If you’re adding several lemongrass plants to planting beds, space plants 24 inches apart.Lemongrass grows tall, and pots can easily tip in windy weather, so place containers in a slightly protected location.In addition to starting with great soil, fertilize plants every couple of weeks during the growing season with a water-soluble plant food like Miracle-Gro® Performance Organics® Edibles Plant Nutrition.This citrus-flavored grass overwinters well in a dormant state in a cool, dark spot indoors, or you can grow it as an indoor herb through winter in colder zones. .

Pruning Lemongrass: How to Tame That Wild Thing – Garden Betty

Learn how to give it a haircut with my step-by-step pruning guide, when to cut it back safely, and why it's important to maintain your lemongrass clump.When I propagated lemongrass (purchased from the grocery store) for my garden, I started with only three stalks and planted them in the ground once the roots reached a few inches.I don’t often trim it or divide it, but since it’s spring and lemongrass doesn’t really get going again until summer, it was high time to give it a much-needed haircut.Here’s how you can tell your plant is dormant, plus my simple technique for pruning lemongrass and keeping it healthy all year long.In USDA Hardiness Zones 10 and above, lemongrass slows down in winter and doesn’t put out as many new leaves each week.It’s happiest in a dimly lit room that’s kept at 50°F to 60°F (like a basement or garage), where it stays dormant through the cold, dark days of winter.Special note for overwintering lemongrass: Cut the leaves off to keep the plant tidy and manageable, and water sparingly so it stays alive through the winter months.If you’re in zones 8b to 9, your job is easy: simply pull back the frost blanket (or mulch) and cut down the entire plant to just a couple inches above the tender white part of the stalk, removing all the brown leaves.It feels a bit shocking, I know, but as summer creeps closer, your lemongrass will grow back quickly.Once you’ve got the shape you want, you can finesse the cut and go all Edwards Scissorhands on it, trimming random brown tips here and there until your OCD wears off.(Lemongrass is susceptible to rust, a fungal infection that favors warm temperatures and high moisture.). .

LEMONGRASS: Overview, Uses, Side Effects, Precautions

Bhakuni, D. S., Bittner, M., Marticorena, C., Silva, M., Weldt, E., and Hoeneisen, M. Screening of Chilean plants for anticancer activity.Choe S., Hwang B, Kim M, and et al. Chemical components of Rumex acetellosa L. Korean J Pharmacog 1998;29:209-216.Dornberger, K. and Lich, H.

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Hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic effects of fresh leaf aqueous extract of Cymbopogon citratus Stapf.Bleasel, N., Tate, B., and Rademaker, M. Allergic contact dermatitis following exposure to essential oils.Carbajal, D., Casaco, A., Arruzazabala, L., Gonzalez, R., and Tolon, Z. Pharmacological study of Cymbopogon citratus leaves.Carlini, E. A., Contar, J. de DP, Silva-Filho, A. R., Silveira-Filho, N.

G., Frochtengarten, M. L., and Bueno, O.

F. Pharmacology of lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus Stapf).Cheel, J., Theoduloz, C., Rodriguez, J., and Schmeda-Hirschmann, G. Free radical scavengers and antioxidants from Lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus (DC.).Figueirinha, A., Cruz, M.

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T. Anti-inflammatory activity of Cymbopogon citratus leaf infusion in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated dendritic cells: contribution of the polyphenols.Lalko, J. and Api, A.

M. Investigation of the dermal sensitization potential of various essential oils in the local lymph node assay.Lee, H. J., Jeong, H.

S., Kim, D. J., Noh, Y. H., Yuk, D. Y., and Hong, J.

T. Inhibitory effect of citral on NO production by suppression of iNOS expression and NF-kappa B activation in RAW264.7 cells.Logarto, Parra A., Silva, Yhebra R., Guerra, Sardinas, I, and Iglesias, Buela L. Comparative study of the assay of Artemia salina L. and the estimate of the medium lethal dose (LD50 value) in mice, to determine oral acute toxicity of plant extracts.B., Souza, G.

E., Sarti, S. J., Santos, Filho D., and Ferreira, S.

H. Myrcene mimics the peripheral analgesic activity of lemongrass tea.Santoro, G. F., Cardoso, M.

G., Guimaraes, L. G., Freire, J. M., and Soares, M.

J. Anti-proliferative effect of the essential oil of Cymbopogon citratus (DC) Stapf (lemongrass) on intracellular amastigotes, bloodstream trypomastigotes and culture epimastigotes of Trypanosoma cruzi (Protozoa: Kinetoplastida).Sforcin, J.

M., Amaral, J. T., Fernandes, A., Jr., Sousa, J. P., and Bastos, J. K. Lemongrass effects on IL-1beta and IL-6 production by macrophages.Souza Formigoni, M. L., Lodder, H.

M., Gianotti, Filho O., Ferreira, T. M., and Carlini, E.

A. Pharmacology of lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus Stapf).Effects of daily two month administration in male and female rats and in offspring exposed "in utero".stapf plants cultivated in bioreactors by the temporary immersion (TIS) principle.In vivo antimalarial activity of essential oils from Cymbopogon citratus and Ocimum gratissimum on mice infected with Plasmodium berghei.Trongtokit, Y., Rongsriyam, Y., Komalamisra, N., and Apiwathnasorn, C. Comparative repellency of 38 essential oils against mosquito bites.Viana, G. S., Vale, T.

G., Pinho, R. S., and Matos, F. J.

Antinociceptive effect of the essential oil from Cymbopogon citratus in mice.Adukwu EC, Bowles M, Edwards-Jones V, Bone H. Antimicrobial activity, cytotoxicity and chemical analysis of lemongrass essential oil (Cymbopogon flexuosus) and pure citral.Lemon grass (Cymbopogon citratus) essential oil as a potent anti-inflammatory and antifungal drugs.Chaisripipat W, Lourith N, Kanlayavattanakul M.

Anti-dandruff hair tonic containing lemongrass (Cymbopogon flexuosus) oil.Chukwuocha UM, Fernández-Rivera O, Legorreta-Herrera M. Exploring the antimalarial potential of whole Cymbopogon citratus plant therapy.Costa CA, Kohn DO, de Lima VM, Gargano AC, Flório JC, Costa M. The GABAergic system contributes to the anxiolytic-like effect of essential oil from Cymbopogon citratus (lemongrass).Dudai N, Weinstein Y, Krup M, et al.

Citral is a new inducer of caspase-3 in tumor cell lines.Kimutai A, Ngeiywa M, Mulaa M, et al. Repellent effects of the essential oils of Cymbopogon citratus and Tagetes minuta on the sandfly, Phlebotomus duboscqi.Leite JR, Seabra Mde L, Maluf E, et al. Pharmacology of lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus Stapf).Li CC, Yu HF, Chang CH, Liu YT, Yao HT.Effects of lemongrass oil and citral on hepatic drug-metabolizing enzymes, oxidative stress, and acetaminophen toxicity in rats.Scientific basis for the therapeutic use of Cymbopogon citratus, stapf (Lemon grass).Soonwera M, Phasomkusolsil S.

Effect of Cymbopogon citratus (lemongrass) and Syzygium aromaticum (clove) oils on the morphology and mortality of Aedes aegypti and Anopheles dirus larvae. .

How to Use Lemongrass

Preparing lemongrass was one of the first chores Nite Yun, chef and owner of Oakland’s critically acclaimed Nyum Bai, performed in her mother’s kitchen.As its name suggests, lemongrass is a grass with botanical origins that stretch across South and Southeast Asia, from India and Sri Lanka to Indonesia and the Philippines.“I always prefer fresh lemongrass as the natural oils bring so much flavor and complexity to dishes,” says Gil Payumo, chef at Filipino fusion restaurant Señor Sisig in San Francisco.In South and Southeast Asian cooking, lemongrass commonly conspires with ingredients like garlic, galangal (and/or ginger), cilantro, Thai basil, shallots, lime leaves, and coconut milk to create bold, complex flavors. .

What Is Lemongrass and How Is It Used?

It is a common ingredient in Thai cooking and can also be found in dishes from Indonesia, Sri Lanka, and India.Fresh lemongrass is preferred as it gives a better mix of bright and complex flavors.To use fresh lemongrass in your cooking, always cut off the lower bulb and remove tough outer leaves.In addition, create superficial cuts along these sections with your knife, which will help release the lemon flavor.Dried lemongrass is added during cooking when the dish has enough fluid to allow it to rehydrate and release its flavor.If you are making a soup, for example, boil the lemongrass for at least five to 10 minutes in the broth in order for it to soften adequately.Lemon juice (or lime) may be substituted for lemongrass in a pinch, but citrus fruits will not be able to fully replicate its particular qualities.The essential oil of lemongrass is used as a fragrance for products including cosmetics, soap, and deodorant.The citral compound found in lemongrass can act as a natural insect repellant along with its botanical cousin, citronella.If you can't find it with the fresh produce, check the freezer section for lemongrass stalks sold in frozen packets.Lemongrass likes sun and warm temperatures, so if you choose to keep it indoors as a houseplant, be sure to give it a south-facing window.Lemongrass makes a beautiful houseplant or ornamental garden plant that you can also use in your cooking.Dried or powdered lemongrass should be stored in airtight containers away from light and heat. .

How to Grow Lemongrass

Cymbopogon citratus The first time I harvested lemongrass in Virginia, I was invigorated by its refreshing, citrusy fragrance.Since it’s native to the tropics, this herb only survives as a perennial outdoors in plant hardiness Zones 10 and 11.The plant’s upright arching shape and attractive green leaves will add interest and texture to your garden.Both the leaves and the stalks are used to flavor dishes such as soups and curries, but as they can be very fibrous, they are usually removed after cooking.The Department of Export Agriculture of Sri Lanka reports that the earliest reference to lemongrass oil came from the Philippines in the 17th century.Containing a variety of vitamins and minerals, it is also rich in phytochemical compounds such as saponins, flavonoids, phenols, and alkaloids.The citrus scent comes from citral, one of the volatile oil compounds which also includes monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes.A tea made from the leaves or stalks is also reported to help with gastrointestinal problems, stress, and bladder issues.In the kitchen it’s most often used in southeast Asian cuisines such as Thai, Laotian, and Vietnamese food, giving them their characteristic citrus tones.Only put a sprinkling of soil over the seeds, as they need plenty of light to be able to germinate.Seedlings can take up to three weeks to emerge, and you’ll need to keep the soil moist during this period.With its habit of spreading quickly, if you don’t want it to take over your garden, growing in pots is a good way to keep it contained.To transplant seedlings, wait until they are at least three inches tall and all danger of frost has passed.If you don’t have lemongrass plants in your garden, look for it in the produce section of your grocery store.Cut off the leaves and use them in your cooking, making sure that you’ve got a good 3-4 inches of stalk, to allow for successful root formation.Dig a 1/2-inch hole, place the cutting root side down, and backfill around the stem with soil.Lemongrass is a tender perennial, meaning it will die back in colder climates.Whether you’re growing it in the ground or in containers, lemongrass requires full sun and well-draining, moist soil that’s rich in organic matter.If you leave the plants past this point, without cutting for harvest they will continue to grow and provide ornamental interest in the garden year-round in warm climates.With the arrival of frost, they will die back and can be removed and added to the compost pile.If they have enough room, they can expand up to four feet in diameter, so bear this in mind when you choose your location!Keep soil moist but not waterlogged and in dry areas you can mist the leaves for humidity.When you are looking for plants for your garden, look for C. citratus or ‘West indian lemongrass.’ This species is the best for culinary use, thanks to its strong, citrus flavor.Symptoms include brown, red, and yellow streaks on the leaves and this usually occurs in excessively damp, moist conditions.To prevent rust, ensure that plants have adequate space between them to allow for proper airflow.If you spot this pest on your plant, spray the aphids off with a blast of water or use neem oil or insecticidal soap.When you cut the stalks make sure you leave at least an inch at the bottom if you want the plant to continue growing.Alternatively, prepare ahead for your favorite recipes by chopping or slicing the stalks and leaves before putting them in the freezer.Discard any plant material that develops mold – this is a sign that your climate or your current weather conditions are too humid to air dry the herbs.You’ll find a roundup of the best models on the market today on our sister site, Foodal.It’s important to note that most parts of the lemongrass plant are added to dishes for flavoring and then removed before consumption.Try using your lemongrass in this spicy and comforting red coconut curry chicken with toasted sesame noodles from our sister site, Foodal.Place the crushed stalks into a glass jar and cover them with a neutral carrier oil such as almond or grapeseed.Plant Type: Tender perennial grass Water Needs: 1 inch per week Native To: Southeast Asia Maintenance: Low Hardiness (USDA Zone): 8b-12 Soil Type: Nitrogen rich, friable Season: Year round Soil pH: 5.5-7.5 Exposure: Full sun Soil Drainage: Well-draining Time to Maturity: 75-100 days Companion Planting: Mint, cilantro Spacing: 1-2 feet Avoid Planting With: Corn, tomatoes Planting Depth: Surface, for seeds Family: Poaceae Height: up to 5 feet Subfamily: Panicodeae Spread: 4 feet Genus: Cymbopogon Tolerance: Heat, repels insects Species: C.

citratus Pests & Diseases: Yellow sugarcane aphid, lemongrass rust.An Easy to Cultivate Taste of the Tropics Lemongrass really is one of the easiest plants to grow, as long as you protect it from the cold.It adds a nice, bright aroma and taste to the kitchen and attractive greenery to the garden.Gardener’s Path and Ask the Experts, LLC assume no liability for the use or misuse of the material presented above.Always consult with a medical professional before changing your diet or using plant-based remedies or supplements for health and wellness. .

11 Reasons to Use Lemongrass Essential Oil

It’s often found in soaps and other personal care products.Lemongrass oil can be extracted, and it’s been used by healthcare providers to treat digestive problems and high blood pressure.Research from 2010 found that lemongrass essential oil was effective against a variety of drug-resistant bacteria, including those that cause: skin infections.blood infections.According to a study from 1996 , lemongrass oil was an effective deterrent against four types of fungi.Researchers found that at least 2.5 percent of the solution must be lemongrass oil to be effective.According to a 2012 study on mice, lemongrass essential oil helped prevent gastric ulcers, a common cause of stomach pain.Although most herbal products use dried lemongrass leaves, using the essential oil for aromatherapy may provide similar benefits.Lemongrass is traditionally used to treat high cholesterol and manage heart disease.Results showed lemongrass oil lowered blood sugar levels.It also changed lipid parameters while increasing HDL (good) cholesterol levels.It may act as a pain reliever The citral in lemongrass essential oil may help ease pain as it relieves inflammation.It may help relieve stress and anxiety High blood pressure is a common side effect of stress.As a result, there’s no standardized dose to treat any condition.To use lemongrass in aromatherapy, add up to 12 drops of essential oil to 1 teaspoon carrier oil, such as coconut oil, sweet almond oil, or jojoba oil.Apply a few drops of the diluted essential oil to a small patch of skin on your forearm.Some people massage the diluted essential oil into their temples to help relieve headaches.organic lemongrass oil coconut oil.Possible side effects and risks Lemongrass essential oil is highly concentrated.In some people, they may be stronger than the side effects of the lemongrass plant.are breastfeeding You shouldn’t use lemongrass as a complementary therapy or in place of your regular treatment for any condition, unless under your doctor’s guidance and supervision. .

The Wonder of Lemongrass Plants

Gardeners wishing to cultivate fragrant plants, ornamental grasses, or landscape plants should also be aware of the exciting possibilities lemongrass opens up.Some all-purpose fertilizer, fish emulsion, or liquid plant food can be added to the soil surrounding your lemongrass plants every two weeks or so throughout the growing season.Place these stalks into several pots prepared with soil.Keep potted plant soil lightly moist.Take care not to over-water a wintering lemongrass plant.Once the stalks have been cut down and repotted, all you need to do is lightly water the soil to keep the roots alive.After the temperature has risen in spring, the stalks and roots can be planted wherever you would like a clump of lemongrass to grow.Harvesting Lemongrass.The root fibers can also be trimmed though a few roots near the base of the plant can be retained to keep the stalk fresh in a glass of water.To do this, take the rinsed, dried prepared stalks and use a sharp knife to cut the stalk into slices 1/4 to 1/2 inch thick.1 lemongrass stalk, sliced into two inch pieces.4 Tbsp curry powder (mild, medium, or hot as you prefer).Add ginger, garlic, lemongrass, and curry powder.Add water and vegetable stock to the pot, along with red pepper flakes, lime leaves, bay leaf, and vegetarian fish sauce (if using).Cover and bring mixture to a boil, then stir in potatoes and coconut milk.1 inch of fresh ginger, minced.Cook onion, garlic, and ginger until onions are soft.Stir in red pepper and cumin, cooking until spices are lightly toasted (1 - 2 minutes).Next add the soup base, water, coconut milk, and pumpkin.Allow soup to heat thoroughly (5 - 10 minutes).Serve hot immediately or use an immersion blender to create a smoother dish; allow soup to reheat before serving.One traditional way of using lemongrass is in a hot steeped beverage.A soothing lemongrass tisane can be made with fresh or preserved plant material.While the water is heating, chop lemongrass into portions pieces approximately one inch long.You can also add a little chopped lemongrass to any of your favorite herbal tisane beverages.Whether grown as an ornamental or for culinary use, you will certainly fall in love with. .

Lemongrass

The stalks are available freeze-dried, too.Although lemongrass is central to Asian cuisine, especially Thai, it works well in Western dishes, too.Then chop finely or pound to a pulp in a pestle and mortar.Stored wrapped, in the fridge, fresh lemongrass will keep for a couple of weeks.Fresh lemongrass stalks should feel firm and heavy, with no bruising. .

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