The plant was termed ‘dew of the sea’ due to its salty texture and its ability to thrive in coastal climes.In Hamlet, Ophelia says "There's Rosemary, that's for remembrance; pray, love, remember.". .


Rosemary as a girl's name is of Latin origin meaning "dew of the sea".Popularity Trend Chart Roll over the visual for detailed rankings by year. .


Salvia rosmarinus, commonly known as rosemary, is a shrub with fragrant, evergreen, needle-like leaves and white, pink, purple, or blue flowers, native to the Mediterranean region.It is a member of the sage family Lamiaceae, which includes many other medicinal and culinary herbs.[7] It can withstand droughts, surviving a severe lack of water for lengthy periods.[3] The seeds are often difficult to start, with a low germination rate and relatively slow growth, but the plant can live as long as 30 years.The leaves are evergreen, 2–4 cm (3⁄4–1+1⁄2 in) long and 2–5 mm broad, green above, and white below, with dense, short, woolly hair.The other species most often recognized is the closely related, Salvia jordanii (formerly Rosmarinus eriocalyx), of the Maghreb of Africa and Iberia.Elizabeth Kent noted in her Flora Domestica (1823), "The botanical name of this plant is compounded of two Latin words, signifying Sea-dew; and indeed Rosemary thrives best by the sea."[11] Both the original and current genus names of the species were applied by the 18th-century naturalist and founding taxonomist Carl Linnaeus.He talked about rosemary in his most famous writing, De Materia Medica, one of the most influential herbal books in history.The herb then made its way east to China and was naturalized there as early as 220 CE,[3] during the late Han Dynasty.This was credited to Charlemagne, who promoted herbs in general, and ordered rosemary to be grown in monastic gardens and farms.There are also no records of rosemary being properly naturalized in Britain until 1338, when cuttings were sent by The Countess of Hainault, Jeanne of Valois (1294–1342) to Queen Phillippa (1311–1369), wife of Edward III.After this, rosemary is found in most English herbal texts, and is widely used for medicinal and culinary purposes.[18] Hungary water, which dates to the 14th century, was one of the first alcohol-based perfumes in Europe, and was primarily made from distilled rosemary.Rosemary finally arrived in the Americas with early European settlers in the beginning of the 17th century.Since it is attractive and drought-tolerant, rosemary is used as an ornamental plant in gardens and for xeriscape landscaping, especially in regions of Mediterranean climate.Rosemary can grow quite large and retain attractiveness for many years, can be pruned into formal shapes and low hedges, and has been used for topiary.Rosemary grows on loam soil with good drainage in an open, sunny position.The following cultivars have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit:[23].Rosemary leaves are used as a flavoring in foods,[3] such as stuffing and roast lamb, pork, chicken, and turkey.When roasted with meats or vegetables, the leaves impart a mustard-like aroma with an additional fragrance of charred wood that goes well with barbecued foods.[28][29] Rosemary extract has been shown to improve the shelf life and heat stability of omega 3-rich oils which are prone to rancidity.Rosemary oil is used for purposes of fragrant bodily perfumes or to emit an aroma into a room.[20] In Don Quixote (Part One, Chapter XVII), the fictional hero uses rosemary in his recipe for balm of fierabras.The plant has been used as a symbol for remembrance during war commemorations and funerals in Europe and Australia."[36] It likewise appears in Shakespeare's Winter's Tale in Act 4 Scene 4, where Perdita talks about "Rosemary and Rue".[37] In Act 4 Scene 5 of Romeo and Juliet, Friar Lawrence admonishes the Capulet household to "stick your rosemary on this fair corse, and as the custom is, and in her best array, bear her to church.". .


Not only is rosemary a fragrant plant with pretty blooming flowers that dresses up any garden, but it also adds flavor to food and medicinal advantages to people.Rosemary was believed to treat health issues from gout to limb numbness to memory loss.The love-connection may have something to do with the belief that Aphrodite (the Greek goddess of love) was said to have risen from the sea draped in rosemary.The Blessed Mother was said to have draped her shawl over a rosemary bush turning the blooming flowers to blue (henceforth giving he shrub its name: Rose of Mary). .

Rosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)

Kiran and Prakash (2015) report effectiveness of the essential oil used as a fumigant against Sitophilus oryzae and Oryzaephilus surinamensis, and record inhibition of enzyme activity in the test insects.The following has been taken from Guzman (1999): “The fresh or dried leaves are excellent flavouring agents in vegetables, meat (particularly lamb, veal and roasted chicken), sauces, stews, herbal butters, cream soups, fruit salads, jams, biscuits and bread.Rosemary oil, distilled from the flowering tops and leaves, is used to season processed foods, but for the most part it is employed in perfumes, in scenting soaps, detergents, household sprays and other related technical products.Rosemary also serves as a household remedy for headaches, bruises, colds, nervous tension, asthma, baldness and sore throat.Rosemary leaves are therapeutically allowed internally for dyspeptic complaints, and externally for rheumatic diseases and circulatory problems.Verbenone is the character-impact compound in rosemary; the pungent, camphoraceous odour and burning taste is attributed to borneol; the cooling and minty note to camphor; the fresh aroma to cineole; and the warm, piny scent to alpha-pinene.In herbal medicine rosemary oil is used to treat acute middle ear infections and to stimulate liver and gall bladder. .


The botanical name, Rosmarinus, is derived from the Latin words ros (“dew”) and marinus (“belonging to the sea”).Rosemary goes by many names in different languages such as mi die xiang (Mandarin Chinese), rosmarino (Italian) romero/rosmario (Spanish), romarin (French), ikleel al-jabal (Arabic), and rosmarin (German)(1).Normally hand harvested, the perennial rosemary shrub grows to about 2-3 feet tall.It is native to the Mediterranean region (southern Europe, Asia Minor, and North Africa) but is also reasonably hardy in cooler climates (as an annual).Rosemary can be pruned and harvested multiple times and is a popular herb grown in backyard gardens.Leading regions of rosemary production are the Mediterranean, England, Mexico, and the United States.During plague years, sprigs of rosemary leaves were inserted into the hollow heads of canes carried by physicians (2).Dried leaves are harder and somewhat brittle and are lighter in color (light green).Because rosemary has a low moisture content even when fresh, it retains its flavor better than most herbs after drying.To strip fresh rosemary leaves from the stem, pull the needles in the opposite direction from which they grow and they should easily slide off the stalk."The McCormick spice wheel: a systematic and visual approach to sensory lexicon development.".Jiang, Yang, et al. "Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of Rosemary.". .


The English popular name for it is 'the herb of memory' - an interesting reflection of the role of archives as well as the philosophy behind the design of the plantings, which are in ribbons resembling the architectural form of the human brain.Thomas Moore wrote of its meaning and links with death and in Shakespeare's Hamlet, Ophelia states "There's Rosemary; that's for remembrance". .

'Top Chef' winner Joe Flamm dishes on Rose Mary, his new

Former Top Chef champion Joe Flamm has revealed the name of his hotly anticipated Fulton Market restaurant while providing a new opening timeframe.Flamm, a Chicago native who last cooked Italian food overlooking the Mag Mile under the guidance of legendary chef Tony Mantuano at Spiaggia, plans to open Rose Mary early next year at 936 W. Fulton Market.The wine list will feature familiar Italian producers alongside lesser known selections from smaller European winemakers.They’ve done work for El Che Steakhouse & Bar, Beatrix, and Pleasant House Pub. .

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