However, there is a group of herbs that provide everything Fernandez has mentioned and fit in perfectly with a water-wise gardening scheme.Ly’s favorite is the perennial African blue basil, a sizable multi-limbed bush that sends up scores of purple-flowered spires that draw bees like a magnet.“It loves the Southern California climate, doesn’t seed and is an attractive design element in the garden.”.These herbs need full sun and a bit of regular watering until they are established and show growth, “then you can back away,” Fernandez says.Some, such as thymes and oreganos, make soft and showy low ground covers while upright rosemary is tall enough to be trimmed as a hedge.Drought tolerant once established, it needs almost no maintenance except for the occasional clipping to maintain shape.Easy to establish, hard to kill, they provide structure, fragrance, flowers and a nice texture foil for succulents.With its thick growth and brilliant blue flowers, Huntington carpet is an exceptional spreading ground cover or cascade that can provide erosion control.(Photo by FlowerPhotos/UIG via Getty Images) ** OUTS - ELSENT, FPG, CM - OUTS * NM, PH, VA if sourced by CT, LA or MoD ** (Flowerphotos / UIG via Getty Images).The plush, woolly leaves of Berggarten sage are a cook’s dream and add a unique softness to the landscape.Water is the one thing that can quickly kill a sage, so make sure the soil drains well and keep a light hand on the hose. .

10 Best Herbs for a Drought Garden

Tall and striking, mullein offers soft, fuzzy greenery and stunning yellow flower that towers above the rest of the garden. .

Thyme Lawn

This low maintenance turf alternative requires no mowing, fertilizing, thatching or watering.The almost complete lack of maintenance once the plants are fully rooted makes up for any added cost.Once established, many beautiful thyme varieties and species thrive on neglect, only getting more lush and thick the less care they receive.Thyme is a drought tolerant groundcover with the added bonus of a solid month or two of bloom during the summer, attracting pollinators from miles around.Be patient, as this can take two seasons to completely kill off the top growth, and longer still if you don't get all the roots.To calculate how many plugs you'll need, measure the area you want to plant, multiply length x width.Using this quantity, your thyme lawn will eventually fill in - this can take several seasons, depending on the variety or species. .

DROUGHT TOLERANT PLANTS

Guide to conserving water in Malibu and Topanga Canyon Whether you’re a novice gardener with a small flowerbed or an expert whose green thumb fosters a new set of plants each season, incorporating native California plants into your garden can help spruce up your yard and save water.Drought tolerant plants help conserve hundreds of gallons of water each year for a single family home!Throughout this booklet, Los Angeles County Waterworks District No.29 has provided examples of California native and drought tolerant plants that have been selected specifically for the conditions of the Malibu/Topanga/Marina del Rey area.Pictures and helpful information about each plant are featured to help meet your landscaping needs and make for a quick, easy transition to a native and drought tolerant plant garden.Flowers Shrubs, Hedges Grasses Groundcover Shade Herbs Slope Stabilization Special thanks to Las Virgenes Municipal Water District for photos and content.Low growing silver foliage with lemon yellow flowers.A perennial that tolerates rough places with a tendency to invade.Commonly found in dry areas, rocky slopes and cliffs.Abundant, scarlet tubular flowers bloom in summer.Rose pink flowers with gray foliage make this an attractive garden plant.Spreads by its roots, with clusters of small white flowers above evergreen foliage.Very hardy evergreen perennial with coral flowers clustered on stems spring to fall, depending on temperatures.Prefers dry winters and benefits from pruning after blooms.Perennial with purple pea flowers clustered at the ends of silvery green leaf branches in spring.Perennial with bright yellow flowers above gray-green foliage spring through fall.Evergreen leaves up to 2’ long, flowers on 1–2’ stems range in color from purple to blue, and white to cream.Bright red blossoms, from spring to summer, on long evergreen stalks.Plant in fall or early spring in welldrained soil.Loves sun and heat and requires no summer water.Dark violet to blue flowers in late spring to mid summer.Bright red tubular flowers bloom from spring to summer.Perennial bulb likes moist shaded areas.Seed pods open and spill out hundreds of fine white hairs.Lavender to pink flowers that appear in June on tall stems.Likes deep, rich, sandy loam soil and full sun.Large, fragrant pale pink blossoms with gray foliage.Grows with a very erect form, attractive to hummingbirds, and appropriate for areas with cold winters.Coarsely serrated to smooth leaves with hot pink flowers atop tall spikes.Prefers hot, dry summers with full sun and cold winters.Scarlet red blossoms with blue-gray foliage and a long bloom season.Prefers full sun, hot, dry summers and mild winters.Native to coastal mountains, this perennial rootstock has wide lobed leaves, erect stems and large deep red blossoms that attract butterflies.Clusters of lavender flowers bloom in spring and summer.Branching stems, silver to grayish-white oval leaves, white blooms throughout summer.Light summer watering extends blooming period.Brilliant yellow flowers bloom in the spring on stems above mounds of pretty oval foliage.Very drought tolerant, prefers full to part sun.Plant seeds in fall or early spring in full sun.Many blue to white flowers cover the plant in early spring.Colors range from white, yellow, purple, to dark red, all with “peacock eye” at base of petals.Semi-evergreen shrub with flowers resembling single white roses, followed by large, feathery seedheads that change from green to red.Shiny dark leaves, fragrant white flowers with golden stamens May to August.Resistant to oak root fungus, does well in dry, shady conditions.Catalina variety has linear gray foliage, bright yellow, poppy-like flowers February-June.Small deciduous shrub with loose clusters of yellow daisy-like flowers.Semi- evergreen shrub with tall branches, arching in mid-summer with dense small, fragrant spike-like clusters.Pinkish flower clusters turn rusty red.Climbing shrub with deciduous foliage and large pink flowers.Dark wrinkled green leaves covered, deep blue to white flower clusters in early spring.Medium-sized deciduous shrub with clusters of fragrant pink flowers most of the year.Dense with dark green, gray woolly wavy-edged leaves.Once established, it does not require water and produces beautiful clusters of pinkish fluffy flowers in the spring.Dark, leathery leaves, delicate pink flowers.Varieties range from groundcover to large shrubs and small trees including Bigberry, Island, and Common.Hardy perennial with large fragrant blossoms, up to 9” wide.Spreads by underground runners; prefers loose, gravelly soil and full sun.Shrub-size clump of grass-like foliage requires moderate water to bloom and good drainage in winter.Deciduous shrub with green leaves that turn yellow in the fall.White to purple pincushion flowers, evergreen leaves, strong mint-like fragrance.Thrives in shade with fairly rich soil and garden watering.Satiny, white fragrant flowers cover this deciduous shrub from June–July.Provides interesting texture contrast, with many erect narrow blades that fan out in vase-shaped foliage, in dense clumps.Good in back of a border garden or slope stabilization.Shorter Canyon Prince variety has silver blue-gray foliage, bluish flower plumes in summer.Matures in summer to golden yellow, remains dormant until winter rains.Clumping grass with soft, tough leaves form blue-gray tufts.Useful groundcover in sunny to partially shaded area, on slopes.Arching branches, fall color, red or orange berries in winter.Groundcover for partial sun to full shade (under oaks).Yellow spring flowers followed by berries that attract birds.Light gray foliage, yellow summer blooms.Long grass-like leaves form a nice mound and spring flowers are creamy white.Tolerates cold ocean winds, salt spray or desert heat.Forms clump of stout stems topped by lavender flowers.Clusters of butter yellow flowers in spring and summer.Grows in well-drained poor soils, once established requires no irrigation.Vining shrub with long, pink flowers produces blue-black berries.Small, gray-green pungent leaves with white lilac flowers in late spring.Shrubby plant with slightly fuzzy gray-green leaves and tiny clusters of small flowers.Requires drainage, sun and air space for circulation, some irrigation.Varieties include English, French, Sea, Spanish and Sweet.Beautiful purple flowers attract butterflies and bees; very minty fragrance.Short, narrow green leaves on woody stems with delicate blue flowers.Good for erosion control, hot, dry locations.Flowers are reddish purple and bloom from mid-summer to early fall.Pea-shaped magenta flowers on leafless stems in the spring, followed by seedpods and heartshaped blue-green leaves.Evergreen shrub with gray-green leaves that is able to tolerate hot, dry climates.Dense foliage with unique orange-red flowers produce berries.By planting California native plants and cutting down on water use, you’re not only saving yourself time and money, but you’re creating a habitat for birds and butterflies and helping reduce the strain on the environment as well!It’s easy to conserve water by taking a few simple steps this planting season:.• Use organic mulch to keep plants cool and nourished in the heat and save up to 750 gallons of water each month.• Choose a drip irrigation system for trees, shrubs and flowers and save up to 375 gallons of water each month.• Plant species native to California or drought tolerant and save 750 gallons of water each month.Did you know that water that runs off your yard into the street picks up pollutants like trash, bacteria, and motor oil on its way through the storm drain system and eventually ends up in the ocean without any kind of treatment?Make sure your sprinkler heads are not tilted, clogged or broken.Check to see that the system doesn’t leak and that the water is directed to your lawn and plants and not running off onto the streets and sidewalks.These easy tips will save water and help protect the beautiful Pacific Ocean, our creeks and our unique beach communities.So please, take a few minutes a week to check your sprinkler system and prevent runoff. .

Four Water-Saving Plants to Replace Your Thirsty Lawn

California homeowners realize that a verdant green lawn requiring large amounts of water is no longer an environmentally responsible option.Here are four great water-wise plant alternatives you can use to replace your lawn and reduce the amount of water you use.I love using these native sods as a lawn replacement by leaving the grass long so the 10 – 12” blades flop over creating undulating, green “waves.” Learn more about how I used Native Mow Free™ sod to replace a traditional lawn in a landscape design project I did in Cupertino .This low-growing, creeping plant is commonly used in between flagstone stepping stones, but it is vigorous enough that it will rapidly fill in an entire area.It can tolerate light foot traffic once it is established, and as you walk on it, the foliage releases its terrific fragrance!Red Creeping Thyme (Thymus praecox ‘Coccineus’) – spectacular magenta pink flowers.During its first season, put a layer of mulch in the “blank” areas to keep the soil moist and inhibit weed growth.It has a very tight and dense growth habit reaching only 1 – 3” high, making mowing optional.It can be grown in full sun to part shade and can withstand light foot traffic.I’ve used Kurapia as a lawn alternative in a small, simple garden for its clean, tidy look.And, it is equally at home in a more informal garden as a lawn replacement with flagstone stepping stones.To keep the soil moist and inhibit weed growth as the Silver Carpet fills in, spread a layer of mulch in the “blank” areas.I combined it with a mixture of California native and Mediterranean climate plants to create a vibrant drought-tolerant garden. .

Effect of drought stress on metabolite adjustments in drought tolerant

To increase the agricultural efficiency within the inadequate land resources, it is important to ensure higher crop yields against unfavorable environmental stresses.Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and mass spectrometry (MS) are two mainly used analytical platforms in metabolomics (Wang et al., 2011) which both have its own advantages and disadvantages (Tian et al., 2016).Improving thyme to be cultivated under different conditions, like drought, will facilitate its future Production and conservation of its natural biodiversity (Moradi et al., 2014; Stahl-Biskup and Sáez, 2002). .

Thymus serpyllum (Creeping Thyme)

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Growing A Thyme Lawn - Inspired Gardens

When Vic and Barb Bruno built their new home in the year 2000 they were city dwellers, used to a small lot with a “watersucking” lawn and plants.Bruno, whose work includes commercial property management, did a lot of research before selecting his Pink Chintz Thyme lawn.It did a wonderful job of telling mature plant size, how much water it would need, and whether it would repel deer and rabbits, the latter of which we had a ton of.”.Bruno visited High Country Gardens’ bricks and mortar store, Santa Fe Greenhouses (no longer in business) to see what offerings they had.After the second season Bruno began to add a compost mix and the Thyme plugs started to spread out and flower. .

Sage and thyme: Drought-tolerant mint family members

Most of these species have culinary, as well as medicinal uses, and can many make lovely ornamental additions to a garden.Two of special interest as we experience another very dry month in Kona are those drought-tolerant members of the Thymus and Salvia genera.These will add slightly different flavors to your recipes and can be used when a citrus overtone is called for in a soup, sauce or stew.German, or winter thyme, has good cold tolerance and grows well in colder temperate climates.Named for its soft, felted, gray-green leaves that are covered in a down that encourages stroking, woolly thyme is a good garden addition.With similar drought tolerance, several sages from the genus Salvia stand out for their medicinal, cultural and culinary uses.Garden or common sage (Salvia officinalis) is a woody plant that grows to about 2 feet tall.Its aromatic gray-green leaves impart a wild flavor to many savory dishes, including stuffing and sausages.This sage is native to dry regions of Southern California and desirable mostly for its cultural use in smudging.Once dried, these were burned as part of rituals and ceremonies for cleansing new living spaces and clearing areas or people with negative energy or illness.The name clary may come from the mucilaginous seed’s early use to remove foreign objects from the eye.The flowers are the main attraction of this sage with colorful blossoms ranging from pale mauve to lilac or white to pink.The distilled oil is also used in aromatherapy to relieve anxiety, promote euphoria, treat PMS and cramping and help with insomnia.Kari Hagerman from Pomaikai Plant Co. also carries many of these varieties in her booth at the Waimea Homestead Farmers Market on Saturday mornings.Diana Duff is a plant adviser, educator and consultant living on an organic farm in Captain Cook.

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