Beliefs that burning sage clears out spiritual impurities, pathogens, and even insects have been fundamental to the practice of smudging.It may help relieve the symptoms of some conditions It turns out that sage may help clear the air of lots more than bugs and bacteria.Though scientifically unproven, burning sage is thought to release negative ions.mold If this is the case, burning sage may be a blessing for those with asthma, allergies, bronchitis, and other respiratory conditions.For healers and laypeople in traditional cultures, burning sage is used to achieve a healing state — or to solve or reflect upon spiritual dilemmas.Choosing to sit and let go of negative thoughts in a ritual like this sets your intention and dedication to self-improvement.It can cleanse or empower specific objects Burning sage creates fragrant smoke central to smudging’s benefits.It may help improve your mood Tradition suggests that smudging can literally lift one’s spirits to banish negativity.A 2014 study documented white prairie sage (also known as estafiate) as an important traditional remedy for treating anxiety, depression, and mood disorders in certain cultures.A 2016 research project for the University of Mississippi established that white sage (Salvia apiana) is rich in compounds that activate certain receptors in the brain.These receptors are responsible for elevating mood levels, reducing stress, and even alleviating pain.A 2016 review of studies noted that evidence for Salvia’s cognitive-enhancing benefits are promising — perhaps to treat dementia and Alzheimer’s disease.Some sagelike species closely related to white prairie sage are also used for smudging.It can create an uplifting fragrance For some, this may be the best of all benefits: Sage is a lovely incense with a divine aroma, pure and simple.What you need The practice of burning sage or smudging is fairly simple, with few necessary tools.some recommend a seashell or bowl of ceramic, clay, or glass to hold burning sage or capture ash.other Artemisia species To support and respect the cultures that developed the practice, purchase sage from native gatherers, crafters, and artists.Some believe smoke also takes impurities and negative energy with it — so don’t skip this step.Direct this smoke around your body and space with one hand while holding the bundle in the other.Some recommend working in a clockwise direction around your home, ending back where you started, especially for spiritual purposes.This can be done to a new item, such as jewelry, furniture, or clothing, to protect or dispel it of negative energy.Aromatherapy You can also light and burn sage to improve odor, fragrance, and mood.When done correctly and respectfully, smudging is completely safe and the effects last after the smoke clears.People with asthma and other respiratory conditions may be more sensitive to the smoke and have adverse reactions. .

Are There Health Benefits from Burning Sage?

Native Americans and other indigenous peoples have burned sage for centuries as part of a spiritual ritual to cleanse a person or space, and to promote healing and wisdom. .

The Benefits of Burning Sage

Sage has a long history of use in Egyptian, Roman, and Greek medicine, as well as in Native American healing traditions.Dried sage is burned as a way to heal, protect, increase wisdom, and boost defense against disease.The phenolic compounds in sage may have an antioxidant effect and reduce free radicals.A 2005 study showed that common sage oil improved memory and cognition (thinking ability).In addition, increased dosages were related to improvements in mood and feeling alert, calm, and content. Other research suggests that active compounds in sage protect against neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's..The purpose of burning sage differs slightly from the reasons for taking it internally.This is because sage is thought to have antimicrobial properties that help kill bacteria, viruses, and fungi.Keep in mind that burning sage creates smoke, which can cause health problems for individuals who are prone to asthma and other respiratory conditions.Some practitioners of alternative medicine believe that burning sage, or taking it internally, can help release negative energy.Some potential side effects of extended use of sage include restlessness, rapid heart rate, vertigo, vomiting, kidney damage, seizures, and tremors..While there is a relative lack of evidence supporting this practice, there are also few drawbacks associated with burning sage in your home.You can purchase sage for burning online, in a health store, or from a traditional healer or shaman.After cutting the sage, gather it in a bundle, tie it, and hang it in a dry place.Burning sage has a long history and may be helpful for starting a spiritual practice or making another life change.It may be helpful if you are struggling with a transition or kicking off some positive changes for your home or physical health.However, if you are living with symptoms of severe mood problems or clinical anxiety, it is unlikely that burning sage will help.It is important to consult your doctor in addition to engaging in a complementary health practice such as burning or consuming sage. .

Smudging, the why, the where and possible health concerns

Rituals that include smoke or incense are widespread and can be found in Buddhist temples across Asia, the Roman Catholic and Greek Orthodox churches as well as indigenous tribes like the First Nations in North America.It is part of a gathering ceremony to get rid of negativity and focus on the positives, remove lingering energy and to invite the spirits of ancestors and the world to share the space.The custom involves burning one of four sacred medicinal substances, usually tobacco, sweetgrass, sage or cedar that was dried and made into a bundle, ball or smudge stick.The science behind these types of ancient customs seems to support smudging: Burning sage and other sacred herbs releases negative ions, which in turn have been shown to improve moods.The purpose of smudging may be to clear the air and get rid of negativity, but it still involves burning a substance and being exposed to smoke.Fine particle pollution has also been linked to premature death, heart attacks, irregular heartbeat and irritation of the airways.AllerAir uses a special Activated Carbon mix which filters the air of harmful chemicals and dust particles from smoke.As smudging is a common and important ceremony for people of the First Nations, it has been allowed in hospitals and community centers and it is also being offered to students. .

Incense, Asthma, and Allergies

Incense plays a major role in many Pagan rituals, spellwork, circles, and cleansing procedures.Some readers report that if they burn dried plant material like smudge sticks–sage or sweetgrass, for instance–they have no reaction, but if they use commercial incense, it has a negative impact on their ability to breathe.Some people experience skin irritation, and others have reported an increase in neurological problems such as headaches, forgetfulness, or difficulty concentrating.Interestingly, in 2014, the Catholic Diocese in Allentown, Pennsylvania, announced that they would begin using a new hypoallergenic incense during Mass.After researching the issue, she discovered a hypoallergenic incense called Trinity Brand at two local stores that sell religious items.Finally, do keep in mind that if you're just using the incense as something representative of the element of Air, you can always substitute something else–a fan, feathers, or whatnot. .

Sage: Health Benefits, Side Effects, Uses, Dose & Precautions

Abdel-Fatah, M. K., El-Hawa, M.

A., Samia, E. M., Rabie, G., and Amer, A.

M. Antimicrobial activities of some local medicinal plants.Adams, M., Gmunder, F., and Hamburger, M.

Plants traditionally used in age related brain disorders--a survey of ethnobotanical literature.Aherne, S. A., Kerry, J.

P., and O'Brien, N. M. Effects of plant extracts on antioxidant status and oxidant-induced stress in Caco-2 cells.Anackov, G., Bozin, B., Zoric, L., Vukov, D., Mimica-Dukic, N., Merkulov, L., Igic, R., Jovanovic, M., and Boza, P.

Chemical composition of essential oil and leaf anatomy of Salvia bertolonii Vis.In vitro susceptibility of the Gram-negative bacterium Helicobacter pylori to extracts of Iranian medicinal plants.Bailly, F., Queffelec, C., Mbemba, G., Mouscadet, J. F., and Cotelle, P. Synthesis and HIV-1 integrase inhibitory activities of caffeic acid dimers derived from Salvia officinalis.Baricevic, D., Sosa, S., Della, Loggia R., Tubaro, A., Simonovska, B., Krasna, A., and Zupancic, A.

Topical anti-inflammatory activity of Salvia officinalis L. leaves: the relevance of ursolic acid.Variations in essential oil, phenolic compounds, and antioxidant activity of tunisian cultivated Salvia officinalis L. J Agric.Food Chem.Bisset, N. G.

Max Wichtl Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals: A Handbook for Practice on a Scientific Basis.Boszormenyi, A., Hethelyi, E., Farkas, A., Horvath, G., Papp, N., Lemberkovics, E., and Szoke, E. Chemical and genetic relationships among sage ( Salvia officinalis L.) cultivars and Judean sage ( Salvia judaica Boiss.).Bouaziz, M., Yangui, T., Sayadi, S., and Dhouib, A.

Disinfectant properties of essential oils from Salvia officinalis L. cultivated in Tunisia.Brieskorn, C.

H. and Kapadia, Z. Bestandteile von Salvia officinalis XXIV: Triterpenalkohole, Triterpensauren und Pristan im Blatt von Salvia officinalis L. Planta Med 1980;38:86-90.Burgar, M.

I., Karba, D., and Kikelj, D. 13 C NMR analysis of essential oil of Dalmatian sage (Salvia officinalis).Capek, P. and Hribalova, V.

Water-soluble polysaccharides from Salvia officinalis L. possessing immunomodulatory activity.Capek, P., Machova, E., and Turjan, J.

Scavenging and antioxidant activities of immunomodulating polysaccharides isolated from Salvia officinalis L. Int J Biol.Macromol.Carrasco, F. R., Schmidt, G., Romero, A.

L., Sartoretto, J. L., Caparroz-Assef, S.

M., Bersani-Amado, C. A., and Cuman, R.

K. Immunomodulatory activity of Zingiber officinale Roscoe, Salvia officinalis L. and Syzygium aromaticum L. essential oils: evidence for humor- and cell-mediated responses.Determination of chemopreventive role of Foeniculum vulgare and Salvia officinalis infusion on trichloroacetic acid-induced increased serum marker enzymes lipid peroxidation and antioxidative defense systems in rats.Croteau, R.

and Purkett, P. T. Geranyl pyrophosphate synthase: characterization of the enzyme and evidence that this chain-length specific prenyltransferase is associated with monoterpene biosynthesis in sage (Salvia officinalis).Stereochemical implications of acyclic and monocyclic olefin formation by (+)- and (-)-pinene cyclases from sage.Croteau, R. B., Wheeler, C. J., Cane, D. E., Ebert, R., and Ha, H.

J. Isotopically sensitive branching in the formation of cyclic monoterpenes: proof that (-)-alpha-pinene and (-)-beta-pinene are synthesized by the same monoterpene cyclase via deprotonation of a common intermediate.Croteau, R., El-Bialy, H., and El-Hindawi, S. Metabolism of monoterpenes: lactonization of (+)-camphor and conversion of the corresponding hydroxyl acid to the glucoside-glucose ester in sage (Salvia officinalis).Croteau, R., Felton, M., Karp, F., and Kjonaas, R. Relationship of Camphor Biosynthesis to Leaf Development in Sage (Salvia officinalis).Cwikla, C., Schmidt, K., Matthias, A., Bone, K. M., Lehmann, R., and Tiralongo, E. Investigations into the antibacterial activities of phytotherapeutics against Helicobacter pylori and Campylobacter jejuni.The role of natural products in the discovery of new drug candidates for the treatment of neurodegenerative disorders II: Alzheimer's disease.De, Leo, V, Lanzetta, D., Cazzavacca, R., and Morgante, G.

[Treatment of neurovegetative menopausal symptoms with a phytotherapeutic agent].Dehal, S. S. and Croteau, R.

Metabolism of monoterpenes: specificity of the dehydrogenases responsible for the biosynthesis of camphor, 3-thujone, and 3-isothujone.Dehal, S. S.

and Croteau, R. Partial purification and characterization of two sesquiterpene cyclases from sage (Salvia officinalis) which catalyze the respective conversion of farnesyl pyrophosphate to humulene and caryophyllene.Demo, A., Petrakis, C., Kefalas, P., and Boskou, D.

Nutrient antioxidants in some herbs and Mediterranean plant leaves.Dragland, S., Senoo, H., Wake, K., Holte, K., and Blomhoff, R. Several culinary and medicinal herbs are important sources of dietary antioxidants.Dudai, N., Lewinsohn, E., Larkov, O., Katzir, I., Ravid, U., Chaimovitsh, D., Sa'adi, D., and Putievsky, E.

Dynamics of yield components and essential oil production in a commercial hybrid sage (Salvia officinalis x Salvia fruticosa cv.Ebringerova, A., Kardosova, A., Hromadkova, Z., and Hribalova, V. Mitogenic and comitogenic activities of polysaccharides from some European herbaceous plants.Seasonal changes in the composition of the essential oil extract of east mediterranean sage (Salvia libanotica) and its toxicity in mice.Feres, M., Figueiredo, L.

C., Barreto, I. M., Coelho, M. H., Araujo, M.

W., and Cortelli, S. C. In vitro antimicrobial activity of plant extracts and propolis in saliva samples of healthy and periodontally-involved subjects.Ferreira, A., Proenca, C., Serralheiro, M. L., and Araujo, M.

E. The in vitro screening for acetylcholinesterase inhibition and antioxidant activity of medicinal plants from Portugal.Fortes, C., Forastiere, F., Farchi, S., Mallone, S., Trequattrinni, T., Anatra, F., Schmid, G., and Perucci, C.

A.Funk, C. and Croteau, R. Induction and Characterization of a Cytochrome P-450-Dependent Camphor Hydroxylase in Tissue Cultures of Common Sage (Salvia officinalis).Funk, C., Koepp, A. E., and Croteau, R. Catabolism of camphor in tissue cultures and leaf disks of common sage (Salvia officinalis).Futrell, J. M.

and Rietschel, R. L. Spice allergy evaluated by results of patch tests.Gambliel, H.

and Croteau, R. Biosynthesis of (+/-)-alpha-pinene and (-)-beta-pinene from geranyl pyrophosphate by a soluble enzyme system from sage (Salvia officinalis).Geuenich, S., Goffinet, C., Venzke, S., Nolkemper, S., Baumann, I., Plinkert, P., Reichling, J., and Keppler, O. T. Aqueous extracts from peppermint, sage and lemon balm leaves display potent anti-HIV-1 activity by increasing the virion density.Grzunov, K., Mastelic, J., and Ruzic, N.

Identification of aglycones of b-D-glucosides from the leaves of Dalmatian sage (Salvia officinalis).Guaschino, S. and Benvenuti, C.

SOPHY project: an observational study of vaginal pH, lifestyle and correct intimate hygiene in women of different ages and in different physiopathological conditions.Halicioglu, O., Astarcioglu, G., Yaprak, I., and Aydinlioglu, H. Toxicity of Salvia officinalis in a newborn and a child: an alarming report.Hannah, K., Day, A., O'Neill, S., Patterson, C., and Lyons-Wall, P.

Does scientific evidence support the use of non-prescription supplements for treatment of acute menopausal symptoms such as hot flushes?Hayouni, el A., Chraief, I., Abedrabba, M., Bouix, M., Leveau, J. Y., Mohammed, H., and Hamdi, M. Tunisian Salvia officinalis L.

and Schinus molle L. essential oils: their chemical compositions and their preservative effects against Salmonella inoculated in minced beef meat.Hellum, B. H. and Nilsen, O. G. In vitro inhibition of CYP3A4 metabolism and P-glycoprotein-mediated transport by trade herbal products.Hohmann, J., Zupko, I., Redei, D., Csanyi, M., Falkay, G., Mathe, I., and Janicsak, G.

Protective effects of the aerial parts of Salvia officinalis, Melissa Officinalis and Lavandula angustifolia and their constituents against enzyme-dependent and enzyme-independent lipid peroxidation.Hold, K. M., Sirisoma, N. S., Ikeda, T., Narahashi, T., and Casida, J.

E. Alpha-thujone (the active component of absinthe): gamma-aminobutyric acid type A receptor modulation and metabolic detoxification.Horiuchi, K., Shiota, S., Hatano, T., Yoshida, T., Kuroda, T., and Tsuchiya, T.

Antimicrobial activity of oleanolic acid from Salvia officinalis and related compounds on vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE).Horiuchi, K., Shiota, S., Kuroda, T., Hatano, T., Yoshida, T., and Tsuchiya, T. Potentiation of antimicrobial activity of aminoglycosides by carnosol from Salvia officinalis.Hromadkova, Z., Ebringerova, A., and Valachovic, P.

Comparison of classical and ultrasound-assisted extraction of polysaccharides from Salvia officinalis L. Ultrason.Sonochem.Hubbert, M., Sievers, H., Lehnfeld, R., and Kehrl, W. Efficacy and tolerability of a spray with Salvia officinalis in the treatment of acute pharyngitis - a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study with adaptive design and interim analysis.The spice sage and its active ingredient rosmarinic acid protect PC12 cells from amyloid-beta peptide-induced neurotoxicity.Gas chromatographic examination of volatile oil from Salvia officinalis L. Acta Pharm Jugosl 1978;28:65-69.B., and Hassan, T.

H. Performance of phytochemical antioxidant systems in refined-bleached-deodorized palm olein during frying.Jedinak, A., Muckova, M., Kost'alova, D., Maliar, T., and Masterova, I. Antiprotease and antimetastatic activity of ursolic acid isolated from Salvia officinalis.A variety of volatile compounds as markers in unifloral honey from dalmatian sage (Salvia officinalis L.).Juhas, S., Cikos, S., Czikkova, S., Vesela, J., Il'kova, G., Hajek, T., Domaracka, K., Domaracky, M., Bujnakova, D., Rehak, P., and Koppel, J.Karp, F., Harris, J. L., and Croteau, R.

Metabolism of monoterpenes: demonstration of the hydroxylation of (+)-sabinene to (+)-cis-sabinol by an enzyme preparation from sage (Salvia officinalis) leaves.Kavvadias, D., Monschein, V., Sand, P., Riederer, P., and Schreier, P. Constituents of sage (Salvia officinalis) with in vitro affinity to human brain benzodiazepine receptor.Kedzia, B., Segiet-Kujawa, E., Holderna, E., and Krzyzaniak, M.

Chemical content and antimicroorganism activity of sage essential oil (Ol.Kennedy, D. O.

and Wightman, E. L.

Herbal extracts and phytochemicals: plant secondary metabolites and the enhancement of human brain function.B., and Haskell, C. F.

Monoterpenoid extract of sage (Salvia lavandulaefolia) with cholinesterase inhibiting properties improves cognitive performance and mood in healthy adults.Effects of cholinesterase inhibiting sage (Salvia officinalis) on mood, anxiety and performance on a psychological stressor battery.Kianbakht, S., Abasi, B., Perham, M., and Hashem, Dabaghian F. Antihyperlipidemic effects of Salvia officinalis L.

leaf extract in patients with hyperlipidemia: a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial.Kiefl, B. and Franz, G.

Investigation of the stability of sage leaves and fennel fruits.Kliachko, L. L., Ankhimova, E. S., Svitina, N. N., and Iaremenko, K. V. [The effect of medicinal herbs on lymphocyte rosette-forming function].KOLODZIEJSKI, J., GILL, S., MRUK, A., and SUREWICZ-SZEWCZYK, H.

[VARIABLE CONTENT OF ETHEREAL OILS AND TANNIC COMPOUNDS DURING THE VEGETATION STAGE OF SALVIA OFFICINALIS L.].Konishi, Y., Hitomi, Y., Yoshida, M., and Yoshioka, E. Pharmacokinetic study of caffeic and rosmarinic acids in rats after oral administration.Kustrak, D. and Pepljnjak, S.

Antimicrobial activity of Dalmatian sage oil from different regions of the Yugoslav Adriatic coast.Kustrak, D. Sage hybrid Salvia officinalis L.

subspecies minor f. auriculata.Kustrak, D., Kuftinec, J., and Blazevic, N. Yields and composition of sage oils from different regions of the Yugoslavian Adriatic coast.Kwon, Y. I., Vattem, D.

A., and Shetty, K. Evaluation of clonal herbs of Lamiaceae species for management of diabetes and hypertension.Comparison of benzydamine hydrochloride and Salvia officinalis as an adjuvant local treatment to systemic nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug in controlling pain after tonsillectomy, adenoidectomy, or both: An open-label, single-blind, randomized clinical trial.LE MEN, J. and POURRAT, H.

[The presence of ursolic acid in the leaves of Vinca minor L., Nerium oleander L. and Salvia officinalis L.].Lemberkovics, E., Kery, A., Simandi, B., Kakasy, A., Balazs, A., Hethelyi, E., and Szoke, E. [Influence of extraction methods on the composition of essential oils].Li, J.

T., Dong, J. E., Liang, Z. S., Shu, Z. M., and Wan, G. W. [Distributional difference of fat-soluble compounds in the roots, stems and leaves of four Salvia plants].Lima, C.

F., Andrade, P. B., Seabra, R. M., Fernandes-Ferreira, M., and Pereira-Wilson, C. The drinking of a Salvia officinalis infusion improves liver antioxidant status in mice and rats.Lima, C. F., Azevedo, M. F., Araujo, R., Fernandes-Ferreira, M., and Pereira-Wilson, C.

Metformin-like effect of Salvia officinalis (common sage): is it useful in diabetes prevention?Lima, C. F., Carvalho, F., Fernandes, E., Bastos, M.

L., Santos-Gomes, P. C., Fernandes-Ferreira, M., and Pereira-Wilson, C. Evaluation of toxic/protective effects of the essential oil of Salvia officinalis on freshly isolated rat hepatocytes.Lima, C. F., Fernandes-Ferreira, M., and Pereira-Wilson, C. Drinking of Salvia officinalis tea increases CCl(4)-induced hepatotoxicity in mice.Lima, C. F., Valentao, P.

C., Andrade, P. B., Seabra, R. M., Fernandes-Ferreira, M., and Pereira-Wilson, C. Water and methanolic extracts of Salvia officinalis protect HepG2 cells from t-BHP induced oxidative damage.Effect of dietary administration of oil extracts from rosemary and sage on lipid oxidation in broiler meat.Failure of anti-infective mouth rinses and concomitant antibiotic prophylaxis to decrease oral mucosal colonization in autologous stem cell transplantation.Lu, Y., Foo, L. Y., and Wong, H. Sagecoumarin, a novel caffeic acid trimer from Salvia officinalis.Maccioni, A.

M., Anchisi, C., Sanna, A., Sardu, C., and Dessi, S. Preservative systems containing essential oils in cosmetic products.Malencic, D., Gasic, O., Popovic, M., and Boza, P.

Screening for antioxidant properties of Salvia reflexa hornem.Mantle, D., Pickering, A. T., and Perry, E. K. Medicinal plant extracts for the treatment of dementia: A review of their pharmacology, efficacy and tolerability.Masterova, I., Misikova, E., Sirotkova, L., Vaverkova, S., and Ubik, K. [Royleanones in the roots of Salvia officinalis L. of domestic provenance and their antimicrobial activity].Masuda, T., Inaba, Y., and Takeda, Y.

Antioxidant mechanism of carnosic acid: structural identification of two oxidation products.Mathe, I., Hohmann, J., Janicsak, G., Nagy, G., and Dora, R. [Chemical diversity of the biological active ingredients of salvia officinalis and some closely related species].Matsingou, T. C., Petrakis, N., Kapsokefalou, M., and Salifoglou, A. Antioxidant activity of organic extracts from aqueous infusions of sage.Mayer, B., Baggio, C.

H., Freitas, C. S., dos Santos, A. C., Twardowschy, A., Horst, H., Pizzolatti, M. G., Micke, G. A., Heller, M., dos Santos, E. P., Otuki, M.

F., and Marques, M. C.

Gastroprotective constituents of Salvia officinalis L. Fitoterapia 2009;80(7):421-426.Mayer, E., Gescheidt-Shoshany, H., and Weltfriend, S. Allergic contact dermatitis caused by Salvia officinalis extract.McGeady, P.

and Croteau, R. Isolation and characterization of an active-site peptide from a monoterpene cyclase labeled with a mechanism-based inhibitor.Miladinovic, D., Djujic, I., and Stankovic, S.

Variation of selenium content in growing wild plants during vegetative period.Miura, K., Kikuzaki, H., and Nakatani, N. Antioxidant activity of chemical components from sage (Salvia officinalis L.) and thyme (Thymus vulgaris L.) measured by the oil stability index method.[The antistaphylococcal properties of plant extracts in relation to their prospective use as therapeutic and prophylactic formulations for the skin].Muhlbauer, R.

C., Lozano, A., Palacio, S., Reinli, A., and Felix, R. Common herbs, essential oils, and monoterpenes potently modulate bone metabolism.Effects of water deficit on photosystem II photochemistry and photoprotection during acclimation of lyreleaf safe (Salvia lyrata L.) plnats to high light.Nolkemper, S., Reichling, J., Stintzing, F. C., Carle, R., and Schnitzler, P.

Antiviral effect of aqueous extracts from species of the Lamiaceae family against Herpes simplex virus type 1 and type 2 in vitro.O'Mahony, R., Al Khtheeri, H., Weerasekera, D., Fernando, N., Vaira, D., Holton, J., and Basset, C. Bactericidal and anti-adhesive properties of culinary and medicinal plants against Helicobacter pylori.Oboh, G.

and Henle, T. Antioxidant and inhibitory effects of aqueous extracts of Salvia officinalis leaves on pro-oxidant-induced lipid peroxidation in brain and liver in vitro.Oniga, I., Parvu, A.

E., Toiu, A., and Benedec, D. Effects of Salvia officinalis L.

extract on experimental acute inflammation.Orhan, I. and Aslan, M.

Appraisal of scopolamine-induced antiamnesic effect in mice and in vitro antiacetylcholinesterase and antioxidant activities of some traditionally used Lamiaceae plants.Osawa, K., Matsumoto, T., Yasuda, H., Kato, T., Naito, Y., and Okuda, K. The inhibitory effect of plant extracts on the collagenolytic activity and cytotoxicity of human gingival fibroblasts by Porphyromonas gingivalis crude enzyme.Papageorgiou, V., Gardeli, C., Mallouchos, A., Papaioannou, M., and Komaitis, M.

Variation of the chemical profile and antioxidant behavior of Rosmarinus officinalis L. and Salvia fruticosa Miller grown in Greece.Pavlenko, L.

V., Mashkovskii, N. N., and Smirnov, V. V.

[Effect of salvin on the incorporation of labeled precursors into macromolecular compounds of Staphylococcus aureus 209P].Pavlenko, L. V., Stepaniuk, V. V., Volosovets, P.

S., and Smirnov, V. V. [The effect of salvin on the growth and ultrastructure of Staphylococcus aureus 209P].Pecorari, P., Melegari, M., Vampa, G., Albasini, A., and Rinaldi, M. Research on medicinal plants from Modena (Appennines).Pereira, P., Tysca, D., Oliveira, P., da Silva Brum, L. F., Picada, J. N., and Ardenghi, P.

Neurobehavioral and genotoxic aspects of rosmarinic acid.Pereira, R. S., Sumita, T. C., Furlan, M. R., Jorge, A.

O., and Ueno, M. [Antibacterial activity of essential oils on microorganisms isolated from urinary tract infection].Medicinal plants and dementia therapy: herbal hopes for brain aging?Pinto-Scognamiglio, W.

Connaissances actuelles sur l'activite pharmacodynamique de la thuyone, aromatisant naturel d'un emploi etendu.Pitarevic, I., Kuftinec, J., Blazevic, N., and Kustrak, D. Seasonal variation of essential oil yield and composition of Dalmatian sage, Salvia officinalis.Poeckel, D., Greiner, C., Verhoff, M., Rau, O., Tausch, L., Hornig, C., Steinhilber, D., Schubert-Zsilavecz, M., and Werz, O.

Carnosic acid and carnosol potently inhibit human 5-lipoxygenase and suppress pro-inflammatory responses of stimulated human polymorphonuclear leukocytes.Pozzatti, P., Scheid, L. A., Spader, T.

B., Atayde, M. L., Santurio, J. M., and Alves, S. H.

In vitro activity of essential oils extracted from plants used as spices against fluconazole-resistant and fluconazole-susceptible Candida spp.Putievsky, E., Ravid, U., and Dudai, N. Influence of season and harvest frequency on essential oil and herbal yields from a pure clone of sage (Salvia officinalis) grown under cultivated conditions.Raal, A., Orav, A., and Arak, E.

Composition of the essential oil of Salvia officinalis L. from various European countries.A., Foo, L.

Y., Lu, Y., Kiderlen, A. F., and Kolodziej, H. Evaluation of sage phenolics for their antileishmanial activity and modulatory effects on interleukin-6, interferon and tumour necrosis factor-alpha-release in RAW 264.7 cells.Contribution to quantity and composition assays of essential oil in dalmatian sage (Salvia officinalis L.).Rau, O., Wurglics, M., Paulke, A., Zitzkowski, J., Meindl, N., Bock, A., Dingermann, T., Abdel-Tawab, M., and Schubert-Zsilavecz, M. Carnosic Acid and Carnosol, Phenolic Diterpene Compounds of the Labiate Herbs Rosemary and Sage, are Activators of the Human Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor Gamma.Reuter, J., Jocher, A., Hornstein, S., Monting, J. S., and Schempp, C. M.

Sage extract rich in phenolic diterpenes inhibits ultraviolet-induced erythema in vivo.Romanova, A. S., Pervykh, L. N., and Pribylova, G. F. Method of quantitative determination of rouleanones in the roots of Salvia officinalis L. Pharmaceutical Chemistry Journal 1979;13:213-214.In vitro antimicrobial activity of essential oils from aromatic plants against selected foodborne pathogens.Isolation and identification from Salvia officinalis of two diterpenes which inhibit t-butylbicyclophosphoro[35S]thionate binding to chloride channel of rat cerebrocortical membranes in vitro.Rzepa, J., Wojtal, L., Staszek, D., Grygierczyk, G., Labe, K., Hajnos, M., Kowalska, T., and Waksmundzka-Hajnos, M.

Fingerprint of selected Salvia species by HS-GC-MS analysis of their volatile fraction.A., Azevedo, M. F., Lima, C.

F., Fernandes-Ferreira, M., and Pereira-Wilson, C. Sage tea drinking improves lipid profile and antioxidant defences in humans.Comparison of conventional and ultrasonically assisted extractions of pharmaceutically active compounds from Salvia officinalis.Santos-Gomes, P. C.

and Fernandes-Ferreira, M. Essential oils produced by in vitro shoots of sage (Salvia officinalis L.).Santos-Gomes, P. C. and Fernandes-Ferreira, M.

Organ- and season-dependent variation in the essential oil composition of Salvia officinalis L. cultivated at two different sites.Santos-Gomes, P.

C., Seabra, R. M., Andrade, P.

B., and Fernandes-Ferreira, M. Determination of phenolic antioxidant compounds produced by calli and cell suspensions of sage (Salvia officinalis L.).Savelev, S. U., Okello, E. J., and Perry, E.

K. Butyryl- and acetyl-cholinesterase inhibitory activities in essential oils of Salvia species and their constituents.Schimmer, O., Kruger, A., Paulini, H., and Haefele, F. An evaluation of 55 commercial plant extracts in the Ames mutagenicity text.Schmidt, Z., Pekic, B., and Karuza-Stojakovic, L. Examination of essential oil extracted from sage leaves (Salviae Folium).Comparative in vitro study on the anti-herpetic effect of phytochemically characterized aqueous and ethanolic extracts of Salvia officinalis grown at two different locations.An extract of Salvia (sage) with anticholinesterase properties improves memory and attention in healthy older volunteers.Sertoli, A., Fabbri, P., Campolmi, P., and Panconesi, E.

Allergic contact dermatitis to Salvia Officinalis, Inula Viscosa and Conyza Bonariensis.Slamenova, D., Masterova, I., Labaj, J., Horvathova, E., Kubala, P., Jakubikova, J., and Wsolova, L. Cytotoxic and DNA-damaging effects of diterpenoid quinones from the roots of Salvia officinalis L.

on colonic and hepatic human cells cultured in vitro.Smit, Z., Pekic, B., and Karuza-Stojakovic, L. Proposal methods for determination of essential oil content in alcoholic extracts.Spiridonov, N. A., Arkhipov, V. V., Foigel, A. G., Shipulina, L. D., and Fomkina, M.

G. Protonophoric and uncoupling activity of royleanones from Salvia officinalis and euvimals from Eucalyptus viminalis.Effect of various natural medicinals on salivary protein putrefaction and malodor production.Sterer, N., Nuas, S., Mizrahi, B., Goldenberg, C., Weiss, E.

I., Domb, A., and Davidi, M. P. Oral malodor reduction by a palatal mucoadhesive tablet containing herbal formulation.Suhr, K.

I. and Nielsen, P. V. Antifungal activity of essential oils evaluated by two different application techniques against rye bread spoilage fungi.Gas chromatographic determination of main active substances in infusions of essential oil plant raw material.[The results of sanitary chemical research into denture base materials coated with components from essential-oil plants].Tamas, M., Fagarasanu, E., and Ionescu, C.

Contributions to the phytochemical study of Salvia folium.Tegtmeier, M. and Harnischfeger, G. Methods for the reduction of thujone content in pharmaceutical preparations of Artemisia, Salvia and Thuja.Contents of essential oil, ash and hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives in separated leaf insertions.Positive modulation of mood and cognitive performance following administration of acute doses of Salvia lavandulaefolia essential oil to healthy young volunteers.Trninic, S., Vukovic-Gacic, B., Knezevic-Vukcevic, J., Mitic, D., and Simic, D. Antimutagenic effect of antioxidants from sage (Salvia officinalis L.).A simple method for detection of glycosidic bound monoterpenes and other volatile compounds occurring in fresh plant material.Part 2: Content and composition of the essential oil from Salvia officinal is L.

after application of Afalon 50 WP.Vaverkova, S., Holla, M., Tekel, J., and Kucerova, M. Content and quality of the ethereal oil from Salvia officinalis L.

after the application of Patoran 50 WP.Vokou, D., Ivanic, R., and Savin, K. Sage (Salvia officinalis L.) from Southeast Serbia.Vujosevic, M.

and Blagojevic, J. Antimutagenic effects of extracts from sage (Salvia officinalis) in mammalian system in vivo.Vukovic-Gacic, B., Nikcevic, S., Beric-Bjedov, T., Knezevic-Vukcevic, J., and Simic, D. Antimutagenic effect of essential oil of sage (Salvia officinalis L.) and its monoterpenes against UV-induced mutations in Escherichia coli and Saccharomyces cerevisiae.Wake, G., Court, J., Pickering, A., Lewis, R., Wilkins, R., and Perry, E. CNS acetylcholine receptor activity in European medicinal plants traditionally used to improve failing memory.Wang, M., Kikuzaki, H., Zhu, N., Sang, S., Nakatani, N., and Ho, C. T. Isolation and structural elucidation of two new glycosides from sage (Salvia officinalis L.).Wang, M., Shao, Y., Li, J., Zhu, N., Rangarajan, M., LaVoie, E.

J., and Ho, C-T. Antioxidative phenolic glycosides from sage.Wang, M., Shao, Y., Li, J., Zhu, N., Rangarajan, M., LaVoie, E. J., and Ho, C. T. Antioxidative phenolic glycosides from sage (Salvia officinalis).Whittington, D. A., Wise, M.

L., Urbansky, M., Coates, R. M., Croteau, R.

B., and Christianson, D. W. Bornyl diphosphate synthase: structure and strategy for carbocation manipulation by a terpenoid cyclase.Wise, M.

L., Savage, T. J., Katahira, E., and Croteau, R. Monoterpene synthases from common sage (Salvia officinalis).Wu, T.

Y., Chen, C. P., and Jinn, T.

R. Traditional Chinese medicines and Alzheimer's disease.Xavier, C. P., Lima, C.

F., Fernandes-Ferreira, M., and Pereira-Wilson, C. Salvia fruticosa, Salvia officinalis, and rosmarinic acid induce apoptosis and inhibit proliferation of human colorectal cell lines: the role in MAPK/ERK pathway.Yu, Y. M., Lin, H. C., and Chang, W.

C. Carnosic acid prevents the migration of human aortic smooth muscle cells by inhibiting the activation and expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9.Influence of the keratin bark urea granulated mass on the herb crop and on the content of the essential oil in medicinal plants.Zani, F., Massimo, G., Benvenuti, S., Bianchi, A., Albasini, A., Melegari, M., Vampa, G., Bellotti, A., and Mazza, P. Studies on the genotoxic properties of essential oils with Bacillus subtilis rec-assay and Salmonella/microsome reversion assay.Zimna, D., Grzybowski, J., and Piekos, R. Extraction of some essential elements from the leaves of sage (Salvia officinalis L.).Zupko, I., Hohmann, J., Redei, D., Falkay, G., Janicsak, G., and Mathe, I. Antioxidant activity of leaves of Salvia species in enzyme-dependent and enzyme-independent systems of lipid peroxidation and their phenolic constituents.Zuskin, E., Kanceljak, B., Skuric, Z., and Ivankovic, D. Immunological and respiratory changes in tea workers.Zuskin, E., Kanceljak, B., Witek, T.

J., Jr., and Schachter, E. N.

Acute effects of herbal tea dust extracts on lung function.Akhondzadeh S, Noroozian M, Mohammadi M, et al. Salvia officinalis extract in the treatment of patients with mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease: a double blind, randomized and placebo-controlled trial.Alarcon-Aguilar FJ, Roman-Ramos R, Flores-Saenz JL, Aguirre-Garcia F. Investigation on the hypoglycaemic effects of extracts of four Mexican medicinal plants in normal and alloxan-diabetic mice.First time proof of sage's tolerability and efficacy in menopausal women with hot flushes.Insulin-like biological activity of culinary and medicinal plant aqueous extracts in vitro.Burkhard PR, Burkhardt K, Haenggeli CA, Landis T. Plant-induced seizures: reappearance of an old problem.Buto SK, Tsang TK, Sielaff GW, et al.

Bay leaf impaction in the esophagus and hypopharynx.Daferera DJ, Ziogas BN, Polissiou MG. GC-MS analysis of essential oils from some Greek aromatic plants and their fungitoxicity on Penicillium digitatum.In vitro inhibition of human cytochrome P450-mediated metabolism of marker substrates by natural products.The in vitro inhibitory potential of trade herbal products on human CYP2D6-mediated metabolism and the influence of ethanol.Essential oils from dalmatian sage (Salvia officinalis l.): variations among individuals, plant parts, seasons, and sites.Pierre F, et al. Short-chain fructo-oligosaccharides reduced the occurrence of colon tumors and develop gut-associated lymphoid tissue in Min mice.Saller R, Buechi S, Meyrat R, Schmidhauser C.

Combined herbal preparation for topical treatment of Herpes labialis.Schapowal A, Berger D, Klein P, et al. Echinacea/sage or chlorhexidine/lidocaine for treating acute sore throats: a randomized double-blind trial.Tildesley NT, Kennedy DO, Perry EK, et al. Salvia lavandulaefolia (Spanish Sage) enhances memory in healthy young volunteers. .

Pollen Allergies

These plants make small, light, and dry pollen grains that travel by the wind.Raise awareness about the impact of seasonal allergies and provide helpful information to improve the quality of life for people who experience them.But in some regions, such as the South, trees may produce pollen as early as January and peak at multiple times during the year.1.In Northern U.S, grass pollen usually appears in the late spring or early summer.In the South, grasses may release pollen during many seasons and could trigger symptoms throughout the year.This may help you identify which type of pollen is present in your area and triggering your allergy symptoms.Runny nose (also known as rhinorrhea – this is typically a clear, thin nasal discharge).Stuffy nose (due to blockage or nasal congestion – one of the most common and troublesome symptoms).If you have symptoms of an allergic reaction in your mouth or throat when you eat certain fruits, vegetables, or nuts, it may be related to a pollen allergy.OAS happens because some tree, grass, or weed pollen is similar to the protein in some fruits, vegetables, and nuts.3 Your immune system gets confused and can’t tell the difference between the two.Eating these foods may cause your mouth, lips, tongue, and throat to itch or swell.Oral allergy syndrome (OAS) happens because some tree, grass, or weed pollen is similar to the protein in some fruits, vegetables, and nuts.Eating these foods may cause your mouth, lips, tongue, and throat to itch or swell.In prick/scratch testing, a nurse or doctor places a small drop of the possible allergen on your skin.If you have the immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibodies (proteins in the immune system) toward that allergen, the spot will turn red, swell, and itch within 15 to 20 minutes.Doctors must compare the skin test results with the time and place of your symptoms to see if they match.Start taking allergy treatments before pollen season begins.This allows the treatments to prevent your body from releasing histamine and other chemicals that cause your symptoms.This allows the treatments to prevent your body from releasing histamine and other chemicals that cause your symptoms.This will cut down the amount of pollen allergen you inhale and help reduce your symptoms.This will cut down the amount of pollen allergen you inhale and help reduce your symptoms.Use central air conditioning or air cleaners with a CERTIFIED asthma & allergy friendly® filter and/or HEPA filtration to reduce indoor airborne allergens (including pollen that may enter your home through doors, windows, on your clothes, and on pets).(including pollen that may enter your home through doors, windows, on your clothes, and on pets).Limit close contact with pets that spend a lot of time outdoors.To help you make informed decisions, AAFA has CERTIFIED more than 200 products.Nasal corticosteroid sprays reduce inflammation (swelling) in the nose and block allergic reactions.They are the most effective medicine type for allergic rhinitis because they can reduce all symptoms, including nasal congestion.They are the most effective medicine type for allergic rhinitis because they can reduce all symptoms, including nasal congestion.(Examples include Nasacort®, FLONASE®, and RHINOCORT®) Antihistamines come in pill, liquid, or nasal spray form.(Examples include ZYRTEC , Claritin , Allegra , CLARINEX ) Decongestants are available as pills, liquids, nasal sprays, or drops.(Examples include SUDAFED®, Vicks Sinex™, Afrin®) Check with your doctor before using decongestants if you have high blood pressure, glaucoma, thyroid disease, or trouble urinating.(Examples include SUDAFED®, Vicks Sinex™, Afrin®) Check with your doctor before using decongestants if you have high blood pressure, glaucoma, thyroid disease, or trouble urinating.Leukotriene receptor antagonists (or modifiers) block the action of important chemical messengers (other than histamine) that are involved in allergic reactions.block the action of important chemical messengers (other than histamine) that are involved in allergic reactions.Many people eat honey from their local region to try to reduce allergy symptoms.If you have a pollen allergy and do not get complete relief from medicines, talk with your doctor about immunotherapy.Immunotherapy is a long-term treatment that can help prevent allergic reactions or make them less severe.It can change the course of allergic disease by modifying the body’s immune response to allergens.Allergy shots – subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) has been around for more than 100 years and can provide long-lasting symptom relief.Sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) involves placing a tablet with the allergen under your tongue for one to two minutes and then swallowing it.In 2014, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved three types of under-the-tongue tablets to treat allergies to grass (GRASTEK®, Oralair®) and ragweed (RAGWITEK®) pollens.Your doctor may also customize SLIT for you, although this is not approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) at this time. .

Can Asthma Be Triggered In Yoga Class?

Before, during, and after class, it is not uncommon for a teacher to burn sage or a wood called palo santo.Sage and palo santo smell earthy and can provide a soothing scent throughout the classroom.I encourage you to find a yoga teacher you resonate with and continue to return to their classes so they know how to accommodate you in your practice. .

What You Need to Know About Your Wood-Burning Stove and

Thinking of curling up with a mug of hot cocoa and a good book in front of a roaring fire?Wood smoke also adds carbon dioxide and methane to the air, both of which significantly contribute to climate change.If wood-burning stoves or heaters are affecting your neighborhood’s air, take steps to protect your family: encourage children, older adults and those living with lung disease to remain indoors; use the recirculate function on air conditioners; and keep windows and vents closed.The Lung Association is working with some local communities to implement woodstove change-out programs to help residents upgrade to cleaner-burning, more energy-efficient heating appliances and technologies.This winter, make changes to your wood heater and stove so you and your lungs can enjoy a cozy evening. .

Essential oil diffusers and asthma

Diana Balekian and Aidan Long of the Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School.However, there have been data published on the release of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from diffused essential oils (Su HJ et al, 2007; Chiu HH et al., 2009).Terpenes have been associated with increased nocturnal breathlessness, bronchial hyperresponsiveness, and peak expiratory flow variability among patients with and without asthma (Norback et al, 1995).Anecdotally, there have been reports of respiratory symptoms in asthmatics and non-asthmatics due to a variety of diffused essential oils.One of the hallmarks of asthma, especially during episodes of sub-optimal control, is non-specific bronchial hyperactivity, where airborne irritants can trigger bronchospasm. .

A T S I S P C W E

Leave a reply

your email address will not be published. required fields are marked *

Name *
Email *
Website