Mature lavenders form dense mounds of foliage, ranging from grey to green and from 30 to 60 centimetres tall – beautiful even when they're not blooming.Planted in a row, compact varieties form a low hedge to edge a bed or path, or trace the outline of a traditional knot garden filled with other herbs.An annual top dressing of compost and occasional watering during very dry spells is welcome, but avoid overfeeding with high-nitrogen fertilizers or rich manures.Compact varieties grow happily in containers, but require a coarse potting mix that doesn't stay soggy, and you will need to water, sparingly, in the summer.Gather into small bunches, and tie each near cut ends (or secure with elastic band), then hang upside down in dark, dry, airy, dust-free room.Store dried flowers in an airtight jar to sprinkle into bathwater, or tie a handful into a pretty hanky to make an "instant" sachet for a linen cupboard or drawer (while the lavender lends its fragrance to the fabrics, it also deters moths).Freeze them in ice cubes for summer drinks, and add to herbed butters, sweet desserts, tea mixtures and savoury meat and cheese dishes. .

How to Grow + Enjoy Amazing Ontario Lavender — Province

Here at Province Apothecary we love lavender in all it’s forms, whether fresh from the garden or extracted and blended into our natural skincare products.Lavender season has officially begun in Ontario and we want to celebrate with a guide for enjoying this powerful Canadian-grown ingredient.Lavender gives an extra special touch to your garden, with it’s soft and calming fragrance, and lush colours of pinks, pale purples and intense violets or blue hues.Don’t worry too much about watering, Lavender plants enjoy the dry soil & sunny areas, and even self-seed!Also look for areas with good air flow to plant the lavender to offset the effects of high humidity.Plant the lavender in areas that drain well, or in raised beds to ensure they aren’t sitting in water dense soil.These varieties will grow in pots, but make sure you create a dry soil mix, and can include rocks and sand to promote drainage.This means you can spray away in the summer season and it won’t over-dry your skin, like a pure essential oil might.We know toner has a negative connotation but think of ours as a balancing floral essence, with no drying alcohol or harmful ingredients! .

How to Grow Phenomenal Lavender Even if You Live in Zone 3

Learning how to grow lavender is tricky if you live on a mountain in zone 3.But I’ve been growing lavender in the mountains of British Columbia, Canada, in zone 3 where there is frost in July.The 3-foot plants that need to be pruned in town grow only 12 inches high in my garden, with my shorter season.Thankfully, it turns out that the secret to thriving lavender in zone 3 is in the choice of varieties and a change in expectations.It is also bug repellent but it attracts butterflies and bees, offering nectar to foraging beneficial insects.It grows in specialized planting areas like under black walnut trees.Hardy in zones 8 to 9, it is a strongly camphorous lavender used in the soap making industry.The French lavender group has high camphor, considered undesirable in essential oil production.Munstead has lavender-blue flowers, green, narrow leaves, and a nice lavender fragrance.Richter’s Herbs in Ontario carries both seeds and plants for Munstead Lavender.The scent is rich, but it is a shorter plant than Munstead, only growing to 12 inches in height.Grow Hidcote from seed, cuttings, or get plant starts from your local nursery.The flower spikes on Hidcote and Munstead are not long enough to use for weaving lavender wands though.I harvest the 6-inch lavender branches after the flowers are opened and dry them upside down, indoors, away from sunlight.Once they are fully dry I rub the flowers off the stem and use the blossoms for potpourri, for tea, and for flavouring sugar and salt.Since rosemary is grown as an annual in zone 3, lavender makes a lovely substitute.Phenomenal is a hybrid introduction to the hardy lavender class, from the lavandin group.Its long stem makes it suitable for many lavender crafts that won’t work with the shorter Munstead or Hidcote varieties.Phenomenal has silver foliage and lavender-blue flowers with a mounding habit typical of French Lavenders.It is an excellent choice for ornamental use in gardens, for fragrance, for fresh and dried arrangements, and for essential oil production.Introduced in 2013 by Peace Tree Farms, unauthorized propagation is prohibited, (US PP24,193) on this American introduction to the hardy lavender class.Check your watering patterns and don’t place lavender where it will get the irrigation from your vegetable garden.Work in some finished compost and add some potash for flower growth and root development.Place Phenomenal at the back of a border, with Munstead or Superblue in the middle and Hidcote at the front, to take advantage of the varying spread and height of these 3 hardy lavender varieties.This means you’ll need fewer Phenomenal, than Munstead or Hidcote in a group planting.In Spring, remove the straw and burlap to allow air circulation, and to take advantage of the early warmth.Choosing varieties suitable to your hardiness zone, and giving them full sun and a well-drained placement and you’ll be harvesting fragrant lavender for cooking, for tea, for your herbal remedies, and for crafts in a few months. .

Three keys to growing sprawling lavenders

In photos of fields of lavender, not one plant seems to splay out from the middle, spoiling the picture with its bare centre."In colder climates of Canada, cut back plants by about one-third in the early spring before new growth begins," says Steed."Annual pruning will stimulate new growth from the centre of the plant, which is what keeps stems from becoming so woody they begin to flop outward from the middle.".English lavender ( Lavandula angustifolia ), hardy to Zone 4, is the best variety to grow in our northern climate.Of the almost 50 different cultivars of English lavender that are available, Steed recommends 'Munstead' for especially tough situations and 'Hidcote,' which has the deepest blue flowers. .

Tips for Growing Lavender in Your Garden

Stop by and visit our retail shop & manufacturing location in downtown Dundas at 105 King Street West.Lots of sun, space, limited watering, and good drainage.Also, it likes to avoid moisture -- with space the morning dew can more easily dry off.If you are not sure, gently scratch the wood to see if you can detect a bit of green underneath.Once the lavender has woken up -- rule of thumb is 1/3 of the plant or 2 inches above the wood.But if it is a warm winter then the covering encourages moisture which is not great for lavender.In Ontario, tests have suggested that in many instances covering lavender helps.It is easy to confuse what is called "French" lavender with what is grown in France!Intermedias also come in a range of colours but it is generally more difficult to achieve a dark purple.When you initially put the lavender in the ground, a bit of fertilizer is good. .

How to Grow Lavender

Lavender is a genus of the mint family, Lamacieae, that includes 47 species and a great many cultivars.The species name Lavandula is thought to derive from the Latin word lavare - "to wash," and probably speaks to the plant's use in soaps and perfumes.It is native to the temperate regions from Cape Verde to the Mediterranean and the Levant, and from north Africa to southeast India.Lavender's leaves and flower buds are rich in fragrant oils, very similar to rosemary.The seedlings are then overwintered in a cool greenhouse or cold frame with good ventilation.Dampen the mix, press the seeds into the surface, insert the pots into plastic bags, and put them in the freezer for about a week.Pot up the tiny seedlings and grow them on in a protected greenhouse or windowsill to set into the garden in the spring. .

Lavender 101 – Seafoam Lavender

(2) "Stoechas Lavender" (also known as "Lavandula Stoechas," "French Lavender," or "Spanish Lavender"): flower stalks vary in length; an egg- or pineapple-shaped flower head forms first with pseudo blossom on top and true blossoms up and down the side of the flower head in parallel, vertical rows; seeds are fertile; generally not suitable for oil nor culinary use (due to presence of unpleasant substances called "terpenes")."Lavandula Latifolia"): has very tall flower stalks and elongated, but concentrated blossom clusters.Good for oil production, but chemical composition (and hence aroma) is slightly different than True Lavenders.(2) Soil preparation is crucial: mix equal parts of rich topsoil and mulch or other organic matter (dried leaves or compost).Plant the lavender in the crater, then mound the dirt around the root and press firmly to remove air pockets.(1) Prune lavender only in the spring, while the plant is still dormant or once green growth is noticed, but prior to bud formation (usually the month of May).Pinching off buds/blossoms encourages root growth and will result in a bushy, compact plant.Bundle up to 100 stems together; tie with a rubber band; and then hang the bouquets upside down in a dry, dark area to preserve colour and aroma. .

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