Jade is a mineral, much used in some cultures as jewellery and for ornaments, mostly known for its green varieties, though it appears naturally in other colors as well, notably yellow and white.The use of jade in Mesoamerica for symbolic and ideological ritual was highly influenced by its rarity and value among pre-Columbian Mesoamerican cultures, such as the Olmec, the Maya, and the various groups in the Valley of Mexico.Although jade artifacts have been created and prized by many Mesoamerican peoples, the Motagua River valley in Guatemala was previously thought to be the sole source of jadeite in the region.Nephrite is derived from lapis nephriticus, a Latin translation of the Spanish piedra de ijada.During Neolithic times, the key known sources of nephrite jade in China for utilitarian and ceremonial jade items were the now-depleted deposits in the Ningshao area in the Yangtze River Delta (Liangzhu culture 3400–2250 BC) and in an area of the Liaoning province and Inner Mongolia (Hongshan culture 4700–2200 BC).There, white and greenish nephrite jade is found in small quarries and as pebbles and boulders in the rivers flowing from the Kuen-Lun mountain range eastward into the Takla-Makan desert area.From the Kingdom of Khotan, on the southern leg of the Silk Road, yearly tribute payments consisting of the most precious white jade were made to the Chinese Imperial court and there worked into objets d'art by skilled artisans as jade had a status-value exceeding that of gold or silver.Jadeite, with its bright emerald-green, pink, lavender, orange and brown colours was imported from Burma to China only after about 1800.In the history of the art of the Chinese empire, jade has had a special significance, comparable with that of gold and diamonds in the West. Jade was used for the finest objects and cult figures, and for grave furnishings for high-ranking members of the imperial family.But because of the value added culturally to jades throughout Chinese history, the word has also come to refer more generally to precious or ornamental stones, and is very common in more symbolic usage as in phrases like 拋磚引玉/抛砖引玉 (lit.XRF analysis results have revealed that all jade used in Japan since the Jomon period is from Itoi river.There is a theory that the reason why the meaning is that it was believed that the color of green enables the reproduction of fertility, the life, and the soul of the earth. Comma-shaped jades are found on some of the gold crowns of Silla royalty (c. 300/400–668 AD) and sumptuous elite burials of the Korean Three Kingdoms.After the state of Silla united the Korean Peninsula in 668, the widespread popularisation of death rituals related to Buddhism resulted in the decline of the use of jade in burials as prestige mortuary goods.The Jain temple of Kolanpak in the Nalgonda district, Telangana, India is home to a 5-foot (1.5 m) high sculpture of Mahavira that is carved entirely out of jade.India is also noted for its craftsman tradition of using large amounts of green serpentine or false jade obtained primarily from Afghanistan in order to fashion jewellery and ornamental items such as sword hilts and dagger handles.In addition to this region, there are also notable mines in the neighboring Sagaing District, near the towns of Nasibon and Natmaw and Hkamti.The maritime road is one of the most extensive sea-based trade networks of a single geological material in the prehistoric world.It was in existence for at least 3,000 years, where its peak production was from 2000 BCE to 500 CE, older than the Silk Road in mainland Eurasia.It is considered a taonga, or treasure, and therefore protected under the Treaty of Waitangi, and the exploitation of it is restricted and closely monitored.Nephrite jewellery of Maori design is widely popular with locals and tourists, although some of the jade used for these is now imported from British Columbia and elsewhere.Hunting tools include matau (fishing hooks) and lures, spear points, and kākā poria (leg rings for fastening captive birds); weapons such as mere (short handled clubs); and ornaments such as pendants (hei-tiki, hei matau and pekapeka), ear pendants (kuru and kapeu), and cloak pins.The only source from which the various indigenous cultures, such as the Olmec and Maya, could obtain jade was located in the Motagua River valley in Guatemala. Jade was largely an elite good, and was usually carved in various ways, whether serving as a medium upon which hieroglyphs were inscribed, or shaped into symbolic figurines. Russian jade culture is closely connected with such jewellery production as Faberge, whose workshops combined the green stone with gold, diamonds, emeralds, and rubies.It was not until 1863 that French mineralogist Alexis Damour determined that what was referred to as "jade" could in fact be one of two different minerals, either nephrite or jadeite.Nephrite consists of a microcrystalline interlocking fibrous matrix of the calcium, magnesium-iron rich amphibole mineral series tremolite (calcium-magnesium)-ferroactinolite (calcium-magnesium-iron).The more precious kind of jade, this is a microcrystalline interlocking growth of crystals (not a fibrous matrix as nephrite is.).Among the earliest known jade artifacts excavated from prehistoric sites are simple ornaments with bead, button, and tubular shapes.Nephrite can be found in a creamy white form (known in China as "mutton fat" jade) as well as in a variety of light green colours, whereas jadeite shows more colour variations, including blue, brown, red, black, dark green, lavender and white.In the area of Mogaung in the Myitkyina District of Upper Burma, jadeite formed a layer in the dark-green serpentine, and has been quarried and exported for well over a hundred years.Type B treatment involves exposing a promising but stained piece of jadeite to chemical bleaches and/or acids and impregnating it with a clear polymer resin.treatment involves exposing a promising but stained piece of jadeite to chemical bleaches and/or acids and impregnating it with a clear polymer resin.The majority of the production is carried out by Myanmar Gem Enterprise (MGE), a state-owned venture which has enough liquid assets to run itself for 172 years.The majority of the production is carried out by Myanmar Gem Enterprise (MGE), a state-owned venture which has enough liquid assets to run itself for 172 years. .
'Eternals' Movie Review: Chloe Zhao's Marvel Film
Chloé Zhao’s MCU entry is stuffed to the gills with movie stars, yet it has no idea what to do with all that shine.That doesn’t stop him from getting his own end-credits scene.For all the talk about Eternals standing on its own, Marvel still can’t help but tease out upcoming properties.A star is a powerful tool in a director’s arsenal.They bring rich, complicated histories that can be subverted, played with, even alluded to in film.For all its commitment to magic-hour sunlight, the film’s quiet gestures at beauty fail the requisite MCU love story.Once again, Marvel has ensembled an undeniably gorgeous array of actors only to have the sexual chemistry between them be slim or nonexistent.Why do these superpowered aliens care at all about humans, beyond the fact that they were told to?With Eternals, Marvel proves itself to be nothing more than a staid, lumbering black hole.Her history can’t help but shape a film — a franchise, even.Her physicality can’t help but bring dimension to an action scene.She can’t help but make a movie her movie.In the end, Eternals is nobody’s film. .
Top five things to know about Olympic artistic gymnastics at Tokyo
Artistic gymnastics fans will be treated to something special in Tokyo 2020 as two of the sport’s greatest athletes ever are likely to compete in Simone Biles of the United States and Japan’s Uchimura Kohei.She owns 30 World and Olympic medals, including 19 World title and four Olympic golds.The pair have dominated the men’s side of the sport since 2018 when Dalaloyan took the World all-around title.The pair also helped Russia to its first World team gold medal in 2019.Olympic artistic gymnastics schedule at Tokyo 2020.Artistic gymnastics competition runs from 24 July through to 3 Augusts at Tokyo 2020.19:00 - 22:00 - Men's team final.19:45 - 22:00 - Women's team final.19:50 - 22:00 - Women's all-around final.98 men and 98 women will compete in artistic gymnastics at Tokyo 2020.Once competition begins, the qualification round will determine the eight nations that advance to the team final, the 24 individuals who go for gold in the individual all-around final and the eight athletes on each apparatus that take the podium in the event finals.Women first competed in artistic gymnastics at the Olympics in 1928 at the Olympics in Amsterdam.The Soviet Union dominated the sport and leads the overall medal count with 182 overall medals, of which 72 were gold.The United States has won 114 Olympic gymnastics medals and Japan ranks third with 98 overall medals.Olympic artistic gymnastics venue at Tokyo 2020. .
I Tried TikTok Jade Roller Makeup Blending Hack & Loved
Rachel Rigler , for example, uses her jade roller as a first step to blend her foundation and then uses a makeup sponge to get into "the crevices," like around the nose. .