The antioxidants thymol, carvacrol, limonene, terpinene, ocimene, and caryophyllene give the herb its flavor and scent.The most common type is Oregano vulgare, also known as Spanish thyme and wild marjoram.People have used it for thousands of years to add flavor to dishes and to treat health conditions.Share on Pinterest Oregano may help fight bacteria, relieve inflammation, and regulate blood sugar.People around the Mediterranean region have used oregano for centuries in herbal medicine to treat many ailments, including:.Dietary antioxidants help the body eliminate free radicals, which are toxic substances that result from natural processes and environmental stresses.Oxidative stress can lead to cell damage that may result in various diseases, including cancer and diabetes.The main components of oregano essential oil are carvacrol and thymol.In a 2019 laboratory study, carvacrol and thymol prevented various strains of Staphyloccus aureus (S. aureus) bacteria from developing in meat and dairy products, suggesting that it could help control bacterial growth in foods.Amid growing concerns about diseases becoming resistant to antibiotics, researchers carried out lab tests to investigate the effects of oregano oil on various microbes that do not respond to other drugs.This suggests that substances in oregano could play a role in fighting diseases that no longer respond to antibiotics.Vitamin C is an antioxidant that plays a key role in the immune system.In animal studies, oregano extract has reduced inflammation that could lead to:.Scientists have found evidence that extracts may help prevent DNA damage in cells due to oxidative stress, radiation, and mitogens, a type of protein that can cause unwanted cell division.Researchers have also found evidence that carvacrol and thymol may prevent melanoma cells from growing and skin cancer from spreading.In 2013, lab studies suggested that Origanum majorana could help slow or stop the progression of metastatic breast cancer.regulate the expression of genes that affect fat and carbohydrate metabolism.The authors noted that some people already use oregano leaves and oil to manage high blood sugar levels.In 2015, researchers found that an extract of oregano improved type 1 diabetes in mice.They suggested this could be due to oregano’s antioxidant properties, its effect on the immune system, and its ability to prevent cell death.In 2018, scientists looked at how treatment with oregano oil and other substances affected rats with depression due to chronic unpredictable stress.There is not enough evidence to support the medicinal use of oregano as a dietary herb, supplement, or oil in most of these cases. .

What Is Oregano? Tips for Growing and Using the Herb

Possibly one of the most recognized herbs in the cook's garden, oregano is easy to grow and adds plenty of taste to food.Oregano produces tiny white, pink, or purple flowers which are very attractive to pollinating bees.The stems can also grow up to 2 feet high and will often lay down on the ground, particularly when the plant is young or in the shade.Oregano grows very well in partial sun, making it a good choice for an indoor garden as well.There are two methods to drying it and which you choose will depend on the amount of space you have and how much oregano you harvest.In either case, store the dried oregano in an airtight container and enjoy it throughout the winter season.Dried oregano in a sealed container will stay flavorful well into the next growing season.Flat Drying: Strip the oregano leaves from the stem and lay them out on a paper towel.Hang to Dry: Cut long sprigs of oregano and group them into bundles.Hanging is a space saver and a perfect way to dry a large oregano harvest.It also makes an appearance in many Mexican and Spanish dishes and can be used to add flavor to almost any food.Whole sprigs of oregano and rosemary can be placed in steamer water for seafood along with a few large leaves of basil.Fresh sprigs of oregano can be cut from the plant to prep for any meal. .

oregano

Oregano is native to the hills of the Mediterranean countries and western Asia and has naturalized in parts of Mexico and the United States.Culinary varieties, such as Greek or Italian oregano, have a strong aroma and a warm pungent taste. .

OREGANO: Overview, Uses, Side Effects, Precautions, Interactions

Burt, S. A.

and Reinders, R. D.

Antibacterial activity of selected plant essential oils against Escherichia coli O157:H7.hirtum (Link) Ietswaart growing wild in Campania (Southern Italy).Elgayyar, M., Draughon, F. A., Golden, D.

A., and Mount, J. R.

Antimicrobial activity of essential oils from plants against selected pathogenic and saprophytic microorganisms.Friedman, M., Henika, P. R., Levin, C.

E., and Mandrell, R. E.

Antibacterial activities of plant essential oils and their components against Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella enterica in apple juice.Futrell, J. M. and Rietschel, R. L. Spice allergy evaluated by results of patch tests.Goun, E., Cunningham, G., Solodnikov, S., Krasnykch, O., and Miles, H. Antithrombin activity of some constituents from Origanum vulgare.Hawas, U.

W., El Desoky, S. K., Kawashty, S.

A., and Sharaf, M. Two new flavonoids from Origanum vulgare.Inouye, S., Nishiyama, Y., Uchida, K., Hasumi, Y., Yamaguchi, H., and Abe, S. The vapor activity of oregano, perilla, tea tree, lavender, clove, and geranium oils against a Trichophyton mentagrophytes in a closed box.Irkin, R.

and Korukluoglu, M. Growth inhibition of pathogenic bacteria and some yeasts by selected essential oils and survival of L. monocytogenes and C. albicans in apple-carrot juice.A., Fedorova, Z. D., Volkova, S. D., Egorova, L.

V., and Shul'kina, N. M. [Use of a herbal infusion of Origanum in hemophilia patients during tooth extraction].Koukoulitsa, C., Karioti, A., Bergonzi, M. C., Pescitelli, G., Di Bari, L., and Skaltsa, H.

Polar constituents from the aerial parts of Origanum vulgare L. Ssp.A study of the minimum inhibitory concentration and mode of action of oregano essential oil, thymol and carvacrol.Lemhadri, A., Zeggwagh, N.

A., Maghrani, M., Jouad, H., and Eddouks, M. Anti-hyperglycaemic activity of the aqueous extract of Origanum vulgare growing wild in Tafilalet region.Manohar, V., Ingram, C., Gray, J., Talpur, N. A., Echard, B.

W., Bagchi, D., and Preuss, H. G. Antifungal activities of origanum oil against Candida albicans.McCue, P., Vattem, D., and Shetty, K.

Inhibitory effect of clonal oregano extracts against porcine pancreatic amylase in vitro.Nostro, A., Blanco, A. R., Cannatelli, M. A., Enea, V., Flamini, G., Morelli, I., Sudano, Roccaro A., and Alonzo, V. Susceptibility of methicillin-resistant staphylococci to oregano essential oil, carvacrol and thymol.Nurmi, A., Mursu, J., Nurmi, T., Nyyssonen, K., Alfthan, G., Hiltunen, R., Kaikkonen, J., Salonen, J.

T., and Voutilainen, S. Consumption of juice fortified with oregano extract markedly increases excretion of phenolic acids but lacks short- and long-term effects on lipid peroxidation in healthy nonsmoking men.Ozdemir, B., Ekbul, A., Topal, N. B., Sarandol, E., Sag, S., Baser, K. H., Cordan, J., Gullulu, S., Tuncel, E., Baran, I., and Aydinlar, A.Effects of Origanum onites on endothelial function and serum biochemical markers in hyperlipidaemic patients.Preuss, H.

G., Echard, B., Dadgar, A., Talpur, N., Manohar, V., Enig, M., Bagchi, D., and Ingram, C. Effects of Essential Oils and Monolaurin on Staphylococcus aureus: In Vitro and In Vivo Studies.Ragi, J., Pappert, A., Rao, B., Havkin-Frenkel, D., and Milgraum, S. Oregano extract ointment for wound healing: a randomized, double-blind, petrolatum-controlled study evaluating efficacy.Rodriguez-Meizoso, I., Marin, F. R., Herrero, M., Senorans, F.

J., Reglero, G., Cifuentes, A., and Ibanez, E. Subcritical water extraction of nutraceuticals with antioxidant activity from oregano.Z., Sun, M., and Corke, H. Antioxidant capacity of 26 spice extracts and characterization of their phenolic constituents.The inhibition of Candida albicans by selected essential oils and their major components.Tantaoui-Elaraki, A. and Beraoud, L. Inhibition of growth and aflatoxin production in Aspergillus parasiticus by essential oils of selected plant materials.Tognolini, M., Barocelli, E., Ballabeni, V., Bruni, R., Bianchi, A., Chiavarini, M., and Impicciatore, M. Comparative screening of plant essential oils: phenylpropanoid moiety as basic core for antiplatelet activity.Akgul A, Kivanc M.

Inhibitory effects of selected Turkish spices and oregano components on some foodborne fungi.Benito M, Jorro G, Morales C, et al. Labiatae allergy: systemic reactions due to ingestion of oregano and thyme.Daferera DJ, Ziogas BN, Polissiou MG. GC-MS analysis of essential oils from some Greek aromatic plants and their fungitoxicity on Penicillium digitatum.Dahiya P, Purkayastha S.

Phytochemical screening and antimicrobial activity of some medicinal plants against multi-drug resistant bacteria from clinical isolates.Fournomiti M, Kimbaris A, Mantzourani I, et al. Antimicrobial activity of essential oils of cultivated oregano (Origanum vulgare), sage (Salvia officinalis), and thyme (Thymus vulgaris) against clinical isolates of Escherichia coli, Klebsiella oxytoca, and Klebsiella pneumoniae.Kivanc M, Akgul A, Dogan A. Inhibitory and stimulatory effects of cumin, oregano and their essential oils on growth and acid production of Lactobacillus plantarum and Leuconostoc mesenteroides.Rodriguez M, Alvarez M, Zayas M.

[Microbiological quality of spices consumed in Cuba].Teixeira B, Marques A, Ramos C, et al. Chemical composition and bioactivity of different oregano (Origanum vulgare) extracts and essential oil.Vimalanathan S, Hudson J. Anti-influenza virus activities of commercial oregano oils and their carriers.Zava DT, Dollbaum CM, Blen M.

Estrogen and progestin bioactivity of foods, herbs, and spices. .

6 Science-Based Health Benefits of Oregano

From helping fight bacteria to reducing inflammation, studies have unearthed some of its impressive potential benefits. .

Oregano

Oregano ( ,[1] ;[2] Origanum vulgare) is a species of flowering plant in the mint family Lamiaceae.The flowers are purple, 3–4 mm (1⁄8–3⁄16 in) long, produced in erect spikes in summer.Used since the middle 18th century, the Spanish word orégano is derived from the Latin orīganum and ultimately from the Classical Greek ὀρίγανον (orī́ganon).Many subspecies and strains of oregano have been developed by humans over centuries for their unique flavours or other characteristics.The related species Origanum onites (Greece, Turkey) and O. syriacum (West Asia) have similar flavours.A closely related plant is marjoram from Turkey, which differs significantly in taste because phenolic compounds are missing from its essential oil.Growth is vigorous and very hardy, with darker green, slightly hairy foliage.vulgare – widespread across Europe + Asia from Ireland to China; naturalized in North America + Venezuela.'Aureum' – golden foliage (greener if grown in shade), mild taste: It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit [11].hirtum strains/landraces, small, hardy, dark, compact, thick, silvery-haired leaves, usually with purple undersides, excellent reputation for flavor and pungency, as well as medicinal uses, strong, archetypal oregano flavor (Greek kaliteri : the best).strains/landraces, small, hardy, dark, compact, thick, silvery-haired leaves, usually with purple undersides, excellent reputation for flavor and pungency, as well as medicinal uses, strong, archetypal oregano flavor (Greek : the best) 'Hot & Spicy' – O. v.

subsp.They have a reputation for sweet and spicy tones, with little bitterness, and are prized for their flavor and compatibility with various recipes and sauces.Good-quality oregano may be strong enough almost to numb the tongue, but cultivars adapted to colder climates may have a lesser flavour.Factors such as climate, season, and soil composition may affect the aromatic oils present, and this effect may be greater than the differences between the various species of plants.Among the chemical compounds contributing to the flavour are carvacrol, thymol, limonene, pinene, ocimene, and caryophyllene.Its popularity in the U.S. began when soldiers returning from World War II brought back with them a taste for the "pizza herb", which had probably been eaten in southern Italy for centuries.In barbecue and kebab restaurants,[clarification needed] it can be usually found as a condiment, together with paprika, salt, and pepper.During the summer, generous amounts of dried oregano are often added as a topping to a tomato and cucumber salad in Portugal, but it can be used to season meat and fish dishes as well.The dried and ground leaves are most often used in Greece to add flavour to Greek salad, and is usually added to the lemon-olive oil sauce that accompanies fish or meat grills and casseroles.Although oregano or its oil may be used as a dietary supplement, there is no clinical evidence to indicate that either has any effect on human health.In 2014, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) warned a Utah company, Young Living, that its herbal products, including oregano essential oil, were being promoted to have numerous unproven anti-disease effects, and so were being sold as unauthorized misbranded drugs subject to seizure and federal penalties.[15] Similar FDA warning letters for false advertising and unproven health claims about oregano essential oil products were published in 2017 and 2018.The essential oil of oregano is composed primarily of monoterpenoids and monoterpenes, with the relative concentration of each compound varying widely across geographic origin and other factors.Common throughout the tropics, including Latin America, Africa, and Southeast Asia, it is probably of eastern-hemisphere origin.Common throughout the tropics, including Latin America, Africa, and Southeast Asia, it is probably of eastern-hemisphere origin. .

How to Grow Oregano Plants

Oregano prefers a sunny spot; however, in zone 7 and farther south, it benefits from a little afternoon shade.Rich, nutrient-filled soil is the foundation of a great harvest, but your plants will eventually use up those nutrients and you’ll need to replace them.So, for best results, you’ll also want to feed oregano with Miracle-Gro® Performance Organics® Edibles Plant Nutrition throughout the growing season (follow the directions on the label).Oregano spreads easily; in late spring, cut it back to one-third of its size in order to make the plant bushier.To ensure you have fresh oregano at your fingertips year-round, another great option is to grow it indoors in a water-based (aka hydroponic) system. .

What Is Oregano and How Is It Used?

Oregano is a familiar herb that many people know from dishes such as pizza and pasta sauce.One of the most widely-used herbs worldwide, it is found in Mediterranean and Mexican cuisine and is even one of the components of chili powder.The plant has tiny leaves that lend a pungent aroma and strong flavor to a variety of savory foods.Common oregano is botanically known as Origanum vulgare, Greek for "joy of the mountains.".It can be found growing wild on mountainsides of Greece and other Mediterranean countries where it is a herb of choice.It was relatively unused in America until returning World War II soldiers heightened the popularity of pizza.In fact, sales of oregano increased by 5,200 percent between 1948 and 1956 due to pizza mania.If you are making your own chili powder, use Mexican oregano for its strong, peppery flavor.Marjoram's gentler flavor is sweeter than oregano, which is slightly woodsy with a warm and aromatic taste.Fresh oregano is commonly used in a bouquet garni for making stocks and soups.Garlic, onion, thyme, basil, parsley, and olive oil are common complementary seasoning partners with oregano.The beautiful green herb adds a delicious, and perhaps unexpected, earthy flavor to several dishes including chicken, seafood, hamburgers, even beans.Dried oregano is readily available in small bottles in the spice section of the supermarket, and you can find it in bulk at warehouse stores.It should be used quickly, but if you include a slightly damp paper towel in the bag it might last for up to a week. .

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