While eating the plant offers some health benefits, research shows that several of mint’s health benefits come from applying it to the skin, inhaling its aroma or taking it as a capsule.1 gram Vitamin A: 12% of the RDI.8% of the RDI Folate: 4% of the RDI Because of its dynamic flavor, mint is often added to recipes in small amounts, so consuming even 1/3 cup may be difficult.Summary Although not typically consumed in large quantities, mint contains fair amounts of several nutrients and is an especially good source of vitamin A and antioxidants.A review of nine studies including over 700 patients with IBS found that taking peppermint oil capsules improved IBS symptoms significantly more than placebo capsules ( 6 ).Notably, nearly all research showing IBS symptom relief used oil capsules rather than raw mint leaves.Several studies have shown that taking peppermint oil capsules improved the symptoms of IBS patients.This helped improve stomach pain and other digestive symptoms ( 10 ).Could Improve Brain Function In addition to ingesting mint, there are claims that inhaling the aroma of essential oils from the plant could provide health benefits, including improved brain function.However, not all studies agree that peppermint oil could benefit brain function.Summary Some studies show that smelling the aroma of peppermint oil may improve memory and alertness, while other studies show no effect.Summary Applying mint essential oils in various forms appears to be effective in preventing and treating nipple cracks and pain typically associated with breastfeeding.That being said, research also shows that menthol can subjectively improve nasal breathing ( 17 , 18 ).On the other hand, drinking peppermint tea and chewing on fresh leaves may be able to both mask bad breath and kill bacteria, as test-tube studies have highlighted the antibacterial effects of peppermint oil ( 21 ).Inhaling essential oils: May improve brain function and cold symptoms.Taking capsules with food: May help treat IBS and indigestion.Summary Mint can easily be added to your diet, though most of the research showing health benefits involved taking it as a capsule, applying it to the skin or inhaling it via aromatherapy. .

PEPPERMINT: Overview, Uses, Side Effects, Precautions

Agarwal, V., Lal, P., and Pruthi, V. Prevention of Candida albicans biofilm by plant oils.Alam, M.

S., Roy, P. K., Miah, A.

R., Mollick, S. H., Khan, M.

R., Mahmud, M. C., and Khatun, S. Efficacy of Peppermint oil in diarrhea predominant.Bluma, R., Amaiden, M. R., Daghero, J., and Etcheverry, M. Control of Aspergillus section Flavi growth and aflatoxin accumulation by plant essential oils.Capanni M, Surrenti E, Biagini M, and et al. Efficacy of peppermint oil in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome: a randomized, controlled trial.Castillo-Juarez, I., Gonzalez, V., Jaime-Aguilar, H., Martinez, G., Linares, E., Bye, R., and Romero, I.

Anti-Helicobacter pylori activity of plants used in Mexican traditional medicine for gastrointestinal disorders.Chang, F. Y. and Lu, C.

L. The clinical significances of irritable bowel syndrome in Taiwan.Chang, F. Y. and Lu, C.

L. Treatment of irritable bowel syndrome using complementary and alternative medicine.Czalbert, J, Neder, M., and Feher, K.

Experiences with Colpermin therapy (Tillots-England) in patients with irritable bowel syndrome.Djenane, D., Aider, M., Yanguela, J., Idir, L., Gomez, D., and Roncales, P. Antioxidant and antibacterial effects of Lavandula and Mentha essential oils in minced beef inoculated with E. coli O157:H7 and S.

aureus during storage at abuse refrigeration temperature.Dorman, H. J., Kosar, M., Baser, K. H., and Hiltunen, R. Phenolic profile and antioxidant evaluation of Mentha x piperita L. (peppermint) extracts.Duarte, M. C., Figueira, G.

M., Sartoratto, A., Rehder, V. L., and Delarmelina, C.

Anti-Candida activity of Brazilian medicinal plants.Eccles, R. and Jones, A. S.

The effect of menthol on nasal resistance to air flow.Eccles, R., Griffiths, D. H., Newton, C.

G., and Tolley, N. S. The effects of D and L isomers of menthol upon nasal sensation of airflow.Fazlara, A., Najafzadeh, H., and Lak, E.

The potential application of plant essential oils as natural preservatives against Escherichia coli O157:H7.Fecka, I. and Turek, S.

Determination of water-soluble polyphenolic compounds in commercial herbal teas from Lamiaceae: peppermint, melissa, and sage.Ford, A. C., Talley, N. J., Spiegel, B. M., Foxx-Orenstein, A.

E., Schiller, L., Quigley, E. M., and Moayyedi, P.

Effect of fibre, antispasmodics, and peppermint oil in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome: systematic review and meta-analysis.Gao, M., Singh, A., Macri, K., Reynolds, C., Singhal, V., Biswal, S., and Spannhake, E. W. Antioxidant components of naturally-occurring oils exhibit marked anti-inflammatory activity in epithelial cells of the human upper respiratory system.Gelal, A., Jacob, P., III, Yu, L., and Benowitz, N. L.

Disposition kinetics and effects of menthol.Geuenich, S., Goffinet, C., Venzke, S., Nolkemper, S., Baumann, I., Plinkert, P., Reichling, J., and Keppler, O. T. Aqueous extracts from peppermint, sage and lemon balm leaves display potent anti-HIV-1 activity by increasing the virion density.Goerg, K. J. and Spilker, T. Effect of peppermint oil and caraway oil on gastrointestinal motility in healthy volunteers: a pharmacodynamic study using simultaneous determination of gastric and gall-bladder emptying and orocaecal transit time.Haeseler, G., Maue, D., Grosskreutz, J., Bufler, J., Nentwig, B., Piepenbrock, S., Dengler, R., and Leuwer, M.

Voltage-dependent block of neuronal and skeletal muscle sodium channels by thymol and menthol.The actions of peppermint oil and menthol on calcium channel dependent processes in intestinal, neuronal and cardiac preparations.Hiki, N. [Peppermint oil reduces gastric motility during the upper gastrointestinal endoscopy].Hiki, N., Kaminishi, M., Hasunuma, T., Nakamura, M., Nomura, S., Yahagi, N., Tajiri, H., and Suzuki, H.

A phase I study evaluating tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and preliminary efficacy of L-menthol in upper gastrointestinal endoscopy.An analysis using patch clamp electrophysiology and isolated tissue pharmacology in rabbit and guinea pig.Inamori, M., Akiyama, T., Akimoto, K., Fujita, K., Takahashi, H., Yoneda, M., Abe, Y., Kubota, K., Saito, S., Ueno, N., and Nakajima, A.Early effects of peppermint oil on gastric emptying: a crossover study using a continuous real-time 13C breath test (BreathID system).Inouye, S., Uchida, K., Nishiyama, Y., Hasumi, Y., Yamaguchi, H., and Abe, S. Combined effect of heat, essential oils and salt on fungicidal activity against Trichophyton mentagrophytes in a foot bath.Jadad, A. R., Moore, R.

A., Carroll, D., Jenkinson, C., Reynolds, D. J., Gavaghan, D.

J., and McQuay, H. J.

Assessing the quality of reports of randomized clinical trials: is blinding necessary?Jailwala, J., Imperiale, T. F., and Kroenke, K. Pharmacologic treatment of the irritable bowel syndrome: a systematic review of randomized, controlled trials.Juni, P., Altman, D.

G., and Egger, M. Systematic reviews in health care: Assessing the quality of controlled clinical trials.Kalavala, M., Hughes, T. M., Goodwin, R.

G., Anstey, A. V., and Stone, N.

M. Allergic contact dermatitis to peppermint foot spray.Katikova, O.

I., Kostin, IaV, and Tishkin, V. S.

[Hepatoprotective effect of plant preparations].Katikova, O. I., Kostin, IaV, Iagudina, R.

I., and Tishkin, V. S.

[Effect of plant preparations on lipid peroxidation parameters in acute toxic hepatitis].Khan, M. S., Zahin, M., Hasan, S., Husain, F. M., and Ahmad, I. Inhibition of quorum sensing regulated bacterial functions by plant essential oils with special reference to clove oil.Lawson MJ, Knight RE, Tran K, and et al.

Failure of enteric-coated peppermint oil in the irritable bowel syndrome: a randomized, double-blind crossover study.Lis-Balchin, M., Steyrl, H., and Krenn, E. The comparative effect of novel Pelargonium essential oils and their corresponding hydrosols as antimicrobial agents in a model food system.Logan, A. C.

and Beaulne, T. M.

The treatment of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth with enteric- coated peppermint oil: A case report.Mahmoud, S. S. and Croteau, R.

B. Menthofuran regulates essential oil biosynthesis in peppermint by controlling a downstream monoterpene reductase.Marciani, L., Foley, S., Hoad, C. L., Campbell, E., Totman, J.

J., and Cox, E. Accelerated small bowel transit and contracted transverse colon in diarrhoea-predominant irritable bowle syndrome (IBS-D): novel insights from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).A review of the bioactivity and potential health benefits of peppermint tea (Mentha piperita L.).Merat, S., Khalili, S., Mostajabi, P., Ghorbani, A., Ansari, R., and Malekzadeh, R. The effect of enteric-coated, delayed-release peppermint oil on irritable bowel syndrome.Mimica-Dukic, N., Bozin, B., Sokovic, M., Mihajlovic, B., and Matavulj, M.

Antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of three Mentha species essential oils.Moher, D., Cook, D. J., Eastwood, S., Olkin, I., Rennie, D., and Stroup, D.

F. Improving the quality of reports of meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials: the QUOROM statement.Mohsenzadeh, M.

Evaluation of antibacterial activity of selected Iranian essential oils against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli in nutrient broth medium.Naito, K., Komori, M., Kondo, Y., Takeuchi, M., and Iwata, S. The effect of L-menthol stimulation of the major palatine nerve on subjective and objective nasal patency.Naito, K., Ohoka, E., Kato, R., Kondo, Y., and Iwata, S.

The effect of L-menthol stimulation of the major palatine nerve on nasal patency.Nishino, T., Tagaito, Y., and Sakurai, Y. Nasal inhalation of l-menthol reduces respiratory discomfort associated with loaded breathing.Nolkemper, S., Reichling, J., Stintzing, F. C., Carle, R., and Schnitzler, P.

Antiviral effect of aqueous extracts from species of the Lamiaceae family against Herpes simplex virus type 1 and type 2 in vitro.Norrish, M. I.

and Dwyer, K. L.

Preliminary investigation of the effect of peppermint oil on an objective measure of daytime sleepiness.Parys, B. T. Chemical burns resulting from contact with peppermint oil mar: a case report.Pattnaik, S., Rath, C., and Subramanyam, V. R.

Characterization of resistance to essential oils in a strain of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (VR-6).Rafii, F. and Shahverdi, A. R. Comparison of essential oils from three plants for enhancement of antimicrobial activity of nitrofurantoin against enterobacteria.Rahimi, R. and Abdollahi, M. Herbal medicines for the management of irritable bowel syndrome: a comprehensive review.Rai, M.

K. and Upadhyay, S.

Laboratory evaluation of essential oil of Mentha piperita Linn.leaf extract provides protection against radiation induced chromosomal damage in bone marrow of mice.Samarth, R. M.

and Kumar, A. Radioprotection of Swiss albino mice by plant extract Mentha piperita (Linn.).Samarth, R. M.

Protection against radiation induced hematopoietic damage in bone marrow of Swiss albino mice by Mentha piperita (Linn).Samarth, R. M., Goyal, P.

K., and Kumar, A. Modulation of serum phosphatases activity in Swiss albino mice against gamma irradiation by Mentha piperita Linn.Samarth, R.

M., Goyal, P. K., and Kumar, A.

Modulatory effect of Mentha piperita (Linn.).on serum phosphatases activity in Swiss albino mice against gamma irradiation.Protection of swiss albino mice against whole-body gamma irradiation by Mentha piperita (Linn.).Samarth, R. M., Panwar, M., and Kumar, A.

Modulatory effects of Mentha piperita on lung tumor incidence, genotoxicity, and oxidative stress in benzo[a]pyrene-treated Swiss albino mice.Protective effects of Mentha piperita Linn on benzo[a]pyrene-induced lung carcinogenicity and mutagenicity in Swiss albino mice.Samarth, R. M., Saini, M. R., Maharwal, J., Dhaka, A., and Kumar, A. Mentha piperita (Linn) leaf extract provides protection against radiation induced alterations in intestinal mucosa of Swiss albino mice.Sandasi, M., Leonard, C.

M., and Viljoen, A. M. The in vitro antibiofilm activity of selected culinary herbs and medicinal plants against Listeria monocytogenes.Satsu, H., Matsuda, T., Toshimitsu, T., Mori, A., Mae, T., Tsukagawa, M., Kitahara, M., and Shimizu, M.

Regulation of interleukin-8 secretion in human intestinal epithelial Caco-2 cells by alpha-humulene.Schelz, Z., Molnar, J., and Hohmann, J. Antimicrobial and antiplasmid activities of essential oils.Schmidt, E., Bail, S., Buchbauer, G., Stoilova, I., Atanasova, T., Stoyanova, A., Krastanov, A., and Jirovetz, L.

Chemical composition, olfactory evaluation and antioxidant effects of essential oil from Mentha x piperita.Shayegh, S., Rasooli, I., Taghizadeh, M., and Astaneh, S. D. Phytotherapeutic inhibition of supragingival dental plaque.Spirling, L.

I. and Daniels, I.

R. Botanical perspectives on health peppermint: more than just an after-dinner mint.Sroka, Z., Fecka, I., and Cisowski, W. Antiradical and anti-H2O2 properties of polyphenolic compounds from an aqueous peppermint extract.Tamir, S., Davidovich, Z., Attal, P., and Eliashar, R. Peppermint oil chemical burn.The inhibition of Candida albicans by selected essential oils and their major components.Taylor B, Luscombe D, and Duthie H. Inhibitory effect of peppermint oil on gastrointestinal smooth muscle.Umezu, T. and Morita, M.

Evidence for the involvement of dopamine in ambulation promoted by menthol in mice.Umezu, T. Evidence for dopamine involvement in ambulation promoted by menthone in mice.Umezu, T.

Evidence for dopamine involvement in ambulation promoted by pulegone in mice.Umezu, T., Sakata, A., and Ito, H. Ambulation-promoting effect of peppermint oil and identification of its active constituents.Veldhuyzen van Zanten, S.

J., Talley, N. J., Bytzer, P., Klein, K. B., Whorwell, P.

J., and Zinsmeister, A. R. Design of treatment trials for functional gastrointestinal disorders.Vermaat, H., van Meurs, T., Rustemeyer, T., Bruynzeel, D. P., and Kirtschig, G. Vulval allergic contact dermatitis due to peppermint oil in herbal tea.White DA, Thompson SP, Wilson CG, and et al. A pharmacokinetic comparison of two delayed-release peppermint oil preparations, Colpermin and Mintec, for treatment of irritable bowel syndrome.Wilkins, T., Pepitone, C., Alex, B., and Schade, R.

R. Diagnosis and management of IBS in adults.Yadegarinia, D., Gachkar, L., Rezaei, M. B., Taghizadeh, M., Astaneh, S. A., and Rasooli, I. Biochemical activities of Iranian Mentha piperita L. and Myrtus communis L.

essential oils.Yamasaki, K., Nakano, M., Kawahata, T., Mori, H., Otake, T., Ueba, N., Oishi, I., Inami, R., Yamane, M., Nakamura, M., Murata, H., and Nakanishi, T. Anti-HIV-1 activity of herbs in Labiatae.Effect of peppermint essence on the pain and anxiety caused by intravenous catheterization in cardiac patients: A randomized controlled trial.Comparison of the Effect of Inhalation Aromatherapy with 10% and 30% Peppermint Essential Oils on the Severity of Nausea in Abdominal Surgery Patients.The effect of peppermint oil on symptomatic treatment of pruritus in pregnant women.The impact of peppermint oil on the irritable bowel syndrome: a meta-analysis of the pooled clinical data.Aromatherapy with peppermint, isopropyl alcohol, or placebo is equally effective in relieving postoperative nausea.Evaluating the effect of Matricaria recutita and Mentha piperita herbal mouthwash on management of oral mucositis in patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: A randomized, double blind, placebo controlled clinical trial.Asao, T., Mochiki, E., Suzuki, H., Nakamura, J., Hirayama, I., Morinaga, N., Shoji, H., Shitara, Y., and Kuwano, H. An easy method for the intraluminal administration of peppermint oil before colonoscopy and its effectiveness in reducing colonic spasm.Babamohamadi H, Ansari Z, Nobahar M, Mirmohammadkhani M.

The effects of peppermint gel on prevention of pressure injury in hospitalized patients with head trauma in neurosurgical ICU: A double-blind randomized controlled trial.The treatment of abdominal distension and dyspepsia with enteric coated peppermint oil following routine gynaecological intraperitoneal surgery.Influence of peppermint oil on absorptive and secretory processes in rat small intestine.Effects of peppermint tea consumption on the activities of CYP1A2, CYP2A6, Xanthine Oxidase, N-acetyltranferase-2 and UDP-glucuronosyltransferases-1A1/1A6 in healthy volunteers.Dew MJ, Evans BK, Rhodes J. Peppermint oil for the irritable bowel syndrome: a multicentre trial.Douros A, Bronder E, Andersohn F, et al. Herb-Induced Liver Injury in the Berlin Case-Control Surveillance Study.Evaluation of peppermint oil and ascorbyl palmitate as inhibitors of cytochrome P4503A4 activity in vitro and in vivo.Dyer, J., Ashley, S., and Shaw, C. A study to look at the effects of a hydrolat spray on hot flushes in women being treated for breast cancer.Efe Ertürk N, Tasci S.

The effects of peppermint oil on nausea, vomiting and retching in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy: An open label quasi-randomized controlled pilot study.Effectiveness of topical peppermint oil on symptomatic treatment of chronic pruritus.Evans BK, Levine DF, Mayberry JF, and et al. Multicentre trial of peppermint oil capsules in irritable bowel syndrome.Gobel H, Fresenius J, Heinze A, et al.

[Effectiveness of Oleum menthae piperitae and paracetamol in therapy of headache of the tension type].Gobel H, Schmidt G, Soyka D. Effect of peppermint and eucalyptus oil preparations on neurophysiological and experimental algesimetric headache parameters.Effects of Aromatherapy with Lavender and Peppermint Essential Oils on the Sleep Quality of Cancer Patients: A Randomized Controlled Trial.Han JY, Moosvi Z, Duh E, Park S, Albers GC, Samarasena JB, Karnes W. Oral IBGard Before Colonoscopy: A Single-Center Double-Blinded, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Trial.Hiki, N., Kaminishi, M., Yasuda, K., Uedo, N., Kobari, M., Sakai, T., Hiratsuka, T., Ohno, K., Honjo, H., Nomura, S., Yahagi, N., Tajiri, H., and Suzuki, H. Multicenter phase II randomized study evaluating dose-response of antiperistaltic effect of L-menthol sprayed onto the gastric mucosa for upper gastrointestinal endoscopy.Hiki, N., Kurosaka, H., Tatsutomi, Y., Shimoyama, S., Tsuji, E., Kojima, J., Shimizu, N., Ono, H., Hirooka, T., Noguchi, C., Mafune, K., and Kaminishi, M. Peppermint oil reduces gastric spasm during upper endoscopy: a randomized, double-blind, double-dummy controlled trial.Hines, S., Steels, E., Chang, A., and Gibbons, K. Aromatherapy for treatment of postoperative nausea and vomiting.Holtmann G, Madisch A, Juergen H, et al.

A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial on the effects of an herbal preparation in patients with functional dyspepsia [Abstract].Hunt R, Dienemann J, Norton HJ, Hartley W, Hudgens A, Stern T, Divine G. Aromatherapy as treatment for postoperative nausea: a randomized trial.Reduction of mouth malodour and volatile sulphur compounds in intensive care patients using an essential oil mouthwash.Ilmberger, J., Heuberger, E., Mahrhofer, C., Dessovic, H., Kowarik, D., and Buchbauer, G. The influence of essential oils on human attention.Imagawa A, Hata H, Nakatsu M, et al. Peppermint oil solution is useful as an antispasmodic drug for esophagogastroduodenoscopy, especially for elderly patients.Inoue T, Sugimoto Y, Masuda H, Kamei C.

Antiallergic effect of flavonoid glycosides obtained from Mentha piperita L. Biol Pharm Bull 2002;25:256-9.Inoue T, Sugimoto Y, Masuda H, Kamei C.

Effects of peppermint (Mentha piperita L.) extracts on experimental allergic rhinitis in rats.Iscan G, Kirimer N, Kurkcuoglu M, et al. Antimicrobial screening of Mentha piperita essential oils.Jafarimanesh H, Akbari M, Hoseinian R, Zarei M, Harorani M. The effect of peppermint (Mentha piperita) extract on the severity of nausea, vomiting and anorexia in patients with breast cancer undergoing chemotherapy: A randomized controlled trial.Enteric-coated, pH-dependent peppermint oil capsules for the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome in children.Lacy BE, Pimentel M, Brenner DM, et al.

ACG clinical guideline: Management of irritable bowel syndrome.Lane, B., Cannella, K., Bowen, C., Copelan, D., Nteff, G., Barnes, K., Poudevigne, M., and Lawson, J.Lawson MJ, Knight RE, Tran K, et al. Failure of enteric-coated peppermint oil in the irritable bowel syndrome: a randomized double-blind crossover study.Liu JH, Chen GH, Yeh HZ, et al. Enteric-coated peppermint-oil capsules in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome: a prospective, randomized trial.Maliakal PP, Wanwimolruk S.

Effect of herbal teas on hepatic drug metabolizing enzymes in rats.Mapp CP, Hostetler D, Sable JF, et al. Peppermint oil: Evaluating efficacy on nausea in patients receiving chemotherapy in the ambulatory setting.Masoumi SZ, Asl HR, Poorolajal J, Panah MH, Oliaei SR.Evaluation of mint efficacy regarding dysmenorrhea in comparison with mefenamic acid: A double blinded randomized crossover study.May B, Kuntz HD, Kieser M, Kohler S.

Efficacy of a fixed peppermint oil/caraway oil combination in non-ulcer dyspepsia.Melli, M. S., Rashidi, M.

R., Nokhoodchi, A., Tagavi, S., Farzadi, L., Sadaghat, K., Tahmasebi, Z., and Sheshvan, M. K. A randomized trial of peppermint gel, lanolin ointment, and placebo gel to prevent nipple crack in primiparous breastfeeding women.Melzer J, Rosch W, Reichling J, et al. Meta-analysis: phytotherapy of functional dyspepsia with the herbal drug preparation STW 5 (Iberogast).Moghadam BK, Gier R, and Thurlow T. Extensive oral mucosal ulcerations caused by misuse of a commercial mouthwash.Mutluay Yayla E, Izgu N, Ozdemir L, Aslan Erdem S, Kartal M. Sage tea-thyme-peppermint hydrosol oral rinse reduces chemotherapy-induced oral mucositis: A randomized controlled pilot study.Nolen HW 3rd, Friend DR.

Menthol-beta-D-glucuronide: a potential prodrug for treatment of the irritable bowel syndrome.Park, M. K.

and Lee, E. S. [The effect of aroma inhalation method on stress responses of nursing students].Peppermint oil improves the manometric findings in diffuse esophageal spasm.Pittler MH, Ernst E.

Peppermint oil for irritable bowel syndrome: a critical review and metaanalysis.Rafieian-Kopaei M, Hasanpour-Dehkordi A, Lorigooini Z, Deris F, Solati K, Mahdiyeh F. Comparing the effect of intranasal lidocaine 4% with peppermint essential oil drop 1.5% on migraine attacks: A double-blind clinical trial.Ramsewak RS, Nair MG, Stommel M, Selanders L. In vitro antagonistic activity of monoterpenes and their mixtures against 'toe nail fungus' pathogens.Peppermint oil in enteric coated capsules for the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome: a double blind controlled trial.Rich G, Shah A, Koloski N, et al.

A randomized placebo-controlled trial on the effects of Menthacarin, a proprietary peppermint- and caraway-oil-preparation, on symptoms and quality of life in patients with functional dyspepsia.Rogers SN, Pahor AL. A form of stomatitis induced by excessive peppermint consumption.Ruepert, L., Quartero, A. O., de Wit, N. J., van der Heijden, G.

J., Rubin, G., and Muris, J. W.

Bulking agents, antispasmodics and antidepressants for the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome.Safajou F, Soltani N, Taghizadeh M, Amouzeshi Z, Sandrous M. The effect of combined inhalation aromatherapy with lemon and peppermint on nausea and vomiting of pregnancy: A double-blind, randomized clinical trial.Sayyah, M., Melli, M., Rashidi, M.

R., Delazar, A., Madarek, E., Kargar Maher, M. H., Ghasemzadeh, A., Sadaghat, K., and Tahmasebi, Z.Effect of peppermint water on prevention of nipple cracks in lactating primiparous women: a randomized controlled trial.Efficacy of colpermin in the treatment of patients with irritable bowel syndrome (abstract).Shanazi M, Farshbaf Khalili A, Kamalifard M, Asghari Jafarabadi M, Masoudin K, Esmaeli F.

Comparison of the Effects of Lanolin, Peppermint, and Dexpanthenol Creams on Treatment of Traumatic Nipples in Breastfeeding Mothers.Shavakhi, A., Ardestani, S. K., Taki, M., Goli, M., and Keshteli, A. H. Premedication with peppermint oil capsules in colonoscopy: a double blind placebo-controlled randomized trial study.The effect of herbal, essential oil and chlorhexidine mouthrinse on de novo plaque formation.Sites DS, Johnson NT, Miller JA, Torbush PH, Hardin JS, Knowles SS, Nance J, Fox TH, Tart RC.Delayed release peppermint oil capsules (Colpermin) for the spastic colon syndrome: a pharmacokinetic study.Storr M, Sibaev A, Weiser D, et al.

Herbal extracts modulate the amplitude and frequency of slow waves in circular smooth muscle of mouse small intestine.Peppermint oil enhances cyclosporine oral bioavailability in rats: comparison with D-alpha-tocopheryl poly(ethylene glycol 1000) succinate (TPGS) and ketoconazole.Weerts ZZRM, Masclee AAM, Witteman BJM, et al. Efficacy and safety of peppermint oil in a randomized, double-blind trial of patients with irritable bowel syndrome.Yamamoto, N., Nakai, Y., Sasahira, N., Hirano, K., Tsujino, T., Isayama, H., Komatsu, Y., Tada, M., Yoshida, H., Kawabe, T., Hiki, N., Kaminishi, M., Kurosaka, H., and Omata, M.

Efficacy of peppermint oil as an antispasmodic during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. .

Mint: Benefits, nutrition, and dietary tips

Using fresh mint and other herbs and spices in cooking can help a person add flavor while reducing their sodium and sugar intake.Different types of mint plants offer a range of antioxidant qualities and potential health benefits, especially for people who have irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).Mint is a calming herb that people have used for thousands of years to help soothe an upset stomach or indigestion.A 2019 review found that placebo-controlled studies support the use of peppermint oil as a remedy for a range of gastrointestinal conditions, including indigestion, IBS, stomach pain in children, and feelings of sickness after surgery.The authors of the review found that mint works against harmful microbes, regulates muscle relaxation, and helps control inflammation.A different review from the same year assessed 12 randomized controlled trials and found that peppermint oil was a safe and effective intervention for pain symptoms in adults with IBS.A 2019 study on rats found that rosmarinic acid reduced symptoms of asthma when compared to a control group that did not receive a supplement.However, the American Lung Association (ALA) advise that scientific studies do not support the use of menthol for managing cold symptoms.Mint is relatively easy to grow, and people can cultivate it at home, making it a sustainable way to add flavor to meals.Incorporating mint into a fresh fruit salsa with chopped apples, pear, lemon or lime juice, jalapeno, and honey. .

8 powerful benefits of mint leaves you can't ignore

Mint leaves are anti-inflammatory in nature which helps in reducing any inflammation in your stomach.Mint leaves also helps relieve indigestion.Mint leaves are rich in phosphorus, calcium and vitamins like C, D, E and A which improve the body’s immune system.Due to its anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties, it soothes and calms your skin which can prove to be beneficial for treating acne.Beats morning sickness and nausea.Mint leaves contain a powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent called rosmarinic acid.The changing of seasons makes everyone sick.Thus, it helps you with treating cold and breathing.The aroma of mint is very calming in nature which can be used in aromatherapy to beat stress.Try mint leaves today! .

Mint Leaves Health Benefits, Nutrients, Preparation, and More

Because mint plants spread quickly, gardeners tend to grow them in containers.Some plants referred to as "mint" also fall under the genus Monarda. .

Many Uses of Mint Leaves

Here are 12 marvelous uses for mint around the home and garden—from culinary to medicinal to mouthwash to bug repellent!A favorite in my summer herb garden is the bright red bee-balm which seeds itself all over the place, makes a great cut flower, and serves as a tasty tea to boot.Many, if not most mint-family members, contain strongly aromatic oils (think lavender, rosemary, basil, thyme, and sage), which account for their many uses as seasoning, flavoring, and perfuming agents.12 Uses for Mint Leaves.Add mint leaves or cubes to mojitos, iced tea, or fresh lemonade.are traditional tea herbs.Mouthwash: Chop a quarter cup of fresh mint, bee-balm, lemon balm, basil, thyme, or oregano leaves and infuse in a quart of boiling water.Steep a handful of mint leaves in a pint of hot water for about ten minutes, then strain.Ease sunburn pain: Make a strong peppermint tea and refrigerating the mixture for several hours.Scent up a space: Keep your home smelling fresh by adding a few drops of mint essential oil to your favorite unscented cleaner or just take a cotton ball and dap onto a light bulb.Of course, mint isn't only used to deter bugs; it also attracts the beneficial insects.Medicinal Use of Mint Plants.Mint has also been used for centuries in traditional medicine.Out of an abundance of caution, herbalists also urge pregnant and breastfeeding moms, as well as people with serious chronic diseases to avoid even using mint-family essential oils in massage oils.For example, sage and peppermint, even as tea or food flavorings, can reduce the milk supply in breastfeeding women.Also, peppermint rarely produces viable seeds, so you won't find it popping up in different garden beds.In the ground, it's ideal to grow spearmint in its own bed.Otherwise, spearmint will choke out other plants in the bed. .

Mint Benefits: 10 Incredible Health Benefits Of Mint Or Pudina You

The leaves can be juiced or made into a raita.Mint is very cooling and aids in digestion and breathing disorders too.".From boosting digestion to keeping your breath fresh for long, mint is packed with a number of benefits that make its more than just a mocktail, chutney or raita ingredient.Mint can work wonders for almost all your digestive problems.Try mint.(Also Read:Toss Them Away: 6 Foods That Aggravate Cold And Cough In Winters​).According to the book 'Healing Foods', mint may help cure headaches too.The strong and refreshing aroma of mint could help ease headaches.Balms with a mint base or basic mint oil, when rubbed on the forehead and nose, are effective in curing headaches and nausea.(Also Read: 10 Natural Home Remedies for Headaches That Actually Work).Chewing on mint tablets or mint leaves could help freshen your breath.Aids Weight LossMint could also play its own sweet role in weight loss, and the reason is tied with its much famed digestive properties.Mint could help treat acne.It is also effective for treating nausea that happens in morning sickness.It's strong and refreshing smell could help beat stress and rejuvenate mind.According to studies, it also helps release small amount of serotonin in the brain that may help beat depression.Blend them in smoothies or add them to chutneys; this summer make sure you don't miss out on the refreshing herb. .

5 Health Benefits of Mint

Like other plant-based foods (veggies, fruit, nuts, seeds, beans, and 100% whole grains), mint contains phytonutrients with antioxidant-like properties, which may reduce cellular damage caused by oxidative stress.And since one food can't exactly undo the effects of an otherwise poor-quality diet: Use mint for cooking and flavoring with veggie-heavy, plant-based meals and snacks — not solely for health benefits.It's got immune-boosting benefits.Another possible benefit: Compounds found in peppermint leaves have been linked to inhibiting enzymes that promote tumors.Some research has linked the anti-bacterial compounds in mint's essential oils — carvone and limonene — to helping reduce your risk of potentially harmful bacteria, both the type found in affected food, and within your GI tract.Generally, the wide array of immune-protecting nutrients found in different types of herbs and spices (including mint!).Cutting back on salt without using flavor requires complementary herbs and spices to help boost flavor profile — and mint is no exception! .

Peppermint: Health Benefits, Side Effects, Uses, Dose & Precautions

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Efficacy of peppermint oil in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome: a randomized, controlled trial.Chang, F. Y. and Lu, C. L. The clinical significances of irritable bowel syndrome in Taiwan.Chang, F. Y.

and Lu, C. L. Treatment of irritable bowel syndrome using complementary and alternative medicine.Indian J Physiol Pharmacol 1991;35(3):212-214.Eccles, R. and Jones, A. S. The effect of menthol on nasal resistance to air flow.Fecka, I.

and Turek, S. Determination of water-soluble polyphenolic compounds in commercial herbal teas from Lamiaceae: peppermint, melissa, and sage.[Effect of peppermint oil hot compresses in preventing abdominal distension in postoperative gynecological patients].Ford, A. C., Talley, N.

J., Spiegel, B. M., Foxx-Orenstein, A.

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Effect of fibre, antispasmodics, and peppermint oil in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome: systematic review and meta-analysis.Freise, J. and Kohler, S.

[Peppermint oil-caraway oil fixed combination in non-ulcer dyspepsia-- comparison of the effects of enteric preparations].Gao, M., Singh, A., Macri, K., Reynolds, C., Singhal, V., Biswal, S., and Spannhake, E. W.

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and Spilker, T. Effect of peppermint oil and caraway oil on gastrointestinal motility in healthy volunteers: a pharmacodynamic study using simultaneous determination of gastric and gall-bladder emptying and orocaecal transit time.Green, B. G.

Menthol modulates oral sensations of warmth and cold.Grigoleit, H. G. and Grigoleit, P. Gastrointestinal clinical pharmacology of peppermint oil.The actions of peppermint oil and menthol on calcium channel dependent processes in intestinal, neuronal and cardiac preparations.The influence of essential oils on human vigilance.Hiki, N.

[Peppermint oil reduces gastric motility during the upper gastrointestinal endoscopy].Clin Pharmacol Ther 2011;90(2):221-228.Effects of a fixed combination of peppermint oil and caraway oil on symptoms and quality of life in patients suffering from functional dyspepsia.Holtmann, G., Madisch, A., and Juergen, H. A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial on the effects of an herbal preparation in patients with functional dyspepsia [Abstract].Control Clin.Trials 1996;17(1):1-12.Jailwala, J., Imperiale, T. F., and Kroenke, K.

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Failure of enteric-coated peppermint oil in the irritable bowel syndrome: a randomized, double-blind crossover study.Food Chem Toxicol.[Treatment of irritable bowel syndrome with peppermint oil.A double- blind study with a placebo].J Pharm Pharmacol 1957;9(2):113-117.Lindemann, J., Tsakiropoulou, E., Scheithauer, M. O., Konstantinidis, I., and Wiesmiller, K.

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The treatment of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth with enteric- coated peppermint oil: A case report.Altern Med Rev 2002;7(5):410-417.Gastroenterology 2007;132 (suppl 1):A141.Mascher, H., Kikuta, C., and Schiel, H. Pharmacokinetics of menthol and carvone after administration of an enteric coated formulation containing peppermint oil and caraway oil.A review of the bioactivity and potential health benefits of peppermint tea (Mentha piperita L.).Mimica-Dukic, N., Bozin, B., Sokovic, M., Mihajlovic, B., and Matavulj, M. Antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of three Mentha species essential oils.Mohsenzadeh, M.

Evaluation of antibacterial activity of selected Iranian essential oils against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli in nutrient broth medium.Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1997;156(1):309-313.Nolkemper, S., Reichling, J., Stintzing, F. C., Carle, R., and Schnitzler, P. Antiviral effect of aqueous extracts from species of the Lamiaceae family against Herpes simplex virus type 1 and type 2 in vitro.Parys, B. T. Chemical burns resulting from contact with peppermint oil mar: a case report.Rafii, F. and Shahverdi, A.

R. Comparison of essential oils from three plants for enhancement of antimicrobial activity of nitrofurantoin against enterobacteria.Rahimi, R.

and Abdollahi, M. Herbal medicines for the management of irritable bowel syndrome: a comprehensive review.Rai, M.

K. and Upadhyay, S. Laboratory evaluation of essential oil of Mentha piperita Linn.Samarth, R. M.

and Kumar, A. Mentha piperita (Linn.).Samarth, R.

M. and Kumar, A.

Radioprotection of Swiss albino mice by plant extract Mentha piperita (Linn.).Samarth, R. M. and Samarth, M.

Protection against radiation-induced testicular damage in Swiss albino mice by Mentha piperita (Linn.).Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol.Samarth, R. M., Goyal, P. K., and Kumar, A. Modulation of serum phosphatases activity in Swiss albino mice against gamma irradiation by Mentha piperita Linn.Samarth, R.

M., Goyal, P. K., and Kumar, A. Modulatory effect of Mentha piperita (Linn.).Protection of swiss albino mice against whole-body gamma irradiation by Mentha piperita (Linn.).Samarth, R. M., Panwar, M., and Kumar, A. Modulatory effects of Mentha piperita on lung tumor incidence, genotoxicity, and oxidative stress in benzo[a]pyrene-treated Swiss albino mice.Protective effects of Mentha piperita Linn on benzo[a]pyrene-induced lung carcinogenicity and mutagenicity in Swiss albino mice.Samarth, R. M., Panwar, M., Kumar, M., and Kumar, A.

Radioprotective influence of Mentha piperita (Linn) against gamma irradiation in mice: Antioxidant and radical scavenging activity.Samarth, R. M., Saini, M.

R., Maharwal, J., Dhaka, A., and Kumar, A. Mentha piperita (Linn) leaf extract provides protection against radiation induced alterations in intestinal mucosa of Swiss albino mice.Sandasi, M., Leonard, C.

M., and Viljoen, A. M.

The in vitro antibiofilm activity of selected culinary herbs and medicinal plants against Listeria monocytogenes.Schmidt, E., Bail, S., Buchbauer, G., Stoilova, I., Atanasova, T., Stoyanova, A., Krastanov, A., and Jirovetz, L. Chemical composition, olfactory evaluation and antioxidant effects of essential oil from Mentha x piperita.Sharma, A., Sharma, M. K., and Kumar, M. Protective effect of Mentha piperita against arsenic-induced toxicity in liver of Swiss albino mice.Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol.Suares, N.

C. and Ford, A.

C. Diagnosis and treatment of irritable bowel syndrome.Effects of olfactory stimulation on the vigilance performance of individuals with brain injury.J Clin Exp Neuropsychol.The inhibition of Candida albicans by selected essential oils and their major components.Thompson, Coon J. and Ernst, E. Systematic review: herbal medicinal products for non-ulcer dyspepsia.Acute allergic contact dermatitis of the lips from peppermint oil in a lip balm.J Pharmacol Sci.Effect of inhaled essential oils on mental exhaustion and moderate burnout: a small pilot study.Gut 1999;45 Suppl 2:II69-II77.Vermaat, H., van Meurs, T., Rustemeyer, T., Bruynzeel, D. P., and Kirtschig, G. Vulval allergic contact dermatitis due to peppermint oil in herbal tea.A., Ball, T.

M., and Davis, M. F.

Systematic review of treatments for recurrent abdominal pain.White DA, Thompson SP, Wilson CG, and et al. A pharmacokinetic comparison of two delayed-release peppermint oil preparations, Colpermin and Mintec, for treatment of irritable bowel syndrome.Int J Pharm 1987;40:151-155.Investigation of biochemical and histopathological effects of Mentha piperita Labiatae and Mentha spicata Labiatae on liver tissue in rats.Akdogan M, Ozguner M, Kocak A, et al.Akdogan, M., Gultekin, F., and Yontem, M. Effect of Mentha piperita (Labiatae) and Mentha spicata (Labiatae) on iron absorption in rats.The effect of peppermint oil on symptomatic treatment of pruritus in pregnant women.Iran J Pharm Res.Aromatherapy with peppermint, isopropyl alcohol, or placebo is equally effective in relieving postoperative nausea.Improved performance on clerical tasks associated with administration of peppermint odor.Influence of peppermint oil on absorptive and secretory processes in rat small intestine.Int J Clin Pract 2010;64(4):451-456.Altern Ther Health Med 1999;5:42-51.Cappello G, Spezzaferro M, Grossi L, et al.

Peppermint oil (Mintoil) in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome: a prospective double blind placebo-controlled randomized trial.A novel treatment of postherpetic neuralgia using peppermint oil.Dew MJ, Evans BK, Rhodes J. Peppermint oil for the irritable bowel syndrome: a multicentre trial.Br J Clin Pract 1984;38:394, 398.Dresser GK, Wacher V, Wong S, et al.Clin Pharmacol Ther 2002;72:247-55.Dyer, J., Ashley, S., and Shaw, C.

A study to look at the effects of a hydrolat spray on hot flushes in women being treated for breast cancer.Complement Ther Clin Pract 2008;14(4):273-279.Therapy options in irritable bowel syndrome.Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2010;22(12):1402-1411.Evans BK, Levine DF, Mayberry JF, and et al. Multicentre trial of peppermint oil capsules in irritable bowel syndrome.Gobel H, Fresenius J, Heinze A, et al.

[Effectiveness of Oleum menthae piperitae and paracetamol in therapy of headache of the tension type].Grigoleit HG, Grigoleit P. Peppermint oil in irritable bowel syndrome.Dig Endosc 2012;24(2):79-86.Hiki, N., Kurosaka, H., Tatsutomi, Y., Shimoyama, S., Tsuji, E., Kojima, J., Shimizu, N., Ono, H., Hirooka, T., Noguchi, C., Mafune, K., and Kaminishi, M. Peppermint oil reduces gastric spasm during upper endoscopy: a randomized, double-blind, double-dummy controlled trial.Holtmann G, Madisch A, Juergen H, et al. A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial on the effects of an herbal preparation in patients with functional dyspepsia [Abstract].Hunt R, Dienemann J, Norton HJ, Hartley W, Hudgens A, Stern T, Divine G. Aromatherapy as treatment for postoperative nausea: a randomized trial.Hur MH, Park J, Maddock-Jennings W, Kim DO and Lee MS.Ilmberger, J., Heuberger, E., Mahrhofer, C., Dessovic, H., Kowarik, D., and Buchbauer, G. The influence of essential oils on human attention.Inoue T, Sugimoto Y, Masuda H, Kamei C.

Antiallergic effect of flavonoid glycosides obtained from Mentha piperita L. Biol Pharm Bull 2002;25:256-9.Inoue T, Sugimoto Y, Masuda H, Kamei C. Effects of peppermint (Mentha piperita L.) extracts on experimental allergic rhinitis in rats.Biol Pharm Bull 2001;24:92-5.Iscan G, Kirimer N, Kurkcuoglu M, et al. Antimicrobial screening of Mentha piperita essential oils.[Effects of oral care with essential oil on improvement in oral health status of hospice patients].Clin Pharmacol Ther 1988;43(2):173.Enteric-coated, pH-dependent peppermint oil capsules for the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome in children.Lawson MJ, Knight RE, Tran K, et al. Failure of enteric-coated peppermint oil in the irritable bowel syndrome: a randomized double-blind crossover study.J Gastroenterol Hepatol 1988;3:235-8.Peppermint oil to reduce colonic spasm during endoscopy.Liu JH, Chen GH, Yeh HZ, et al. Enteric-coated peppermint-oil capsules in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome: a prospective, randomized trial.A brief review of current scientific evidence involving aromatherapy use for nausea and vomiting.Madisch A, Heydenreich CJ, Wieland V, et al.Treatment of functional dyspepsia with a fixed peppermint oil and caraway oil combination preparation as compared to cisapride.Madisch A, Holtmann G, Mayr G, et al.Treatment of functional dyspepsia with a herbal preparation.A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, multicenter trial.Madisch A, Melderis H, Mayr G, et al.

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S., Thirumoorthy, T., Lee, E., and Woo, K-T. A randomized, crossover trial of Sarna and Eurax lotions in treatment of haemodialysis patients with uraemic pruritus.Tate S.

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10 health benefits of mint leaves

A herb known for its medicinal properties, mint leaves or pudina is truly remarkable and can be used all throughout the year. .

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