Bhakuni, D. S., Bittner, M., Marticorena, C., Silva, M., Weldt, E., and Hoeneisen, M.
Screening of Chilean plants for anticancer activity.Choe S., Hwang B, Kim M, and et al. Chemical components of Rumex acetellosa L.
Korean J Pharmacog 1998;29:209-216.Dornberger, K. and Lich, H. [Screening for antimicrobial and presumed cancerostatic plant metabolites (author's transl)].Farre, M., Xirgu, J., Salgado, A., Peracaula, R., Reig, R., and Sanz, P.
Fatal oxalic acid poisoning from sorrel soup.Abe, S., Maruyama, N., Hayama, K., Inouye, S., Oshima, H., and Yamaguchi, H. Suppression of neutrophil recruitment in mice by geranium essential oil.A. and Agbaje, E. O. Hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic effects of fresh leaf aqueous extract of Cymbopogon citratus Stapf.Bleasel, N., Tate, B., and Rademaker, M. Allergic contact dermatitis following exposure to essential oils.Carbajal, D., Casaco, A., Arruzazabala, L., Gonzalez, R., and Tolon, Z.
Pharmacological study of Cymbopogon citratus leaves.Carlini, E. A., Contar, J.
de DP, Silva-Filho, A. R., Silveira-Filho, N.
G., Frochtengarten, M. L., and Bueno, O.
F. Pharmacology of lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus Stapf).Cheel, J., Theoduloz, C., Rodriguez, J., and Schmeda-Hirschmann, G.
Free radical scavengers and antioxidants from Lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus (DC.).Figueirinha, A., Cruz, M. T., Francisco, V., Lopes, M. C., and Batista, M.
T. Anti-inflammatory activity of Cymbopogon citratus leaf infusion in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated dendritic cells: contribution of the polyphenols.Lalko, J. and Api, A. M. Investigation of the dermal sensitization potential of various essential oils in the local lymph node assay.Lee, H. J., Jeong, H.
S., Kim, D. J., Noh, Y. H., Yuk, D.
Y., and Hong, J. T. Inhibitory effect of citral on NO production by suppression of iNOS expression and NF-kappa B activation in RAW264.7 cells.Logarto, Parra A., Silva, Yhebra R., Guerra, Sardinas, I, and Iglesias, Buela L.
Comparative study of the assay of Artemia salina L. and the estimate of the medium lethal dose (LD50 value) in mice, to determine oral acute toxicity of plant extracts.B., Souza, G.
E., Sarti, S. J., Santos, Filho D., and Ferreira, S.
H. Myrcene mimics the peripheral analgesic activity of lemongrass tea.Santoro, G.
F., Cardoso, M. G., Guimaraes, L.
G., Freire, J. M., and Soares, M.
J. Anti-proliferative effect of the essential oil of Cymbopogon citratus (DC) Stapf (lemongrass) on intracellular amastigotes, bloodstream trypomastigotes and culture epimastigotes of Trypanosoma cruzi (Protozoa: Kinetoplastida).Sforcin, J. M., Amaral, J. T., Fernandes, A., Jr., Sousa, J. P., and Bastos, J. K.
Lemongrass effects on IL-1beta and IL-6 production by macrophages.Souza Formigoni, M. L., Lodder, H. M., Gianotti, Filho O., Ferreira, T. M., and Carlini, E. A. Pharmacology of lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus Stapf).Effects of daily two month administration in male and female rats and in offspring exposed "in utero".stapf plants cultivated in bioreactors by the temporary immersion (TIS) principle.In vivo antimalarial activity of essential oils from Cymbopogon citratus and Ocimum gratissimum on mice infected with Plasmodium berghei.Trongtokit, Y., Rongsriyam, Y., Komalamisra, N., and Apiwathnasorn, C.
Comparative repellency of 38 essential oils against mosquito bites.Viana, G. S., Vale, T.
G., Pinho, R. S., and Matos, F.
J. Antinociceptive effect of the essential oil from Cymbopogon citratus in mice.Adukwu EC, Bowles M, Edwards-Jones V, Bone H.
Antimicrobial activity, cytotoxicity and chemical analysis of lemongrass essential oil (Cymbopogon flexuosus) and pure citral.Lemon grass (Cymbopogon citratus) essential oil as a potent anti-inflammatory and antifungal drugs.Chaisripipat W, Lourith N, Kanlayavattanakul M. Anti-dandruff hair tonic containing lemongrass (Cymbopogon flexuosus) oil.Chukwuocha UM, Fernández-Rivera O, Legorreta-Herrera M.
Exploring the antimalarial potential of whole Cymbopogon citratus plant therapy.Costa CA, Kohn DO, de Lima VM, Gargano AC, Flório JC, Costa M. The GABAergic system contributes to the anxiolytic-like effect of essential oil from Cymbopogon citratus (lemongrass).Dudai N, Weinstein Y, Krup M, et al. Citral is a new inducer of caspase-3 in tumor cell lines.Kimutai A, Ngeiywa M, Mulaa M, et al.
Repellent effects of the essential oils of Cymbopogon citratus and Tagetes minuta on the sandfly, Phlebotomus duboscqi.Leite JR, Seabra Mde L, Maluf E, et al. Pharmacology of lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus Stapf).Li CC, Yu HF, Chang CH, Liu YT, Yao HT.Effects of lemongrass oil and citral on hepatic drug-metabolizing enzymes, oxidative stress, and acetaminophen toxicity in rats.Scientific basis for the therapeutic use of Cymbopogon citratus, stapf (Lemon grass).Soonwera M, Phasomkusolsil S. Effect of Cymbopogon citratus (lemongrass) and Syzygium aromaticum (clove) oils on the morphology and mortality of Aedes aegypti and Anopheles dirus larvae.
Lemongrass tea: Benefits, uses, and recipe
Several researchers are interested in the health and medicinal benefits of drinking lemongrass tea.The plant’s stalks are a common ingredient in Asian cooking, but it is also possible to brew lemongrass to make tea.Share on Pinterest Lemongrass tea may have many benefits, including relieving anxiety and preventing infection.Many people believe that lemongrass tea offers multiple health benefits, but researchers have not yet conducted enough large-scale studies to prove these benefits.Below are seven additional health benefits that may result from drinking lemongrass tea.Although some people already inhale lemongrass essential oil to relieve stress and anxiety, researchers still need more evidence to be able to confirm this benefit.In many countries where the lemongrass plant is native to the area, people will take the lemongrass stalks and chew on them as a way to improve dental health and keep the mouth feeling clean.Relieving pain.This means that drinking lemongrass tea could potentially help to prevent a person from sensing pain.The results of a 2015 study suggest that drinking lemongrass tea infusions daily for 30 days can increase hemoglobin concentration, packed cell volume, and red blood cell count in the body. .
Lemongrass Tea: 10 Benefits
Lemongrass essential oil is used in aromatherapy to freshen the air, reduce stress, and uplift the mood.Lemongrass is also used as a folk remedy to promote sleep, relieve pain, and boost immunity.Keep reading to learn how drinking lemongrass tea may help deliver these potential health benefits.Further research found lemongrass oil and silver ions may work together against several types of bacteria and fungus in vitro.It has anti-inflammatory properties Inflammation is thought to play a role in many conditions, including heart disease and stroke.According to the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, two of the main compounds in lemongrass, citral and geranial, are thought to be responsible for its anti-inflammatory benefits.This occurs either by causing cell death directly or boosting your immune system so that your body is better able to fight-off cancer on its own.A 2012 study on rodents published by the National Institutes of Health showed that lemongrass may also be effective against gastric ulcers.The study found that the essential oil of lemongrass leaves can help protect the stomach lining against damage from aspirin and ethanol.A diuretic makes you urinate more often, ridding your body of excess fluid and sodium.Although these findings are exciting if you have high systolic blood pressure, researchers caution that men with heart problems should use lemongrass in moderation.This can help you avoid dangerous drops in heart rate or increased diastolic pressure.A study published in the Journal of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research showed that lemongrass oil extract helped to lower cholesterol in animals.It may help relieve symptoms of PMS Lemongrass tea is used as a natural remedy for menstrual cramps, bloating, and hot flashes.Additionally, according to an article published in the Journal of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research , lemongrass oil is useful in helping to cool the body.Stop drinking the tea or cut back if you experience side effects.To make sure you get a high-quality, pure product, only buy herbal tea from a reputable manufacturer you trust. .
Lemongrass: Uses, Side Effects, Dose, Health Benefits, Precautions
Abe, S., Maruyama, N., Hayama, K., Inouye, S., Oshima, H., and Yamaguchi, H. Suppression of neutrophil recruitment in mice by geranium essential oil.Abe, S., Maruyama, N., Hayama, K., Ishibashi, H., Inoue, S., Oshima, H., and Yamaguchi, H.
Suppression of tumor necrosis factor-alpha-induced neutrophil adherence responses by essential oils.A., Gbenou, J. D., Yayi, E., Moudachirou, M., Ongoka, R.
P., Ouamba, J. M., and Silou, T. Comparative chemical and analgesic properties of essential oils of Cymbopogon nardus (L) Rendle of Benin and Congo.Abeywardena, M., Runnie, I., Nizar, M., Suhaila, M., and Head, R.
Polyphenol-enriched extract of oil palm fronds (Elaeis guineensis) promotes vascular relaxation via endothelium-dependent mechanisms.A. and Agbaje, E.
O. Hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic effects of fresh leaf aqueous extract of Cymbopogon citratus Stapf.A.
Cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of aqueous extracts of five medicinal plants on Allium cepa Linn.A., Martinazzo, A. P., Maltha, C. R., Teixeira, R.
R., and Melo, Ede C. Evaluation of the chemical composition of Brazilian commercial Cymbopogon citratus (D.C.) stapf samples.Essential oils against foodborne pathogens and spoilage bacteria in minced meat.Barnard, D. R. and Xue, R.
D. Laboratory evaluation of mosquito repellents against Aedes albopictus, Culex nigripalpus, and Ochierotatus triseriatus (Diptera: Culicidae).Bassole, I.
H., Guelbeogo, W. M., Nebie, R., Costantini, C., Sagnon, N., Kabore, Z.
I., and Traore, S. A.
Ovicidal and larvicidal activity against Aedes aegypti and Anopheles gambiae complex mosquitoes of essential oils extracted from three spontaneous plants of Burkina Faso.A., Antoniolli, A. R., De Sousa, D.
P., and Santos, M. R.
Hypotensive and vasorelaxant effects of citronellol, a monoterpene alcohol, in rats.Batish, D. R., Singh, H.
P., Setia, N., Kaur, S., and Kohli, R. K.
Chemical composition and phytotoxicity of volatile essential oil from intact and fallen leaves of Eucalyptus citriodora.Betoni, J. E., Mantovani, R. P., Barbosa, L. N., Di Stasi, L.
C., and Fernandes, Junior A. Synergism between plant extract and antimicrobial drugs used on Staphylococcus aureus diseases.Bleasel, N., Tate, B., and Rademaker, M.
Allergic contact dermatitis following exposure to essential oils.Boruah, H. P., Handique, A. K., and Borah, G.
C. Response of Java citronella (Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt) to toxic heavy metal cadmium.Caja, Mdel M., Preston, C., Kempf, M., and Schreier, P.
Flavor authentication studies of alpha-ionone, beta-ionone, and alpha-ionol from various sources.Carbajal, D., Casaco, A., Arruzazabala, L., Gonzalez, R., and Tolon, Z. Pharmacological study of Cymbopogon citratus leaves.Carlini, E.
A., Contar, J. de DP, Silva-Filho, A.
R., Silveira-Filho, N. G., Frochtengarten, M.
L., and Bueno, O. F. Pharmacology of lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus Stapf).Cavalcanti, E. S., Morais, S.
M., Lima, M. A., and Santana, E. W. Larvicidal activity of essential oils from Brazilian plants against Aedes aegypti L.
Mem.Inst Oswaldo Cruz 2004;99(5):541-544.Chang, K. S., Tak, J.
H., Kim, S. I., Lee, W.
J., and Ahn, Y. J. Repellency of Cinnamomum cassia bark compounds and cream containing cassia oil to Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) under laboratory and indoor conditions.Chanotiya, C.
S. and Yadav, A.
Enantiomeric composition of (3R)-(-)- and (3S)-(+)-linalool in various essential oils of Indian origin by enantioselective capillary gas chromatography-flame ionization and mass spectrometry detection methods.Cheel, J., Theoduloz, C., Rodriguez, J., and Schmeda-Hirschmann, G. Free radical scavengers and antioxidants from Lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus (DC.).Cimanga, K., Kambu, K., Tona, L., Apers, S., De Bruyne, T., Hermans, N., Totte, J., Pieters, L., and Vlietinck, A.
J.Correlation between chemical composition and antibacterial activity of essential oils of some aromatic medicinal plants growing in the Democratic Republic of Congo.Cloyd, R. A., Galle, C.
L., Keith, S. R., Kalscheur, N. A., and Kemp, K.
E. Effect of commercially available plant-derived essential oil products on arthropod pests.D'Souza, A.
M., Paknikar, S. K., Dev, V., Beauchamp, P.
S., and Kamat, S. P.
Biogenetic-type synthesis of (+)-cymbodiacetal, a constituent of Cymbopogon martinii.de Billerbeck, V. G., Roques, C.
G., Bessiere, J. M., Fonvieille, J. L., and Dargent, R. Effects of Cymbopogon nardus (L.) W.
Watson essential oil on the growth and morphogenesis of Aspergillus niger.de Freitas, M. V., Netto, Rde C., Costa Huss, J.
C., de Souza, T. M., Costa, J. O., Firmino, C. B., and Penha-Silva, N.
Influence of aqueous crude extracts of medicinal plants on the osmotic stability of human erythrocytes.de Mendonca, F. A., da Silva, K.
F., dos Santos, K. K., Ribeiro Junior, K.
A., and Sant'Ana, A. E. Activities of some Brazilian plants against larvae of the mosquito Aedes aegypti.Diliberto, J. J., Srinivas, P., Overstreet, D., Usha, G., Burka, L.
T., and Birnbaum, L. S.
Metabolism of citral, an alpha,beta-unsaturated aldehyde, in male F344 rats.Doran, A. L., Morden, W. E., Dunn, K., and Edwards-Jones, V.
Vapour-phase activities of essential oils against antibiotic sensitive and resistant bacteria including MRSA.Duan, J. and Zhao, Y.
Antimicrobial efficiency of essential oil and freeze-thaw treatments against Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella enterica Ser.Dubey, V. S.
and Luthra, R. Biotransformation of geranyl acetate to geraniol during palmarosa (Cymbopogon martinii, Roxb.Dubey, V.
S., Bhalla, R., and Luthra, R. An esterase is involved in geraniol production during palmarosa inflorescence development.Dubey, V. S., Bhalla, R., and Luthra, R.
Sucrose mobilization in relation to essential oil biogenesis during palmarosa (Cymbopogon martinii Roxb.Dudai, N., Weinberg, Z. G., Larkov, O., Ravid, U., Ashbell, G., and Putievsky, E.
Changes in essential oil during enzyme-assisted ensiling of lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus Stapf.).Dutta, B. K., Karmakar, S., Naglot, A., Aich, J. C., and Begam, M.
Anticandidial activity of some essential oils of a mega biodiversity hotspot in India.Figueirinha, A., Cruz, M. T., Francisco, V., Lopes, M. C., and Batista, M.
T. Anti-inflammatory activity of Cymbopogon citratus leaf infusion in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated dendritic cells: contribution of the polyphenols.Friedman, M., Henika, P. R., and Mandrell, R. E.
Bactericidal activities of plant essential oils and some of their isolated constituents against Campylobacter jejuni, Escherichia coli, Listeria monocytogenes, and Salmonella enterica.Friedman, M., Henika, P. R., Levin, C.
E., and Mandrell, R. E. Antibacterial activities of plant essential oils and their components against Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella enterica in apple juice.Fuentes, J.
L., Alonso, A., Cuetara, E., Vernhe, M., Alvarez, N., Sanchez-Lamar, A., and Llagostera, M. Usefulness of the SOS Chromotest in the study of medicinal plants as radioprotectors.Ganjewala, D. and Luthra, R. Geranyl acetate esterase controls and regulates the level of geraniol in lemongrass (Cymbopogon flexuosus Nees ex Steud.).Gazola, R., Machado, D., Ruggiero, C., Singi, G., and Macedo, Alexandre M.
Lippia alba, Melissa officinalis and Cymbopogon citratus: effects of the aqueous extracts on the isolated hearts of rats.Gilbert, B., Teixeira, D. F., Carvalho, E. S., De Paula, A.
E., Pereira, J. F., Ferreira, J.
L., Almeida, M. B., Machado, Rda S., and Cascon, V. Activities of the Pharmaceutical Technology Institute of the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation with medicinal, insecticidal and insect repellent plants.Govere, J., Durrheim, D.
N., Du, Toit N., Hunt, R. H., and Coetzee, M. Local plants as repellents against Anopheles arabiensis, in Mpumalanga Province, South Africa.Grice, I. D., Rogers, K. L., and Griffiths, L. R.
Isolation of bioactive compounds that relate to the anti-platelet activity of Cymbopogon ambiguus Evid.Based Complement Alternat.Med 1-4-2010; View abstract.Hajieghrari, B., Mohammadi, M. R., and Hadian, D. Antifungal activity of Cymbopogon parkeri stapf.HEGNAUER, R. [Microscopical study of the leaves of Cymbopogon flexuosus Stapf (lemon grass).].Heimerdinger, A., Olivo, C. J., Molento, M. B., Agnolin, C.
A., Ziech, M. F., Scaravelli, L. F., Skonieski, F.
R., Both, J. F., and Charao, P.
S. [Alcoholic extract of lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) on the control of Boophilus microplus in cattle].Helal, G. A., Sarhan, M.
M., Abu Shahla, A. N., and Abou El-Khair, E. K. Effect of Cymbopogon citratus L. essential oil on growth and morphogenesis of Saccharomyces cerevisiae ML2-strain.Helal, G. A., Sarhan, M.
M., Abu Shahla, A. N., and Abou El-Khair, E.
K. Effects of Cymbopogon citratus L. essential oil on the growth, lipid content and morphogenesis of Aspergillus niger ML2-strain.Helal, G.
A., Sarhan, M. M., Abu Shahla, A.
N., and Abou El-Khair, E. K. Effects of Cymbopogon citratus L. essential oil on the growth, morphogenesis and aflatoxin production of Aspergillus flavus ML2-strain.Inouye S and Abe S. Predominant adsorption of sesquiterpene constituents of lavender, tea tree, lemongrass and thyme thymol oils on hairless mouse and human hairs in an aromatic bath.Inouye, S., Takizawa, T., and Yamaguchi, H. Antibacterial activity of essential oils and their major constituents against respiratory tract pathogens by gaseous contact.Inouye, S., Uchida, K., Nishiyama, Y., Hasumi, Y., Yamaguchi, H., and Abe, S.
Combined effect of heat, essential oils and salt on fungicidal activity against Trichophyton mentagrophytes in a foot bath.Inouye, S., Yamaguchi, H., and Takizawa, T. Screening of the antibacterial effects of a variety of essential oils on respiratory tract pathogens, using a modified dilution assay method.Irkin, R. and Korukluoglu, M.
Effectiveness of Cymbopogon citratus L. essential oil to inhibit the growth of some filamentous fungi and yeasts.Iten, F. and Saller, R. [Fennel tea: risk assessment of the phytogenic monosubstance estragole in comparison to the natural multicomponent mixture].Jahangir, T., Khan, T.
H., Prasad, L., and Sultana, S. Alleviation of free radical mediated oxidative and genotoxic effects of cadmium by farnesol in Swiss albino mice.Karunamoorthi, K., Ilango, K., and Murugan, K. Laboratory evaluation of traditionally used plant-based insect repellent against the malaria vector Anopheles arabiensis Patton (Diptera: Culicidae).Kauderer, B., Zamith, H., Paumgartten, F.
J., and Speit, G. Evaluation of the mutagenicity of beta-myrcene in mammalian cells in vitro.Kaur, J.
S., Lai, Y. L., and Giger, A.
D. Learning and memory in the mosquito Aedes aegypti shown by conditioning against oviposition deterrence.Ketoh, G.
K., Glitho, A. I., and Huignard, J.
Susceptibility of the bruchid Callosobruchus maculatus (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) and its parasitoid Dinarmus basalis (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) to three essential oils.Comparative effects of Cymbopogon schoenanthus essential oil and piperitone on Callosobruchus maculatus development.Khattak, S., Saeed, Ur Rehman, Shah, H. U., Khan, T., and Ahmad, M.
In vitro enzyme inhibition activities of crude ethanolic extracts derived from medicinal plants of Pakistan.Kimbi, H. K.
and Fagbenro-Beyioku, A. F. Efficacy of Cymbopogon giganteus and Enantia chrantha against chloroquine resistant Plasmodium yoelii nigeriensis.Kokate, C.
K., Rao, R. E., and Varma, K. C.
Pharmacological investigations of essential oil of Cymbopogon nardus (L.) Rendle: studies on central nervous system.Kumar, A., Malik, F., Bhushan, S., Sethi, V. K., Shahi, A.
K., Kaur, J., Taneja, S. C., Qazi, G.
N., and Singh, J.An essential oil and its major constituent isointermedeol induce apoptosis by increased expression of mitochondrial cytochrome c and apical death receptors in human leukaemia HL-60 cells.Kumar, J., Verma, V., Shahi, A. K., Qazi, G. N., and Balyan, H.
S. Development of simple sequence repeat markers in cymbopogon species.Kumaran, A. M., D'Souza, P., Agarwal, A., Bokkolla, R. M., and Balasubramaniam, M. Geraniol, the putative anthelmintic principle of Cymbopogon martinii.Kweka, E. J., Mosha, F., Lowassa, A., Mahande, A.
M., Kitau, J., Matowo, J., Mahande, M. J., Massenga, C. P., Tenu, F., Feston, E., Lyatuu, E.
E., Mboya, M. A., Mndeme, R., Chuwa, G., and Temu, E. A.
Ethnobotanical study of some of mosquito repellent plants in north-eastern Tanzania.Lalko, J. and Api, A.
M. Investigation of the dermal sensitization potential of various essential oils in the local lymph node assay.Lee, H. J., Jeong, H.
S., Kim, D. J., Noh, Y. H., Yuk, D. Y., and Hong, J. T. Inhibitory effect of citral on NO production by suppression of iNOS expression and NF-kappa B activation in RAW264.7 cells.Li, H., Huang, J., Zhang, X., Chen, Y., Yang, J., and Hei, L.
[Allelopathic effects of Cymbopogon citratu volatile and its chemical components].A. Camus volatile oil on physiologic properties of the isolated guinea pig myocardium].Locksley, H. D., Fayez, M.
B., Radwan, A. S., Chari, V.
M., Cordell, G. A., and Wagner, H. Constituents of local plants.Lodhia, M. H., Bhatt, K. R., and Thaker, V. S.
Antibacterial activity of essential oils from palmarosa, evening primrose, lavender and tuberose.Logarto, Parra A., Silva, Yhebra R., Guerra, Sardinas, I, and Iglesias, Buela L. Comparative study of the assay of Artemia salina L. and the estimate of the medium lethal dose (LD50 value) in mice, to determine oral acute toxicity of plant extracts.B., Souza, G. E., Sarti, S. J., Santos, Filho D., and Ferreira, S. H.
Myrcene mimics the peripheral analgesic activity of lemongrass tea.Magesa, S. M. and Kamugisha, M.
L. Evaluation of the bio-efficacy of three brands of repellents against wild populations of anthropophilic mosquitoes.A.
Antibacterial activity and mechanical properties of partially hydrolyzed sago starch-alginate edible film containing lemongrass oil.Mallavarapu, G. R., Ramesh, S., Kulkarni, R. N., and Syamasundar, K.
V. Composition of the Essential Oil of Cymbopogon travancorensis.Mansour, H.
A., Newairy, A. S., Yousef, M.
I., and Sheweita, S. A. Biochemical study on the effects of some Egyptian herbs in alloxan-induced diabetic rats.Marongiu, B., Piras, A., Porcedda, S., and Tuveri, E. Comparative analysis of the oil and supercritical CO(2) extract of Cymbopogon citratus Stapf.Martinez-de la Puente, J., Merino, S., Lobato, E., Rivero-de Aguilar, J., del Cerro, S., and Ruiz-de-Castaneda, R. Testing the use of a citronella-based repellent as an effective method to reduce the prevalence and abundance of biting flies in avian nests.Masuda, T., Odaka, Y., Ogawa, N., Nakamoto, K., and Kuninaga, H. Identification of geranic acid, a tyrosinase inhibitor in lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus).Essential oil analysis and field evaluation of the citrosa plant "Pelargonium citrosum" as a repellent against populations of Aedes mosquitoes.Mejlholm, O.
and Dalgaard, P. Antimicrobial effect of essential oils on the seafood spoilage micro-organism Photobacterium phosphoreum in liquid media and fish products.Melo, S.
F., Soares, S. F., da Costa, R.
F., da Silva, C. R., de Oliveira, M. B., Bezerra, R.
J., Caldeira-de-Araujo, A., and Bernardo-Filho, M. Effect of the Cymbopogon citratus, Maytenus ilicifolia and Baccharis genistelloides extracts against the stannous chloride oxidative damage in Escherichia coli.The inhibitory effect of essential oils on herpes simplex virus type-1 replication in vitro.Moore, S.
J., Hill, N., Ruiz, C., and Cameron, M. M. Field evaluation of traditionally used plant-based insect repellents and fumigants against the malaria vector Anopheles darlingi in Riberalta, Bolivian Amazon.Morsy, T.
A., Mazyad, S. A., and el Sharkawy, I. M.
The larvicidal activity of solvent extracts of three medicinal plants against third instar larvae of Chrysomyia albiceps.Mpiana, P. T., Tshibangu, D.
S., Shetonde, O. M., and Ngbolua, K. N. In vitro antidrepanocytary actvity (anti-sickle cell anemia) of some congolese plants.Muller, G.
C., Junnila, A., Kravchenko, V. D., Revay, E. E., Butlers, J., and Schlein, Y. Indoor protection against mosquito and sand fly bites: a comparison between citronella, linalool, and geraniol candles.Mumcuoglu, K. Y., Magdassi, S., Miller, J., Ben Ishai, F., Zentner, G., Helbin, V., Friger, M., Kahana, F., and Ingber, A. Repellency of citronella for head lice: double-blind randomized trial of efficacy and safety.B., and Jakobsen, M.
Five essential oils from aromatic plants of Cameroon: their antibacterial activity and ability to permeabilize the cytoplasmic membrane of Listeria innocua examined by flow cytometry.B., Dakole, C. D., Leth, V., Vismer, H.
F., Torp, J., Guemdjom, E. F., Mbeffo, M., Tamgue, O., Fotio, D., Zollo, P. H., and Nkengfack, A.
E. Food preservative potential of essential oils and fractions from Cymbopogon citratus, Ocimum gratissimum and Thymus vulgaris against mycotoxigenic fungi.Nhu-Trang, T.
T., Casabianca, H., and Grenier-Loustalot, M. F. Authenticity control of essential oils containing citronellal and citral by chiral and stable-isotope gas-chromatographic analysis.Nirmal, S.
A., Girme, A. S., and Bhalke, R.
D. Major constituents and anthelmintic activity of volatile oils from leaves and flowers of Cymbopogon martini Roxb.Oboh, G.
and Elusiyan, C. A. Nutrient composition and antimicrobial activity of sorrel drinks (soborodo).Effects of lemongrass oil on the morphological characteristics and peptidoglycan synthesis of Escherichia coli cells.Ohno, T., Kita, M., Yamaoka, Y., Imamura, S., Yamamoto, T., Mitsufuji, S., Kodama, T., Kashima, K., and Imanishi, J. Antimicrobial activity of essential oils against Helicobacter pylori.Okigbo, R. N. and Mmeka, E.
C. Antimicrobial effects of three tropical plant extracts on Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli and Candida albicans.A., de Andrade, P. P., da Silva, N. H., and Figueiredo, R. C. Effects of essential oils from Cymbopogon citratus (DC) Stapf., Lippia sidoides Cham., and Ocimum gratissimum L.
on growth and ultrastructure of Leishmania chagasi promastigotes.Olivero-Verbel, J., Nerio, L. S., and Stashenko, E.
E. Bioactivity against Tribolium castaneum Herbst (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) of Cymbopogon citratus and Eucalyptus citriodora essential oils grown in Colombia.In vitro studies on the antibacterial activity of phenoxyethanol in combination with lemon grass oil.Onawunmi, G. O., Yisak, W.
A., and Ogunlana, E. O.
Antibacterial constituents in the essential oil of Cymbopogon citratus (DC.).Orrego, R., Leiva, E., and Cheel, J. Inhibitory effect of three C-glycosylflavonoids from Cymbopogon citratus (Lemongrass) on human low density lipoprotein oxidation.Ouedraogo, I. W., Boulvin, M., Flammang, R., Gerbaux, P., and Bonzi-Coulibaly, Y.
L. Conversion of natural aldehydes from Eucalyptus citriodora, Cymbopogon citratus, and Lippia multiflora into oximes: GC-MS and FT-IR analysis.A., Sosan, M. B., Adewoyin, F. B., Soyelu, O.
L., and Orafidiya, O. O.
Formulation of an effective mosquito-repellent topical product from lemongrass oil.Duration of repellency of N,N-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide, citronella oil and cypermethrin against Culicoides species when applied to polyester mesh.Pattnaik, S., Rath, C., and Subramanyam, V. R.
Characterization of resistance to essential oils in a strain of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (VR-6).Pattnaik, S., Subramanyam, V. R., and Rath, C.
C. Effect of essential oils on the viability and morphology of Escherichia coli (SP-11).Pattnaik, S., Subramanyam, V. R., Kole, C.
R., and Sahoo, S. Antibacterial activity of essential oils from Cymbopogon: inter- and intra-specific differences.Pawar, V.
C. and Thaker, V.
S. In vitro efficacy of 75 essential oils against Aspergillus niger.Pereira, R.
P., Fachinetto, R., de Souza, Prestes A., Puntel, R. L., Santos da Silva, G.
N., Heinzmann, B. M., Boschetti, T.
K., Athayde, M. L., Burger, M.
E., Morel, A. F., Morsch, V. M., and Rocha, J.B. Antioxidant effects of different extracts from Melissa officinalis, Matricaria recutita and Cymbopogon citratus.Pereira, R. S., Sumita, T. C., Furlan, M.
R., Jorge, A. O., and Ueno, M.
[Antibacterial activity of essential oils on microorganisms isolated from urinary tract infection].Prasad, C. S., Shukla, R., Kumar, A., and Dubey, N. K. In vitro and in vivo antifungal activity of essential oils of Cymbopogon martini and Chenopodium ambrosioides and their synergism against dermatophytes.Prashar, A., Hili, P., Veness, R. G., and Evans, C. S.
Antimicrobial action of palmarosa oil (Cymbopogon martinii) on Saccharomyces cerevisiae.Puatanachokchai, R., Kishida, H., Denda, A., Murata, N., Konishi, Y., Vinitketkumnuen, U., and Nakae, D. Inhibitory effects of lemon grass (Cymbopogon citratus, Stapf) extract on the early phase of hepatocarcinogenesis after initiation with diethylnitrosamine in male Fischer 344 rats.Pushpanathan, T., Jebanesan, A., and Govindarajan, M.
Larvicidal, ovicidal and repellent activities of Cymbopogan citratus Stapf (Graminae) essential oil against the filarial mosquito Culex quinquefasciatus (Say) (Diptera : Culicidae).Quintans-Junior, L. J., Souza, T.
T., Leite, B. S., Lessa, N.
M., Bonjardim, L. R., Santos, M.
R., Alves, P. B., Blank, A.
F., and Antoniolli, A. R. Phythochemical screening and anticonvulsant activity of Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt (Poaceae) leaf essential oil in rodents.Rabbani, S.
I., Devi, K., Khanam, S., and Zahra, N. Citral, a component of lemongrass oil inhibits the clastogenic effect of nickel chloride in mouse micronucleus test system.Radwan, A.
S. An analytical method for proximadiol, the active principle of Cymbopogon proximus.Raja, N., Albert, S., Ignacimuthu, S., and Dorn, S. Effect of plant volatile oils in protecting stored cowpea Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walpers against Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) infestation.Rao, B.
S., Shanbhoge, R., Rao, B. N., Adiga, S. K., Upadhya, D., Aithal, B.
K., and Kumar, M. R.
Preventive efficacy of hydroalcoholic extract of Cymbopogon citratus against radiation-induced DNA damage on V79 cells and free radical scavenging ability against radicals generated in vitro.Ratti, N., Kumar, S., Verma, H. N., and Gautam, S. P. Improvement in bioavailability of tricalcium phosphate to Cymbopogon martinii var.Rauber, Cda S., Guterres, S. S., and Schapoval, E. E.
LC determination of citral in Cymbopogon citratus volatile oil.Raybaudi-Massilia, R. M., Mosqueda-Melgar, J., and Martin-Belloso, O. Antimicrobial activity of essential oils on Salmonella enteritidis, Escherichia coli, and Listeria innocua in fruit juices.Comparative study on essential oils incorporated into an alginate-based edible coating to assure the safety and quality of fresh-cut Fuji apples.Rogers, K.
L., Grice, I. D., and Griffiths, L.
R. Modulation of in vitro platelet 5-HT release by species of Erythrina and Cymbopogon.Rojas-Grau, M. A., Avena-Bustillos, R. J., Friedman, M., Henika, P.
R., Martin-Belloso, O., and McHugh, T. H.
Mechanical, barrier, and antimicrobial properties of apple puree edible films containing plant essential oils.Runnie, I., Salleh, M. N., Mohamed, S., Head, R. J., and Abeywardena, M. Y. Vasorelaxation induced by common edible tropical plant extracts in isolated rat aorta and mesenteric vascular bed.Saleem, M., Afza, N., Anwar, M. A., Hai, S.
M., Ali, M. S., Shujaat, S., and Atta, Ur rahman.Saleem, M., Afza, N., Anwar, M.
A., Hai, S. M., and Ali, M. S.
A comparative study of essential oils of Cymbopogon citratus and some members of the genus Citrus.Santin, M. R., dos Santos, A. O., Nakamura, C. V., Dias Filho, B.
P., Ferreira, I. C., and Ueda-Nakamura, T. In vitro activity of the essential oil of Cymbopogon citratus and its major component (citral) on Leishmania amazonensis.Santoro, G. F., Cardoso, M.
G., Guimaraes, L. G., Freire, J. M., and Soares, M. J.
Anti-proliferative effect of the essential oil of Cymbopogon citratus (DC) Stapf (lemongrass) on intracellular amastigotes, bloodstream trypomastigotes and culture epimastigotes of Trypanosoma cruzi (Protozoa: Kinetoplastida).Comparison of extraction methods for marker compounds in the essential oil of lemon grass by GC.Schmied, W. H., Takken, W., Killeen, G.
F., Knols, B. G., and Smallegange, R.
C. Evaluation of two counterflow traps for testing behaviour-mediating compounds for the malaria vector Anopheles gambiae s.s. under semi-field conditions in Tanzania.Scott, I. M., Jensen, H., Scott, J. G., Isman, M. B., Arnason, J.
T., and Philogene, B. J. Botanical insecticides for controlling agricultural pests: piperamides and the Colorado Potato Beetle Leptinotarsa decemlineata say (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae).Seth, G., Kokate, C. K., and Varma, K.
C. Effect of essential oil of cymbopogon citratus stapf.Sforcin, J. M., Amaral, J. T., Fernandes, A., Jr., Sousa, J.
P., and Bastos, J. K.
Lemongrass effects on IL-1beta and IL-6 production by macrophages.Sharma, P. R., Mondhe, D. M., Muthiah, S., Pal, H.
C., Shahi, A. K., Saxena, A. K., and Qazi, G.
N. Anticancer activity of an essential oil from Cymbopogon flexuosus.Effect of some hypoglycemic herbs on the activity of phase I and II drug-metabolizing enzymes in alloxan-induced diabetic rats.Silva, Cde B., Guterres, S.
S., Weisheimer, V., and Schapoval, E. E.
Antifungal activity of the lemongrass oil and citral against Candida spp.Singh, N., Luthra, R., and Sangwan, R. S.
Effect of Leaf Position and Age on the Essential Oil Quantity and Quality in Lemongrass (Cymbopogon flexuosus).Singh, P., Shukla, R., Kumar, A., Prakash, B., Singh, S., and Dubey, N. K.
Effect of Citrus reticulata and Cymbopogon citratus essential oils on Aspergillus flavus growth and aflatoxin production on Asparagus racemosus.Singh-Sangwan, N., Sangwan, R. S., Luthra, R., and Thakur, R.
S. Geraniol dehydrogenase: a determinant of essential oil quality in lemongrass.Solvason, H.
B., Ghanta, V. K., Lorden, J. F., Soong, S. J., and Hiramoto, R.
N. A behavioral augmentation of natural immunity: odor specificity supports a Pavlovian conditioning model.Souza Formigoni, M.
L., Lodder, H. M., Gianotti, Filho O., Ferreira, T.
M., and Carlini, E. A.
Pharmacology of lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus Stapf).Effects of daily two month administration in male and female rats and in offspring exposed "in utero".Stotz, S. C., Vriens, J., Martyn, D., Clardy, J., and Clapham, D. E.
Citral sensing by Transient [corrected] receptor potential channels in dorsal root ganglion neurons.Suaeyun, R., Kinouchi, T., Arimochi, H., Vinitketkumnuen, U., and Ohnishi, Y. Inhibitory effects of lemon grass (Cymbopogon citratus Stapf) on formation of azoxymethane-induced DNA adducts and aberrant crypt foci in the rat colon.Takaisi-Kikuni, N.
B., Kruger, D., Gnann, W., and Wecke, J. Microcalorimetric and electron microscopic investigation on the effects of essential oil from Cymbopogon densiflorus on Staphylococcus aureus.stapf plants cultivated in bioreactors by the temporary immersion (TIS) principle.Tawatsin, A., Wratten, S.
D., Scott, R. R., Thavara, U., and Techadamrongsin, Y.
Repellency of volatile oils from plants against three mosquito vectors.In vivo antimalarial activity of essential oils from Cymbopogon citratus and Ocimum gratissimum on mice infected with Plasmodium berghei.Thomas, J., Webb, C. E., Narkowicz, C., Jacobson, G. A., Peterson, G. M., Davies, N.
W., and Russell, R. C.
Evaluation of repellent properties of volatile extracts from the Australian native plant Kunzea ambigua against Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culcidae).Thorsell, W., Mikiver, A., and Tunon, H. Repelling properties of some plant materials on the tick Ixodes ricinus L.
Phytomedicine.Tiwari, B. K., Bajpai, V. N., and Agarwal, P. N. Evaluation of insecticidal, fumigant and repellent properties of lemongrass oil.Tognolini, M., Barocelli, E., Ballabeni, V., Bruni, R., Bianchi, A., Chiavarini, M., and Impicciatore, M. Comparative screening of plant essential oils: phenylpropanoid moiety as basic core for antiplatelet activity.Trongtokit, Y., Curtis, C.
F., and Rongsriyam, Y. Efficacy of repellent products against caged and free flying Anopheles stephensi mosquitoes.Trongtokit, Y., Rongsriyam, Y., Komalamisra, N., and Apiwathnasorn, C.
Comparative repellency of 38 essential oils against mosquito bites.Viana, G. S., Vale, T.
G., Pinho, R. S., and Matos, F. J. Antinociceptive effect of the essential oil from Cymbopogon citratus in mice.Vinitketkumnuen, U., Chewonarin, T., Dhumtanom, P., Lertprasertsuk, N., and Wild, C.
P. Aflatoxin-albumin adduct formation after single and multiple doses of aflatoxin B(1) in rats treated with Thai medicinal plants.Vinitketkumnuen, U., Puatanachokchai, R., Kongtawelert, P., Lertprasertsuke, N., and Matsushima, T. Antimutagenicity of lemon grass (Cymbopogon citratus Stapf) to various known mutagens in salmonella mutation assay.Wannissorn, B., Jarikasem, S., Siriwangchai, T., and Thubthimthed, S. Antibacterial properties of essential oils from Thai medicinal plants.Warnke, P. H., Becker, S. T., Podschun, R., Sivananthan, S., Springer, I.
N., Russo, P. A., Wiltfang, J., Fickenscher, H., and Sherry, E.
The battle against multi-resistant strains: Renaissance of antimicrobial essential oils as a promising force to fight hospital-acquired infections.Williams, G. O. and Omoh, L. E.
Mitotic effects of the aqueous leaf extract of Cymbopogon citratus in Allium cepa root tips.Wilson, N. D., Ivanova, M. S., Watt, R. A., and Moffat, A. C. The quantification of citral in lemongrass and lemon oils by near-infrared spectroscopy.Wong, K.
K., Signal, F. A., Campion, S. H., and Motion, R.
L. Citronella as an insect repellent in food packaging.Xue, R. D. and Barnard, D.
R. Attraction, feeding, and repellency responses in mutant strains of Aedes aegypti.Yadav, S., Mittal, P.
K., Saxena, P. N., and Singh, R.
K. Effect of synergist piperonyl butoxide (PBO) on the toxicity of some essential oils against mosquito larvae.Yadav, S., Mittal, P.
K., Saxena, P. N., and Singh, R.
K. Effect of synergist piperonyl butoxide (PBO) on the toxicity of some essential oils against mosquito larvae.Yang, P.
and Ma, Y. Repellent effect of plant essential oils against Aedes albopictus.B., Ranger, C.
M., Reding, M. E., Moyseenko, J.
J., Klein, M. G., and Pappas, R.
S. Field evaluation of essential oils for reducing attraction by the Japanese beetle (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae).Dudai N, Weinstein Y, Krup M, et al.
Citral is a new inducer of caspase-3 in tumor cell lines.Leite JR, Seabra Mde L, Maluf E, et al. Pharmacology of lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus Stapf). .
11 Reasons to Use Lemongrass Essential Oil
Lemongrass oil can be extracted, and it’s been used by healthcare providers to treat digestive problems and high blood pressure.In fact, lemongrass essential oil is a popular tool in aromatherapy to help relieve stress, anxiety, and depression.It has antibacterial properties Lemongrass is used as a natural remedy to heal wounds and help prevent infection.Research from 2010 found that lemongrass essential oil was effective against a variety of drug-resistant bacteria, including those that cause: skin infections.Research has shown that lemongrass essential oil helps hunt free radicals.Researchers suggest it’s a potential complementary therapy for nonsurgical dental procedures and gingivitis.According to a 2012 study on mice, lemongrass essential oil helped prevent gastric ulcers, a common cause of stomach pain.Although most herbal products use dried lemongrass leaves, using the essential oil for aromatherapy may provide similar benefits.The study showed that the oil reduced fecal output in mice with castor oil-induced diarrhea, possibly by slowing intestinal motility.For the study, the rats were treated with a daily oral dose of 125 to 500 milligrams of lemongrass oil for 42 days.It also changed lipid parameters while increasing HDL (good) cholesterol levels.Serotonin is a hormone that regulates mood, sleep, appetite, and cognitive functions.It’s a good idea to do a patch test before using a diluted essential oil more widely on your skin.Here’s how to perform one: Wash your forearm with mild, unscented soap, then pat the area dry.Apply a few drops of the diluted essential oil to a small patch of skin on your forearm.If you notice any signs of discomfort within the 24 hours, such as redness, blistering, or irritation, remove the bandage and wash your skin with mild soap and water.Some people massage the diluted essential oil into their temples to help relieve headaches.Look for organic oils manufactured by a brand that’s a member of the National Association for Holistic Aromatherapy.Possible side effects and risks Lemongrass essential oil is highly concentrated.You shouldn’t ingest lemongrass essential oil unless you are under the care of a healthcare provider who will monitor your treatment.are breastfeeding You shouldn’t use lemongrass as a complementary therapy or in place of your regular treatment for any condition, unless under your doctor’s guidance and supervision. .
Lemongrass Uses, Benefits & Dosage
C. citratus is cultivated in the West Indies, Central and South America, and tropical regions.Freshly cut and partially dried leaves are used medicinally and are the source of the essential oil.Blumenthal 1998, Leung 1980, USDA 2008.Lemongrass is usually ingested as an infusion made by pouring boiling water over fresh or dried leaves.It has been used as an antispasmodic, antiemetic, antipyretic, and analgesic, as well as for the management of nervous system and GI disorders.The related compounds geraniol, geranic acid, and nerolic acid have also been identified.Lewinsohn 1998, Masuda 2008, Ming 1996, Sargenti 1997, Torres 1993 Other compounds found in the oil include myrcene (12% to 25%), diterpenes, methylheptenone, citronellol, linalol, farnesol, other alcohols, aldehydes, linalool, terpineol, and more than a dozen other minor fragrant components.Ansan 1986, Kasumov 1983, Viturro 1998 Geographical variations in the chemical constituents have been noted.Faruq 1994, Idrissi 1993, Torres 1996.However, many strains have a higher concentration of geraniol (50%), with citral (10% to 20%) and methyl eugenol as minor components.Several reports describe antimicrobial effects of lemongrass, including activity against both gram-positive and gram-negative bacterial pathogens and fungi.Baratta 1998, Chalcat 1997, Hammer 1999, Helal 2006, Kishore 1993, Lima 1993, Mishra 1994, Ogunlana 1987, Onawunmi 1984, Qureshi 1997, Wannissorn 1996, Yadav 1994 The effects are attributed in part to the geraniol (alpha-citral) and neral (beta-citral) constituents.Onawunmi 1984, Syed 1995 In a study examining 13 oils, lemongrass oil was found to be one of the most active against human dermatophyte strains, inhibiting 80% of strains and with inhibition zones more than 10 mm in diameter.Lima 1993.In a study in South Africa, lemongrass showed efficacy in treatment of HIV-related oral thrush.Avoseh 2015 As a mouth rinse, either alone or in combination with other essential oils, lemongrass has demonstrated antimicrobial effects on subgingival biofilm and reduced oral malodor.Azad 2016, Satthanakul 2015 Antifungal activity was evaluated in a clinical study of C.
citratus essential oil (1.25 mcL/mL concentration) in patients with pityriasis versicolor.Dose-related hypotensive effects and weak diuretic actions have been demonstrated in rats.Carbajal 1989 In one study in isolated rat hearts, lemongrass extract reduced the cardiac rate but did not alter the contractile force.Gazola 2004.In a study in mice with acetaminophen-induced liver toxicity, lemongrass oil demonstrated reduced hepatocellular injury.Saenthaweesuk 2017, Uchida 2017.A clinical study evaluated the effect of an infusion prepared from 2, 4, or 8 g of C. citratus leaves once daily for 30 days on hematological indices.Ekpenyong 2015 At the higher dose (8 g daily), adverse effects on creatinine clearance rate and estimated glomerular filtration rate were noted.Ekpenyong 2015.Citral and myrcene at high dosages have been shown to induce maternal toxicity in pregnant rats.Fandohan 2008 Lemongrass extracts have demonstrated antimitotic and apoptotic actions and should be avoided in pregnancy.Kumar 2008, Williams 1996.Citral, found in high concentrations in the essential oil of lemongrass, is a potent inducer of glutathione-S-transferaseNakamura 2003 and its constituent beta-myrcene.Topical application of lemongrass has rarely led to an allergic reaction.Fandohan 2008 Two cases of toxic alveolitis have been reported from inhalation of the oil.Blumenthal 1998.A clinical study reported dose- and time-dependent adverse effects on creatinine clearance and estimated glomerular filtration rates following an infusion of C.
citratus leaves.Ekpenyong 2015.No external malformations were noted in pups.Souza Formigoni 1986 However, in another experimental study in rats, doses higher than 1,500 mg/kg body weight showed histological changes in the stomach and liver, leading to marked abnormalities in the liver and stomach mucosa and ultimately death.Fandohan 2008.Achara, an herbal tea made from dried lemongrass leaves, was nontoxic in a small study of healthy volunteers.Orisakwe 1998 Beta-myrcene was found to be nontoxic in one study in Wistar rats,Zamith 1993 but was toxic in another in vitro study.Kauderer 1991 Aqueous extracts of the plant used as an insecticide led to some mitotic abnormalities in Allium cepa root tips grown in these extracts.Williams 1996.Hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic effects of fresh leaf aqueous extract of Cymbopogon citratus Stapf.Carbajal D, Casaco A, Arruzazabala L, Gonzalez R, Tolon Z. Pharmacological study of Cymbopogon citratus leaves.1989;25(1):103-107.2716341 Carlini EA, Contar J de DP, Silva-Filho AR, da Silveira-Filho NG, Frochtengarten ML, Bueno OF.Carmo ES, Pereira Fde O, Cavalcante NM, Gayoso CW, Lima Ede O.Treatment of pityriasis versicolor with topical application of essential oil of Cymbopogon citratus (DC) Stapf - therapeutic pilot study.2013;88(3):381-385.23793205 Cheel J, Theoduloz C, Rodríguez J, Schmeda-Hirschmann G. Free radical scavengers and antioxidants from lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus (DC.).Dubey N, et al. Citral: a cytotoxic principle isolated from the essential oil of Cymbopogon citratus against P388 leukemia cells.Bioactive natural constituents from lemongrass tea and erythropoiesis boosting effects: potential use in prevention and treatment of anemia.2008;46(7):2493-2497.18511170 Faruq M, et al.
TLC technique in the component characterization and quality determination of Bangladeshi lemongrass oil (Cymbopogon citratus Stapf.).Gazola R, Machado D, Ruggiero C, Singi G, Macedo Alexandre M. Lippia alba, Melissa officinalis and Cymbopogon citratus: effects of the aqueous extracts on the isolated hearts of rats.2004;50(5):477-480.15458767 Gilbert B, Teixeira DF, Carvalho ES, et al. Activities of the Pharmaceutical Technology Institute of the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation with medicinal, insecticidal and insect repellent plants.1999;71(2):265-271.10412493 Girón LM, Freire V, Alonzo A, Cáceres A.
Ethnobotanical survey of the medicinal flora used by the Caribs of Guatemala.Effects of Cymbopogon citratus L. essential oil on the growth, lipid content and morphogenesis of Aspergillus niger ML2-strain.Kauderer B, Zamith H, Paumgartten FJ, Speit G.
Evaluation of the mutagenicity of beta-myrcene in mammalian cells in vitro.1993;36(5-6): 211-215.8264720 Kumar A, Malik F, Bhushan S, et al. An essential oil and its major constituent isointermedeol induce apoptosis by increased expression of mitochondrial cytochrome c and apical death receptors in human leukaemia HL-60 cells.2008;171(3):332-347.18070620 Leite JR, Seabra Mde L, Maluf E, et al. Pharmacology of lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus Strapf.).Lewinsohn E, et al.
Histochemical localization of citral accumulation in lemongrass leaves (Cymbopogon citratus [DC.].1993;36(9-10):333-336.8015567 Lorenzetti BB, Souza GE, Sarti SJ, Santos Filho D, Ferreira SH.1991;34(1):43-48.1753786 Masuda T, Odaka Y, Ogawa N, Nakamoto K, Kuninaga H. Identification of geranic acid, a tyrosinase inhibitor in lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus).Chemical composition, antioxidant and antiradical properties of the essential oils of three Cymbopogon species from Burkina Faso.Ming L, et al. Yield of essential oil of citral content in different parts of lemongrass leaves (Cymbopogon citratus [DC.].Evaluation of some essential oils for their toxicity against fungi causing deterioration of stored food commodities.Effects of lemongrass oil on the morphological characteristics and peptidoglycan synthesis of Escherichia coli cells.Oyedele AO, Gbolade AA, Sosan MB, Adewoyin FB, Soyelu OL, Orafidiya OO.2002;9(3):259-262.12046869 Puatanachokchai R, Kishida H, Denda A, et al. Inhibitory effects of lemon grass (Cymbopogon citratus Stapf) extract on the early phase of hepatocarcinogenesis after initiation with diehtylnitrosamine in male Fischer 344 rats.2015;118(1):11-17.25327222 Saenthaweesuk S, Munkong N, Parklak W, Thaeomor A, Chaisakul J, Somparn N.
Hepatoprotective and antioxidant effects of Cymbopogon citratus Stapf (lemon grass) extract in paracetamol-induced hepatotoxicity in rats.Souza Formigoni ML, Lodder HM, Gianotti Filho O, Ferreira TM, Carlini EA.Effects of daily two month administration in male and female rats and in offspring exposed "in utero.".1986;17(1):65-74.3762196 Suaeyun R, Kinouchi T, Arimochi H, Vinitketkumnuen U, Ohnishi Y. Inhibitory effects of lemon grass (Cymbopogon citratus Stapf) on formation of azoxymethane-induced DNA adducts and abberant crypt foci in the rat colon.The antibacterial activity of a local variety of Cymbopogon citratus oil and its dependence on the duration of storage.Torres R, et al.
Chemical composition of the essential oil of Philippine Cymbopogon citratus (DC) Stapf.Protective effect of Cymbopogon citratus essential oil in experimental model of acetaminophen-induced liver injury.2017;67(7):419-424.28499312 Vinitketkumnuen U, Puatanachokchai R, Kongtawelert P, Lertprasertsuke N, Matsushima T. Antimutagenicity of lemon grass (Cymbopogon citratus Stapf) to various known mutagens in salmonella mutation assay.Aflatoxin-albumin adduct formation after single and multiple doses of aflatoxin B(1) in rats treated with Thai medicinal plants.Mitotic effects of the aqueous leaf extract of Cymbopogon citratus in Allium cepa root tips.PMID:27266517Baratta M, et al. Antimicrobial and antioxidant properties of some commercial essential oils..
1998;13:235-244.Blumenthal Busse WR, eds.. Austin TX: American Botanical Council; 1998:341-342.Carbajal D, Casaco A, Arruzazabala L, Gonzalez R, Tolon Z.
Pharmacological study ofleaves.. 1989;25(1):103-107.2716341Carlini EA, Contar J de DP, Silva-Filho AR, da Silveira-Filho NG, Frochtengarten ML, Bueno OF.Activity of some African essential oils.. 1997;9:67-75.Carmo ES, Pereira Fde O, Cavalcante NM, Gayoso CW, Lima Ede O.In vitro inhibition of CYP2B1 monooxygenase by beta-myrcene and other monoterpenoid compounds..
1997;92(1):39-46.9242356De-Oliveira AC, Ribeiro-Pinto LF, Otto SS, Gonçalves A, Paumgartten FJ.1997;59:263-264.Dubey N, et al. Citral: a cytotoxic principle isolated from the essential oil ofagainst P388 leukemia cells..
1997;73:22-24.Ekpenyong CE, Daniel NE, Antai AB.Bioactive natural constituents from lemongrass tea and erythropoiesis boosting effects: potential use in prevention and treatment of anemia.. 2015;18(1):118-127.25162916Ekpenyong CE, Daniel NE, Antai AB.Effect of lemongrass tea consumption on estimated glomerular filtration rate and creatinine clearance rate.. 2015;25(1):57-66.25440110Fandohan P, Gnonlonfin B, Laleye A, Gbenou JD, Darboux R, Moudachirou M.
Toxicity and gastric tolerance of essential oils fromandin Wistar rats.. 2008;46(7):2493-2497.18511170Faruq M, et al. TLC technique in the component characterization and quality determination of Bangladeshi lemongrass oil (Stapf.).1994;29:27-38.Gazola R, Machado D, Ruggiero C, Singi G, Macedo Alexandre M.and: effects of the aqueous extracts on the isolated hearts of rats..
2004;50(5):477-480.15458767Gilbert B, Teixeira DF, Carvalho ES, et al. Activities of the Pharmaceutical Technology Institute of the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation with medicinal, insecticidal and insect repellent plants..
1999;71(2):265-271.10412493Girón LM, Freire V, Alonzo A, Cáceres A. Ethnobotanical survey of the medicinal flora used by the Caribs of Guatemala.. 1991;34(2-3):173-187.1795521Guanasingh C, et al.
Flavonoids of.Antimicrobial activity of essential oils and other plant extracts.. 1999;86(6):985-990.10438227Helal GA, Sarhan MM, Abu Shahla AN, Abou El-Khair EK.essential oil on the growth, lipid content and morphogenesis of Aspergillus niger ML2-strain.. 2006;46(6):456-469.17139611Idrissi A, et al.Components of the essential oil ofStapf..
1983;1:108-109.Kauderer B, Zamith H, Paumgartten FJ, Speit G. Evaluation of the mutagenicity of beta-myrcene in mammalian cells in vitro..
1991;18(1):28-34.1864266Kishore N, Mishra AK, Chansouria JP.Fungitoxicity of essential oils against dermatophytes.. 1993;36(5-6): 211-215.8264720Kumar A, Malik F, Bhushan S, et al.
An essential oil and its major constituent isointermedeol induce apoptosis by increased expression of mitochondrial cytochrome c and apical death receptors in human leukaemia HL-60 cells.. 2008;171(3):332-347.18070620Leite JR, Seabra Mde L, Maluf E, et al. Pharmacology of lemongrass (Strapf.).Assessment of eventual toxic, hypnotic and anxiolytic effects on humans..
1986;17(1):75-83.2429120Leung AY.. New York, NY: Wiley; 1980.Lewinsohn E, et al. Histochemical localization of citral accumulation in lemongrass leaves ([DC.].In vitro antifungal activity of essential oils obtained from officinal plants against dermatophytes..
1993;36(9-10):333-336.8015567Lorenzetti BB, Souza GE, Sarti SJ, Santos Filho D, Ferreira SH.Evaluation of some essential oils for their toxicity against fungi causing deterioration of stored food commodities.. 1994;60(4):1101-1105.8017906Nakamura Y, Miyamoto M, Murakami A, Ohigashi H, Osawa T, Uchida K.
A phase ΙΙ detoxification enzyme inducer from lemongrass: identification of citral and involvement of electrophilic reaction in the enzyme induction.. 2003;302(3):593-600.12615076Ogunlana EO, Höglund S, Onawunmi G, Sköld O.Effects of lemongrass oil on the morphological characteristics and peptidoglycan synthesis ofcells.. 1987;50(202):43-59.3299005Onawunmi GO, Yisak WA, Ogunlana EO.Plasma levels of aluminum after lemon-grass () ingestion in healthy volunteers..
1998;13:79-82.Oyedele AO, Gbolade AA, Sosan MB, Adewoyin FB, Soyelu OL, Orafidiya OO.Formulation of an effective mosquito-repellent topical product from lemongrass oil.. 2002;9(3):259-262.12046869Puatanachokchai R, Kishida H, Denda A, et al.
Inhibitory effects of lemon grass (Stapf) extract on the early phase of hepatocarcinogenesis after initiation with diehtylnitrosamine in male Fischer 344 rats.. 2002;183(1):9-15.Qureshi S, Rai MK, Agrawal SC.In vitro evaluation of inhibitory nature of extracts of 18-plant species of Chhindwara against 3-keratinophilic fungi.. 1997;39(1-4):56-60.10386016Rao VS, Menezes AM, Viana GS.1997;46:285-290.Satthanakul P, Taweechaisupapong S, Paphangkorakit J, Pesee M, Timabut P, Khunkitti W. Antimicrobial effect of lemongrass oil against oral malodour micro-organisms and the pilot study of safety and efficacy of lemongrass mouthrinse on oral malodour..
2015;118(1):11-17.25327222Saenthaweesuk S, Munkong N, Parklak W, Thaeomor A, Chaisakul J, Somparn N. Hepatoprotective and antioxidant effects ofStapf (lemon grass) extract in paracetamol-induced hepatotoxicity in rats.. 2017;16(1):101-107.Souza Formigoni ML, Lodder HM, Gianotti Filho O, Ferreira TM, Carlini EA.Effects of daily two month administration in male and female rats and in offspring exposed "in utero.".1986;17(1):65-74.3762196Suaeyun R, Kinouchi T, Arimochi H, Vinitketkumnuen U, Ohnishi Y.
Inhibitory effects of lemon grass (Stapf) on formation of azoxymethane-induced DNA adducts and abberant crypt foci in the rat colon.. 1997;18(5):949-955.9163680Syed M, et al.The antibacterial activity of a local variety ofoil and its dependence on the duration of storage..
1995;38:146-148.Torres R. Citral from(DC) Stapf (lemongrass) oil.. 1993;122:269-287.Torres R, et al. Chemical composition of the essential oil of Philippine(DC) Stapf.. 1996;125:147-156.Uchida NS, Silva-Filho SE, Aguiar RP, et al.Protective effect ofessential oil in experimental model of acetaminophen-induced liver injury.. 2017;45(3):515-532.28359199Umukoro S, Ogboh SI, Omorogbe O, Adekeye AA, Olatunde MO.Evidence for the involvement of monoaminergic pathways in the antidepressant-like activity ofin mice.2017;67(7):419-424.28499312Vinitketkumnuen U, Puatanachokchai R, Kongtawelert P, Lertprasertsuke N, Matsushima T.
Antimutagenicity of lemon grass (Stapf) to various known mutagens in salmonella mutation assay.. 1994;341(1):71-75.7523944Vinitketkumnuen U, Chewonarin T, Dhumtanom P, Lertprasertsuk N, Wild CP.Aflatoxin-albumin adduct formation after single and multiple doses of aflatoxin B(1) in rats treated with Thai medicinal plants.. 1999;428(1-2):345-351.10518006Viturro C, et al.Screening some essential oils against ringworm fungi..
1994;56:227-230.Zamith HP, Vidal MN, Speit G, Paumgartten FJ.This information does not endorse this product as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition.It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this product.You should talk with your health care provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this product.This product may adversely interact with certain health and medical conditions, other prescription and over-the-counter drugs, foods, or other dietary supplements.It is important to fully inform your doctor about the herbal, vitamins, mineral or any other supplements you are taking before any kind of surgery or medical procedure.With the exception of certain products that are generally recognized as safe in normal quantities, including use of folic acid and prenatal vitamins during pregnancy, this product has not been sufficiently studied to determine whether it is safe to use during pregnancy or nursing or by persons younger than 2 years of age.Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. .
Lemongrass Benefits, Side Effects, and Preparations
Lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus), sometimes called lemon grass or citronella, is a tall grass-like ingredient commonly used in Southeast Asian cooking.The lower stalks and bulbs of the plant have a fresh, clean, lemony scent that is sometimes also added to teas, marinades, curries, and broths.As an aromatherapy treatment, lemongrass oil extract may be inhaled to treat muscle pain, infections, cold, or flu symptoms.Preliminary research has suggested that lemongrass oil added to a hair tonic may be able to reduce dandruff.And a small study found that using a lemongrass infusion was more effective at reducing symptoms of thrush in HIV/AIDS patients than more commonly used topical solutions..For example, one popular brand of lemongrass flavored spray on oil provides 40 calories per serving (1 teaspoon) and 4.5 grams of fat.To use lemongrass in teas, soups, broth, or other liquids, crush the bottom area of the stalks to release the aromatic oil.In other recipes, you may need to chop or mince the bulb or lower area of the stalks before adding to a curry, salad, marinade, or stir-fry.Additionally, consuming high amounts of lemongrass may cause dizziness, drowsiness, dry mouth, excess urination, and increased appetite..Additionally, people undergoing chemotherapy should avoid lemongrass because it may interfere with the actions of some chemotherapeutic agents. .
 Some species (particularly Cymbopogon citratus) are commonly cultivated as culinary and medicinal herbs because of their scent, resembling that of lemons (Citrus limon).The name cymbopogon derives from the Greek words kymbe (κύμβη, 'boat') and pogon (πώγων, 'beard') "which mean [that] in most species, the hairy spikelets project from boat-shaped spathes.East Indian lemongrass (Cymbopogon flexuosus), also called Cochin grass or Malabar grass, is native to Cambodia, Vietnam, Laos, India, Sri Lanka, Burma, and Thailand, while West Indian lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) is native to maritime Southeast Asia.C. citratus is consumed as a tea for anxiety in Brazilian folk medicine, but a study in humans found no effect. Lemongrass is used in this preparation and on its own in hoodoo to protect against evil, spiritually clean a house, and to bring good luck in love affairs.In beekeeping, lemongrass oil imitates the pheromone emitted by a honeybee's Nasonov gland to attract bees to a hive or to a swarm.Numerous species now regarded as better suited to other genera including Andropogon, Exotheca, Hyparrhenia, Iseilema, Schizachyrium, and Themeda. .