Aside from its many culinary uses, fennel and its seeds offer a wide array of health benefits and may provide antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antibacterial effects.Vitamin C also acts as a potent antioxidant in your body, protecting against cellular damage caused by unstable molecules called free radicals ( 3 ).Both the bulb and seeds contain the mineral manganese, which is important for enzyme activation, metabolism, cellular protection, bone development, blood sugar regulation, and wound healing ( 4 ).Finally, the plant compound limonene helps combat free radicals and has been shown to protect rat cells from damage caused by certain chronic diseases ( 9 , 10 ).Summary All parts of the fennel plant are rich in powerful antioxidants like chlorogenic acid, limonene, and quercetin — all of which may benefit health.That said, another study in 47 women found that those who supplemented with 300 mg of fennel extract daily for 12 weeks gained a small amount of weight, compared to a placebo group.For example, including rich sources of potassium in your diet may help reduce high blood pressure, a risk factor for heart disease ( 15 ).May have cancer-fighting properties The wide array of powerful plant compounds in fennel may help protect against chronic diseases, including certain cancers.Negative side effects, such as poor weight gain and difficulty feeding, have also been reported in infants whose mothers drank lactation teas containing fennel ( 21 , 22 , 23 ).Studies show that fennel extract inhibits the growth of potentially harmful bacteria and yeasts, such as Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and Candida albicans ( 24 ).A review of 10 studies noted that fennel may improve sexual function and satisfaction in menopausal women, as well as relieve hot flashes, vaginal itching, dryness, pain during sex, and sleep disturbances ( 27 ).It’s important to note that many of these studies used concentrated doses of the plant, and it’s unlikely that eating small amounts of fennel or its seeds would offer the same benefits.A study that evaluated the teratogenicity of fennel essential oil showed that high doses may have toxic effects on fetal cells ( 28 ).Although eating fennel and its seeds is likely safe, pregnant women should avoid taking supplements or ingesting the essential oil of this plant.Summary Although eating fennel and its seeds is likely safe, consuming higher doses in supplement form may react with certain medications and is unsafe for pregnant women. .

Fennel tea: 5 health benefits and risks

In the Middle Ages, on Midsummer’s night, people hung fennel over doorways to protect the household from evil spirits.Although it is no longer used as a protective decoration, fennel is still one of the more widely used medicinal plants, being suggested for everything from colic to conjunctivitis.Fennel is used in many different cuisines, from Indian to Italian, to contemporary fusion, and all parts of the plant are used, including the leaves, seeds, and bulb.The ancient Greeks and Romans thought fennel could bring strength and fortitude and lead to longer life.detoxify the body Share on Pinterest Fennel tea may aid healthy digestion, and treat bloating, gas, or cramps, and may also act as a diuretic.It can help the smooth muscles of the gastrointestinal system relax and reduce gas, bloating, and stomach cramps.In fact, tinctures or teas made from fennel seeds can be used to treat stomach muscle spasms caused by irritable bowel syndrome, ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease, and other conditions affecting the gastrointestinal system.However, roughly 10-20 percent of women who suffer from severe cramping and discomfort during their period do not find relief through this approach.Researchers speculate that fennel helps keep the uterus from contracting, which is what prompts the pain reported by women with dysmenorrhea.The same study from Bangladesh found that fennel extract reduced indications of pain at a level close to that provided by aspirin.Research Share on Pinterest The essential oils derived from fennel seeds have a range of potential beneficial properties.controlling dust mites Researchers found that ground fennel seeds in solution were effective against bacteria that cause indigestion, diarrhea, and dysentery, as well as some hospital-acquired infections.This suggested fennel extracts could be used to help individuals ward off the effects of many chronic diseases and dangerous health conditions, including cancer, hardening of the arteries or atherosclerosis, and inflammation. .

FENNEL: Overview, Uses, Side Effects, Precautions, Interactions

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C., and Michaluk, L. M. The effect of essential oils of sweet fennel and pignut on mortality and learning in africanized honeybees (Apis mellifera L.) (Hymenoptera: Apidae).Agarwal, R., Gupta, S.

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Potential of spice-derived phytochemicals for cancer prevention.Alexandrovich, I., Rakovitskaya, O., Kolmo, E., Sidorova, T., and Shushunov, S. The effect of fennel (Foeniculum Vulgare) seed oil emulsion in infantile colic: a randomized, placebo-controlled study.Bub, S., Brinckmann, J., Cicconetti, G., and Valentine, B.

Efficacy of an herbal dietary supplement (Smooth Move) in the management of constipation in nursing home residents: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study.Activity against drug resistant-tuberculosis strains of plants used in Mexican traditional medicine to treat tuberculosis and other respiratory diseases.Choi, E. M. and Hwang, J.

K. Antiinflammatory, analgesic and antioxidant activities of the fruit of Foeniculum vulgare.dulce (sweet fennel), Anthemis nobilis (Roman chamomile) and Mentha x piperita (peppermint).Gutierrez, J., Rodriguez, G., Barry-Ryan, C., and Bourke, P. Efficacy of plant essential oils against foodborne pathogens and spoilage bacteria associated with ready-to-eat vegetables: antimicrobial and sensory screening.Hotta, M., Nakata, R., Katsukawa, M., Hori, K., Takahashi, S., and Inoue, H.

Carvacrol, a component of thyme oil, activates PPARalpha and gamma and suppresses COX-2 expression.Javidnia, K., Dastgheib, L., Mohammadi, Samani S., and Nasiri, A. Antihirsutism activity of Fennel (fruits of Foeniculum vulgare) extract.Joshi, H. and Parle, M. Cholinergic basis of memory-strengthening effect of Foeniculum vulgare Linn.Lee, H.

S. Acaricidal activity of constituents identified in Foeniculum vulgare fruit oil against Dermatophagoides spp.Modaress, Nejad, V and Asadipour, M.

Comparison of the effectiveness of fennel and mefenamic acid on pain intensity in dysmenorrhoea.Murone, A. J., Stucki, P., Roback, M.

G., and Gehri, M. Severe methemoglobinemia due to food intoxication in infants.Namavar, Jahromi B., Tartifizadeh, A., and Khabnadideh, S.

Comparison of fennel and mefenamic acid for the treatment of primary dysmenorrhea.Comparative essential oil composition and antifungal effect of bitter fennel (Foeniculum vulgare ssp.Picon, P. D., Picon, R.

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L., and Henriques, A. T. Randomized clinical trial of a phytotherapic compound containing Pimpinella anisum, Foeniculum vulgare, Sambucus nigra, and Cassia augustifolia for chronic constipation.Platel K and Srinivasan K.

A Study of the digestive stimulant action of select spices in experimental rats.Schone, F., Vetter, A., Hartung, H., Bergmann, H., Biertumpfel, A., Richter, G., Muller, S., and Breitschuh, G. Effects of essential oils from fennel (Foeniculi aetheroleum) and caraway (Carvi aetheroleum) in pigs.Singh, B.

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Chemomodulatory action of Foeniculum vulgare (Fennel) on skin and forestomach papillomagenesis, enzymes associated with xenobiotic metabolism and antioxidant status in murine model system.Subehan, Usia, T., Iwata, H., Kadota, S., and Tezuka, Y. Mechanism-based inhibition of CYP3A4 and CYP2D6 by Indonesian medicinal plants.Subehan, Zaidi, S. F., Kadota, S., and Tezuka, Y. Inhibition on human liver cytochrome P450 3A4 by constituents of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare): identification and characterization of a mechanism-based inactivator.Tognolini, M., Ballabeni, V., Bertoni, S., Bruni, R., Impicciatore, M., and Barocelli, E.

Protective effect of Foeniculum vulgare essential oil and anethole in an experimental model of thrombosis.Tognolini, M., Barocelli, E., Ballabeni, V., Bruni, R., Bianchi, A., Chiavarini, M., and Impicciatore, M. Comparative screening of plant essential oils: phenylpropanoid moiety as basic core for antiplatelet activity.Vasudevan, K., Vembar, S., Veeraraghavan, K., and Haranath, P. S. Influence of intragastric perfusion of aqueous spice extracts on acid secretion in anesthetized albino rats.Wright, C. I., Van Buren, L., Kroner, C. I., and Koning, M.

M. Herbal medicines as diuretics: a review of the scientific evidence.Zahrani SH, Amjady MA, Mojab F, and et al.

Clinical effects of foeniculum vulgare extract on systemic symptoms of primary dysmenorrhea in students of Shaheed Beheshti University in Tehran [Farsi].Zeller, A., Horst, K., and Rychlik, M. Study of the metabolism of estragole in humans consuming fennel tea.Zidorn, C., Johrer, K., Ganzera, M., Schubert, B., Sigmund, E. M., Mader, J., Greil, R., Ellmerer, E.

P., and Stuppner, H. Polyacetylenes from the Apiaceae vegetables carrot, celery, fennel, parsley, and parsnip and their cytotoxic activities.Abedi P, Najafian M, Yaralizadeh M, Namjoyan F.

Effect of fennel vaginal cream on sexual function in postmenopausal women: A double blind randomized controlled trial.Foeniculum vulgare Mill: a review of its botany, phytochemistry, pharmacology, contemporary application, and toxicology.Bae J, Kim J, Choue R, Lim H. Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) and fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) tea drinking suppresses subjective short-term appetite in overweight women.Burkhard PR, Burkhardt K, Haenggeli CA, Landis T. Plant-induced seizures: reappearance of an old problem.Chakurski I, Matev M, Koichev A, et al. [Treatment of chronic colitis with an herbal combination of Taraxacum officinale, Hipericum perforatum, Melissa officinaliss, Calendula officinalis and Foeniculum vulgare].Falahat F, Ayatiafin S, Jarahi L, et al.

Efficacy of a herbal formulation based on Foeniculum vulgare in oligo/amenorrhea: a randomized clinical trial.The effect of fennel seed powder on estradiol levels, menopausal symptoms, and sexual desire in postmenopausal women.Gral N, Beani JC, Bonnot D, et al. [Plasma levels of psoralens after celery ingestion].Lee HW, Ang L, Lee MS, Alimoradi Z, Kim E. Fennel for reducing pain in primary dysmenorrhea: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.Mahdavian M, Mirzaii Najmabadi K, Hosseinzadeh H, Mirzaeian S, Badiee Aval S, Esmaeeli H. Effect of the mixed herbal medicines extract (fennel, chamomile, and saffron) on menopause syndrome: a randomized controlled clinical trial.Nadjarzadeh A, Ghadiri-Anari A, Ramezani-Jolfaie N, et al. Effect of hypocaloric high-protein, low-carbohydrate diet supplemented with fennel on androgenic and anthropometric indices in overweight and obese women with polycystic ovary syndrome: A randomized placebo-controlled trial.The effect of fennel essential oil on uterine contraction as a model for dysmenorrhea, pharmacology and toxicology study.Pitasawat B, Champakaew D, Choochote W, et al. Aromatic plant-derived essential oil: an alternative larvicide for mosquito control.Portincasa P, Bonfrate L, Scribano ML, et al.

Curcumin and fennel essential oil improve symptoms and quality of life in patients with irritable bowel syndrome.(fennel) on menopausal symptoms in postmenopausal women: a randomized, triple-blind, placebo-controlled trial.Savino F, Cresi F, Castagno E, et al. A randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial of a standardized extract of Matricariae recutita, Foeniculum vulgare and Melissa officinalis (ColiMil) in the treatment of breastfed colicky infants.Trabace L, Tucci P, Ciuffreda L, et al.

"Natural" relief of pregnancy-related symptoms and neonatal outcomes: above all do no harm.Weizman Z, Alkrinawi S, Goldfarb D, et al. Efficacy of herbal tea preparation in infantile colic.Effect of oral administration of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) on ciprofloxacin absorption and disposition in the rat.

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The health benefits of fennel

This review focuses on the benefits of consuming the whole vegetable, though it should be noted that fennel seed has attracted a lot of attention as a therapeutic agent for a wide range of conditions.Varieties such as the Florence or Finocchio are treated as a vegetable, but you can also buy fennel as a herb with foliage resembling dill.A member of the Apiaceae (carrot) family, it’s grown for its edible shoots, leaves and seeds, and has a strong aniseed flavour, making it an attractive and versatile ingredient.A good source of fibre as well as heart-friendly nutrients like potassium and folate, vegetables like fennel may support heart health.This is because studies report that a plentiful intake of vegetables in the diet appears to lower blood pressure and may help manage cholesterol.Both these nutrients play an important role in maintaining the health of the skin, as well as the mucous membranes that protect organs like the respiratory tract.A high intake of a wide variety of foods that are rich in these protective polyphenols is linked to a lower risk of a number of chronic diseases.With a low glycaemic index (GI) and high fibre contribution, fennel may help moderate blood sugar release as part of a meal.Fennel is a good source of folate, which is needed for healthy red blood cell formation.She is an accredited member of the British Association for Nutrition and Lifestyle Medicine (BANT) and the Complementary & Natural Healthcare Council (CNHC).All health content on bbcgoodfood.com is provided for general information only, and should not be treated as a substitute for the medical advice of your own doctor or any other healthcare professional. .

Fennel Tea: Benefits, Health Information, and Side Effects

Fennel has long been thought to strengthen your eyesight, regulate hormones, improve your digestion, and help memory.If you feel a cold coming on, drinking some fennel tea can help your body fight back against the pathogens attacking your immune system.It can help you sleep A serving of hot tea is a great way to unwind after a long day, and putting fennel in the brew gives you an extra health boost.It can aid breast milk production Fennel has been used for centuries as a galactagogue — a substance to increase the quality and quantity of breastmilk in breastfeeding moms.This lessens the load on your kidney and liver, helps new cell production, and even reduces the signs of aging.It can relieve constipation Fennel tea relaxes your digestive muscles, which might be just what you need if you’re struggling with regular bowel movements.The estrogen that is activated in the oil of the fennel seed could confuse your pregnant body, which is already experiencing a surge in all kinds of hormones. .

Not just a mouth freshener, here are 8 lesser-known benefits of

In fact, the majority of Indian families have a common practice of chewing a few fennel seeds after a meal but do you know that it has other health benefits too?In addition, fennel seeds are characterised by powerful antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties that enable them to treat various health conditions.The strong anti-spasmodic and carminative effects of fennel seeds help in treating flatulence, heartburn, bloating and conditions like IBS and GERD.Secondly, due to being a rich source of fibre, fennel seeds provide satiety and reduce hunger which helps avoid overeating.Chewing fennel seeds stimulates the release of nitrite which also acts as a natural remedy to maintain blood pressure.Fennel, being rich in phytoestrogens which mimic the female hormone oestrogen, helps in stimulating and regulating the menstrual cycle.The anethole compound found in fennel seeds is known to improve the protein content of the lens, slowing down the progression of cataract.The anethole present in fennel seeds has natural galactagogue properties that mimic the function of the oestrogen hormone which increases breast milk production in nursing mothers.To reap the amazing benefits of this flavourful herb, incorporate 2 to 3 grams of fennel seeds in your daily diet.Word of Caution: Since fennel is rich in phytoestrogens, pregnant women should avoid consuming it as it might interfere with the normal foetal development. .

4 Benefits of Fennel, According to a Nutritionist

According to a review in BioMed Research International, fennel has long been used as a medicinal plant for a wide range of conditions related to digestive, endocrine, reproductive, and respiratory systems and as a milk stimulant for lactating mothers.Rely on the guidance and supervision of a physician to determine if you can benefit from an oil, which formulation to buy, and how to use it—as well as to monitor any potential interactions, allergic reactions, or other side effects.A 2020 study, published in Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, looked at the effect of fennel in people with knee osteoarthritis.Patients were randomly assigned to receive either capsules containing powdered fennel extract, or a placebo, twice a day for two weeks.When shopping for fresh fennel, look for a small- to medium-size heavy, intact white bulb that's unbruised, with bright green firm stalks and feathery leaves.Add them to hearty dishes, like lentil Bolognese, potato or white bean soup, or homemade bread.Cynthia Sass, MPH, RD, is Health's contributing nutrition editor, a New York Times best-selling author, and a private practice performance nutritionist who has consulted for five professional sports teams. .

Fennel: Supplement, Uses, Side Effects, Dosages, Interactions

Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicine before checking with your doctor, health care provider, or pharmacist first.Mild Interactions of Fennel include: anamu ciprofloxacin danshen devil's claw. .

What Is Fennel Good For? 6 Conditions It Can Help Relieve

While it's not recommended for pregnant women, typical daily doses of fennel are 5 to 7 grams of the seed or 0.1 to 0.6 milliliters of the oil.Fennel is best known for its distinct licorice aroma and taste, yet its ability to ease digestive troubles and monthly menstrual cycles are equally noteworthy.”.Learn how fennel can be beneficial not just in the kitchen but nutritionally as well by providing natural relief of these health conditions:.Cindy Jones, CEO of Colorado Aromatics, uses fennel extract in her Springtide Anti-aging face cream, part of her natural skin care line.The herb contains an anti-inflammatory phytonutrient called anethole, which occurs naturally in fennel, known to have anti-cancer effects by stopping breast cancer cells from growing.Moreover, diets rich in fiber, says Vandana Sheth, RDN, CDE, registered dietitian, nutritionist, and spokesperson for the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, have been associated with a decreased risk of colorectal cancer.“Fennel may act as a carminative, which is a substance that prevents the formation of gas in the gastrointestinal tract, helping colic in babies,” Beth Warren, a registered dietician and nutritionist in Brooklyn, N.Y., told Medical Daily in an email.It’s important to remember because fennel is antispasmodic, it not only causes muscular relaxation, it can also significantly increase the risk of menstrual bleeding.It boosts your metabolism while breaking down fats and reducing water retention, which are known to be the common cause of temporary weight gain.The fennel bulb contains several nutrients, including, iron, phosphorous, calcium, magnesium, manganese, zinc, and vitamin K, which contribute to building and maintaining strong bones.The next time you pick up fennel from your grocery store, remember its use goes beyond the culinary realm and can provide an array of medicinal benefits that promote overall well-being. .

What Is Fennel? Nutrition, Benefits, How to Cook With It, More

(15) More research is needed on this end to determine how effective fennel can be in warding off harmful microbes, such as bacteria and fungi.Not to mention, ingesting essential oils is a controversial practice that most healthcare providers wouldn’t recommend.Some alternative practitioners suggest that fennel may be used instead as a complement to a healthy lifestyle, along with taking supportive herbs such as green coffee bean.(11) It’s important to talk to your doctor about any herbs or essential oils you plan on using, as these may cause adverse reactions in some people and in those on certain medications. .

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