses. .
Fennel Tea Health Benefits and Recipe
Fennel seeds, too, are often used in cooking—in everything from sausage to stocks to savory breads—and lend recipes a distinct black licorice or anise flavor.Fennel, a member of the carrot family, originated along the Mediterranean Sea in the southern parts of Europe and has long been utilized for medicinal purposes.In fact, one popular and simple way to garner some of the healthy therapeutic properties of fennel is to drink it as a tea.And it's not just one part of fennel that's beneficial: "Its stem, fruit, leaves, seeds, and whole plant itself are medicinally used in different forms in the treatment of a variety of diseased conditions," she adds.If you prefer something with a bit more flavor and variety, Bogden recommends the following recipe: Boil one and a half cups of water in a pot. .
fennel tea to relieve constipation recipe
Fennel tea is worth drinking simply for its awesome aroma and soothing flavour, but then it has its share of amazing benefits too!Healthy saunf tea is a decoction of fennel seeds and hot water, allowed to steep for 10 minutes.Fennel, which is commonly had after meals to improve digestion, is aromatic and has a carminative effect in the intestine.The seeds have a high content of essential oil, which steeps in the water while making the decoction and helps to aid digestion.It relieves constipation and helps reduce flatulence by not allowing undigested food to remain in the colon for a long time. .