Hydrophobic liquid containing volatile aroma compounds from plants.An essential oil is a concentrated hydrophobic liquid containing volatile (easily evaporated at normal temperatures) chemical compounds from plants.An essential oil is "essential" in the sense that it contains the "essence of" the plant's fragrance—the characteristic fragrance of the plant from which it is derived.Essential oils are generally extracted by distillation, often by using steam.Other processes include expression, solvent extraction, sfumatura, absolute oil extraction, resin tapping, wax embedding, and cold pressing.They are used in perfumes, cosmetics, soaps, air fresheners and other products, for flavoring food and drink, and for adding scents to incense and household cleaning products.Essential oils should not be confused with perfume, fragrance, etc.as the latter usually include pure chemical components whereas essential oils are derived from plants.Essential oils are often used for aromatherapy, a form of alternative medicine in which healing effects are ascribed to aromatic compounds.The resins of aromatics and plant extracts were retained to produce medicine and scented preparations, such as perfumes and incense.He discovered that “a perfumed bath and a scented massage every day is the way to good health.” Then, Hippocrates documented the therapeutic properties of essential oils from over 300 plants.Medical applications proposed by those who sell medicinal oils range from skin treatments to remedies for cancer and often are based solely on historical accounts of the use of essential oils for these purposes.Production [ edit ].Distillation [ edit ].Most common essential oils such as lavender, peppermint, tea tree oil, patchouli, and eucalyptus are distilled.As the water is heated, the steam passes through the plant material, vaporizing the volatile compounds.Before the discovery of distillation, all essential oils were extracted by pressing.Solvent extraction [ edit ].[18] Extracts from hexane and other hydrophobic solvents are called concretes, which are a mixture of essential oil, waxes, resins, and other lipophilic (oil-soluble) plant material.Florasols extraction [ edit ].Production quantities [ edit ].In Australia essential oils have been increasingly causing cases of poisoning, mostly of children.Use in aromatherapy [ edit ].Aromatherapy is a form of alternative medicine in which healing effects are ascribed to the aromatic compounds in essential oils and other plant extracts.In a systemic review of 201 published studies on essential oils as alternative medicines, only 10 were found to be of acceptable methodological quality, and even these 10 were still weak in reference to scientific standards.[3] Use of essential oils may cause harm including allergic reactions and skin irritation; there has been at least one case of death.Use as pesticide [ edit ].Certain essential oils have been shown in studies to be comparable, if not exceeding, in effectiveness to DEET, which is currently marketed as the most effective mosquito repellent.Although essential oils are effective as pesticides when first applied in uses such as mosquito repellent applied to the skin, it is only effective in the vapor stage.In any form, using essential oils as green pesticides rather than synthetic pesticides has ecological benefits such as decreased residual actions.Use in food [ edit ].In relation with their food applications, although these oils have been used throughout history as food preservatives, it was in the 20th century when EOs were considered as Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).As antimicrobials [ edit ].Raw materials [ edit ].Balsam of Peru, an essential oil derived from the Myroxylon, is used in food and drink for flavoring, in perfumes and toiletries for fragrance, and in medicine and pharmaceutical items for healing properties.[citation needed] However, a number of national and international surveys have identified Balsam of Peru as being in the "top five" allergens most commonly causing patch test allergic reactions in people referred to dermatology clinics.Eucalyptus oil [ edit ].Lavender oil [ edit ].Lavender oil has long been used in the production of perfume.[45] Lavender essential oil is also used as an insect repellent.Rose oil [ edit ].Steam-distilled rose oil is known as "rose otto", while the solvent extracted product is known as "rose absolute".Toxicity [ edit ].Estrogenic and antiandrogenic activity have been reported by in vitro study of tea tree oil and lavender essential oils.[50] In 2018, a BBC report on a study stated that tea tree and lavender oils contain eight substances that when tested in tissue culture experiments, increasing the level of estrogen and decreasing the level of testosterone.The study did not include animal or human testing.Handling [ edit ].[52] The internal use of essential oils can pose hazards to pregnant women, as some can be abortifacients in dose 0.5–10 mL, and thus should not be used during pregnancy.Pesticide residues [ edit ].Standardization of derived products [ edit ].References [ edit ]. .

Pets Q&A: Man willing to take extreme action to keep cats out of his

I'm ready to scatter scary or painful stuff along the ground by the fence, but I don't know what products are available.— Protect certain areas of your yard, say the flower bed, by using a rough, rock gravel or by burying dozens of plastic forks, handles down, leaving a little of the tines exposed, which would make walking on the bed uncomfortable for the cat.— Purchase some "Cat Scat" mats that have flexible plastic spikes on them.They won't injure the cat, but will make walking or digging in beds unpleasant.For larger areas, try carpet runners, placed spike side up and covered lightly with soil.Those include fresh orange and lemon peels, citrus-scented sprays, coffee grounds, vinegar, pipe tobacco, oil of lavender, lemongrass, citronella and eucalyptus. .

11 Natural Ways To Relieve Hernia Pain

While medical attention is strongly advised, there are several natural remedies that may help relieve hernia complications.These remedies may include the use of ice packs, ginger root, massage, licorice, aloe vera, black pepper powder, and castor seed oil, as well as lifestyle changes like weight loss, diet changes, and exercises.While medical attention is strongly suggested whenever a hernia is suspected, several home remedies have gained popularity for providing some relief treating a hernia, as well as certain lifestyle changes that can reduce the risk of developing a hernia.You can prepare a castor seed oil pack and place it on the stomach to soothe the painful symptoms of a hernia.While this may not be the most comfortable remedy, applying an ice pack directly to the affected area can cause contraction and reduce inflammation in the body, often relieving the pain and bloating associated with it.When it comes to reducing abdominal pain and soothing inflammatory conditions, few things are as effective as ginger root.You can also consume ginger root tea and relieve the pain and inflammation.A hernia can cause damage to the stomach lining and the esophagus, and licorice root has long been known to be a healing stimulant for these parts of the body.Certain foods should be specifically avoided if you wish to prevent or treat a hernia.Black pepper has been associated with soothing stomach issues and reducing inflammation of the gut.Relieve Stress.Excess stress hormones in the body can weaken the body’s organs and plausibly put more strain on your metabolism as a whole.If you have experienced a hernia in the past or commonly engage in heavy exercise, cut back and perform easier workouts while in recovery, or as a preventative measure.Vegetable Juice. .

From Instant Pots To Foot Peels, These Are The Products Going

Once upon a time, Justin Bieber was just a kid singing songs into a home video camera somewhere in Ontario, Canada.But then one day, his mom uploaded one of those videos to YouTube and suddenly that Canadian 12-year old became a viral sensation signing multi-million dollar record deals.And it's a cinch to operate — it monitors the pressure and temperature for you, and will adjust heat intensity and duration in order to produce the best results every time.The heated, oval-shaped brush features rounded edges to create maximum volume — and because it's gentler than traditional hair dryers, you can place it closer to your scalp for some extra lift at the roots.Just brush a little of this on before bed each night, and within 60 days, you'll begin to see significantly fuller brows and longer, more luscious lashes.They also feature drawstring closures to keep your apples, oranges, and carrots securely inside — and they're super lightweight and fold up small, so they're easy to take along.Unlike goopy, greasy formulas, this absorbs easily into the skin (hence the term "watery essence"), so it feels like you're not wearing sunscreen at all.All three tools work to eliminate puffiness, boost circulation, promote lymphatic drainage, and stimulate collagen production.The gua sha tools are shaped to fit around the contours of your face, and the roller is double-sided— use the larger end on your forehead, cheeks, and jawline, and the smaller one around your mouth, eyes, and nose.The DEET-free spray is made with oil of lemon eucalyptus, which effectively fends off mosquitos for up to six hours: long enough to last you through that backyard summer barbecue.They reach about halfway up your forearm — offering some extra protection — and the non-slip grips give you more control when you remove that brownie pan from the oven.And unlike regular cloth mitts, you can wash these with a little soap and water, so it's no big deal if you get some melted cheese on them.The precise temperature control and circulation offered by this method ensure consistent results, and — more importantly — seals in juices and flavors that often get lost in other forms of cooking.This sous vide cooker clamps onto any pot or bowl and uses smart sensors to monitor water level and temperature.The frosted glass jars give off a subtle glow when the candles are lit, so you'll feel cozy even on those dark and early mornings.The soft and fluffy rounds work just like disposable cotton pads — use them to apply toner or remove makeup at the end of the day.Inhaling with this pen will instantly relax you, since you'll be absorbing the nano-mist essential oil vapors of chamomile, lemon balm, passion flower and valerian root extract — all of which have calming properties.These three all-star ingredients work to tighten pores, curb oil production, reduce redness, soothe irritation, and hydrate skin.The glue is perfect for small repairs and craft projects, and is safe to use on all kinds of materials like glass, ceramic, wood, metal, and plastic.The glue is available in neutrals like black and white that will blend right in, but if you want a pop of color — go for the rainbow pack.The turntable folds down into a small suitcase replete with a handle, so you'll be all ready to go when your friend asks you to deejay her next party.The mount is compatible with most smartphones, rotates 360-degrees, and features a telescopic arm that extends 2 inches, so you can get a close-up view of your GPS (when you're parked, of course).And each page is reusable — just wipe it clean and use the included Frixion pen to begin jotting down a whole new set of notes — so no paper wasted.You can even program pre-set temperatures that will adjust based on the beverage you're drinking — in case you like your coffee hotter than your tea.The stand can charge phones in both vertical and landscape modes, and is tilted at a 65-degree angle so you can still read emails and watch videos.The laptop compartment is hidden in the interior of the backpack, safely away from any prying fingers you might encounter on crowded trains or buses.A built-in power bank lets you charge your phone or tablet (yes, really), and the 17 slots and pockets give you plenty of space for stashing keys, lip balm, and notebooks.It combines the skin-renewing attributes of retinol with hydrating and skin-soothing ingredients, like hyaluronic acid, vitamin E, green tea, shea butter, and jojoba oil.When applied topically, it works to ease feelings of stress, reduce muscle and joint pain, relieve headaches, and promote restful sleep.Just spritz this a few times on your body and the non-greasy formula will absorb quickly into the skin where it'll begin to do its healing work.It's formulated with natural botanicals that cleanse the scalp of DHT, an androgen that plays a large role in hair loss.The silky smooth pillow feels great against your skin, and the flax seeds inside provide a gentle weight that's instantly soothing.And be sure to breathe in deeply — the lavender inside the pillow will fill your sinuses with chill, tranquil vibes.The brightness adjustable screen alerts you of incoming calls or messages, so you won't miss a thing while you're on that 12-mile run.One reviewer writes that the cream is "very hydrating and makes my eye area feel plumped up," and others call it a "holy grail product" that "absorbs quickly without leaving a sticky film.". .

8 reasons why momos are dangerous for you

These round soft dough balls are filled with juicy veg or non-veg stuffings and are served with a spicy dip. .

Top 22 Best Cat Flea Sprays of 2021 (Reviews)

BEST BANG FOR THE BUCK: Adams Plus Flea and Tick Spray for Cats and Dogs.Apple cider vinegar is one of the most natural home remedies to treat fleas (and a host of other maladies, too!).Believe it or not, even the most gentle formulations of dish soap have proven to be very effective at exterminating fleas.The dish soap breaks down the flea's exoskeleton and kills them within minutes, even after it's been diluted in water. .

US8293286B2

The present invention relates to a method for killing parasites that includes topically applying onto a companion animal a composition including a natural, non-synthetic active ingredient.The composition may be applied to the animal in various forms, such as a spot-on, spray, powder, or shampoo.As such, a need still exists for methods and compositions to kill parasites on companion animals that include natural plant essential oils, have the same or higher efficacy level than synthetic insecticides, while still not harming or irritating the companion animal or its owner.The method includes topically applying onto the animal a composition including a natural, non-synthetic active ingredient.The present invention is also directed to a method for killing parasites on a companion animal by applying onto the animal a spot-on composition or a shampoo composition.The present invention is further directed to a method for killing parasites on a companion animal by applying an on animal spray composition or an on animal powder composition.The on animal spray composition may additionally include a solvent, and the on animal powder may additionally include a carrier, and absorbent ingredient.The method includes topically applying onto the companion animal a composition including a natural, non-synthetic active ingredient.The composition of the present invention generally comprises at least one natural, non-synthetic, active ingredient (hereafter “active ingredient(s) refers to an active ingredient or active ingredient mixture that includes at least one natural active ingredient).In one embodiment, the active ingredient comprises from about 0.1% to about 25% by weight of the composition.Additionally, the active ingredient comprises from about 10% to about 25% by weight of the composition.Animal Spot-On.The composition of the present invention may be used as an animal spot-on composition to kill parasites on a companion animal.The method of treating the animal includes topically applying the spot-on composition including an active ingredient to the animal.The animal spot-on composition includes an active ingredient and a solvent.In another embodiment, the animal spot-on composition may include an odor-masking agent.Additionally, the animal spot-on composition may also include a synthetic or non-natural active ingredient in combination with the natural, or plant essential oil active ingredient.The animal spot-on composition may comprises from about 10% to about 25% by weight of the active ingredient and from about 75 to about 80% by weight of the solvent.The composition of the present invention may also be used as an animal shampoo composition to kill parasites on a companion animal.The method of treating the animal includes topically applying the shampoo composition including an active ingredient to the animal.The animal shampoo composition includes an active ingredient, an aqueous solvent, and a surfactant.In another embodiment, the animal shampoo composition may also include a synthetic or non-natural active ingredient in combination with the natural, or plant essential oil active ingredient as described in Part I above.Nonionic surfactants suitable for use in the compositions of the present invention can include fatty acid alkanolamides.The animal shampoo composition comprises from about 10% to about 25% by weight of the active ingredient, from about 50% to about 80% by weight of the aqueous solvent, and from about 15% to about 35% by weight surfactant.The composition of the present invention may also be used as an on animal spray composition to kill parasites on a companion animal.The method of treating the animal includes topically applying the spray composition including an active ingredient to the animal.The animal spray composition typically includes an active ingredient and a solvent.The animal spray composition comprises from about 0.1% to about 20% by weight of the active ingredient and from about 80% to about 99.8% by weight of the solvent.V. Animal Powder.The composition of the present invention may also be used as an on animal powder composition to kill parasites on a companion animal.The method of treating the animal includes topically applying the powder composition including an active ingredient to the animal.The animal powder composition typically includes an active ingredient, an absorbent, and a carrier.Examples of suitable carriers include, but are not limited to, sodium bicarbonate, calcium carbonate, and combinations thereof.The animal powder composition comprises from about 0.1% to about 10% by weight of the active ingredient, from about 40% to about 60% by weight of the absorbent, and from about 30 to about 50% by weight of the carrier.Treatment of Animals Against Parasites.The compositions disclosed herein (i.e., on animal spray, on animal powder, spot-on, and shampoo) are useful as topical anti-parasitic agents.In another embodiment, the active ingredients of the present invention may also be incorporated into an animal collar to be worn by the companion animal, a toilette or animal wipe to be rubbed onto the animal's coat, or as a mousse to be applied onto the animal's coat.Use of Dog Spot-on Compositions to Determine Efficacy Against Fleas, Ticks and Mosquitoes.Therefore, the spot-on composition demonstrates a high efficacy against the ticks, with the treated dogs in Group D demonstrating a significantly lower burden of ticks when compared to the control dogs, Group A.In the mosquito test conducted on day zero, soon after application of the compositions, there was evidence in the dogs of Group D that the composition provided some vapor repellent action since, compare with untreated dogs, 43% fewer mosquitoes landed on these dogs in the first 5 minutes after exposure.Efficacy of Cat Spot-on Compositions vs.Three cats were untreated controls (Group I) and six cats, in two groups, each of 3, were treated once with each composition on day zero.The cats in Group II were treated with the cat spot-on composition and the three cats in Group III were treated with a synthetic spot-on composition.Efficacy against new fleas, applied on the day after treatment, was absolute for both test substances at 100% on day 2.Efficacy of Cat Spot-on Compositions vs.Three cats were untreated controls (Group I) and six cats, in two groups, each of 3, were treated once with each composition on day zero.The cats in Group II were treated with the cat spot-on composition and the three cats in Group III were treated with a synthetic spot-on composition.The mean group efficacy against fleas, applied on the day after treatment was 50% for the synthetic spot-on and 68% for the cat spot-on composition.The best individual efficacy value of the synthetic spot-on was 75% while 2 of the 3 cats treated with the spot-on composition had efficacy values of 86% and 100%.However, as with the flea results, the synthetic spot-on composition was substantially less efficacious against ticks with most efficacy values over the first week being less than 60% and no treated cats were free of ticks at any time.Efficacy of Flea Spray Compositions for Dogs (on Animal Spray).To determine the efficacy of a liquid spray composition an amount of the liquid spray composition was used to treat a test group of dogs and puppies, and compared to the control group of dogs and puppies not treated.Group A was the control and Group B were the dogs treated with the spray composition.After exposure and infestation of the fleas to dogs in Group A and B, treatment commenced.The efficacy results demonstrate that the spray composition is effective in limiting flea burden on dogs exposed to repeated exposure for up to four days after treatment.Efficacy of Flea Powder Compositions for Dogs (on Animal Powder).Group A was the control and Group B were the dogs treated with the powder composition.The powder composition was administered to the Group B dogs on day 0.The efficacy results demonstrate that the powder composition is effective in limiting flea burden on dogs exposed to repeated exposure for up to 14 days after treatment.Efficacy of Flea Powder Compositions for Cats (on Animal Powder).Group A was the control and Group B were the dogs treated with the powder composition.All the cats were infested with fleas as previously described in Example 4, except cats were the test subjects not dogs.The efficacy results demonstrate that the powder composition is effective in limiting flea burden on cats exposed to repeated exposure for up to 14 days after treatment.

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