Parsley, which supplies nitrates, may be helpful in maintaining healthy blood pressure levels.And some specific foods may have an additional effect on lowering blood pressure, including the common herb known as parsley.In addition, the Mayo Clinic notes that certain foods can also have a direct impact on blood pressure.Potassium is plentiful in bananas, as well as other fruits and vegetables like oranges, cantaloupe and apricots, among others, according to the USDA."For example, try a tabbouleh salad, which features parsley as the prime ingredient, and serve it alongside grilled fish or chicken," she says.Rebecca Yellin, RD, a registered dietitian with Montefiore Health System in New York City, adds that parsley should not be the featured star in your diet if your goal is to lower blood pressure."Adding parsley as a garnish or a seasoning can increase the palatability and visual aesthetic of a healthy meal, such as 4 ounces of salmon, a half-cup of brown rice and 1 cup of non-starchy vegetables," she says.Cassetty seconds this advice, noting that the whole-diet approach is the best way to lower your blood pressure to a healthy level."To manage blood pressure levels, it's important to move away from heavily processed foods that are high in sodium and emphasize vegetables, fruits, whole grains, nuts, seeds and dairy foods, which supply nutrients that support healthy blood pressure levels," she says. .

10 Herbs That May Help Lower High Blood Pressure

This article looks at the scientific research behind 10 herbs and spices that may help lower blood pressure.both systolic and diastolic values above these levels You can manage blood pressure with medications, such as angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and calcium channel blockers.In fact, studies have shown that some herbs and spices may reduce blood pressure levels, so you may want to consider adding these to your diet, too.Studies suggest that eugenol may help reduce blood pressure by acting as a natural calcium channel blocker.However, scientists need to do more research to investigate whether basil helps lower blood pressure in humans.Summary Basil contains compounds, such as eugenol, that may help reduce blood pressure, according to animal studies.Several studies have shown that carotenoid antioxidants reduce blood pressure and LDL (bad) cholesterol, a risk factor for heart disease ( 8 ).Summary Parsley contains a variety of compounds, such as vitamin C and dietary carotenoids, that may help lower blood pressure.Researchers have suggested that compounds in celery seed extract may help lower blood pressure by acting as a natural calcium channel blocker.In addition, celery seed is a good source of dietary fiber, which has been linked to lower blood pressure (11, 12 ).Animal studies have shown these may reduce blood pressure by acting as natural calcium channel blockers.Summary Chinese cat’s claw contains compounds that may act as natural calcium channel blockers and help blood vessels relax, according to animal studies.Practitioners of Ayurvedic medicine use it to treat various ailments, including anxiety, memory issues, and high blood pressure ( 17 ).A 12-week human study in 54 healthy adults looked at the effects of Bacopa monnieri on memory, anxiety, depression, and blood pressure.Although the findings from animal studies are promising, bacopa monnieri‘s effects on blood pressure in humans are still unclear.A 24-week study in 30 people found that 600–1,500 mg of garlic extract was just as effective at lowering blood pressure as the drug Atenolol ( 24 ).Animal studies have shown that taking rosmarinic acid helped significantly reduce systolic blood pressure by inhibiting angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) ( 27 , 28 ).Summary Thyme contains powerful compounds, such as rosmarinic acid, that appear to help relax blood vessels in animal studies.People have used it for centuries in traditional medicine to treat heart conditions, including high blood pressure.Moreover, a review of 3 studies including 139 participants with type 2 diabetes looked at the effects of taking cinnamon.People have used it for centuries to improve many aspects of heart health, including circulation, cholesterol levels, and blood pressure ( 34 ).Both human and animal studies have shown that taking ginger reduces blood pressure in several ways.A study in more than 4,000 people found that those who consumed the most ginger — 2–4 grams per day — had the lowest risk of developing high blood pressure ( 37 ).Test-tube and animal studies suggest cardamom may help reduce blood pressure by acting as a natural calcium channel blocker and diuretic ( 39 ).Summary Animal and human research suggest cardamom may help lower blood pressure by acting as a natural calcium channel blocker and diuretic. .

PARSLEY: Overview, Uses, Side Effects, Precautions, Interactions

Al Howiriny, T., Al Sohaibani, M., El Tahir, K., and Rafatullah, S. Prevention of experimentally-induced gastric ulcers in rats by an ethanolic extract of "Parsley" Petroselinum crispum.Effects of parsley (Petroselinum crispum) on the liver of diabetic rats: a morphological and biochemical study.Chaudhary, S.

K., Ceska, O., Tetu, C., Warrington, P. J., Ashwood-Smith, M. J., and Poulton, G.

A. Oxypeucedanin, a Major Furocoumarin in Parsley, Petroselinum crispum.Chrubasik, S., Droste, C., and Black, A.

Asparagus P(R) cannot compete with first-line diuretics in lowering the blood pressure in treatment-requiring antihypertensives.Effectiveness and tolerability of the herbal mixture Asparagus P on blood pressure in treatment-requiring antihypertensives.Gadi, D., Bnouham, M., Aziz, M., Ziyyat, A., Legssyer, A., Legrand, C., Lafeve, F. F., and Mekhfi, H. Parsley extract inhibits in vitro and ex vivo platelet aggregation and prolongs bleeding time in rats.Gorgus, E., Lohr, C., Raquet, N., Guth, S., and Schrenk, D. Limettin and furocoumarins in beverages containing citrus juices or extracts.Meyer, H., Bolarinwa, A., Wolfram, G., and Linseisen, J. Bioavailability of apigenin from apiin-rich parsley in humans.Ozsoy-Sacan, O., Yanardag, R., Orak, H., Ozgey, Y., Yarat, A., and Tunali, T. Effects of parsley (Petroselinum crispum) extract versus glibornuride on the liver of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.Peterson, S., Lampe, J.

W., Bammler, T. K., Gross-Steinmeyer, K., and Eaton, D.

L. Apiaceous vegetable constituents inhibit human cytochrome P-450 1A2 (hCYP1A2) activity and hCYP1A2-mediated mutagenicity of aflatoxin B1.Effects of Petroselinum crispum extract on pancreatic B cells and blood glucose of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.The bergapten content of garden parsley and its significance in causing cutaneous photosensitization.Bolton-Smith C, Price RJ, Fenton ST, et al.

Compilation of a provisional UK database for the phylloquinone (vitamin K1) content of foods.Chuang CH, Doyle P, Wang JD, et al. Herbal medicines used during the first trimester and major congenital malformations: an analysis of data from a pregnancy cohort study.Eberhard P, Gall HM, Muller I, Moller R. Dramatic augmentation of a food allergy by acetylsalicylic acid.The Potential of Parsley Polyphenols and Their Antioxidant Capacity to Help in the Treatment of Depression and Anxiety: An In Vivo Subacute Study.Foti C, Cassano N, Mistrello G, Amato S, Romita P, Vena GA.The effect of celery and parsley juices on pharmacodynamic activity of drugs involving cytochrome P450 in their metabolism.Khosravan S, Alami A, Mohammadzadeh-Moghadam H, Ramezani V.

The effect of topical use of Petroselinum crispum (parsley) versus that of hydroquinone cream on reduction of epidermal melasma: A randomized clinical trial.Kurtaran M, Koc NS, Aksun MS, Yildirim T, Yilmaz SR, Erdem Y. Petroselinum crispum, a commonly consumed food, affects sirolimus level in a renal transplant recipient: a case report.Nielsen SE, Young JF, Daneshvar B, et al. Effect of parsley (Petroselinum crispum) intake on urinary apigenin excretion, blood antioxidant enzymes and biomarkers for oxidative stress in human subjects.Ojala T, Vuorela P, Kiviranta J, et al. A bioassay using Artemia salina for detecting phototoxicity of plant coumarins.Tunali T, Yarat A, Yanardag R, et al.

Effect of parsley (Petroselinum crispum) on the skin of STZ induced diabetic rats.Wang CZ, Aung HH, Mehendale SR, Shoyama Y, Yuan CS.High performance liquid chromatographic analysis and anticancer potential of Oplopanax horridus: comparison of stem and berry extracts. .

8 Impressive Health Benefits and Uses of Parsley

Often labeled as one of the most powerful disease-fighting plants, parsley provides great nutritional value and offers many potential health benefits ( 2 ). .

Parsley: Health Benefits, Nutrients per Serving, Preparation

There are two types of fresh parsley frequently found in markets and other food shops.Parsley is a widely cultivated flowering herb that belongs to the family Apiaceae.It is a particularly rich source of vitamin K. A single tablespoon of fresh chopped parsley provides more than 70% of the recommended daily intake.Diuresis is the process in which your kidneys make extra pee in order to get rid of a substance in your body.Parsley works as a powerful natural diuretic and can help reduce bloating and blood pressure. .

Parsley: Health Benefits, Side Effects, Uses, Dose & Precautions

Adsersen, A., Gauguin, B., Gudiksen, L., and Jager, A. K.

Screening of plants used in Danish folk medicine to treat memory dysfunction for acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activity.Ahmad, H., Tijerina, M. T., and Tobola, A.

S. Preferential overexpression of a class MU glutathione S-transferase subunit in mouse liver by myristicin.Appendino, G., Jakupovic, J., and Bossio, E. Structural revision of the parsley sesquiterpenes crispanone and crispane.Arthur, L., Jones, S., Fabri, M., and Odumeru, J.

Microbial survey of selected Ontario-grown fresh fruits and vegetables.Aycicek, H., Oguz, U., and Karci, K. Determination of total aerobic and indicator bacteria on some raw eaten vegetables from wholesalers in Ankara, Turkey.Bardalaye, P. C. and Wheeler, W. B. Capillary gas chromatographic determination of prometryn and its degradation products in parsley.Baytak, S.

and Turker, A. R. Determination of lead and nickel in environmental samples by flame atomic absorption spectrometry after column solid-phase extraction on Ambersorb-572 with EDTA.Baytak, S., Kenduzler, E., Turker, A. R., and Gok, N.

Penicillium digitatum immobilized on pumice stone as a new solid phase extractor for preconcentration and/or separation of trace metals in environmental samples.A., Selby, M. J., and Watson, P. Antifeedant compounds from three species of Apiaceae active against the field slug, Deroceras reticulatum (Muller).Bobovnikova, TsI, Alekseeva, L.

B., Dibtseva, A. V., Chernik, G. V., Orlinsky, D.

B., Priputina, I. V., and Pleskachevskaya, G.

A.The influence of a capacitor plant in Serpukhov on vegetable contamination by polychlorinated biphenyls.Effects of parsley (Petroselinum crispum) on the liver of diabetic rats: a morphological and biochemical study.Borawska, M., Omieljaniuk, N., Rostkowski, J., Otlog, T., and Hamid, F. [Value of nitrates and nitrites in selected vegetables and potatoes sold in the marketplace of Bialystok in the years 1991-1992].[Effect of parsley juice and decoction on the secretory and motor function of the stomach and on biliary secretion.].Brat, P., George, S., Bellamy, A., Du, Chaffaut L., Scalbert, A., Mennen, L., Arnault, N., and Amiot, M. J.Bursac, M, Popovic, M, Mitic, R, Kaurinovic, B, and Jakovljevic, V. Effects of parsley (Petroselinum crispum) and celery (Apium graveolens) extracts on induction and sleeping time in mice.Butot, S., Putallaz, T., and Sanchez, G.

Effects of sanitation, freezing and frozen storage on enteric viruses in berries and herbs.Calucci, L., Pinzino, C., Zandomeneghi, M., Capocchi, A., Ghiringhelli, S., Saviozzi, F., Tozzi, S., and Galleschi, L. Effects of gamma-irradiation on the free radical and antioxidant contents in nine aromatic herbs and spices.Calvo, M., Carazo, M., Arias, M. L., Chaves, C., Monge, R., and Chinchilla, M.

[Prevalence of Cyclospora sp., Cryptosporidium sp, microsporidia and fecal coliform determination in fresh fruit and vegetables consumed in Costa Rica].Campanella, L., Bonanni, A., Favero, G., and Tomassetti, M. Determination of antioxidant properties of aromatic herbs, olives and fresh fruit using an enzymatic sensor.Chan, Y.

C. and Blaschek, H. P.

Comparative analysis of Shigella boydii 18 foodborne outbreak isolate and related enteric bacteria: role of rpoS and adiA in acid stress response.Chaudhary, S. K., Ceska, O., Tetu, C., Warrington, P. J., Ashwood-Smith, M.

J., and Poulton, G. A.

Oxypeucedanin, a Major Furocoumarin in Parsley, Petroselinum crispum.Chen, D. and Dou, Q. P.

Tea polyphenols and their roles in cancer prevention and chemotherapy.Determination of the antioxidant capacity of culinary herbs subjected to various cooking and storage processes using the ABTS(*+) radical cation assay.Christodoulopoulos, A. M., Osman, J. J., and Lynch, H.

C. Growth inhibition of mammalian cells by synthetic and natural photosensitising agents.Chrubasik, S., Droste, C., and Black, A. Asparagus P(R) cannot compete with first-line diuretics in lowering the blood pressure in treatment-requiring antihypertensives.Effectiveness and tolerability of the herbal mixture Asparagus P on blood pressure in treatment-requiring antihypertensives.Conrath, U., Jeblick, W., and Kauss, H. The protein kinase inhibitor, K-252a, decreases elicitor-induced Ca2+ uptake and K+ release, and increases coumarin synthesis in parsley cells.Dhiraputra, C., Tiensasitorn, C., Techachaiwiwat, W., Jirapanakorn, N., Kachintorn, K., and Danchaivijitr, S.

Bacterial contamination of vegetables served in hospitals.Dreux, N., Albagnac, C., Federighi, M., Carlin, F., Morris, C. E., and Nguyen-the, C. Viable but non-culturable Listeria monocytogenes on parsley leaves and absence of recovery to a culturable state.Duden, R. and Fricker, A. Enzymatic degradation of polar lipids in deep-frozen parsley.Duden, R. and Hubner, G.

[Enzymatic oxidation reaction in frozen parsley].Duffy, E. A., Cisneros-Zevallos, L., Castillo, A., Pillai, S.

D., Ricke, S. C., and Acuff, G.

R. Survival of salmonella transformed to express green fluorescent protein on Italian parsley as affected by processing and storage.Duffy, E. A., Lucia, L. M., Kells, J.

M., Castillo, A., Pillai, S. D., and Acuff, G. R.

Concentrations of Escherichia coli and genetic diversity and antibiotic resistance profiling of Salmonella isolated from irrigation water, packing shed equipment, and fresh produce in Texas.Dusek, B., Hajslova, J., and Kocourek, V. Determination of nitrated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and their precursors in biotic matrices.Dussourd, D. E. Chemical stimulants of leaf-trenching by cabbage loopers: natural products, neurotransmitters, insecticides, and drugs.Eckey-Kaltenbach, H., Ernst, D., Heller, W., and Sandermann, H., Jr.

Biochemical Plant Responses to Ozone (IV.Edenharder, R., Sager, J. W., Glatt, H., Muckel, E., and Platt, K. L. Protection by beverages, fruits, vegetables, herbs, and flavonoids against genotoxicity of 2-acetylaminofluorene and 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) in metabolically competent V79 cells.Improved purification and further characterization of acetyl-CoA carboxylase from cultured cells of parsley (Petroselinum hortense).el Shahawi, M.

S. Retention profiles of some commercial pesticides, pyrethroid and acaricide residues and their application to tomato and parsley plants.Elgayyar, M., Draughon, F.

A., Golden, D. A., and Mount, J. R. Antimicrobial activity of essential oils from plants against selected pathogenic and saprophytic microorganisms.Endley, S., Johnson, E., and Pillai, S. D. A simple method to screen cilantro and parsley for fecal indicator viruses.Retention of quality and nutritional value of 13 fresh-cut vegetables treated with low-dose radiation.FAROOQ, M.

O., VARSHNEY, I. P., RAHMAN, W., and KHAN, M.

S. [Anthoxanthin glycosides of Apium petroselinum and a new synthesis of apigenine.].Free radical scavenging and membrane protective effects of methanol extracts from Anthriscus cerefolium L.Fejes, S., Kery, A., Blazovics, A., Lugasi, A., Lemberkovics, E., Petri, G., and Szoke, E.

[Investigation of the in vitro antioxidant effect of Petroselinum crispum (Mill.).Fellbrich, G., Blume, B., Brunner, F., Hirt, H., Kroj, T., Ligterink, W., Romanski, A., and Nurnberger, T. Phytophthora parasitica elicitor-induced reactions in cells of Petroselinum crispum.Fellbrich, G., Romanski, A., Varet, A., Blume, B., Brunner, F., Engelhardt, S., Felix, G., Kemmerling, B., Krzymowska, M., and Nurnberger, T. NPP1, a Phytophthora-associated trigger of plant defense in parsley and Arabidopsis.Flodrova, D., Dzurova, M., Liskova, D., Mohand, F.

A., Mislovicova, D., Malovicova, A., Voburka, Z., Omelkova, J., and Stratilova, E. Pectate hydrolases of parsley (Petroselinum crispum) roots.Outbreaks of Shigella sonnei infection associated with eating fresh parsley--United States and Canada, July-August 1998.Gadi, D., Bnouham, M., Aziz, M., Ziyyat, A., Legssyer, A., Legrand, C., Lafeve, F.

F., and Mekhfi, H. Parsley extract inhibits in vitro and ex vivo platelet aggregation and prolongs bleeding time in rats.Gebhardt, Y., Witte, S., Forkmann, G., Lukacin, R., Matern, U., and Martens, S.

Molecular evolution of flavonoid dioxygenases in the family Apiaceae.Girardin, H., Morris, C. E., Albagnac, C., Dreux, N., Glaux, C., and Nguyen-the, C. Behaviour of the pathogen surrogates Listeria innocua and Clostridium sporogenes during production of parsley in fields fertilized with contaminated amendments.Glaze, L.

E. Collaborative study of a method for the extraction of light filth from whole, cracked, or flaked and ground spices.Gomez-Coronado, D. J., Ibanez, E., Ruperez, F. J., and Barbas, C.

Tocopherol measurement in edible products of vegetable origin.Gorgus, E., Lohr, C., Raquet, N., Guth, S., and Schrenk, D. Limettin and furocoumarins in beverages containing citrus juices or extracts.Determination of monocyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in fruit and vegetables by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.B. and Douglas, R.

G. Phytophotodermatitis in pigs exposed to parsley (Petroselinum crispum).Guiet, S., Robins, R.

J., Lees, M., and Billault, I. Quantitative 2H NMR analysis of deuterium distribution in petroselinic acid isolated from parsley seed.Gutierrez, J., Rodriguez, G., Barry-Ryan, C., and Bourke, P. Efficacy of plant essential oils against foodborne pathogens and spoilage bacteria associated with ready-to-eat vegetables: antimicrobial and sensory screening.Lead and cadmium contamination of soil and vegetables in the Upper Silesia region of Poland.Hehmann, M., Lukacin, R., Ekiert, H., and Matern, U. Furanocoumarin biosynthesis in Ammi majus L. Cloning of bergaptol O-methyltransferase.Hempel, J., Pforte, H., Raab, B., Engst, W., Bohm, H., and Jacobasch, G. Flavonols and flavones of parsley cell suspension culture change the antioxidative capacity of plasma in rats.Holk R, Scherer G.

Fatty acids and lysophospholipids as potential second messengers in auxin action.Hsu, W. Y., Simonne, A., and Jitareerat, P. Fates of seeded Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella on selected fresh culinary herbs during refrigerated storage.Huang, F. Y., Philosoph-Hadas, S., Meir, S., Callaham, D. A., Sabato, R., Zelcer, A., and Hepler, P. K.

Increases in Cytosolic Ca2+ in Parsley Mesophyll Cells Correlate with Leaf Senescence.Presence of Listeria monocytogenes, motile aeromonads and Yersinia enterocolitica in environmental samples taken from a supermarket delicatessen.Ikeda, K., Schiltz, E., Fujii, T., Takahashi, M., Mitsui, K., Kodera, Y., Matsushima, A., Inada, Y., Schulz, G. E., and Nishimura, H.

Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase modified with polyethylene glycol: potential therapeutic agent for phenylketonuria.Innocenti, G., Dall'Acqua, F., and Caporale, G. Investigations of the content of furocoumarins in Apium graveolens and in Petroselinum sativum.A food-borne outbreak of cryptosporidiosis among guests and staff at a hotel restaurant in Stockholm county, Sweden, September 2008.Islam, M., Doyle, M.

P., Phatak, S. C., Millner, P., and Jiang, X.

Persistence of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 in soil and on leaf lettuce and parsley grown in fields treated with contaminated manure composts or irrigation water.Islam, M., Morgan, J., Doyle, M. P., Phatak, S. C., Millner, P., and Jiang, X. Persistence of Salmonella enterica serovar typhimurium on lettuce and parsley and in soils on which they were grown in fields treated with contaminated manure composts or irrigation water.Jia, X., Liu, J., and Xiang, H.

[A new strategy of gene therapy for hyperphenylalaninemia rats].Jimenez-Alvarez, D., Giuffrida, F., Golay, P. A., Cotting, C., Lardeau, A., and Keely, B. J. Antioxidant activity of oregano, parsley, and olive mill wastewaters in bulk oils and oil-in-water emulsions enriched in fish oil.Jimenez-Alvarez, D., Giuffrida, F., Vanrobaeys, F., Golay, P. A., Cotting, C., Lardeau, A., and Keely, B. J.

High-throughput methods to assess lipophilic and hydrophilic antioxidant capacity of food extracts in vitro.Johannot, L. and Somerset, S.

M. Age-related variations in flavonoid intake and sources in the Australian population.Johnston, L.

M., Jaykus, L. A., Moll, D., Martinez, M. C., Anciso, J., Mora, B., and Moe, C.

L. A field study of the microbiological quality of fresh produce.Negative atmospheric pressure chemical ionisation low-energy collision activation mass spectrometry for the characterisation of flavonoids in extracts of fresh herbs.KARMAZIN, M. [Evaluation of fruit and root Petroselinum on the basis of colorimetric determination of apiol and myristicin.].Kasidas, G. P.

and Rose, G. A.

Oxalate content of some common foods: determination by an enzymatic method.A benzothiadiazole primes parsley cells for augmented elicitation of defense responses.Kauppinen, K., Kousa, M., and Reunala, T. Aromatic plants--a cause of severe attacks of angio-edema and urticaria.Khalil, R.

K. and Frank, J. F. Behavior of Escherichia coli O157:H7 on damaged leaves of spinach, lettuce, cilantro, and parsley stored at abusive temperatures.Potential of biologically active plant oils to control mosquito larvae (Culex pipiens, Diptera: Culicidae) from an Egyptian locality.Kirsch, C., Logemann, E., Lippok, B., Schmelzer, E., and Hahlbrock, K.

A highly specific pathogen-responsive promoter element from the immediate-early activated CMPG1 gene in Petroselinum crispum.Kneusel, R. E., Matern, U., and Nicolay, K.

Formation of trans-caffeoyl-CoA from trans-4-coumaroyl-CoA by Zn2+-dependent enzymes in cultured plant cells and its activation by an elicitor-induced pH shift.Knio, K. M., Usta, J., Dagher, S., Zournajian, H., and Kreydiyyeh, S.

Larvicidal activity of essential oils extracted from commonly used herbs in Lebanon against the seaside mosquito, Ochlerotatus caspius.Kobori, C. N.

and Amaya, D. B.

Uncultivated Brazilian green leaves are richer sources of carotenoids than are commercially produced leafy vegetables.Kombrink, E. and Hahlbrock, K. Responses of Cultured Parsley Cells to Elicitors from Phytopathogenic Fungi : Timing and Dose Dependency of Elicitor-Induced Reactions.[Use of the syrup prepared on the basis of wild-growing grasses of the Far East, in preventive maintenance of respiratory diseases and microelementoza at children].Kowalska-Pylka, H., Kot, A., Wiercinski, J., Kursa, K., Walkuska, G., and Cybulski, W. [Lead, cadmium, copper and zinc content in vegetables, gooseberry fruit and soil from gardening plots of Lublin].Krelowska-Kulas, M. Determination of the level of certain trace elements in vegetables in differently contaminated regions.Kuriyama, I., Musumi, K., Yonezawa, Y., Takemura, M., Maeda, N., Iijima, H., Hada, T., Yoshida, H., and Mizushina, Y. Inhibitory effects of glycolipids fraction from spinach on mammalian DNA polymerase activity and human cancer cell proliferation.Lang, M.

M., Harris, L. J., and Beuchat, L. R.

Survival and recovery of Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella, and Listeria monocytogenes on lettuce and parsley as affected by method of inoculation, time between inoculation and analysis, and treatment with chlorinated water.Lapidot, A. and Yaron, S. Transfer of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium from contaminated irrigation water to parsley is dependent on curli and cellulose, the biofilm matrix components.Lapidot, A., Romling, U., and Yaron, S.

Biofilm formation and the survival of Salmonella Typhimurium on parsley.Evaluation of analytical markers characterising different drying methods of parsley leaves (Petroselinum crispum L.).Leienbach, K. W.

and Barz, W. [Metabolism of nicotinic acid in plant cell suspension cultures: II; Isolation, characterization and enzymology of nicotinic acid N-alpha-arabinoside (author's transl)].Lipinska, J. and Oprzadek, K.

[Evaluation of metal contents in vegetables from Siedlce gardens].Lodhia, P., Yaegaki, K., Khakbaznejad, A., Imai, T., Sato, T., Tanaka, T., Murata, T., and Kamoda, T. Effect of green tea on volatile sulfur compounds in mouth air.Logemann, E., Tavernaro, A., Schulz, W., Somssich, I.

E., and Hahlbrock, K. UV light selectively coinduces supply pathways from primary metabolism and flavonoid secondary product formation in parsley.Lozoya, E., Hoffmann, H., Douglas, C., Schulz, W., Scheel, D., and Hahlbrock, K.

Primary structures and catalytic properties of isoenzymes encoded by the two 4-coumarate: CoA ligase genes in parsley.Lutynski, R. The role of lead as an environmental pollutant in the period of growing ecological consciousness.Heavy metals in selected edible vegetables and estimation of their daily intake in Sanandaj, Iran.Matern, U. Coumarins and other phenylpropanoid compounds in the defense response of plant cells.Matern, U., Heller, W., and Himmelspach, K. Conformational changes of apigenin 7-O-(6-O-malonylglucoside), a vacuolar pigment from parsley, with solvent composition and proton concentration.McCue, K.

F. and Conn, E.

E. Induction of Shikimic Acid Pathway Enzymes by Light in Suspension Cultured Cells of Parsley (Petroselinum crispum).Meeran, S. M. and Katiyar, S.

K. Cell cycle control as a basis for cancer chemoprevention through dietary agents.Mekhfi, H., El Haouari, M., Legssyer, A., Bnouham, M., Aziz, M., Atmani, F., Remmal, A., and Ziyyat, A.

Platelet anti-aggregant property of some Moroccan medicinal plants.Meyer, H., Bolarinwa, A., Wolfram, G., and Linseisen, J. Bioavailability of apigenin from apiin-rich parsley in humans.A. Structure-activity studies of the carcinogenicities in the mouse and rat of some naturally occurring and synthetic alkenylbenzene derivatives related to safrole and estragole.A., Mirzaie, D.

N., Seyyednejad, S. M., Zadkarami, M. R., and Amirzargar, A. Spasmolytic effect of Petroselinum crispum (Parsley) on rat's ileum at different calcium chloride concentrations.Morris, C. E., Monier, J., and Jacques, M. Methods for Observing Microbial Biofilms Directly on Leaf Surfaces and Recovering Them for Isolation of Culturable Microorganisms.Moustafa, S.

M., El Shamy, I. M., and Shaheen, N.

Studies on growth and chemical constituents of parsley plants in relation to ontogenesis.Nabrzyski, M. and Gajewska, R.

[The content of nitrates and nitrites in fruits, vegetables and other foodstuffs].Naimi, T. S., Wicklund, J.

H., Olsen, S. J., Krause, G., Wells, J.

G., Bartkus, J. M., Boxrud, D.

J., Sullivan, M., Kassenborg, H., Besser, J. M., Mintz, E. D., Osterholm, M. T., and Hedberg, C. W. Concurrent outbreaks of Shigella sonnei and enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli infections associated with parsley: implications for surveillance and control of foodborne illness.Nielsen, S.

E. and Dragsted, L.

O. Column-switching high-performance liquid chromatographic assay for determination of apigenin and acacetin in human urine with ultraviolet absorbance detection.O'Mahony, R., Al Khtheeri, H., Weerasekera, D., Fernando, N., Vaira, D., Holton, J., and Basset, C. Bactericidal and anti-adhesive properties of culinary and medicinal plants against Helicobacter pylori.Ohyama, S., Kitamori, S., Kawano, H., Yamada, T., Inamasu, T., Ishizawa, M., and Ishinishi, N. Ingestion of parsley inhibits the mutagenicity of male human urine following consumption of fried salmon.Omura, Y.

and Beckman, S. L. Role of mercury (Hg) in resistant infections & effective treatment of Chlamydia trachomatis and Herpes family viral infections (and potential treatment for cancer) by removing localized Hg deposits with Chinese parsley and delivering effective antibiotics using various drug uptake enhancement methods.Outbreaks of Shigella sonnei infection associated with eating fresh parsley--United States and Canada, July-August 1998.Ozcelik F, Yarat A Yanardag R Tunali T.

Limited Effects of Parsley (Petroselinum crispum ) on Protein Glycation and Glutathione in Lenses of Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats.Ozsoy-Sacan, O., Yanardag, R., Orak, H., Ozgey, Y., Yarat, A., and Tunali, T. Effects of parsley (Petroselinum crispum) extract versus glibornuride on the liver of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.Ozturk, L., Bulbul, M., Elmastas, M., and Ciftci, M. Purification and some kinetic properties of catalase from parsley (Petroselinum hortense Hoffm., Apiaceae) leaves.Park, C.

E. and Sanders, G. W.

Occurrence of thermotolerant campylobacters in fresh vegetables sold at farmers' outdoor markets and supermarkets.Parry J, Zhigang H Luther M Lan S Zhoua K Yua L. Characterization of Cold-Pressed Onion, Parsley, Cardamom, Mullein, Roasted Pumpkin, and Milk Thistle Seed Oils.Patel, D., Shukla, S., and Gupta, S.

Apigenin and cancer chemoprevention: progress, potential and promise (review).Pavlickova, J., Zbiral, J., Smatanova, M., Habarta, P., Houserova, P., and Kuban, V. Uptake of thallium from naturally-contaminated soils into vegetables.Peterson, S., Lampe, J. W., Bammler, T.

K., Gross-Steinmeyer, K., and Eaton, D. L. Apiaceous vegetable constituents inhibit human cytochrome P-450 1A2 (hCYP1A2) activity and hCYP1A2-mediated mutagenicity of aflatoxin B1.Pforte, H., Hempel, J., and Jacobasch, G. Distribution pattern of a flavonoid extract in the gastrointestinal lumen and wall of rats.Phillips, D. H., Reddy, M. V., and Randerath, K.

32P-post-labelling analysis of DNA adducts formed in the livers of animals treated with safrole, estragole and other naturally-occurring alkenylbenzenes.Popovic, M., Kaurinovic, B., Jakovljevic, V., Mimica-Dukic, N., and Bursac, M. Effect of parsley (Petroselinum crispum (Mill.).Hill, Apiaceae) extracts on some biochemical parameters of oxidative stress in mice treated with CCl(4).[Studies on the essential oil from parsley fruits (Petroselinum sativum Hoffm.)].Rieu, A., Guzzo, J., and Piveteau, P.

Sensitivity to acetic acid, ability to colonize abiotic surfaces and virulence potential of Listeria monocytogenes EGD-e after incubation on parsley leaves.Rise, M., Cojocaru, M., Gottlieb, H. E., and Goldschmidt, E. E.

Accumulation of alpha-Tocopherol in Senescing Organs as Related to Chlorophyll Degradation.Roberts, R. M., Shah, R. H., Golebiewski, A., and Loewus, F.

Incorporation of Methanol into Pectic Substance.Rontani, J. F., Rabourdin, A., Pinot, F., Kandel, S., and Aubert, C. Visible light-induced oxidation of unsaturated components of cutins: a significant process during the senescence of higher plants.Rostkowski, J., Borawska, M., Omieljaniuk, N., and Otlog, K. [Content of nitrates and nitrites in early vegetables and potatoes sold in the marketplace of Bialystok in the year 1992].[Influence of thermal processing and storage on the content of nitrates and nitrites in chosen vegetables from the Podlasie province].Samadi, N., Abadian, N., Bakhtiari, D., Fazeli, M.

R., and Jamalifar, H. Efficacy of detergents and fresh produce disinfectants against microorganisms associated with mixed raw vegetables.Schmelzer, E., Jahnen, W., and Hahlbrock, K. In situ localization of light-induced chalcone synthase mRNA, chalcone synthase, and flavonoid end products in epidermal cells of parsley leaves.Shearer, A. E., Strapp, C. M., and Joerger, R. D.

Evaluation of a polymerase chain reaction-based system for detection of Salmonella enteritidis, Escherichia coli O157:H7, Listeria spp., and Listeria monocytogenes on fresh fruits and vegetables.Shirron, N., Kisluk, G., Zelikovich, Y., Eivin, I., Shimoni, E., and Yaron, S. A comparative study assaying commonly used sanitizers for antimicrobial activity against indicator bacteria and a Salmonella Typhimurium strain on fresh produce.Smigiel, D.

[Accumulation of heavy metals (Pb, Cd) in selected varieties of vegetables].Tschape, H., Prager, R., Streckel, W., Fruth, A., Tietze, E., and Bohme, G. Verotoxinogenic Citrobacter freundii associated with severe gastroenteritis and cases of haemolytic uraemic syndrome in a nursery school: green butter as the infection source.Tuinema, R.

M., Uijlings, R., Dijkman, M. A., van den Broek, M. P., and de Lange, D.

W. [Intoxication with Monkshood (Aconitum napellus)].Tun, N. N., Holk, A., and Scherer, G. F. Rapid increase of NO release in plant cell cultures induced by cytokinin.Vora, S. R., Patil, R.

B., and Pillai, M. M.

Protective effects of Petroselinum crispum (Mill) Nyman ex A. W. Hill leaf extract on D-galactose-induced oxidative stress in mouse brain.Z.

Antimicrobial effects of pepper, parsley, and dill and their roles in the microbiological quality enhancement of traditional Egyptian Kareish cheese.Wang, L., Sterling, B., and Don, P. Berloque dermatitis induced by "Florida water".Wawrzyniak, A., Gronowska-Senger, A., and Majchrzak, D.

[Values of nitrates and nitrites in selected vegetables given to hospitalized children].Wei, A. and Shibamoto, T.

Antioxidant activities and volatile constituents of various essential oils.Wei, A. and Shibamoto, T. Antioxidant activities of essential oil mixtures toward skin lipid squalene oxidized by UV irradiation.Wellmann, E.

UV dose-dependent induction of enzymes related to flavonoid biosynthesis in cell suspension cultures of parsley.Wright, C. I., Van Buren, L., Kroner, C.

I., and Koning, M. M.

Herbal medicines as diuretics: a review of the scientific evidence.Wulf, L. W., Nagel, C. W., and Branen, A.

L. High-pressure liquid chromatographic separation of the naturally occurring toxicants myristicin, related aromatic ethers and falcarinol.Effects of Petroselinum crispum extract on pancreatic B cells and blood glucose of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.Yildiz, L., Baskan, K.

S., Tutem, E., and Apak, R. Combined HPLC-CUPRAC (cupric ion reducing antioxidant capacity) assay of parsley, celery leaves, and nettle.Yoshikawa, M., Uemura, T., Shimoda, H., Kishi, A., Kawahara, Y., and Matsuda, H.

Medicinal foodstuffs.[Value of harmful elements in fruit and vegetables grown in the province of Siedlce].Zalewski, W., Syrocka, K., and Oprzadek, K. [Determination of elements hazardous to health in vegetables grown in the Siedlece district].The bergapten content of garden parsley and its significance in causing cutaneous photosensitization.Zheng, G. Q., Kenney, P. M., Zhang, J., and Lam, L.

K. Inhibition of benzo[a]pyrene-induced tumorigenesis by myristicin, a volatile aroma constituent of parsley leaf oil.Zhou, G.

D., Moorthy, B., Bi, J., Donnelly, K. C., and Randerath, K.

DNA adducts from alkoxyallylbenzene herb and spice constituents in cultured human (HepG2) cells.Zidorn, C., Johrer, K., Ganzera, M., Schubert, B., Sigmund, E. M., Mader, J., Greil, R., Ellmerer, E. P., and Stuppner, H.

Polyacetylenes from the Apiaceae vegetables carrot, celery, fennel, parsley, and parsnip and their cytotoxic activities.Zommer-Urbanska, S., Bojarowicz, H., and Kuklinski, M. [Effect of emissions from the glass factory "Sudety" in Szczytna on the levels of lead and fluorine in selected vegetables and fruit collected in 1989].Zommer-Urbanska, S., Topolewski, P., Wojciech, P., and Bojarowicz, H.

[Effect of emissions from the Household Glassware Factory (HGF) "Irena" in Inowroclaw on the levels of fluorine and lead in selected vegetables and fruit harvested in 1988].Bolton-Smith C, Price RJ, Fenton ST, et al. Compilation of a provisional UK database for the phylloquinone (vitamin K1) content of foods.Chuang CH, Doyle P, Wang JD, et al.

Herbal medicines used during the first trimester and major congenital malformations: an analysis of data from a pregnancy cohort study.Eberhard P, Gall HM, Muller I, Moller R. Dramatic augmentation of a food allergy by acetylsalicylic acid.The effect of celery and parsley juices on pharmacodynamic activity of drugs involving cytochrome P450 in their metabolism.Effects of the flavonoids quercetin and apigenin on hemostasis in healthy volunteers: results from an in vitro and a dietary supplement study.Nielsen SE, Young JF, Daneshvar B, et al.

Effect of parsley (Petroselinum crispum) intake on urinary apigenin excretion, blood antioxidant enzymes and biomarkers for oxidative stress in human subjects.Effects of echinacea on the frequency of upper respiratory tract symptoms: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.Ojala T, Vuorela P, Kiviranta J, et al. A bioassay using Artemia salina for detecting phototoxicity of plant coumarins.Potter, J. D.

and Steinmetz, K. Vegetables, fruit and phytoestrogens as preventive agents.Schamschula, R. G., Sugar, E., Un, P. S., Duppenthaler, J. L., Toth, K., and Barmes, D. E.

Aluminium, calcium and magnesium content of Hungarian foods and dietary intakes by children aged 3.9 and 14 years.Tunali T, Yarat A, Yanardag R, et al. Effect of parsley (Petroselinum crispum) on the skin of STZ induced diabetic rats. .

Good foods for lowering your high blood pressure – NAPIERS

And if you drink plenty of fresh, filtered water your blood pressure and cholesterol will drop, you'll improve your metabolic rate and it's completely free!The DASH diet outlines foods you should include as well as things you should cut down on, like salt.Attached is a guide called " Lowering your blood pressure with DASH" with menu plans for a week, recipies and more user friendly information.Below I would like to highlight some of the foods recommended because they have particularly helpful effects and there is good clinical evidence to support this.A nine years’ follow-up study of 6,912 white, nonhypertensive men and women showed that people who consumed three or more servings of low-fat milk per day had lower increase of blood pressure, compared to those consuming less than one serving per week.Sprinkle it onto your coffee, a glass of warm milk, into a herbal tea mix, on your cereal or porridge, or over sliced apples or a fruit salad.In one notable clinical trial, the very day that the test group stopped adding cinnamon to their food, everyone's blood sugar, cholesterol and triglycerides levels rose immediately.3/4 cup of whole-grain oatmeal at breakfast and an oat-based snack later in the day caused a significant dip in blood pressure readings of one test group.If you don't like porridge (sprinkled with cinnamon and sliced banana for potassium), toast it lightly and use it as a cereal with low fat milk or yoghurt.Drinking even small doses of beetroot juice can lower blood pressure, cutting the risk of heart disease and stroke.An early study found that drinking 500ml of beetroot juice led to a reduction in blood pressure over 24 hours.A more recent study at the University of Reading found that the same effect is gained from smaller doses.For women, there is also evidence that increasing their folate intake (or folic acid supplementation) lowers blood pressure.Beetroot is also rich in folate, as is liver, wheat germ, legumes, green leafy vegetables, citrus fruits, most fish, pork, and whole grains.Researchers at the University of Adelaide found that taking 4 capsules (940mg) of aged garlic a day reduced blood pressure over a placebo group. .

Parsley: Health Benefits, facts, and research

Share on Pinterest Parsley is great for flavoring meals without adding unhealthy amounts of salt or sugar.Studies have shown that parsley and other green herbs and vegetables can block the cancer-causing effects of heterocyclic amines.Those who prefer charred steak should pair it with green vegetables, such as parsley, to help reduce these potentially harmful effects.Laboratory and animal studies have demonstrated that myricetin can lower blood sugar levels and decrease insulin resistance.Eating a range of fruits, vegetables, and herbs is linked to a reduced risk of health problems. .

New High Blood Pressure Guidelines: A Doctor's Response

They state that anyone with a blood pressure from 130/80 to 139/89 is diagnosed with stage 1 hypertension which affects millions of Americans.Focusing on a plant-based, mineral-rich diet while managing stress and regular exercise is the key to lowering blood pressure and reducing heart disease risk.While sodium intake often gets a reputation for being the main contributing factor to elevated blood pressure, it’s important to look at other minerals like potassium and magnesium.At Parsley Health, this a part of our comprehensive Assessment focusing on reducing your metabolic risk and testing key biomarkers without immediately resorting to medications or surgery. .

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