Agonis flexuosa is a species of tree that grows in the south west of Western Australia.It has fibrous brown bark, long narrow dull-green leaves, and tightly clustered inflorescences of small white flowers in the axes.It is most readily identified by the powerful odour of peppermint emitted when the leaves are crushed or torn.The species name flexuosa is Latin for "full of bends", referring to the zig-zag course of the stem, which changes direction at each leaf node.Horticultural variants are probably derived from the widespread population, growing as shrubs or trees and perhaps being flowerless.Agonis flexuosa occurs in a subcoastal strip from just north of Perth, southward through the Swan Coastal Plain, then along the coast to outlying records east of Bremer Bay (34°23'S).The habitat includes limestone heath, stable dunes, and sandy soils; usually inland from the coastline, and it also grows as an under-storey plant in Tuart forest.The species, in some circumstances - such as when grown on rocky, terraced terrain - can grow buttress roots, but seldom does in flat, sandy areas.Flexuosa trees can also have a twist or spiral effect in the bark of their main trunks that increases with age, usually evident in seedlings.The Noongar peoples used the plant leaves as an antiseptic; sapling trunks were used as spear shafts and digging sticks. .
With age it can reach 25-35 ft. tall with an equal spread, and develop a stout trunk and bold branching character.In these locations it is valued as a residential shade tree in courtyards and for front and back yards where it provides a pleasing hanging foliage habit that resembles weeping willows.
Tasmanian bluegum, northern gray ironbark (E. siderophloia), and other species yield what is known as Botany Bay kino, an astringent dark reddish resin, obtained in a semifluid state from incisions made in the tree trunk.Among the many species of timber-yielding eucalypti are the black peppermint tree; southern mahogany (E. botryoides); karri (E. diversicolor); Tasmanian bluegum; white ironbark, or yellow gum (E.
leucoxylon); jarrah (E. marginata); messmate stringybark (E.
obliqua); red mahogany (E. resinifera); northern gray ironbark; and others. .
June Tree of the Month: Peppermint Tree
The small (½ inch wide) white flowers appear on the twigs in close but distinctly separated clusters, very much resembling a chain of beads in a necklace!After pollination, the flowers develop heads of seed capsules (½ in diameter) that will persist on the twigs for several years.The genus name, Agonis, comes from the Greek word “agon”, which means "a gathering or collection" and refers to the tightly clustered flowers.The species epithet, flexuosa, is Latin for "full of bends", which refers to the zig-zag pattern of the twigs that change direction at each leaf node, as well as to the flexible arching of the branches.It is also called “Wonong” and “Wannang” by the Noongar, an Australian native people, who have traditionally used the leaves as an antiseptic and the trunks of young trees for spear shafts and tools.A magnificent specimen of Peppermint Tree, pictured here, stands in the lawn at the east end of Shoreline Park.Other mature trees can be seen at Stow House (by the caretaker’s cottage), and over 15 are to be found in the Calle Barquero Open Space.Those who wish to honor a special someone can do so with an attractive commemorative marker that will be installed at the base of an existing street tree in the City of Santa Barbara. .
Ingredient Insight: Eucalyptus
Eucalyptus is the generic name for a genus of the plant family Myrtaceae native to Australia and now cultivated worldwide.The global eucalyptus oil market size is predicted a six percent CAGR (2019-2023), according to Technavio.It is now planted in temperate South America, China and sub-Saharan Africa in which they are grown for timber and paper pulp.The odour is woody, camphorous and fresh and has a similar essential oil composition to Eucalyptus Globulus.Commonly known as the narrow-leaved peppermint or Forth River Peppermint, Eucalyptus Radiata is a medium to tall tree to 30 metres high from Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania.Eucalyptus Citriodora is a tall tree, growing to 35 metres native to North-Eastern Australia.It has pharmaceutical, antiseptic, insect repellent, flavouring, fragrance and industrial uses, in which it is best known for its respiratory relief. .
Peppermint Tree Paddock, Fern Creek Farm, WA: 1 Hipcamper
This camping area is completely off-grid, campers must be self-contained (including toilets) and leave no trace.Camp in our peaceful paddock among shady peppermint trees, overlooking a valley visited by wild kangaroos, native birds and farm animals.Camp in our peaceful paddock among shady peppermint trees, overlooking a valley visited by wild kangaroos, native birds and farm animals. .
Agonis flexuosa or Western Australian peppermint
The genus Agonis, of the Myrtaceae family, comprises 4 species of shrubs and small trees native to Australia.They are evergreen trees with a wide crown and elegant bearing with hanging branches that reach between 10 and 15 meters in height.They have long leathery dark green leaves with pointed ends that give off a pleasant mint smell if crushed. .
Agonis flexuosa 'Jervis Bay Afterdark' at San Marcos Growers
It is slower growing and has narrower leaves than is typical for the species but has the same small white flowers with burgundy centers that appear in clusters from spring into early summer.This plant was selected in 1985 as a spontaneous seedling mutation in a flat of Agonis flexuosa grown by R and M L Turner at Jervis Bay Nurseries that was made so famous by the Bush Gem Series of Kangaroo Paws.The specific epithet comes from the Latin word 'flexuos' meaning "bending" or "curvy" in reference to the way the branches arch gracefully.Information presented on this page is based on research that we have conducted about this plant in our library and from reliable online sources. .