Natural repellents and some essential oils may be effective in keeping mosquitoes away because they block their sense of smell, making it harder for these insects to land on a human to feed.Research has shown that the topical application of 100% citronella can provide complete protection against three types of mosquito for up to 120 minutes in a laboratory setting.People traveling to areas where mosquitoes carry diseases may wish to use a more effective synthetic repellent than citronella.A 2014 study found that a formula containing 32% lemon eucalyptus oil provided at least 95% protection from mosquitoes for 3 hours.Lemon eucalyptus essential oil is available to buy in natural health stores and online.People can purchase clove essential oil in some health food stores and online.Other research found that topical application of lemongrass essential oil provided 74–95% protection for 2.5 hours against two types of mosquito during a field study.People can find lemongrass essential oil in natural health stores and online.Some field studies in Kenya found that just the potted plant provided nearly 40% protection against a type of mosquito that can carry malaria.The authors also noted that in a laboratory study, basil essential oil provided up to 100% protection for more than 6 hours against yellow fever mosquitoes.In a field study that took place in Guinea-Bissau, burning neem leaves provided 76% protection against mosquitoes for 2 hours.Other research found that heated eucalyptus leaves provided roughly 72% protection against mosquitoes for 2 hours during a field study.The results of a 2011 study suggest that catnip essential oil is effective in repelling yellow fever mosquitoes.People can purchase catnip plants from their local garden center and look for the essential oil online.Laboratory studies have shown that topical applications of compounds of thyme essential oil can provide 89.0–97.3% protection against the common house mosquito for up to 82 minutes.As some essential oils are only effective for a short time, it is best to reapply these formulations more regularly, particularly after going in the water or sweating. .

Lemongrass vs Citronella: What Repels Mosquitoes Best?

While studies support lemongrass oil as a bug repellent, it does require frequent reapplication.To repel mosquitoes most effectively, reapply lotions and sprays every 30–60 minutes.2 When compared to DEET, which is recommended for reapplication every 4 hours, this can seem like a nuisance.When used correctly and reapplied as directed, lemongrass oil can help keep flying pests away on hot summer days.For more natural pest control options, check out our growing collection of all-natural mosquito products. .

Why Essential Oils Make Terrible Bug Repellents

To learn more about the specifics of mosquito repellency, we spoke to Laurence Zwiebel, a professor of biological science and pharmacology at Vanderbilt University.Through that process I’ve spent at least 300 hours analyzing products, testing bug gear, reading dense studies on repellent and pesticide efficacy, and interviewing academics, manufacturers, and scientists at the EPA.The tests give you a clear understanding of the repellent, as well as an underlying assurance that it’s safe for use on adults, children, or animals.As Zwiebel told us, “I am very concerned about the lack of regulatory oversight and the ability to disinform or in some cases completely misinform consumers.“People think they are being protected from biting insects and ticks with these products and they are not protected.”⁠ —Leslie Vosshall, professor of neurobiology at The Rockefeller University.The agency requires that manufacturers list the ingredients and their concentration levels, that there be no misleading statements on the bottle, and that the repellent “may not bear claims to control rodent, insect or microbial pests in a way that links the pests with any specific disease.” In other words, an essential-oils label can say that the substance repels mosquitoes and ticks, but they can’t say it will protect you from Lyme, Zika, or any other vector-borne disease.One thing very few essential-oil labels indicate is how long the repellency will last—a crucial piece of information if your goal is to protect yourself from disease-ridden insects.These oils aren’t classified as pesticides, so they don’t merit testing under the EPA’s protocols, which are the single standard that judges repellency against disease vectors.In the meantime, we can only go on the science available, and that research leads most experts to dismiss oils as unsafe bug repellents for the same reason we discourage people from using them: uncertainty.Vosshall explained, “People think they are being protected from biting insects and ticks with these products and they are not protected.” She continued, “If these people are in areas where ticks are spreading Lyme and other related pathogens and mosquitoes are spreading Zika, malaria, dengue, yellow fever, west nile, and chikungunya they have the potential to be bitten and infected.” She told us that under no circumstances would she ever recommend an essential-oil repellent.An article in The New England Journal of Medicine, in a similar conclusion, notes, “Alternative ‘natural’ products generally fail to live up to their reputations for greater safety and effectiveness and offer their users a false sense of security.” Last, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends picaridin, DEET, or another EPA-regulated repellent.Even if essential oils were subject to the EPA’s efficacy-testing guidelines, all indications are that they would fall short of repellents containing picaridin and DEET.Another study, this one published in BioMed Research International, states that “insect repellents with citronella oil as the major component need to be reapplied every 20–60 minutes.”.Repellents such as picaridin and DEET, on the other hand, block a much wider number of receptors on a more consistent basis, as research like Vosshall’s confirms.As Zwiebel put it, “you end up smelling like a rotten fruit basket.” We much prefer the nearly odorless picaridin formulas that we’ve tested.Instead, you can find vague references to “outdoor protection” and “environmental annoyances.” There is no indication of how much to apply, how often, or even if the substance is a repellent at all (we’ve reached out to DoTerra for comment).Customer reviews tell a different story: Nearly all of them describe its efficacy against mosquitoes and other insects, and at least one says, “I would recommend this to anyone looking for a DEET alternative.”.The Amazon page for Mexitan’s Skedattle All Natural Anti-Bug Spray states that the formula is “16 TIMES AS EFFECTIVE as DEET bug repellents.” What does that even mean?No lie!” This is an alluring statement, but our research turned up only one study (PDF) making a similar claim—and, when put in context, it paints a very different picture. .

Does Lemongrass Repel Mosquitoes?

Mosquitoes start to return and rear their ugly heads between March and April.These pests are not only annoying, they can carry deadly diseases, like West Nile virus and encephalitis.In this article, we’re taking a closer look at using lemongrass as a natural form of pest control.In a study documented by the National Library of Medicine, the oil from lemongrass plants was proven to be an effective mosquito repellent.According to the study, lemongrass oil has shown a repellent effect against many disease-transmitting species of mosquitoes.A second study also showed significant results when testing lemongrass oil against mosquitoes.In this study, humans rubbed lemongrass oil on exposed skin and entered a chamber with mosquitoes.Additionally, you can apply it to your yard or garden without worrying about harming your plants.This is why many people use it as a natural pest repellent in their homes, yards and gardens.Lemongrass can cause vomiting, diarrhea and other stomach issues, depending on how much was ingested.Small amounts of lemongrass are used in natural pest deterrents for dogs, including in flea collars and certain sprays.If you’re looking for a natural pest or flea repellant for your cats, stay away from lemongrass.Don’t diffuse it in the air or spray it on areas your cats can reach.You can use sprays, burn candles, diffuse the oil, even make a lotion.While you can find many “chemical free” bug sprays and repellants using lemongrass at the store, you can also save money and make your own.The best way to make your own lemongrass bug repellent for your body and home is by using the essential oil.* A tablespoon of denatured alcohol or vodka (to help the oil and water mix).* A few drops of other favorite essential oils, like lavender, rosemary and cedar for a pleasing scent.Once you’ve added all your ingredients, shake well and use as the diluted spray on your body or on your clothing.When purchasing lemongrass oil for spray or lotion, read the label.Lemongrass and other natural grasses, herbs and oils have shown a lot of promise against mosquitoes.If you don’t want to use chemical-based bug sprays, you can use natural oils to keep mosquitoes at bay at home or on the trails. .

How to Use Lemongrass Oil as an Insect Repellent

You can dilute the oil in rubbing alcohol or distilled water, and pour the mixture into a spray bottle for easy applications.Burn pure lemongrass oil in candles and small lamps in order to protect a larger outdoor area from insects.If you form a perimeter around a picnic or barbecue area with the candles and lamps, you can protect hundreds of square feet from insect activity.Lemongrass oil can be added to moisturizing lotions, sunscreens, shampoos and liquid hand soap.You can extract the oil by grinding up the leaves, by chopping the lower stalks of the plant into small pieces, or by rubbing the juices directly on your skin. .

10 Natural Mosquito Repellents: What Works

You might choose to avoid using DEET products unless you’re visiting places that have a high risk of mosquito-borne diseases like Zika.DEET is recommended for people at risk of mosquito bites carrying any disease.The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have approved eucalyptus oil as an effective ingredient in mosquito repellent.An animal study from 2002 on hairless mice found lavender oil to be effective at repelling adult mosquitoes.This means that in addition to preventing mosquito bites, it can calm and soothe the skin.DIY You can grow lavender in an outdoor garden or in indoor planters.DIY To make a diluted 1 percent solution, mix 1/4 teaspoon (or 24 drops) of oil for every 4 ounces of water.Be careful when applying cinnamon oil, as a concentrated dose can irritate your skin.Research shows that burning thyme leaves offers 85 percent protection for 60 to 90 minutes.Greek catmint oil Nepeta parnassica, a member of the mint family related to catnip, can ward off mosquitoes.The white and pink flowers grow up to 18 inches, but it’s the extract and oil from the bruised leaves that’s the most valuable.Researchers at Iowa State University also found catnip to be 10 times more effective than DEET at repelling mosquitoes.Field testing shows that repellents containing tea tree oil are effective against mosquitoes, bush flies, and biting midges.A 2015 study about the effectiveness of neem oil in Ethiopia found that it offered more than 70 percent protection for 3 hours.If you are going to be traveling in an area where mosquitoes are known to carry diseases such as malaria, yellow fever, or the Zika virus, doctors advise using a chemical mosquito repellent to reduce the odds of contracting a dangerous illness.It’s the active ingredient in various repellents, such as liquids, lotions, and sprays, that you’ll find on store shelves.Products containing DEET are used to repel mosquitoes and other biting pests, like ticks, by preventing the bugs from being able to sense human scent.Putting a slice of raw onion or freshly cut garlic on the bite can also provide relief and guard against infection.If you do develop an infection or allergic reaction due to a significant amount of mosquito bites, take note of your symptoms and contact your doctor.It’s important to familiarize yourself with the proper ways to apply products to your skin and clothing for maximum results.the outdoor temperature Applying and reapplying by the package directions will help make sure you get the most effective protection.Unlike DEET, permethrin is not intended for use on the skin, so be sure to follow all package instructions and treat only clothing, boots, socks, hats, and other wearable items.Beyond wearing repellent, reapplying it when necessary, and choosing the right clothing, there are other things you can do to lower your risk of getting bitten by mosquitoes: Hang out in screened areas versus open air.Mosquitoes lay their eggs in standing water, so empty, scrub, or toss things like buckets, baby pools, pots, garbage cans, and bird baths. .

Types of Essential Oils to Repel Mosquitoes

Some mosquitoes are nuisance insects that bite but don’t spread germs.People have been using plants for thousands of years to repel insects in the house and garden.Essential oils are aromatic volatile organic compounds that naturally exist in these plants.The lemon eucalyptus distillation process also makes a compound called para-menthane-3,8-diol (PMD).This compound is the only plant-based repellent that the CDC recommends using in places that have mosquito-borne diseases like malaria. .

Citronella Oil Benefits, How to Use, Side Effects and Safety

Today, citronella oil is probably best known as a natural insect repellant, but its uses and benefits extend beyond keeping bugs at bay.It concluded that using citronella oil together with vanillin (found in vanilla beans) provided mosquito protection for up to three hours.The study also found that DEET provided protection for a much longer period of time than just citronella oil on its own.Several studies have found that citronella oil has certain antifungal properties that may help weaken or destroy certain types of fungi that can cause health problems.A 2013 study evaluated the antifungal activity of citronella oil against a strain of fungus known as Aspergillus niger.This led the researchers to suggest citronella oil may have the potential to be used as a safe and environmentally friendly fungicide.A publication from 2016 looked at the effectiveness of citronella and cinnamon oil in fighting Candida albicans, a fungus that can cause infections in the mouth and other parts of the body.It also has antibacterial properties, but it is not as effective at killing a broad spectrum of bacteria and germs as some other essential oils.In a 2016 animal study , researchers looked at the effect that citronella oil had on the healing of Candida-infected wounds in a diabetic mouse model.Researchers found that inhaling the components of citronella oil decreased feeding, lowered cholesterol, and slowed weight gain.Summary Limited research has shown that inhaling citronella resulted in weight loss and lower cholesterol levels in rats. .

Bugs Away! DIY Essential Oil Mosquito Repellent That Works

You’ll be amazed at how well this essential oil mosquito repellent works (and how cheap it is!I don’t know about you, but I LOVE spring and summer…longer days, warm weather, blooming flowers, gardens, and SO MUCH MORE.When all 5 of us are outside at the same time during the evening, 3 of us are left alone, but my middle son and I are total buffet material.Not to mention that Mohamed Abou-Donia, a pharmacologist at Duke University, found that frequent and prolonged DEET exposure can result in brain cell death and changes sensory and motor functions, eventually concluding that humans should try to avoid using DEET.Essential oils, herbs and more do a wonderful job of keeping deterring mosquitoes.Mosquitoes don’t like strong aromas, so they avoid herbs like mint, eucalyptus, lemongrass, and lavender.Even just growing these herbs in your yard near where you like to entertain or hang out helps keep them away!Essential oils are chemical compounds extracted either through distillation or cold process from plants.**Don’t forget to grab funnels to make pouring into bottles EASY!If you are using a larger size spray bottle, use about ¼ cup witch hazel.The great news is that this essential oil mosquito repellent recipe is totally adaptable!I hope you love this homemade essential oil mosquito repellent as much as we do!I love that I can use a natural product that actually works which means I don’t need to expose my family to harmful chemicals.Plus, think of all the money you’ll save by making your own DIY essential oil mosquito repellent spray (I love that part too!Oils such as citronella, lemongrass, eucalyptus, mint, and rosemary are at the top of that “avoid at all costs” list. .

L W D H 1 T C B

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