In a bitter tone, The Giver tells Jonas that the rule about release was added after the Receiver-in-training's failure ten years earlier.At Jonas' request, The Giver finally explains what happened to the earlier Receiver, who was named Rosemary.But one day, after receiving a few painful memories, Rosemary said goodbye to The Giver, left the Annex, and asked to be released.Grief stricken and angry over the loss of Rosemary, The Giver was unable to help the community through its ordeal.Knowing that memories will destroy the community's Sameness, Jonas asks The Giver a hypothetical question: "What if I fell into the river .Again Lowry foreshadows the future as she concludes Chapter 18 with The Giver deep in thought about Jonas' suggestion to help the community experience freedom once again.Suspense builds as The Giver insists in a very firm voice that Jonas be quiet and watch the video recording of the release.After the video ends, The Giver tells Jonas that Rosemary asked to inject herself at her release.When he realizes that his father lies about what releasing a baby means, The Giver sadly explains, "It's what he was told to do, and he knows nothing else.".By describing the baby's release, a most senseless and horrifying death, Lowry reveals that the community practices infanticide, the killing of infants.Rosemary's suicide reveals that the community also practices a form of euthanasia — here, meaning that a person voluntarily asks to die.However, in the community, release for the elderly or as punishment for citizens who have broken the rules is a form of forced euthanasia, or murder.The emotional climax of the novel is when Jonas finally becomes aware of the true meaning of release and realizes that the community's ideals are far from being idealistic.When people give up their freedom to think as individuals, horrible things can — and do — happen.The falling action of the novel — in literary terms, known as de-nouement — begins as The Giver and Jonas decide that things in the community must change, that neither one of them can tolerate the people's Sameness and blind obedience any longer.Jonas and The Giver talk until very late, developing a plan to save the people in the community from their own senseless inhumanity.The people in the community will notice Jonas' absence; they will search and assume he's fallen into the river, as the four-year-old Caleb did years earlier.The Giver tells Jonas that after he helps the people in the community cope with their newly found memories, he wants to be with his daughter, Rosemary, who, we now learn, was the earlier Receiver-in-training who chose death over living a lonely and isolated life filled with painful memories. .

The Giver Chapters 17–18 Summary & Analysis

Four weeks after Jonas stops taking his pills, an unscheduled holiday is declared in the community.He tries to explain to his friends that the game is a cruel mockery of a horrible reality, but they are only puzzled and annoyed.He will only select the child with the lowest birthweight, perform a Ceremony of Release, and wave goodbye.Jonas cannot ask for release either, a rule that was created after the failure of the new Receiver ten years ago.When Rosemary’s training began, she loved experiencing new things, and the Giver started with happy memories that would make her laugh.The Giver could not bring himself to give her physical pain, but at her insistence he gave her loneliness, loss, poverty, and fear.Jonas knows that he cannot apply for release, but he asks the Giver what would happen if he accidentally drowned in the river, carrying a year’s worth of memories with him.Since Jonas suffered death and pain through the Giver’s memories, we might expect him to suspect the truth.His time with the Giver has made him aware of what his community does not offer (color, desire, pain), but it has not revealed any of the secrets concealed beneath his society’s veneer of tranquility.Rosemary was an appropriate choice for Receiver, but the fact that after her failure it was forbidden to speak her name again is telling: after their unpleasant experience dealing with all of Rosemary’s released memories, the community wanted nothing to do with remembrance, and their rejection of her name constitutes a double rejection of memory.He subjects Jonas to a broken leg, starvation, and war wounds, but these agonies eventually subside.Release from the community could be shameful or painful, but it would also mean a kind of escape from an oppressive, limiting society.As we will see in later chapters, Jonas manages to physically leave the community alive, to actually explore Elsewhere. .

Why did Rosemary request release? Do you think that Rosemary

It was her inability to cope with and accept these difficult memories of humanity's past that made her decide to request release.Clearly, Rosemary showed great bravery in freely accepting, and self-administering, the "Release" that she wanted to forget all the painful memories she had received. .

Could rosemary scent boost brain performance? -- ScienceDaily

Now researchers writing in Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology, published by SAGE, have shown for the first time that blood levels of a rosemary oil component correlate with improved cognitive performance.Mark Moss and Lorraine Oliver, working at the Brain, Performance and Nutrition Research Centre at Northumbria University, UK designed an experiment to investigate the pharmacology of 1,8-cineole (1,3,3-trimethyl-2-oxabicyclo[2,2,2]octane), one of rosemary's main chemical components.Using blood samples to detect the amount of 1,8-cineole participants had absorbed, the researchers applied speed and accuracy tests, and mood assessments, to judge the rosemary oil's affects. .

Rosemary Clooney

In 1945, the Clooney sisters won a spot on Cincinnati's radio station WLW as singers.Clooney recorded several duets with Marlene Dietrich and appeared in the early 1950s on Faye Emerson's Wonderful Town series on CBS.Clooney also did several guest appearances on the Arthur Godfrey radio show, when it was sponsored by Lipton Tea.In later years, Clooney often appeared with Bing Crosby on television, such as in the 1957 special The Edsel Show, and the two friends made a concert tour of Ireland together.In the late 1970s and early 1980s, Clooney did television commercials for Coronet brand paper towels, during which she sang a memorable jingle that went, "Extra value is what you get, when you buy Coro-net.".On January 27, 1996, Clooney appeared on Garrison Keillor's Prairie Home Companion radio program.Proceeds benefit the restoration of the Russell Theater in Maysville, where Clooney's first film, The Stars Are Singing, premiered in 1953.Clooney was married twice to Puerto Rican movie star José Ferrer, 16 years her senior.However, the marriage again crumbled while Ferrer was carrying on an affair with the woman who would become his last wife, Stella Magee.She joined the presidential campaign of close friend Robert F. Kennedy, and heard the shots when he was assassinated on June 5, 1968.[8] A month later, she had a nervous breakdown onstage in Reno, Nevada where she began shouting insults to her audience.Katherine Coker adapted the book for Jackie Cooper, who produced and directed the television movie, Rosie: the Rosemary Clooney Story (1982) starring Sondra Locke (who lip syncs Clooney's songs), Penelope Milford as Betty, and Tony Orlando, who played José Ferrer.In 1983, Rosemary and her brother Nick co-chaired the Betty Clooney Foundation for the Brain-Injured, addressing the needs of survivors of cognitive disabilities caused by strokes, tumors, and brain damage from trauma or age.In 1997, she married her longtime friend and a former dancer, Dante DiPaolo at St.

Patrick's Church in Maysville, Kentucky.Her final show was at Red Bank, New Jersey's Count Basie Theatre in December 2001.Despite surgery and a long period of care following, she died six months later on June 29, 2002, at her Beverly Hills home.Clooney lived for many years in Beverly Hills, California, in the house formerly owned by George and Ira Gershwin at 1019 North Roxbury Drive.In 1980, she purchased a second home on Riverside Drive in Augusta, Kentucky, near Maysville, her childhood hometown.Today, the Augusta house offers viewing of collections of her personal items and memorabilia from many of her films and singing performances.The album was an instant success, being certified gold by Recording Industry Association of America.One of the songbook selections, "This Ole House", became Midler's first Christian radio single shipped by Rick Hendrix and his positive music movement.It was painted by Louisiana muralists Robert Dafford, Herb Roe, and Brett Chigoy as part of the Maysville Floodwall Murals project.[17][18] Her brother Nick Clooney spoke during the dedication for the mural, explaining various images to the crowd. .

Rosemary: Health benefits, precautions, and drug interactions

This Medical News Today Knowledge Center feature is part of a collection of articles on the health benefits of popular foods .Rosemary was traditionally used to help alleviate muscle pain, improve memory, boost the immune and circulatory system, and promote hair growth.Laboratory studies have shown rosemary to be rich in antioxidants, which play an important role in neutralizing harmful particles called free radicals.According to research outlined in Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology , the aroma from rosemary can improve a person’s concentration, performance, speed, and accuracy and, to a lesser extent, their mood.Research published in Oncology Reports found that “crude ethanolic rosemary extract (RO)” slowed the spread of human leukemia and breast carcinoma cells.”.Also, a report published in the Journal of Food Science revealed that adding rosemary extract to ground beef reduces the formation of cancer-causing agents that can develop during cooking.A study published in the journal Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, led by Dr. Stuart A. Lipton, Ph.D. and colleagues at Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute, revealed that a carnosic acid, which is a major component of rosemary, can significantly promote eye health.

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