You may find the wording caramelised sugar syrup now replaces 150 caramel colour, as most people know now to avoid caramel and I could go on.MSG is the sodium salt of glutamic acid.In its processed form as the food additive MSG 621, it's a white powder which looks like salt or sugar.How to Avoid: It's a substance you just need to keep away from.Preservatives are added to foods to extend the shelf life of products.As mentioned above, vinegar, salt and sugar have been used for centuries to preserve but it's the chemical preservatives that are giving health concerns.Preservatives found to cause problems:.You find them in dried fruit, wine, jam, bread, cheese and processed meats.Most dried fruit is preserved by the use of sulphur dioxide 220, they are commonly coated in vegetable oil as a preservative too and the oil can contain antioxidants.Sulphites should be avoided if you are asthmatic, other adverse health problems are: heart damage, behavioural issues, diarrhoea, gastric irritation, liver toxicity, rashes, bronchitis.You find them in sweet and savoury biscuits (cookies), margarine, peanut butter, frozen foods, mayonnaise, even though they're prohibited in food for infants and young children.How to Avoid: Purchase organic dried fruit or naturally sun-dried fruit with no seed or vegetable oils coating them.Check the ingredients label on your bread, you can purchase from bakeries that don't use preservatives.Look for products that use the 'good antioxidants', 300 - 309 are safe for most people.However, 310 - 312 and 319 - 321 should be avoided wherever possible.Sodium nitrate (250) and sodium nitrite (251) are chemicals found commonly in processed and cured meats.It's the synthetic additive that includes sodium or potassium nitrates and nitrites that are the big concern, it's not the natural nitrates that occur naturally in green leafy vegetables, beetroot and celery or in some fruits.It is prohibited in foods for infants and young children, but it's in polony, sausages, hot dogs, and lunch meats that young children eat.Artificial Food Colours.I think most people would be aware of the link between artificial colours and hyperactivity, but people may not be aware that many colours widely used in foods today are proven or suspected carcinogens (cancer forming).It's a big concern when colours are only added by manufacturers to make their product look better and appealing to the consumers (like raspberry flavour should look red).We seem to see the most artificial colours in children's foods.When looking out for colours in food the numbers go from 100 - 199.It's used in processed commercial foods that have an artificial yellow or green colour.Tartrazine appears to cause the most allergic and intolerance reactions of all the azo dyes (vivid colour of reds, oranges and yellows), particularly among asthmatics and those with an aspirin intolerance.Banned in Norway and Austria, products with tartrazine must carry a health warning in the EU.Found in the same foods as above and linked to hyperactivity, skin rashes, asthmatics should avoid.Banned in Norway and product labels in the EU must carry a health warning.122 - Azorubine/carmoisine Red colour dye.124 - Ponceau 4R Red colour dye.Suspected carcinogen and linked to hyperactivity, asthmatics should avoid.Suspected carcinogen, linked to hyperactivity, nausea, breathing difficulties, blood pressure, skin rashes.Banned in Norway and the European Food Safety Authority is currently re-evaluating the safety of E132.Found in ice cream, canned processed peas, packet soups, bottled food colourings, icings, icy popsicles, blue raspberry flavoured products, dairy products, lollies, drinks and liqueurs.142 - Green S colour dye.Found in desserts, lollies, ice cream, red fruit jams, cake icings, mustard, soft drinks, flavoured milk drinks and more.Found in chocolate cakes, jams, fruit products, drinks, cheese, milks, yoghurt, fish products and more.Found in custard and pudding mixes, canned fruit, bakery products, snack foods, biscuits, sweets, chocolate, luncheon meat, salmon spread, pate and more.Found in confectionery, soft drinks, condiments, cosmetics, medicines.Found in alcoholic beverages, soft drinks (cola drinks), apple drinks, gives colour to brown bread, biscuits, olives, sauces, dressings, vinegar, gravy, custards, fillings, black spreads (like vegemite), chocolate, lollies, store-bought roast chickens and so many more.160b - Annatto colour.It's found in numerous food items that are coloured cream to yellow-orange: processed breakfast cereals, flavoured chips and snack foods, dairy products (ice cream, cheese, yoghurts), flour products (biscuits, cakes, pastries), fruit juices, margarine, frozen chips, salad dressings, medicines.Artificial sweeteners are suspected carcinogens and as people get more concerned, food companies are using some new sweeteners and labelling them 'natural'. .

All About Rosemary Extract, the Alternative to Chemical

Rosemary extract is slowly growing in popularity among certain food producers due to its ability to act as a natural preservative.Things like granola bars, English muffins, pancake syrup, and cereal are made with ingredients that will eventually spoil, yet they’re intended to stay fresh on the grocery store shelf for weeks, if not months. .

ROSEMARY: Overview, Uses, Side Effects, Precautions, Interactions

J Ethnopharmacol 4-6-2006;104(3):418-422.Aggarwal, Hader, A.A., Hasan, Z.J Ethnopharmacol 7-22-1994;43(3) Sereiti, M. R., Abu-Amer, K. M., and Sen, P.

Pharmacology of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis Linn.).Indian J Exp Biol 1999;37(2):124-130.Angioni, A., Barra, A., Cereti, E., Barile, D., Coisson, J. D., Arlorio, M., Dessi, S., Coroneo, V., and Cabras, P. chemical composition, plant genetic differences, antimicrobial and antifungal activity investigation of the essential oil of Rosmarinus officinalis L.

J Agric.Food Chem 6-2-2004;52(11):3530-3535.Aruoma, O. I. Antioxidant actions of plant foods: use of oxidative DNA damage as a tool for studying antioxidant efficacy.Aruoma, O. I., Halliwell, B., Aeschbach, R., and Loligers, J.

Antioxidant and pro-oxidant properties of active rosemary constituents: carnosol and carnosic acid.Int J Aromatherapy 2004;14(4):179-182.Cheung, S. and Tai, J.

Anti-proliferative and antioxidant properties of rosemary Rosmarinus officinalis.Plant Foods Hum.Nutr.Elgayyar, M., Draughon, F. A., Golden, D.

A., and Mount, J. R.

Antimicrobial activity of essential oils from plants against selected pathogenic and saprophytic microorganisms.Int J Food Sci Nutr 1999;50(6):413-427.Fernandez, L., Duque, S., Sanchez, I., Quinones, D., Rodriguez, F., and Garcia-Abujeta, J. L.

Allergic contact dermatitis from rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.).Fu, Y., Zu, Y., Chen, L., Shi, X., Wang, Z., Sun, S., and Efferth, T. Antimicrobial activity of clove and rosemary essential oils alone and in combination.Fuchs, S. M., Schliemann-Willers, S., Fischer, T. W., and Elsner, P. Protective effects of different marigold (Calendula officinalis L.) and rosemary cream preparations against sodium-lauryl-sulfate-induced irritant contact dermatitis.Evaluation of the antinociceptive effect of Rosmarinus officinalis L. using three different experimental models in rodents.Planta Med 11-16-2009; View abstract.B., Christophersen, C., Hausen, B.

M., and Menne, T. Occupational allergic contact dermatitis from carnosol, a naturally-occurring compound present in rosemary.Huang, M.

T., Ho, C. T., Wang, Z.

Y., Ferraro, T., Lou, Y. R., Stauber, K., Ma, W., Georgiadis, C., Laskin, J. D., and Conney, A.

H. Inhibition of skin tumorigenesis by rosemary and its constituents carnosol and ursolic acid.Cancer Res 2-1-1994;54(3):701-708.Huang, S.

C., Ho, C. T., Lin-Shiau, S. Y., and Lin, J. K. Carnosol inhibits the invasion of B16/F10 mouse melanoma cells by suppressing metalloproteinase-9 through down-regulating nuclear factor-kappa B and c-Jun.[The effects of aromatherapy on pain, depression, and life satisfaction of arthritis patients].Kosaka, K. and Yokoi, T.

Carnosic acid, a component of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.), promotes synthesis of nerve growth factor in T98G human glioblastoma cells.Asia Pac.J Clin Nutr 2006;15(1):107-118.Altern.Ther Health Med 2007;13(5):54-59.B., Pizzolatti, M. G., and Rodrigues, A. L. Antidepressant-like effect of the extract of Rosmarinus officinalis in mice: involvement of the monoaminergic system.Martinez, A.

L., Gonzalez-Trujano, M. E., Pellicer, F., Lopez-Munoz, F.

J., and Navarrete, A. Antinociceptive effect and GC/MS analysis of Rosmarinus officinalis L.

essential oil from its aerial parts.A. Antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of rosemary extracts linked to their polyphenol composition.Muhlbauer, R.

C., Lozano, A., Palacio, S., Reinli, A., and Felix, R. Common herbs, essential oils, and monoterpenes potently modulate bone metabolism.Offord, E.

A., Mace, K., Avanti, O., and Pfeifer, A. M. Mechanisms involved in the chemoprotective effects of rosemary extract studied in human liver and bronchial cells.Int J Food Sci.Nutr 2008;59(7-8):691-698.Rau, O., Wurglics, M., Paulke, A., Zitzkowski, J., Meindl, N., Bock, A., Dingermann, T., Abdel-Tawab, M., and Schubert-Zsilavecz, M. Carnosic Acid and Carnosol, Phenolic Diterpene Compounds of the Labiate Herbs Rosemary and Sage, are Activators of the Human Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor Gamma.Reichling, J., Nolkemper, S., Stintzing, F.

C., and Schnitzler, P. Impact of ethanolic lamiaceae extracts on herpesvirus infectivity in cell culture.Methods Find.Exp Clin Pharmacol 1989;11(5):345-352.Sancheti, G. and Goyal, P.

K. Effect of rosmarinus officinalis in modulating 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene induced skin tumorigenesis in mice.Sandasi, M., Leonard, C. M., and Viljoen, A.

M. The in vitro antibiofilm activity of selected culinary herbs and medicinal plants against Listeria monocytogenes.Santoyo, S., Cavero, S., Jaime, L., Ibanez, E., Senorans, F. J., and Reglero, G. Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of Rosmarinus officinalis L. essential oil obtained via supercritical fluid extraction.Scheckel, K. A., Degner, S.

C., and Romagnolo, D. F. Rosmarinic acid antagonizes activator protein-1-dependent activation of cyclooxygenase-2 expression in human cancer and nonmalignant cell lines.Schwarz, K.

and Ternes, W. Antioxidative constituents of Rosmarinus officinalis and Salvia officinalis.Shin, S.

Anti-Aspergillus activities of plant essential oils and their combination effects with ketoconazole or amphotericin B. Arch Pharm Res 2003;26(5):389-393.Sotelo-Felix, J.

I., Martinez-Fong, D., and Muriel, De la Torre.Protective effect of carnosol on CCl(4)-induced acute liver damage in rats.Sotelo-Felix, J. I., Martinez-Fong, D., Muriel, P., Santillan, R.

L., Castillo, D., and Yahuaca, P. Evaluation of the effectiveness of Rosmarinus officinalis (Lamiaceae) in the alleviation of carbon tetrachloride-induced acute hepatotoxicity in the rat.Nutr Cancer 2001;41(1-2):135-144.Takahashi, T., Tabuchi, T., Tamaki, Y., Kosaka, K., Takikawa, Y., and Satoh, T.

Carnosic acid and carnosol inhibit adipocyte differentiation in mouse 3T3-L1 cells through induction of phase2 enzymes and activation of glutathione metabolism.Tamaki, Y., Tabuchi, T., Takahashi, T., Kosaka, K., and Satoh, T. Activated Glutathione Metabolism Participates in Protective Effects of Carnosic Acid against Oxidative Stress in Neuronal HT22 cells.Planta Med 11-25-2009; View abstract.Tantaoui-Elaraki, A.

and Beraoud, L. Inhibition of growth and aflatoxin production in Aspergillus parasiticus by essential oils of selected plant materials.J Int Med Res 2008;36(4):682-690.Yu, Y.

M., Lin, H. C., and Chang, W.

C. Carnosic acid prevents the migration of human aortic smooth muscle cells by inhibiting the activation and expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9.Zeng, H.

H., Tu, P. F., Zhou, K., Wang, H., Wang, B.

H., and Lu, J. F. Antioxidant properties of phenolic diterpenes from Rosmarinus officinalis.Zhao, B. L., Li, X. J., He, R. G., Cheng, S.

J., and Xin, W. J. Scavenging effect of extracts of green tea and natural antioxidants on active oxygen radicals.Altern Ther Health Med 1999;5:42-51.Food Chem Toxicol 2001;39(9):907-18.Effects of a water-soluble extract of rosemary and its purified component rosmarinic acid on xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes in rat liver.Food Chem Toxicol 2001;39(2):109-17.Bioaccessibility and inhibitory effects on digestive enzymes of carnosic acid in sage and rosemary.Int J Biol Macromol.Tyler's Honest Herbal, 4th ed., Binghamton, NY: Haworth Herbal Press, 1999.Potentiation of antifungal action of amphotericin B by essential oil from Thymus vulgaris.Randomized trial of aromatherapy.Kim MA, Sakong JK, Kim EJ, et al.

[Effect of aromatherapy massage for the relief of constipation in the elderly].Lee JJ, Jin YR, Lee JH, et al. Antiplatelet activity of carnosic acid, a phenolic diterpene from Rosmarinus officinalis.J Med Food.Lukaczer D, Darland G, Tripp M, et al. A pilot trial evaluating Meta050, a proprietary combination of reduced iso-alpha acids, rosemary extract and oleanolic acid in patients with arthritis and fibromyalgia.Evaluation of the efficacy of a polyherbal mouthwash containing Zingiber officinale, Rosmarinus officinalis and Calendula officinalis extracts in patients with gingivitis: A randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial.Complement Ther Clin Pract 2016;22:93-8.The effects of lavender and rosemary essential oils on test-taking anxiety among graduate nursing students.Moss M, Cook J, Wesnes K, Duckett P. Aromas of rosemary and lavender essential oils differentially affect cognition and mood in healthy adults.Naemura A, Ura M, Yamashita T, et al.Nematolahi P, Mehrabani M, Karami-Mohajeri S, Dabaghzadeh F.

Effects of Rosmarinus officinalis L. on memory performance, anxiety, depression, and sleep quality in university students: A randomized clinical trial.Complement Ther Clin Pract.Park, M.

K. and Lee, E. S.

[The effect of aroma inhalation method on stress responses of nursing students].J Med Food 2012;15:10.Pérez-Sánchez A, et al.Protective effects of citrus and rosemary extracts on UV-induced damage in skin cell model and human volunteers.Samman S, Sandstrom B, Toft MB, et al. Green tea or rosemary extract added to foods reduces nonheme-iron absorption.Am J Clin Nutr 2001;73:607-12.Solhi H, et al.Beneficial effects of Rosmarinus Officinalis for treatment of opium withdrawal syndrome during addiction treatment programs: a clinical trial.): A randomized controlled double-blind study.Yamamoto J, Yamada K, Naemura A, et al. .

14 Benefits and Uses of Rosemary Essential Oil

Rosemary’s essential oil — which holds the plant’s core components, or essence — is extracted and sold in small bottles. .

Rosemary: Health benefits, precautions, and drug interactions

This Medical News Today Knowledge Center feature is part of a collection of articles on the health benefits of popular foods .Rosemary was traditionally used to help alleviate muscle pain, improve memory, boost the immune and circulatory system, and promote hair growth.Laboratory studies have shown rosemary to be rich in antioxidants, which play an important role in neutralizing harmful particles called free radicals.According to research outlined in Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology , the aroma from rosemary can improve a person’s concentration, performance, speed, and accuracy and, to a lesser extent, their mood.Research published in Oncology Reports found that “crude ethanolic rosemary extract (RO)” slowed the spread of human leukemia and breast carcinoma cells.”.Also, a report published in the Journal of Food Science revealed that adding rosemary extract to ground beef reduces the formation of cancer-causing agents that can develop during cooking.A study published in the journal Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, led by Dr. Stuart A. Lipton, Ph.D. and colleagues at Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute, revealed that a carnosic acid, which is a major component of rosemary, can significantly promote eye health. .


Salvia rosmarinus, commonly known as rosemary, is a shrub with fragrant, evergreen, needle-like leaves and white, pink, purple, or blue flowers, native to the Mediterranean region.[4][5] The plant is also sometimes called anthos, from the ancient Greek word ἄνθος, meaning "flower".[3] The seeds are often difficult to start, with a low germination rate and relatively slow growth, but the plant can live as long as 30 years.The leaves are evergreen, 2–4 cm (3⁄4–1+1⁄2 in) long and 2–5 mm broad, green above, and white below, with dense, short, woolly hair.The other species most often recognized is the closely related, Salvia jordanii (formerly Rosmarinus eriocalyx), of the Maghreb of Africa and Iberia.Elizabeth Kent noted in her Flora Domestica (1823), "The botanical name of this plant is compounded of two Latin words, signifying Sea-dew; and indeed Rosemary thrives best by the sea."[11] Both the original and current genus names of the species were applied by the 18th-century naturalist and founding taxonomist Carl Linnaeus.He talked about rosemary in his most famous writing, De Materia Medica, one of the most influential herbal books in history.The herb then made its way east to China and was naturalized there as early as 220 CE,[3] during the late Han Dynasty.This was credited to Charlemagne, who promoted herbs in general, and ordered rosemary to be grown in monastic gardens and farms.There are also no records of rosemary being properly naturalized in Britain until 1338, when cuttings were sent by The Countess of Hainault, Jeanne of Valois (1294–1342) to Queen Phillippa (1311–1369), wife of Edward III.After this, rosemary is found in most English herbal texts, and is widely used for medicinal and culinary purposes.[18] Hungary water, which dates to the 14th century, was one of the first alcohol-based perfumes in Europe, and was primarily made from distilled rosemary.Rosemary finally arrived in the Americas with early European settlers in the beginning of the 17th century.Since it is attractive and drought-tolerant, rosemary is used as an ornamental plant in gardens and for xeriscape landscaping, especially in regions of Mediterranean climate.Rosemary can grow quite large and retain attractiveness for many years, can be pruned into formal shapes and low hedges, and has been used for topiary.Rosemary grows on loam soil with good drainage in an open, sunny position.'Miss Jessopp's Upright' – distinctive tall fastigiate form, with wider leaves.Rosemary leaves are used as a flavoring in foods,[3] such as stuffing and roast lamb, pork, chicken, and turkey.When roasted with meats or vegetables, the leaves impart a mustard-like aroma with an additional fragrance of charred wood that goes well with barbecued foods.[28][29] Rosemary extract has been shown to improve the shelf life and heat stability of omega 3–rich oils which are prone to rancidity.Rosemary oil is used for purposes of fragrant bodily perfumes or to emit an aroma into a room.[20] In Don Quixote (Part One, Chapter XVII), the fictional hero uses rosemary in his recipe for balm of fierabras.The plant has been used as a symbol for remembrance during war commemorations and funerals in Europe and Australia."[36] It likewise appears in Shakespeare's Winter's Tale in Act 4 Scene 4, where Perdita talks about "Rosemary and Rue".[37] In Act 4 Scene 5 of Romeo and Juliet, Friar Lawrence admonishes the Capulet household to “stick your rosemary on this fair corse, and as the custom is, and in her best array, bear her to church.”. .

Rosemary Extract Origins

These efforts have led to more efficient and robust rosemary plants with powerful bioactives, increased yields, and significant reduction of land and water usage.Rosemary grows wild on the Moyen Atlas mountain range and is harvested by hand in compliance with Moroccan authorities to allow for plant regeneration.No pesticides are used, meaning it undergoes “wild harvesting.” The region’s rosemary acts as a buffer to the desert, keeping it from overtaking Morocco.With several different naturally sourced options available, these label-friendly products can be used in a large variety of applications to keep your foods looking better, tasting better and lasting longer. .

Rosemary Oil for Hair: Growth, Uses, and Benefits

This woody perennial is native to the Mediterranean region, where it’s been used as food and medicine for centuries.Much like oregano, peppermint, and cinnamon, rosemary is frequently found in essential oil form.Essential oils are highly concentrated and distilled extracts of volatile plant compounds.Rosemary essential oil is a common variety you can purchase and use as a home remedy.Beyond stimulating hair growth, rosemary essential oil is used to prevent premature graying and dandruff.Carnosic acid, an active ingredient in the plant, healed tissue and nerve damage in one study.More revealing recent studies show that rosemary directly helps protect against hair loss.Both were used on human subjects with androgenetic alopecia (male or female pattern baldness).During the process, it helped the side effect of itchy scalp more successfully than minoxidil.Another study of rosemary leaf extract (different from the essential oil) showed it stimulated hair growth.The former cites a study with successful hair regrowth in people with alopecia who used essential oils.You can also add 2 to 3 drops directly to any hair product when you apply a dollop of it on your palm before use.Though using the essential oil for hair loss is only done topically, be cautious — its effects in this regard are still unknown. .

Functions of Rosemary Extract in food and its labeling.

Their capacity as a preservative and antioxidant agent have been authorized for its application in meat, fish and oil, among others.In this article we explain their different functions in foods, we list their applications and we indicate how they must be labeled in the final product.To understand the functions of preservatives and antioxidants, first we need to explain why food suffers a deterioration process.As food come from natural ingredients, it is an organic product – it has biological activity – and, like the rest of the living matter, it undergoes a progressive degradation.The second cause is due to the action of free radicals, the molecules that cause oxidative stress in other ones, creating chain reactions that affect the lipid acids.The origin of free radicals in food can be endogenous or exogenous (environmental contamination, exposure to light, temperature, etc.The consequences of fat oxidation are manifested in alterations in the aroma, taste and color of the food, as well as the loss of nutrients and the risk that it appears harmful substances.The conservation of food exists since humans began to store good, either to face scarcity times or to be available after hunting or harvesting.Drying, salting, curing and smoking processes have been the most common conservation techniques throughout history.But the development of science and technology have provide some substances with the same function, increasing food safety.Its leaves have traditionally been used in the preparation of homemade sausages; for its sensory properties but mainly for its contribution to the maintenance of this kind of food.These actives prevent the formation of free radicals, so its application in food delays oxidation processes.The legislation divides the additives into categories: antioxidants, preservatives, colorants, sweeteners, flavor enhancers, etc.Rosemary extract standarized as a total of carnosic and carnosol acid is part of the European list of food additives since 2010 and it is located in the antioxidants category.The recognition of the extracts by global authorities – which also includes the Food and Drug Administration of the United States (FDA) – as well as the sanitary controls that they pass during their manufacture allow to apply them regardless of whether they are considered as additives by the EU or not.Rosemary extract standarized in rosmarinic acid is not part of the European list of additives, but can be used as a preservative agent.Nowadays there is a tendency in the food industry to reduce unnecessary additives as well as to clarify the names that appears in the labels for a better understanding by consumers, which in turn demand increasingly transparency as well as natural products.This tendency has originated some new actions like clean labels, a global concept that bets for not including synthetic additives or numerical terminologies.Advances in Pharmacological Sciences Volume 2016, Article ID 9130979, 11 pages G.P.Amaral,N.R.deCarvalho,R.P.Barcelosetal.,“Protective action of ethanolic extract of Rosmarinus o cinalis L. in gastric ulcer prevention induced by ethanol in rats,” Food and Chemical Toxicology, vol.


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