Abe, F., Yamauchi, T., Nagao, T., Kinjo, J., Okabe, H., Higo, H., and Akahane, H. Ursolic acid as a trypanocidal constituent in rosemary.Adsersen, A., Gauguin, B., Gudiksen, L., and Jager, A. K. Screening of plants used in Danish folk medicine to treat memory dysfunction for acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activity.A., and Aqel, M.

B. Hyperglycemic and insulin release inhibitory effects of Rosmarinus officinalis.Angioni, A., Barra, A., Cereti, E., Barile, D., Coisson, J. D., Arlorio, M., Dessi, S., Coroneo, V., and Cabras, P. chemical composition, plant genetic differences, antimicrobial and antifungal activity investigation of the essential oil of Rosmarinus officinalis L.

J Agric.Food Chem 6-2-2004;52(11):3530-3535.Aruoma, O. I., Halliwell, B., Aeschbach, R., and Loligers, J. Antioxidant and pro-oxidant properties of active rosemary constituents: carnosol and carnosic acid.Baylac, S.

and Racine, P. Inhibition of human leukocyte elastase by natural fragrant extracts of aromatic plants.Cervellati, R., Renzulli, C., Guerra, M.

C., and Speroni, E. Evaluation of antioxidant activity of some natural polyphenolic compounds using the Briggs-Rauscher reaction method.Determination of the antioxidant capacity of culinary herbs subjected to various cooking and storage processes using the ABTS(*+) radical cation assay.Elgayyar, M., Draughon, F. A., Golden, D.

A., and Mount, J. R. Antimicrobial activity of essential oils from plants against selected pathogenic and saprophytic microorganisms.Erenmemisoglu, A., Saraymen, R., and Ustun, S. Effect of a Rosmarinus officinalis leave extract on plasma glucose levels in normoglycaemic and diabetic mice.Fahim, F.

A., Esmat, A. Y., Fadel, H. M., and Hassan, K. F.

Allied studies on the effect of Rosmarinus officinalis L. on experimental hepatotoxicity and mutagenesis.Fu, Y., Zu, Y., Chen, L., Shi, X., Wang, Z., Sun, S., and Efferth, T.

Antimicrobial activity of clove and rosemary essential oils alone and in combination.Fuchs, S. M., Schliemann-Willers, S., Fischer, T.

W., and Elsner, P. Protective effects of different marigold (Calendula officinalis L.) and rosemary cream preparations against sodium-lauryl-sulfate-induced irritant contact dermatitis.Evaluation of the antinociceptive effect of Rosmarinus officinalis L.

using three different experimental models in rodents.Gutierrez, R., Alvarado, J. L., Presno, M., Perez-Veyna, O., Serrano, C. J., and Yahuaca, P.

Oxidative stress modulation by Rosmarinus officinalis in CCl(4)-induced liver cirrhosis.Harach, T., Aprikian, O., Monnard, I., Moulin, J., Membrez, M., Beolor, J. C., Raab, T., Mace, K., and Darimont, C.

Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) Leaf Extract Limits Weight Gain and Liver Steatosis in Mice Fed a High-Fat Diet.Haraguchi, H., Saito, T., Okamura, N., and Yagi, A. Inhibition of lipid peroxidation and superoxide generation by diterpenoids from Rosmarinus officinalis.Comparative choleretic and hepatoprotective properties of young sprouts and total plant extracts of Rosmarinus officinalis in rats.Huang, M.

T., Ho, C. T., Wang, Z.

Y., Ferraro, T., Lou, Y. R., Stauber, K., Ma, W., Georgiadis, C., Laskin, J.

D., and Conney, A. H.

Inhibition of skin tumorigenesis by rosemary and its constituents carnosol and ursolic acid.Huang, S. C., Ho, C. T., Lin-Shiau, S. Y., and Lin, J. K. Carnosol inhibits the invasion of B16/F10 mouse melanoma cells by suppressing metalloproteinase-9 through down-regulating nuclear factor-kappa B and c-Jun.Inoue, K., Takano, H., Shiga, A., Fujita, Y., Makino, H., Yanagisawa, R., Ichinose, T., Kato, Y., Yamada, T., and Yoshikawa, T.

Effects of volatile constituents of a rosemary extract on allergic airway inflammation related to house dust mite allergen in mice.Kosaka, K. and Yokoi, T.

Carnosic acid, a component of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.), promotes synthesis of nerve growth factor in T98G human glioblastoma cells.Kwon, Y. I., Vattem, D. A., and Shetty, K. Evaluation of clonal herbs of Lamiaceae species for management of diabetes and hypertension.Llewellyn, G. C., Burkett, M. L., and Eadie, T.

Potential mold growth, aflatoxin production, and antimycotic activity of selected natural spices and herbs.Lo, A. H., Liang, Y.

C., Lin-Shiau, S. Y., Ho, C.

T., and Lin, J. K. Carnosol, an antioxidant in rosemary, suppresses inducible nitric oxide synthase through down-regulating nuclear factor-kappaB in mouse macrophages.Lopez, P., Sanchez, C., Batlle, R., and Nerin, C.

Solid- and vapor-phase antimicrobial activities of six essential oils: susceptibility of selected foodborne bacterial and fungal strains.Luqman, S., Dwivedi, G. R., Darokar, M. P., Kalra, A., and Khanuja, S.

P. Potential of rosemary oil to be used in drug-resistant infections.B., Pizzolatti, M. G., and Rodrigues, A.

L. Antidepressant-like effect of the extract of Rosmarinus officinalis in mice: involvement of the monoaminergic system.Martin, R., Pierrard, C., Lejeune, F., Hilaire, P., Breton, L., and Bernerd, F. Photoprotective effect of a water-soluble extract of Rosmarinus officinalis L. against UV-induced matrix metalloproteinase-1 in human dermal fibroblasts and reconstructed skin.Martinez, A.

L., Gonzalez-Trujano, M. E., Pellicer, F., Lopez-Munoz, F.

J., and Navarrete, A. Antinociceptive effect and GC/MS analysis of Rosmarinus officinalis L.

essential oil from its aerial parts.Masuda, T., Inaba, Y., and Takeda, Y. Antioxidant mechanism of carnosic acid: structural identification of two oxidation products.Muhlbauer, R.

C., Lozano, A., Palacio, S., Reinli, A., and Felix, R. Common herbs, essential oils, and monoterpenes potently modulate bone metabolism.Offord, E. A., Mace, K., Avanti, O., and Pfeifer, A.

M. Mechanisms involved in the chemoprotective effects of rosemary extract studied in human liver and bronchial cells.Ozcan, M. M.

and Chalchat, J. C.

Chemical composition and antifungal activity of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) oil from Turkey.Paris, A., Strukelj, B., Renko, M., Turk, V., Pukl, M., Umek, A., and Korant, B. D.

Inhibitory effect of carnosic acid on HIV-1 protease in cell-free assays [corrected].Poeckel, D., Greiner, C., Verhoff, M., Rau, O., Tausch, L., Hornig, C., Steinhilber, D., Schubert-Zsilavecz, M., and Werz, O. Carnosic acid and carnosol potently inhibit human 5-lipoxygenase and suppress pro-inflammatory responses of stimulated human polymorphonuclear leukocytes.Posadas, S.

J., Caz, V., Largo, C., De la, Gandara B., Matallanas, B., Reglero, G., and De Miguel, E. Protective effect of supercritical fluid rosemary extract, Rosmarinus officinalis, on antioxidants of major organs of aged rats.Pozzatti, P., Scheid, L. A., Spader, T.

B., Atayde, M. L., Santurio, J. M., and Alves, S. H. In vitro activity of essential oils extracted from plants used as spices against fluconazole-resistant and fluconazole-susceptible Candida spp.Quave, C. L., Plano, L.

R., Pantuso, T., and Bennett, B. C. Effects of extracts from Italian medicinal plants on planktonic growth, biofilm formation and adherence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.Rasooli, I., Shayegh, S., Taghizadeh, M., and Astaneh, S. D. Phytotherapeutic prevention of dental biofilm formation.Rau, O., Wurglics, M., Paulke, A., Zitzkowski, J., Meindl, N., Bock, A., Dingermann, T., Abdel-Tawab, M., and Schubert-Zsilavecz, M. Carnosic Acid and Carnosol, Phenolic Diterpene Compounds of the Labiate Herbs Rosemary and Sage, are Activators of the Human Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor Gamma.Reichling, J., Nolkemper, S., Stintzing, F.

C., and Schnitzler, P. Impact of ethanolic lamiaceae extracts on herpesvirus infectivity in cell culture.Ritschel, W. A., Starzacher, A., Sabouni, A., Hussain, A.

S., and Koch, H. P.

Percutaneous absorption of rosmarinic acid in the rat.Sancheti, G. and Goyal, P. K. Effect of rosmarinus officinalis in modulating 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene induced skin tumorigenesis in mice.Sancheti, G. and Goyal, P. Modulatory influence of Rosemarinus officinalis on DMBA-induced mouse skin tumorigenesis.Sandasi, M., Leonard, C.

M., and Viljoen, A. M.

The in vitro antibiofilm activity of selected culinary herbs and medicinal plants against Listeria monocytogenes.Santoyo, S., Cavero, S., Jaime, L., Ibanez, E., Senorans, F. J., and Reglero, G.

Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of Rosmarinus officinalis L. essential oil obtained via supercritical fluid extraction.Satoh, T., Kosaka, K., Itoh, K., Kobayashi, A., Yamamoto, M., Shimojo, Y., Kitajima, C., Cui, J., Kamins, J., Okamoto, S., Izumi, M., Shirasawa, T., and Lipton, S.

A. Carnosic acid, a catechol-type electrophilic compound, protects neurons both in vitro and in vivo through activation of the Keap1/Nrf2 pathway via S-alkylation of targeted cysteines on Keap1.Shin, S.

Anti-Aspergillus activities of plant essential oils and their combination effects with ketoconazole or amphotericin B. Arch Pharm Res 2003;26(5):389-393.Slamenova, D., Kuboskova, K., Horvathova, E., and Robichova, S. Rosemary-stimulated reduction of DNA strand breaks and FPG-sensitive sites in mammalian cells treated with H2O2 or visible light-excited Methylene Blue.Sotelo-Felix, J.

I., Martinez-Fong, D., Muriel, P., Santillan, R. L., Castillo, D., and Yahuaca, P. Evaluation of the effectiveness of Rosmarinus officinalis (Lamiaceae) in the alleviation of carbon tetrachloride-induced acute hepatotoxicity in the rat.Takahashi, T., Tabuchi, T., Tamaki, Y., Kosaka, K., Takikawa, Y., and Satoh, T.

Carnosic acid and carnosol inhibit adipocyte differentiation in mouse 3T3-L1 cells through induction of phase2 enzymes and activation of glutathione metabolism.Tamaki, Y., Tabuchi, T., Takahashi, T., Kosaka, K., and Satoh, T. Activated Glutathione Metabolism Participates in Protective Effects of Carnosic Acid against Oxidative Stress in Neuronal HT22 cells.Tantaoui-Elaraki, A.

and Beraoud, L. Inhibition of growth and aflatoxin production in Aspergillus parasiticus by essential oils of selected plant materials.Weckesser, S., Engel, K., Simon-Haarhaus, B., Wittmer, A., Pelz, K., and Schempp, C.

M. Screening of plant extracts for antimicrobial activity against bacteria and yeasts with dermatological relevance.Yu, Y. M., Lin, H.

C., and Chang, W. C.

Carnosic acid prevents the migration of human aortic smooth muscle cells by inhibiting the activation and expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9.Zhao, B. L., Li, X. J., He, R.

G., Cheng, S. J., and Xin, W.

J. Scavenging effect of extracts of green tea and natural antioxidants on active oxygen radicals.Achour M, Ben Salem I, Ferdousi F, et al.

Rosemary tea consumption alters peripheral anxiety and depression biomarkers: A pilot study in limited healthy volunteers.Achour M, Bravo L, Sarriá B, et al. Bioavailability and nutrikinetics of rosemary tea phenolic compounds in humans.Achour M, Saguem S, Sarriá B, Bravo L, Mateos R. Bioavailability and metabolism of rosemary infusion polyphenols using Caco-2 and HepG2 cell model systems.Effect of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) on lipid profiles and blood glucose in human diabetic patients (type-2).Burkhard PR, Burkhardt K, Haenggeli CA, Landis T.

Plant-induced seizures: reappearance of an old problem.Induction of cytochrome P450 and/or detoxication enzymes by various extracts of rosemary: description of specific patterns.Effects of a water-soluble extract of rosemary and its purified component rosmarinic acid on xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes in rat liver.Bioaccessibility and inhibitory effects on digestive enzymes of carnosic acid in sage and rosemary.Fernández LF, Palomino OM, Frutos G. Effectivenss of Rosmarinus officinalis essential oil as antihypotensive agent in primary hypotensive patients and its influence on health-related quality of life.Giordani R, Regli P, Kaloustian J, et al. Antifungal effect of various essential oils against Candida albicans.Lee JJ, Jin YR, Lim Y, et al. Antiplatelet activity of carnosol is mediated by the inhibition of TXA2 receptor and cytosolic calcium mobilization.Lieberman S. A Review of the effectiveness of cimicifuga racemosa (Black Cohosh) for the symptoms of menopause.Short-term effects of black pepper (Piper nigrum) and rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis and Rosmarinnus eriocalyx) on sustained attention and on energy and fatigue mood states in young adults with low energy.The effects of lavender and rosemary essential oils on test-taking anxiety among graduate nursing students.Moss M, Cook J, Wesnes K, Duckett P. Aromas of rosemary and lavender essential oils differentially affect cognition and mood in healthy adults.Long-term intake of rosemary and common thyme herbs inhibits experimental thrombosis without prolongation of bleeding time.The effect of rosemary essential oil inhalation on sleepiness and alertness of shift-working nurses: A randomized, controlled field trial.Nematolahi P, Mehrabani M, Karami-Mohajeri S, Dabaghzadeh F.

Effects of Rosmarinus officinalis L. on memory performance, anxiety, depression, and sleep quality in university students: A randomized clinical trial.Panahi Y, Taghizadeh M, Marzony T, Sahebkar A. Rosemary oil vs minoxidil 2% for the treatment of androgenic alopecia: a randomized comparative trial.Park, M. K. and Lee, E. S.

[The effect of aroma inhalation method on stress responses of nursing students].Pengelly A, Snow J, Mills SY, et al. Short-term study on the effects of rosemary on cognitive function in an elderly population.Protective effects of citrus and rosemary extracts on UV-induced damage in skin cell model and human volunteers.Perry NSL, Menzies R, Hodgson F, et al.

A randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial of a combined extract of sage, rosemary and Melissa, traditional herbal medicines, on the enhancement of memory in normal healthy subjects, including influence of age.Quirarte-Báez SM, Zamora-Perez AL, Reyes-Estrada CA, et al. A shortened treatment with rosemary tea (rosmarinus officinalis) instead of glucose in patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 (TSD).Samman S, Sandstrom B, Toft MB, et al. Green tea or rosemary extract added to foods reduces nonheme-iron absorption.Tahoonian-Golkhatmy F, Abedian Z, Emami SA, Esmaily H.

Comparison of rosemary and mefenamic acid capsules on menstrual bleeding and primary dysmenorrhea: A clinical trial.Valones MAA, Silva ICG, Gueiros LAM, Leão JC, Caldas AF Jr, Carvalho AAT.Zhu BT, Loder DP, Cai MX, et al. Dietary administration of an extract from rosemary leaves enhances the liver microsomal metabolism of endogenous estrogens and decreases their uterotropic action in CD-1 mice. .

14 Benefits and Uses of Rosemary Essential Oil

Rosemary’s essential oil — which holds the plant’s core components, or essence — is extracted and sold in small bottles. .

Rosemary for your skin

Additionally, rosemary stimulates biological activity and cell growth to reduce fine lines and wrinkles.With its powerful disinfectant and antibiotic properties, the herb can help to treat acne and oily skin conditions. .

The Surprising Benefits of Rosemary in Skincare

We already know that it's a great vitamin-rich addition to a salad, not to mention one of the tastiest (if you've never had a rosemary cheese straw before, then it's well worth rectifying that ASAP), but who knew it was such a skincare stalwart?To find out why rosemary leaf extract features in some of our favourite products and what it can do for our skin, we called on three skincare experts to reveal everything there is to know about the benefits.You may think that when it comes to a natural ingredient, the benefits may just be anecdotal, but there's plenty of science to back up the power of this little plant.Rosmarinic acid (the main component in rosemary leaf extract) is powerfully calming for skin conditions like eczema and acne."Its antioxidant properties reinforce blood capillaries, helping to reduce the signs of aging on the skin," says Langdon.Furthermore, rosemary stimulates biological activity and cell growth to reduce fine lines and wrinkles.".That's not to say everyone needs to avoid rosemary oil, but if you are sensitive to fragrance and find it irritates you, then this is something to look out for on the ingredient list.Packed with seven mineral salts, this lightweight body lotion has been formulated to boost lymphatic flow and skin cell metabolism, according to the brand.It sinks in fast, smells delightfully like a spa, and leaves the skin soft and radiant.Another recommendation from Dr. Langdon, this sunscreen promises to protect from UV rays, as well as blue light.

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Rosemary: Health benefits, precautions, and drug interactions

This Medical News Today Knowledge Center feature is part of a collection of articles on the health benefits of popular foods .Rosemary was traditionally used to help alleviate muscle pain, improve memory, boost the immune and circulatory system, and promote hair growth.Laboratory studies have shown rosemary to be rich in antioxidants, which play an important role in neutralizing harmful particles called free radicals.According to research outlined in Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology , the aroma from rosemary can improve a person’s concentration, performance, speed, and accuracy and, to a lesser extent, their mood.Research published in Oncology Reports found that “crude ethanolic rosemary extract (RO)” slowed the spread of human leukemia and breast carcinoma cells.”.Also, a report published in the Journal of Food Science revealed that adding rosemary extract to ground beef reduces the formation of cancer-causing agents that can develop during cooking.A study published in the journal Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, led by Dr. Stuart A.

Lipton, Ph.D. and colleagues at Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute, revealed that a carnosic acid, which is a major component of rosemary, can significantly promote eye health.

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Rosemary: Side Effects, Dosages, Treatment, Interactions, Warnings

Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicine before checking with your doctor, health care provider or pharmacist first.Keep a list of all your medications with you, and share this information with your doctor and pharmacist. .

Protective effect of a mixture of marigold and rosemary extracts on

UV irradiation significantly enhanced the expression of these biomarkers through an inflammatory response, however, the mixture of marigold and rosemary extracts exerted inhibitory effects and protected from UV-induced damage. .

What does Rosemary do for your Skin? Skintrends.com has answers.

Rosemary Oil’s antimicrobial benefits give oily and acneic skin an advantage in preventing future breakouts.Rosemary Essential Oil, a member of the mint family, provides stimulation, oxygenation and overall reviving refreshment to skin.Massaging Rosemary Oil regularly on affected skin helps eliminate flaking and dryness. .

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